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American Education, 1945-2000

American Education, 1945-2000 - 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-1577661009

Cover of American Education, 1945-2000 00 (ISBN 978-1577661009)
ISBN13: 978-1577661009
ISBN10: 1577661001
Cover type: Hardback
Edition/Copyright: 00
Publisher: Waveland Press, Inc.
Published: 2000
International: No

List price: $36.95

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American Education, 1945-2000 - 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-1577661009

Gerald L. Gutek

ISBN13: 978-1577661009
ISBN10: 1577661001
Cover type: Hardback
Edition/Copyright: 00
Publisher: Waveland Press, Inc.

Published: 2000
International: No
Summary

An ambitious, comprehensive account of the events and forces that shaped education in America! Those interested in how the patterns and cycles of education have been molded by historical events, as well as some of the people who crafted them, will benefit from this well-written, well-documented text. In it, Gutek explores how specific international and national incidents, scientific and technological developments, socioeconomic changes, religion, politics, race relations, and social movements have shaped educational strategies, practices, and philosophies during nearly six decades. Important educational issues affecting elementary, secondary, and higher education are discussed, including federal aid to education, desegregation, curricular innovations, the life adjustment movement, open education, and multicultural and gender issues. The author makes it clear in this enriching volume that education has been and always will be an important element in American society.

Table of Contents

1. Society, Politics, and Education: 1945-1950

Situating American Education
The GI Bill: Servicemen's Readjustment Act
New Directions for Higher Education
Military Occupation and Educational Reforms
Conclusion
Notes
Further Reading

2. Controversies over Federal Aid to Education, 1945-1955

The Context of the Federal Aid Controversy
Strategic Considerations
Supreme Court Cases
Religious Controversies
Further Battles over Federal Aid
Conclusion
Notes
Further Reading

3. The 1950s: Postwar Changes

Suburbia
The Eisenhower Administration
National Defense Education Act
The Atomic Age, Cold War, and Civil Defense
Conclusion
Notes
Further Reading

4. The Curricular Controversies of the 1950s

Historical Context
The Legacy of Progressivism
Life Adjustment Education
Conclusion
Notes
Further Reading

5. The Cold War, Anti-Communism, McCarthyism, and Education

Professional Educators, the Soviet Union, and Communism in the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s
Early Developments in the Cold War
Anti-Communist Educational Critics
The House Committee on Un-American Activities
McCarthy and McCarthyism
The States, Anti-Communism, and Educational Targets
Educators' Responses to Anti-Communist Charges
Conclusion
Notes
Further Reading

6. Racial Desegregation and Education

Historical Context
Developing a Legal Strategy to Overturn Segregation
Brown v. Board of Education
Reactions to Brown
The Little Rock Crisis
The Kennedy Justice Department and Civil Rights
Promoting Racial Desegregation and Integration
Developments in Educational Theory
Conclusion
Notes
Further Reading

7. Educational Policies in the 1960s: The Kennedy and Johnson Administrations

The Kennedy Administration
International Relations and the Peace Corps
Lyndon Johnson and Education for the Great Society
Conclusion
Notes
Further Reading

8. Reforms and Critiques of Schooling, Curriculum, and Instruction: The 1960s and 1970s

Historical Context
New Approaches to Curriculum, Organization, and Staffing
Humanistic and Romantic Critics
The Open Education Moement
Alternative Education and Schools
Deschooling Society
The Revival of Basic Education
Conclusion
Notes
Further Reading

9. Student Activism in the 1960s: Campus Unrest, Vietnam, and the Counterculture

Interpreting the 1960s
Student Activism and Protests
Situating Student Activism: The University of California at Berkeley
Vietnam and the Escalation of Student Activism
The Decade's Tragic Ending, 1969-1970
Conclusion
Notes
Further Reading

10. The 1970s: The Nixon, Ford, and Carter Administrations and Education

Historical Context
The Nixon Administration
The Ford Administration
The Education of Children with Handicaps
The Carter Administration
Conclusion
Notes
Further Reading

11.Education in the 1980s: Reagan, Bush, and Neoconservative Reform

Historical Context
Reaganomics and Social and Educational Policy
A Decade of Reports
Technology and Education
AIDS Education
The Bush Administration
Conclusion
Notes
Further Reading

12. American Society and Education in the 1990s

International and National Events
Educational Issues
Trends in School Organization and Instruction
Persistent Educational Issues
Violence and Schools
Recent Trends in Higher Education
Conclusion
Notes
Further Reading
Index

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