16. The Agony of Reconstruction.
Robert Smalls and Black Politicians During Reconstruction.
The President Versus Congress.
Reconstructing Southern Society.
Retreat from Reconstruction.
Reunion and the New South.
Conclusion: Henry McNeal Turner and the “Unfinished Revolution.”
Feature Essay: Changing Views of Reconstruction.
17. The West: Exploiting an Empire.
Lean Bear's Changing West.
Beyond the Frontier.
Crushing the Native Americans.
Settlement of the West.
The Bonanza West.
Conclusion: The Meaning of the West.
Feature Essay: Blacks in Blue: The Buffalo Soldiers in the West.
18. The Industrial Society.
A Machine Culture.
An Empire on Rails.
An Industrial Empire.
The Wage Earners.
Conclusion: Industrialization's Benefits and Costs.
Feature Essay: Chicago's “Second Nature.”
19. Toward an Urban Society, 1877-1900.
The Overcrowded City.
The Lure of the City.
Social and Cultural Change, 1877-1900.
The Stirrings of Reform.
Conclusion: A Pluralistic Society.
Feature Essay: Ellis Island: Isle of Hope, Isle of Tears.
Law and Society: Plessy v. Ferguson: The Shaping of Jim Crow.
20. Political Realignments in the 1890s.
Hardship and Heartache.
Politics of Stalemate.
Republicans in Power: The Billion-Dollar Congress.
The Rise of the Populist Movement.
The Crisis of the Depression.
The Presidential Election of 1896.
The McKinley Administration.
Conclusion: A Decade's Dramatic Changes.
Feature Essay: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.
21. Toward Empire.
Roosevelt and the Rough Riders.
America Looks Outward.
War with Spain.
Acquisition of Empire.
Conclusion: Outcome of the War with Spain.
Feature Essay: Americans by the Numbers: The 1890 Census.
22. The Progressive Era.
Muckrakers' Call for Reform.
The Changing Face of Industrialism.
Conflict in the Workplace.
A New Urban Culture.
Conclusion: A Ferment of Discovery and Reform.
Feature Essay: Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control Movement.
23. From Roosevelt to Wilson in the Age of Progressivism.
The Republicans Split.
The Spirit of Progressivism.
Reform in the Cities and States.
The Republican Roosevelt.
Roosevelt Progressivism at Its Height.
The Ordeal of William Howard Taft.
Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom.
Conclusion: The Fruits of Progressivism.
Feature Essay: Madam C.J. Walker.
Law and Society: Muller v. Oregon: Expanding the Definition of Acceptable Evidence.
24. The Nation at War.
The Sinking of the Lusitania.
A New World Power.
Foreign Policy Under Wilson.
The Treaty of Versailles.
Conclusion: Post-War Disillusionment.
Feature Essay: Measuring the Mind.
25. Transition to Modern America.
Wheels for the Millions.
The Second Industrial Revolution.
City Life in the Jazz Age.
The Rural Counterattack.
Politics of the 1920s.
Conclusion: The Old and the New.
Feature Essay: Marcus Garvey: Racial Redemption and Black Nationalism.
Law and Society: The Scopes “Monkey” Trial: Contesting Cultural Differences.
26. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal.
The Struggle Against Despair.
The Great Crash.
Fighting the Depression.
Roosevelt and Reform.
Impact of the New Deal.
End of the New Deal.
Conclusion: The Impact of the New Deal.
Feature Essay: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Quest for Social Justice.
27. America and the World, 1921-1945.
A Pact Without Power.
Retreat, Reversal, and Rivalry.
The Road to War.
Turning the Tide Against the Axis.
The Home Front.
Feature Essay: The Face of the Holocaust.
28. The Onset of the Cold War.
The Potsdam Summit.
The Cold War Begins.
The Cold War Expands.
The Cold War at Home.
Eisenhower Wages the Cold War.
Conclusion: The Continuing Cold War.
Feature Essay: The “Lost Sheep” of the Korean War.
29. Affluence and Anxiety.
Levittown: The Flight to the Suburbs.
The Postwar Boom.
The Good Life?
Farewell to Reform.
The Struggle over Civil Rights.
Conclusion: Restoring National Confidence.
Feature Essay: Rise of a New Idiom in Modern Painting: Abstract Expressionism.
30. The Turbulent Sixties.
Kennedy v. Nixon: The First Televised Presidential Candidate Debate.
Kennedy Intensifies the Cold War.
The New Frontier at Home.
“Let Us Continue.”
Johnson Escalates the Vietnam War.
Years of Turmoil.
The Return of Richard Nixon.
Conclusion: The End of an Era.
Feature Essay: Unintended Consequences: The Second Great Migration.
31. Towards a New Conservatism, 1969–1988
Reagan and America’s Shift to the Right
The Tempting of Richard Nixon
The Economy of Stagflation
Private Lives, Public Issues
Politics and Diplomacy after Watergate
The Reagan Revolution
Reagan and the World
Conclusion: Challenging the New Deal
The Christian Right
Roe v. Wade:The Struggle over Women’s Reproductive Rights
32. To the Twenty-first Century, 1989–2006
To the Twenty-first Century, 1989–2006
This Will Not Stand”
The First President Bush
The Changing Faces of America
The New Democrats
Clinton and the World
Challenges of the New Century
Conclusion: The Paradox of Power
The Dot.com Boom, Bust, and Echo
The Declaration of Independence
The Articles of Confederation
The Constitution of the United States of America
Amendments to the Constitution