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American Experiment, Complete

American Experiment, Complete - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-0618610051

Cover of American Experiment, Complete 2ND 06 (ISBN 978-0618610051)
ISBN13: 978-0618610051
ISBN10: 0618610057
Cover type: Hardback
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 06
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Published: 2006
International: No

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American Experiment, Complete - 2ND 06 edition

ISBN13: 978-0618610051

Steven M. Gillon and Cathy D. Matson

ISBN13: 978-0618610051
ISBN10: 0618610057
Cover type: Hardback
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 06
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Published: 2006
International: No
Summary

Approaching the American History survey course in an innovative way, this mid-length text features a more expansive definition of political history. The American Experiment includes all forms of politics--not just electoral politics--while simultaneously incorporating cultural history. With the specific aim of expanding history beyond elite actors, The American Experiment emphasizes everyday work, family life, customs, and objects of cultural history to address its four themes of government, identity, culture, and America and the world.

The Second Edition retains the hallmark pedagogical approach of the previous edition. Marginal icons link students to the companion web site for interactive maps. Several chapter-opening features--including Vignettes and Focus Questions--introduce students to the key themes of the text; these themes are revisited in the Conclusion. Each chapter concludes with a list of suggested readings, providing students with further opportunities for research.

  • New! Eight new Competing Interpretations essays explain and exemplify how historians arrive at and debate the answers to key historical questions. Topics include "Why Slavery," "Thomas Jefferson's American," and "War in Modern America."
  • New! Author Cathy Matson expands the transatlantic approach to Volume I through cutting-edge colonial scholarship. Special attention is given to mercantilism, colonization, the origins and development of slavery and southern plantation life, and the relationship of colonists at all levels to Atlantic World events--not just their internal colonial lives.
  • New! Where appropriate, the text more strongly emphasizes how Americans have viewed their role in the world and how those in other countries have viewed the United States and its global actions. A new vignette in Chapter 8 places the early republic and American identity in a global context.
  • Each map has been redesigned for clarity and visual effectiveness; several maps are available on the Web Site in an interactive format.
  • New! The updated edition includes eight new Competing Voices features, which put two primary sources in conversation and include headnotes and questions. For example, the Chapter 31 feature focuses on religion through sources from Falwell and Giamatti.

Table of Contents

1. Out of Old Worlds, New Worlds

The First Americans, to 1500
Old World Peoples in Africa and Europe, to 1500
Europe's Internal Transformation, 1400-1600
Taking to the Seas, 1420-1600
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Interpreting the Cultures of Strangers

2. The First Experiments, 1540-1680

Struggles for New World Dominion, 1540-1680
England's Southern Plantings, 1607-1680
The New England Colonies, 1620-1680
Colonists and Indians: Coexistence and Conflict, 1630-1680
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Race, Land, and Political Rights on the Frontier
Competing Interpretations: Why Slavery?

3. Imperial Connections, 1660-174?

The Restoration Colonies, 1660-1685
Shaping Imperial Commerce
Crises at Home and Abroad, 1685-1700
Politics and Culture in the New Century, 1700-1748
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Colonial and Imperial Views of the Assemblies

4. Colonial Maturation and Conflict, 1680-1754

Growth and Diversity in the Colonies
Varieties of Life in the North
Varieties of Life in the South
Maturity Brings Conflict, 1739-1754
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Two Views About Transatlantic Slave Trading

5. Forging the American Experiment, 1754-1775

The Great War for the Empire, 1754-1763
Rethinking Empire, 1763-1765
Deepening Commitment, Rising Violence, 1765-1770
Toward Independence, 1770-1773
Forging a Political Community, 1774-1775
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: The Southern Frontier Erupts

6 Winning Independence, 1775-1783

The Decision for Independence, 1775-1776
The Revolution in Earnest, 1776-1778
The Character of War
The New Republican Order
Winning the War, 1778-1783
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: War's Miseries: Two Views
Competing Interpretations: What Kind of Revolution?

7. The Federal Experiment, 1783-1800

The Critical Period, 1783-1787
The National Founding
Forming A National Government
Federalists versus Democratic-Republicans
Factions, Interests, and American Identity
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Subduing the Old Northwest

8. Striving for Nationhood, 1800-1824

Democratic-Republicans in Power
Expansion and the Agrarian Republic
America in the World, 1800-1815
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Irish Immigrants and the Forging of American Identity
Competing Interpretations: Thomas Jefferson's American

9. An Emerging Capitalist Nation, 1790-1820

New Social Identities
Transforming the Empire for Liberty
New Regional Identities
Tensions in the Empire for Liberty
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Images: Houses in the Early Republic

10. Transforming the Political Culture, 1820-1840

Popular Politics, 1820-1828
The Jacksonian Persuasion
The Experiment in Action, 1829-1836
Dissenting Strains, 1832-1840
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Cherokee Removal
Competing Interpretations: Antebellum "Democracy"

11. Industry and Reform in the North, 1820-1850

Immigration and Urbanization
The Accelerating Industrial Experiment
Varieties of Social Reform
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Two Views on Working Conditions

12. Living with Slavery, North and South, 1820-1850

Abolition and Antislavery Movements
Southern Society
African-American Culture
Planters and Yeomen
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Southern White Views of Slavery

