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Advanced Psychology for Teachers

Advanced Psychology for Teachers - 99 edition

ISBN13: 978-0697354129

Cover of Advanced Psychology for Teachers 99 (ISBN 978-0697354129)
ISBN13: 978-0697354129
ISBN10: 0697354121
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 99
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company
Published: 1999
International: No

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Advanced Psychology for Teachers - 99 edition

ISBN13: 978-0697354129

Donald K. Sharpes

ISBN13: 978-0697354129
ISBN10: 0697354121
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 99
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company

Published: 1999
International: No
Summary
This text for an upper-level or second level educational psychology course provides an interdisciplinary context for understanding key theories in Educational Psychology. It also shows how a theory has instructional application.

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

Text Themes

Interdisciplinary Development

Teaching Application

Diversity Adaptation

Prelude

Chapter 1: Educational Psychology and Teaching

Overview

Key Questions

Important Terms

Introduction

What is Educational Psychology

Psychology Applied to Teaching

Applying Psychological Theories to Education

A Model of Teaching and Learning

Other Branches of Psychology

Developmental Psychology

Social Psychology

Evolutionary Psychology

Psychiatry

Educational Psychology as a Science

Psychology, Education, and Research

Experimental Psychology

Research Methods of Educational Psychology

Summary and Implications

Part I; The Cognitive Sciences

Chapter 2: The Mind

Overview

Key Questions

Important Terms

Sensation and Perception

Sensation

Perception

The Mind: The Organ of Thought?

Defining the Cognitive Sciences

Defining Mind

Discussion Questions

Schooling and the Cognitive Sciences

Constructivism

The Child's Understanding of Mind

Mind and the Curriculum

Do Animals Have Minds?

Mind and Knowledge

Gestalt Theories

Max Wertheimer (1880-1943)

Wolfgang Kohler (1887-1967)

The Gestalt Movement and Contributions

Theories of Mental Development: Jean Piaget (1896-1980)

Summary and Implications

Chapter 3: Thinking, Cognition, and Language

Overview

Key Questions

Important Terms

Thinking

Defining Thinking

Discussion Questions

Types of Thinking

Alternative Thought

Problem Solving

Thinking about Writing

Cognition

Defining Cognition

Human Cognitive Abilities

Theories of Cognition

Discussion Questions

The Mind and Meaning

Language

Language and Speech

Language and Culture

Language, Culture, and Genetics

Language and Mind

Beginning Literacy: Whole Language or Phonics?

Instructional Aids to Literacy

Children's Private Speech

Dyslexia

Summary and Implications

Chapter 4: Consciousness

Overview

Key Questions

Important Terms

Consciousness: Personalizing Learning

Educational Implications of Studies in Consciousness

Defining Consciousness

Discussion Questions

Developing Student Consciousness by Building Choices into Academics

Personal Awareness: The Self

Introspection as Methodology

William James (1842-1910)

Altered States of Consciousness

Induced Altered States of Consciousness

Uninduced Altered States of Consciousness

The Biological Basis for Self-Concept

Summary and Implications

Part II: The Neurosciences, Behavior, and Individual Differences

Chapter 5: The Brain and Memory

Overview

Key Questions

Important Terms

In Search of Memory

What and Where is Memory?

Lifetime Memories

Memory Types and Processes

Learning and Memory

The Neurosciences and Memory

In Search of the Brain

The Physiology of the Brain

Genes

The Brain Hemispheres

Technology for Studying the Brain

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Neurophysiology, Learning, and Memory

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Educational Implications of Brain Studies

Researchers on Memory

Herman Ebbinghaus (1850-1909)

Karl Lashley (1890-1958):Memory Integrations

Wilder Penfield (1891-1976)

Donald Hebb (1904-1985): Cell Assemblies

Harry Harlow (1905-1981): Studies with Primates

Discussion Questions

Summary and Implications

Chapter 6: Behavior and Learning

Overview

Key Questions

Important Terms

Behaviorism

Defining Learning

Defining Behaviorism

Basic Assumptions

Associations

Universal Laws and Individual Differences

The Biology of Behavior

Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1849-1936)

John Watson (1878-1958)

Discussion Questions (From Watson, 1924)

Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949)

Discussion Questions

B.F. Skinner (1904-1990)

Managing Classroom Behavior

Applying Behaviorism

Discussion Questions

Social Learning and Behavior

Albert Bandura (1925- )

Antisocial Behavior

Summary and Implications

Chapter 7: Individual Differences and Exceptionalities

Overview

Key Questions

Important Terms

Genes and Individual Differences

The World of Genes

Gregor Mendel (1822-1884)

