Summary: An ambitious, comprehensive account of the events and forces that shaped education in America! Those interested in how the patterns and cycles of education have been molded by historical events, as well as some of the people who crafted them, will benefit from this well-written, well-documented text. In it, Gutek explores how specific international and national incidents, scientific and technological developments, socioeconomic changes, religion, politics, race relat
ions, and social movements have shaped educational strategies, practices, and philosophies during nearly six decades. Important educational issues affecting elementary, secondary, and higher education are discussed, including federal aid to education, desegregation, curricular innovations, the life adjustment movement, open education, and multicultural and gender issues. The author makes it clear in this enriching volume that education has been and always will be an important element in American society.
Summary: An ambitious, comprehensive account of the events and forces that shaped education in America! Those interested in how the patterns and cycles of education have been molded by historical events, as well as some of the people who crafted them, will benefit from this well-written, well-documented text. In it, Gutek explores how specific international and national incidents, scientific and technological developments, socioeconomic changes, religion, politics, race relations, and social movements have shaped educational strategies, practices, and philosophies during nearly six decades. Important educational issues affecting elementary, secondary, and higher education are discussed, including federal aid to education, desegregation, curricular innovations, the life adjustment movement, open education, and multicultural and gender issues. The author makes it clear in this enriching volume that education has been and always will be an important element in American society. ...show less
Edition/Copyright:00 Cover: Hardback Publisher:Waveland Press, Inc. Year Published: 2000 International: No
View Table of Contents
1. Society, Politics, and Education: 1945-1950
Situating American Education The GI Bill: Servicemen's Readjustment Act New Directions for Higher Education Military Occupation and Educational Reforms Conclusion Notes Further Reading
2. Controversies over Federal Aid to Education, 1945-1955
The Context of the Federal Aid Controversy Strategic Considerations Supreme Court Cases Religious Controversies Further Battles over Federal Aid Conclusion Notes Further Reading
3. The 1950s: Postwar Changes
Suburbia The Eisenhower Administration National Defense Education Act The Atomic Age, Cold War, and Civil Defense Conclusion Notes Further Reading
4. The Curricular Controversies of the 1950s
Historical Context The Legacy of Progressivism Life Adjustment Education Conclusion Notes Further Reading
5. The Cold War, Anti-Communism, McCarthyism, and Education
Professional Educators, the Soviet Union, and Communism in the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s Early Developments in the Cold War Anti-Communist Educational Critics The House Committee on Un-American Activities McCarthy and McCarthyism The States, Anti-Communism, and Educational Targets Educators' Responses to Anti-Communist Charges Conclusion Notes Further Reading
6. Racial Desegregation and Education
Historical Context Developing a Legal Strategy to Overturn Segregation Brown v. Board of Education Reactions to Brown The Little Rock Crisis The Kennedy Justice Department and Civil Rights Promoting Racial Desegregation and Integration Developments in Educational Theory Conclusion Notes Further Reading
7. Educational Policies in the 1960s: The Kennedy and Johnson Administrations
The Kennedy Administration International Relations and the Peace Corps Lyndon Johnson and Education for the Great Society Conclusion Notes Further Reading
8. Reforms and Critiques of Schooling, Curriculum, and Instruction: The 1960s and 1970s
Historical Context New Approaches to Curriculum, Organization, and Staffing Humanistic and Romantic Critics The Open Education Moement Alternative Education and Schools Deschooling Society The Revival of Basic Education Conclusion Notes Further Reading
9. Student Activism in the 1960s: Campus Unrest, Vietnam, and the Counterculture
Interpreting the 1960s Student Activism and Protests Situating Student Activism: The University of California at Berkeley Vietnam and the Escalation of Student Activism The Decade's Tragic Ending, 1969-1970 Conclusion Notes Further Reading
10. The 1970s: The Nixon, Ford, and Carter Administrations and Education
Historical Context The Nixon Administration The Ford Administration The Education of Children with Handicaps The Carter Administration Conclusion Notes Further Reading
11.Education in the 1980s: Reagan, Bush, and Neoconservative Reform
Historical Context Reaganomics and Social and Educational Policy A Decade of Reports Technology and Education AIDS Education The Bush Administration Conclusion Notes Further Reading
12. American Society and Education in the 1990s
International and National Events Educational Issues Trends in School Organization and Instruction Persistent Educational Issues Violence and Schools Recent Trends in Higher Education Conclusion Notes Further Reading Index
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