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American Political Thought

American Political Thought - 5th edition

ISBN13: 978-1568029139

Cover of American Political Thought 5TH 04 (ISBN 978-1568029139)
ISBN13: 978-1568029139
ISBN10: 1568029136
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 5TH 04
Publisher: Congressional Quarterly
Published: 2004
International: No

List price: $59.95

American Political Thought - 5TH 04 edition

ISBN13: 978-1568029139

Kenneth M. Dolbeare and Michael S. Cummings

ISBN13: 978-1568029139
ISBN10: 1568029136
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 5TH 04
Publisher: Congressional Quarterly

Published: 2004
International: No
Summary

In the aftermath of 9/11, Dolbeare and Cummings challenge students to examine their own political identities. They are asked to take their newfound concern about Islamic fundamentalism and focus it toward the issue of American fundamentalism, or the foundations of American political thought. Students are invited to examine such basic ideals as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, as well as private and free enterprise, the rule of law, institutional checks and balances, and the people's right to revolt against oppression.

From European and Iroquois precursors, the American colonists' revolutionary experience, and two centuries of robust development sprang a body of political thought and practice that has both inspired and repulsed the rest of the world. The editors outline three organizing themes to help readers understand and analyze seminal and revisionist readings:

  • the social and historical foundations of American political thought,
  • the key transformations in American political thought and practice, and
  • the individual and collective political identity of Americans.
  • By stressing the value of examining and understanding their own political beliefs in historical context, students can decide what beliefs are most appropriate for them as Americans in facing the unique challenges of the 21st century.


The book's organization remains the same, except the post-World War II period has been split into two separate periods: 1945-1990 and 1990-2004. The entirely new Part VI taps the richly provocative diversity of American political thought since 1990, exploring a wide range of thinkers from liberal President Bill Clinton and conservative President George W. Bush to new political voices inspired by concerns of populism, nationalism, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, age, social class, and the well-being of the earth itself.

In addition to the new, modern readings, the fifth edition also adds a few key contributions from earlier times. Federalist Paper #54 shows just how conflicted the Founders were over slavery. A piece by Mark Twain reflects the novelist's signature political themes, including the abolition of slavery and opposition to imperialism. A selection of entries from Civil War soldier and postwar columnist Ambrose Bierce's Devil's Dictionary comprises a cohesive philosophy of political cynicism that rings all too true today, while the sad lament of Lakota holy man Black Elk offers both an indictment of the American past and an invitation to a profoundly different and better future.

Table of Contents

Part I. A Revolutionary Experiment: 1620-1800

Colonization and Commonwealth
From the Restoration to the Great Awakening
The Pre-Revolutionary Period
Revolution to Constitution

1. John Winthrop

The Little Speech (1639)

2. John Wise

"Democracy Is Founded in Scripture" (1717)

3. Benjamin Franklin

Observations Concerning the Increase of Mankind, the People of Countries, etc. (1751)
Excerpts from the Great Law of Peace of the Iroquois Nations
Short Hints towards a Scheme for Uniting the Northern Colonies (1754)
The Albany Plan of Union (1754)

4. Samuel Adams

"The Rights of the Colonists" (1772)

5. Thomas Paine

Common Sense (1776)
The American Crisis I (1777)
Rights of Man--Part One (1791)

6. The Declaration of Independence

The Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen United States of America (1776)

7. The Articles of Confederation

Articles of Confederation (agreed by Congress, 15 November 1777; ratified and in force 1 March 1781)

8. John Adams

"Thoughts on Government" (1776)
"A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States" (1787)
Correspondence with Abigail Adams (1776)

9. The Constitution

The Constitution of the United States of America (1787)

10. In Favor of Adoption of the Constitution

James Madison's Federalist Essays (1787-88)
Alexander Hamilton's Federalist Essays (1787-88)

11. Against Adoption of the Constitution

Dissent of the Pennsylvania Minority (1787)
Letter from Samuel Adams to Richard Henry Lee (1787)
Richard Henry Lee, Letters from a Federal Farmer (1787-88)

12. Alexander Hamilton's Program

Report on Credit (1790)
Opinion on the Constitutionality of the Bank (1791)
Report on Manufacturers (1791)

13. Thomas Jefferson: Principles and Program

"Madison's Report to the Virginia General Assembly" (1800)
Notes on Virginia (1785)
First Inaugural Address (1801)
Selected Letters (1787-1823)

Part II. Development and Democracy: 1800-1865

Hamiltonian Development under Jeffersonian Government
Democratization within the Liberal Framework
Development and Democratization: Reactions and Extensions
Proslavery and Conservative Reaction

14. Chief Justice John Marshall

Marbury v. Madison (1803)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

15. Henry David Thoreau

"Civil Disobedience" (1848)

16. Orestes Brownson

"The Laboring Classes" (1840)

17. Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions (1848)
Address to the New York State Legislature (1860)

18. Frederick Douglass

Speech at the Anti-Slavery Association (1848)
"The Various Phases of Anti-Slavery" (1855)

19. John C. Calhoun

A Disquisition on Government (1848)

20. George Fitzhugh

Cannibals All! (1857)