Twins: The Genetic Mirror

Gender Differences

Teaching Implications of Genetic Composition

The Cultural Environment and Individual Differences

Ethnic Differences

National Differences

Religious Differences

Language Differences

Discussion Questions

Development and Individual Differences

The Age of Adolescence

Ability Differences and Exceptionalities

Special Education

Physical Handicaps and Children's Health

Learning and Mental Disabilities

Teaching the Learning Disabled Student

Emotional Disabilities

Speech, Oral Language, and Communication Disabilities

The Gifted and Talented

Applying Instruction to Individual Ability Differences

Summary and Implications

Part III: Personality and Development

Chapter 8: Personality Development

Overview

Key Questions

Important Terms

Introduction to Personality

Psychoanalysis

Defining Personality

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939): The Unconscious Mind

Sexuality in Personality Development

Discussion Questions

Neopsychoanalytic Theories and Methods

Alfred Adler (1870-1937): Individual Psychology

Carl Jung (1875-1961): Analytic Psychology

Freud and Jung Compared

Discussion Questions

Karen Horney (1885-1952)

The Neuroscientific Challenge to Psychoanalysis

Summary and Implications

Chapter 9: Theories of Development

Overview

Key Questions

Important Terms

Stages of Life Development

Evolution and Human Development

The Body and Development

Development Stages

Freud's Stages of Development

Erik H. Erikson (1902-1994): The Development of the Ego

Jean Piaget's (1896-1980) Stages of Development

Discussion Questions

Discussion Questions

Development and Motivation

Drive and Reinforcement: The Behaviorist Motivators

Thinking and Reason: Cognitive Motivators

Emotions: Psychotherapy Motivators

Temperament: A Neuroscientific Motivator

Feeling and Choice: Humanistic Motivators

Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) and Humanistic Psychology

Kurt Lewin (1890-1947)

Discussion Questions

The Achievement Motive

The Affective Domain: Developing Emotionsl Life

Summary and Implications

Chapter 10: Intelligence

Overview

Key Questions

Important Terms

The Concept of Intelligence

What Is Intelligence?

The Congitive Tradition

Discussion Questions

The Psychometric View

Nature and Nuture

Discussion Questions

Alfred Binet (1857-1911) and the Intelligence Test 20th-Century IQ Test Development

Models of Intelligence

The Quantification of Intelligence

Francis Galton (1822-1911)

Charle Spearman (1863-1945): The Concept of General Intelligence "g"

Louis Leon Thurstone (1887-1955)

J.P> Guilford (1897-1987)

Philip Vernon (1905-1987)

Raymond B. Cattell (1905- )

Discussion Questions

Arthur Jensen (1923- )

Group Differences in Intelligence

Sternberg's Triarchic Model

Zigler's Model

Multiples of Intelligence

Jean Piaget (1896-1980)

Howard Gardner

Practical Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence

Genes, Race, and Intelligence

Discussion Questions

Social Class and Intelligence

Discussion Questions

Summary and Implications

Chapter 11: Ethical, Moral, and Character Development

Overview

Key Questions

Important Terms

Ethics and Education

Introduction

Defining Ethics and Morals

Discussion Questions

Ethical Beliefs

Morals and Education

Moral Reasoning

Stages of Moral Reasoning

Research on Moral Development

Values and Character Education

Personal and Social Habits

Character Traits

Character Education Plans: Civic Duties

Moral Values in the Curriculum

Discussion Question

Morality, Religion, and Ethics

Discussion Questions

Suggested Assumptions of Teaching Morality

Summary and Implications

Part IV: Educational Applications

Chapter 12: Applying Research Principles to Education

Overview

Key Questions

Important Terms

Applying Educational Principles

The World of Research

Discussion Questions

Discovering Principles

Archimedes (287-212 B.C.)

Steps in Discovering Principles

Darwin's (1809-1882)Dilemma

Einstein's (1879-1955) Principles

Research and Educational Practice

Organizing a Research Report

Definitions

Isaac Newton's Definitions (1642-1727)

Discussion Questions

Reviewing the Literature

Relating Research to Previous Results

Individual Differences: Theory/Review/Example

The Hypothesis: Housing the Research Question

Defining the Question

Methodologies for Conducting the Experiment

Observational Research

Survey Research

The Uses of Statistics in Research Design

Analyzing and Publishing the Results

Synthesis and Condensation

Summary and Implications

Chapter 13:Applying Assessment, Testing, and Evaluation

Overview

Key Questions

Important Terms

Assessing Learning Progress

Defining Assessment Terms

Letter Grades as Imperfect Assessment Tools

Standardized Tests

Disadvantages of Standardized Testing

Principles of Measurement

Developing Teacher Tests

Steps for Developing Teacher Tests

Types of Teacher-Made Tests

Observational Techniques

Correcting Student Papers

Authentic Assessment

Characteristics of Tests

Validity

Reliability

Interpreting Test Scores

Population Statistics

Frequency Distributions of Test Scores

Evaluating Courses and Programs

Developing Course Objectives

Evaluation Assumptions

Forms of Evaluation

Summary and Implications

References

Credits

Name Index

Subject Index

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