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Aiding Democracy Abroad : The Learning Curve

Aiding Democracy Abroad : The Learning Curve - 99 edition

ISBN13: 978-0870031694

Cover of Aiding Democracy Abroad : The Learning Curve 99 (ISBN 978-0870031694)
ISBN13: 978-0870031694
ISBN10: 0870031694

Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 99
Copyright: 1999
Publisher: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Published: 1999
International: No

List price: $19.95

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Aiding Democracy Abroad : The Learning Curve - 99 edition

ISBN13: 978-0870031694

Thomas Carothers

ISBN13: 978-0870031694
ISBN10: 0870031694

Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 99
Copyright: 1999
Publisher: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Published: 1999
International: No
Summary

Aid to promote democracy abroad has emerged as a major growth industry in recent years. Not only the United States but many other Western countries, international institutions, and private foundations today use aid to support democratic transitions in Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East. Though extensive in scope, these activities remain little understood outside the realm of specialists. Debates among policy makers over democracy promotion oscillate between unhelpful poles of extreme skepticism and unrealistic boosterism, while the vast majority of citizens in aid-providing countries have little awareness of the democracy-building efforts their governments sponsor.

Aiding Democracy Abroad: The Learning Curve is the first independent, comprehensive assessment of this important new field. Drawing on extensive field research and years of hands-on experience, author Thomas Carothers examines democracy aid programs relating to elections, political parties, governmental reform, rule of law, civil society, independent media, labor unions, decentralization, and other elements of what he describes as "the democracy template" that policy makers and aid officials apply around the world.

Steering a careful path between the inflated claims of aid advocates and the exaggerated criticisms of their opponents, Carothers takes a hard look at what such programs achieve and how they can be improved.

Author Bio

Carothers, Thomas :

As Vice President for Studies, Thomas Carothers manages all of the Endowment's research activities, including the Global Policy Program and the Russia and Eurasia Program. He is also the founder and co-director of the Democracy and Rule of Law Project, a research endeavor that analyzes the state of democracy in the world and the efforts by the United States and other countries to promote democracy.

Mr. Carothers, an international lawyer and political scientist, is a leading authority on democracy promotion. He has worked on democracy promotion programs in many parts of the world for a variety of public and private organizations and has written extensively on the subject in major journals and newspapers. He is the author of Aiding Democracy Abroad: The Learning Curve (Carnegie, 1999), Assessing Democracy Assistance: The Case of Romania (Carnegie, 1996), and In the Name of Democracy: U.S. Policy Toward Latin America in the Reagan Years (California, 1991). He also had broad experience in matters dealing with human rights, international law, foreign aid, rule of law, civil society development, Latin America policy, and East European politics.

Prior to joining the Endowment, Mr. Carothers practiced international and financial law at Arnold & Porter and served as an attorney-adviser in the Office of the Legal Adviser of the U.S. Department of State. He has been a Guest Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and an International Affairs Fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations. He was educated at Harvard College, the London School of Economics, and Harvard Law School.

Table of Contents

Foreword, by Jessica T. Mathews
Acknowledgments

PART ONE: SETTING THE STAGE

1. A NEW FIELD

Tools of the Trade
Lack of Learning
Taking Stock
Case Studies and Other Sources
Avoiding Rosy Assumptions

2. THE RISE OF DEMOCRACY ASSISTANCE

The First Wave: the 1960s and 1970s
A New Wave: The 1980s
A Core Priority: The 1990s
Repeating the Past?

3. INTERLUDE FOR SKEPTICS

4. INTRODUCING FOUR CASES

Far from Democracy
Transition Fever
The Challenges of Consolidation
The Transitions Compared

PART TWO: THE CORE ELEMENTS

5. THE QUESTION OF STRATEGY

The Core Strategy
Assessing the Core Strategy
Improving the Core Strategy
A Note on Preconditions and a Look at the Cases

6. BASIC STEPS: ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL PARTIES

Electoral Aid
Political Party Assistance

7. FROM THE TOP DOWN: STATE INSTITUTIONS

Constitutions
Judicial Reform and the Rule of Law
Legislative Assistance
Local Government Assistance
Civil-Military Relations
Challenges of Aiding the State

8. FROM THE BOTTOM UP: CIVIL SOCIETY

The "Discovery" of Civil Society
Advocacy NGOs
Civic Education
Media Assistance
Labor Unions
Beyond Civil Society Romanticism

PART THREE: ON THE GROUND

9. MAKING IT WORK: THE CHALLENGES OF IMPLEMENTATION

The External Project Method
Corrective Steps
The Institutions of Democracy Assistance

10. GIVING OUT GRADES: EVALUATION

The Difficulties of Evaluation
The False Dream of Science
The Start of an Alternative

11. UNDERSTANDING EFFECTS

Modest Results
Considering the Cases

PART FOUR: CONCLUSION

12. THE LEARNING CURVE

Movement Along the Curve
Doing Better

Notes
Bibliography
Index

About the Author
About the Carnegie Endowment

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