21. Abraham Lincoln

Speech on the Dred Scott Decision (1857)
Letter to Boston Republicans (1859)
Cooper Union Address (1860)
First Inaugural Address (1861)
Second Annual Message to Congress (1862)
The Gettysburg Address (1863)
Second Inaugural Address (1865)

Part III. Reconstruction and Industrialization: 1865-1900

Reconstruction
1877
Social Darwinism
Alternatives
The Greenback and Populist (People's) Parties
The Labor Movement
Other Reform Movements
Socialism
The Climax: 1894-96
Summary

22. The Civil War Constitutional Amendments and the Failure of the "Sixteenth" Amendment

The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments (1865- 70)
Excerpts from The Revolution (1869)
Debates at Meetings of the Equal Rights Association (1869)
Susan B. Anthony's Statement at the Close of Her Trial (1873)
Susan B. Anthony's Petition to Congress for Remission of Her Fine (1874)

23. William Graham Sumner

What Social Classes Owe to Each Other (1884)
"The Conquest of the United States by Spain"

24. NEW! Mark Twain

The War Prayer (1923 [1904-05])

25. Edward Bellamy

Looking Backward (1889)

26. Populism

The Ocala Demands (December 1890)
The Populist Party Platform (4 July 1892)

27. NEW! Ambrose Bierce

The Devil's Dictionary (1911) (Selections)

28. NEW! Black Elk/John G. Neihardt

Black Elk Speaks

Part IV. The Rise of the Positive State: 1900-1945

Sources of Opposition and Reform
From Laissez-faire to Interventionism and the Positive State
The Roles of Science, Technology, Organization, and Bureaucracy--and the Problem of Democracy

29. Emma Goldman

"Anarchism: What It Really Stands For" (1907)
"The Tragedy of Woman's Emancipation" (1910)

30. W.E.B. Du Bois

The Souls of Black Folk (1903)

31. Eugene V. Debs

"Revolutionary Unionism" (1905)
Speech to the Jury (1918)

32. Herbert Croly

The Promise of American Life (1909)

33. Progressivism

The Progressive Party Platform (5 August 1912)
The Progressive Era Constitutional Amendments Sixteen through Twenty-One (1913-33)
Article V of the Colorado State Constitution as Amended 8 November 1910

34. Frederick W. Taylor

The Nature of Scientific Management (1912)

35. Woodrow Wilson

"The Meaning of Democracy" (1912)

36. John Dewey

The Public and Its Problems (1927)

37. Franklin D. Roosevelt

The Commonwealth Club Address (1932)
Campaign Address (1936)
An Economic Bill of Rights (11 January 1944)

Part V. Liberalism, The New Left, and The New Right, 1945-1990

American Political Thought to the Mid-Twentieth Century: A Summary
Post World War II Liberal Dominance
The Sources and Components of the New Left
Origins of the New Right

38. NEW! John F. Kennedy

Inaugural Speech (1961)

39. Martin Luther King Jr.

Letter from the Birmingham City Jail (1963)

40. Students for a Democratic Society

The Port Huron Statement (1962)

41. Betty Friedan

Our Revolution Is Unique (1968)

42. NEW! Aldo Leopold

A Sand County Almanac (1968)

43. Ronald Reagan

First Inaugural Speech (1981)
State of the Union Address (1984)

44. NEW! Christopher Lasch

The Culture of Narcissism (1979)
Women and the Common Life

45. Glenn C. Loury

Achieving the "Dream:" A Challenge to Liberals and Conservatives in the Spirit of Martin Luther King Jr. (1990)

46. National Conference of Catholic Bishops

Economic Justice for All: Pastoral Letter on Catholic Social Teaching and the U.S. Economy (1986)

47. Summary of an Era

Articles of Amendment Ratified
Articles of Amendment Not Ratified
California Proposition 209 (1989)
NEW! Part VI. Democracy and Diversity, 1990-2003
An Overview of U.S. Politics in the 1990s
The Decline of the Liberal-Conservative Debate
New Voices of Disadvantage
Continuing Voices of Conservation and Change
Identity, Diversity, and Democracy
Conclusion: The Personal and the Political

48. NEW! William J. Clinton

Second Inaugural Address (1997)

49. NEW! Cathleen and Colleen McGuire

"Ecofeminist Visions" (1991)

50. NEW! June Jordan

Affirmative Acts: "On the Politics of Change" (1998)

51. NEW! Patrick Buchanan

The Great Betrayal (1998)

52. NEW! Craig Kielburger

Free the Children (1998)

53. NEW! Winona LaDuke

All Our Relations: Native Struggles for Land and Life (1999)

54. NEW! Green Party

Green Party Platform (2000)

55. NEW! The George W. Bush Administration The National Security Strategy of the United States of America (2002)
56. NEW! Ken Gordon

"Wealth, Democracy, and Campaign Finance in the United States" (2003)

57. NEW! Michael S. Cummings

"Children's Right to Vote" (2003)

58. NEW! Kenneth M. Dolbeare

"Restoring Popular Sovereignty: Toward a Politics of Issues" (2003)

59. NEW! Karla Haas Moskowitz

"Identity, Diversity, and Education for Democracy" (2003

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