Summary: The Second Edition of THE AMERICAN DICTIONARY OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE is a reference every student of the criminal justice system should own. Like any good dictionary, this resource will assist students in a variety of courses - as well as in writing papers and understanding terminology in journal articles. The Dictionary Section
The dictionary's interdisciplinary approach greatly enhances its effectiveness as a ìone-stopî resource. Students ...show more will no longer need to waste precious study time seeking out definitions in numerous specialized sources. Many definitions are accompanied by examples from the research literature, illustrating how the terms apply in particular contexts.
This dictionary is useful for any criminology or criminal justice course - with applications in sociology, public administration, political science, and the administration of justice.
Key terms cut across the following areas: criminal law, criminal justice, forensics, criminal investigations, criminology, criminological theory, corrections, probation and parole, courts and sentencing, rules of criminal procedure, constitutional law, policing and police-community relations, jails and prisons, white-collar crime, civil rights, tort law, victimization, juvenile law, capital punishment, electronic surveillance, fines and asset forfeiture, deadly force, search and seizure, the Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995, and the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996.
Also included are listings of leading criminological theorists, a synopsis of their major theoretical contributions and extracts from their written works. Many theorists are cross-referenced with other scholars studying similar phenomena.
The Court Cases Section
Conveniently alphabetized and indexed, the most recent and significant leading U.S. Supreme Court cases are abridged in summary format to highlight the major facts, holdings, and rationales. Complete case citations are boldfaced in brackets (e.g., Dempsey v. Martin, ___U.S.___, 120 S. Ct. 3 (1999) [John B. DEMPSEY v. Ralph MARTIN, District Attorney for Suffolk County] (Frivolous Lawsuits; Inmate Rights).
The major terms of each case are highlighted in boldface type. A sampling of current cases includes: Bennis v. Michigan (1996) Asset Forfeiture
Bracy v. Gramley (1997) Discovery
Calderon v. Coleman (1998) Death Penalty
City of Chicago v. Morales (1999) First Amendment
County of Sacramento v. Lewis (1998) Deadly Force
Dempsey v. Martin (1999) Inmate Rights, Frivolous Lawsuits
Felker v. Turpin (1996) Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act
Flippo v. West Virginia (1999) Search and Seizure
Florida v. White (1999) Asset Forfeiture
Gray v. Maryland (1998) Confessions
Jones v. United States (1999) Sentencing
Kalina v. Fletcher (1997) Prosecutorial Misconduct
Lilly v. Virginia (1999) Death Penalty
Martin v. Hadix (1999) Prison Litigation Reform Act
Maryland v. Dyson (1998) Search and Seizure
Maryland v. Wilson (1998) Search and Seizure
Ohio v. Robinette (1998) Fourth Amendment
Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole v. Scott (1998) Parole Revocation
Portuondo v. Agard (2000) Prosecutorial Misconduct
Stewart v. LaGrand (1999) Death Penalty
United States v. Johnson (2000) Sentencing
Wilson v. Layne (1999) Media Rights, Search and Seizure All major criminal justice topics have been incorporated into the compilation of cases, including such topics as: Aggravating and mitigating circumstances
Section 1983 civil rights claims
Consent searches by police officers
Courts and prosecution issues
Cruel and unusual punishment
Death-qualified jury issues
Death penalty cases and rulings
Double jeopardy cases
Electronic surveillance, wiretapping issues
Habeas corpus petitions
Juries, size, and unanimity issues
Probation and parole
Searches and seizures
Victim impact statements Many of these cases are cross-cited to facilitate research. Examples of protocol to follow when referencing legal citations are provided, including citing the U.S. Reports, Supreme Court Reporter, and regional state supreme court compilations and reporters such as the Pacific Reporter and Southwestern Reporter.
Crucial U.S. Constitutional Amendments are cited whenever applicable in the compilation. A unique feature is the explanation of how to cite and interpret case materials.