13. The Westward Experiment, 1820-1850

A Great Transfer of Peoples
Destinations and Encounters
Expansion and Sectionalism, 1840-1848
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: The Passage West

14. The Sectional Challenge, 1848-1860

Territory and Politics
A New Party System Emerges
The Slide into War, 1856-1859
Lincoln and the Union, 1856-1860
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: The Lincoln-Douglas Debates

15. Transforming the Experiment: The Civil War, 1861-1865

The War Begins, 1861
Stalemate on the Battlefield, 1861-1862
Mobilizing for War, 1861-1863
War and Society, 1861-1865
The Decisive Year, 1863
A New Experiment in Warfare, 1864-1865
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Civil War Songs

16. Reconstruction and the New South, 1864-1900

Presidential Reconstruction: The First Experiment, 1864-1866
Congressional Reconstruction: The Radical Experiment, 1866-1870
The Radical Experiment in the South, 1865-1872
President Grant and the Divided North, 1868-1876
The Failure of Reconstruction, 1870-1877
The New South, 1870-1900
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: The Boundaries of Congressional Reconstruction

17. Conquering the West, 1862-1900

The Westward Experiment
The Assault on Native American Cultures
Experiments in Resources Exploitation
Society in the West: Experiment and Imitation
The West and the American Imagination
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Native Americans, Whites, and the Land
Competing Interpretations: The West and America

18. The Industrial Experiment, 1865-1900

The Setting for Industrial Expansion, 1865-1889
The New Industrial Order
The Changing World of Work, 1870-1900
The House of Labor
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Organized Labor

19. The New Urban Nation, 1865-1910

The Birth of the Modern City
New Experiments in Culture
Challenging Domesticity
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Immigration and American Identity

20. State and Society, 1877-1900

The Politics of Stalemate
National Politics from Hayes to Harrison, 1877-1890
Agrarian Revolt, 1880-1892
The Crisis of the 1890s
The Republican Triumph: The Election of 1896
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Populism and Its Critics

21. The Progressive Era, 1889-1916

The Rise of Progressivism
Political Reform
Controlling the Masses
Social Tensions in an Age of Reform
The Progressive Presidents
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Managing Modern Society
Competing Interpretations: The Age of Reform

22. The Experiment in American Empire, 1865-1917

The Roots of Expansion, 1865-1898
War and World Responsibilities, 1898-1901
Theodore Roosevelt and the "Big Stick," 1901-1912
The New Freedom Abroad, 1912-1917
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: American Imperialism

23. Making the World Safe for Democracy: America and World War I, 1914-1920

The Road to War, 1914-1917
War, Mobilization, and Progressive Reform, 1916-1919
Making War and Peace, 1917-1919
An Uncertain Peace, 1919-1920
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: National Security versus Individual Liberty

24. The New Era, 1920-1928

The Modern Age
The Culture of Dissent
The Guardians
Republicans in Power
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: The Church and State

25. "Fear Itself": Crash, Depression, and the New Deal, 1929-1938

The Great Depression
The New Deal Experiment, 1933-1938
Depression Culture, 1929-1938
The New Deal and Society, 1933-1938
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Government and the New Deal

26. War and Society, 1933-1945

America and the World Crisis, 1933-1941
Fighting a Global War, 1941-1945
War and National Culture, 1941-1945
Victory, 1942-1945
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: The Dropping of the Bomb

27. The Cold War, 1945-1952

From World War to Cold War, 1945-1949
In the Shadow of FDR, 1945-1948
The Cold War Heats Up, 1950-1952
The Politics of Fear, 1945-1952
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: America's Role in the World

28. The Consumer Society, 1945-1960

The Consumer Revolution
Shaping National Culture, 1945-1960
The Politics of Moderation, 1952-1956
American Ideals and Social Realities, 1950-1960

29. Consensus and Confrontation, 1960-1968

The Kennedy Presidency, 1960-1963
The New Liberal Experiment, 1963-1966
Protest, Politics, and Racial Equality
Vietnam: Containment and Tragedy, 1964-1968
Challenging the Consensus, 1960-1967
The Watershed Year, 1968
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Martin Luther King, Jr., and Malcolm X
Competing Interpretations: The Civil Rights Movement and Martin Luther King, Jr.

30. The Politics of Polarization, 1969-1979

Experiments in Peacemaking, 1969-1974
Richard Nixon and the Two Americas, 1969-1974
Old Values, New Realities, 1970-1979
The Age of Limits, 1974-1979
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: The Politics of Gender

31. The Reagan Experiment, 1979-1988

The Conservative Revival, 1979-1980
The Culture Wars, 1980-1988
The Reagan Presidency, 1980-1988
Reagan and the Cold War, 1980-1988
Wealth and Poverty in Reagan's America, 1980-1988
The Reagan Legacy
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: The Role of Religion in American Life

32. America After the Cold War, 1988-2000

The Post-Cold War Experiment, 1988-1992
The Clinton Administration, 1992-2000
Globalization and Its Discontents
Social Tensions in the Nineties
Conclusion
Suggested Readings
Competing Voices: Congress Debates War or Peace

33. Epilogue: The Challenges of the New Century

September 11, 2001
War with Iraq
The Homefront
Competing Interpretations: War in Modern America