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American Promise, Volume I : To 1877

American Promise, Volume I : To 1877 - 5th edition

ISBN13: 978-0312663131

Cover of American Promise, Volume I : To 1877 5TH 12 (ISBN 978-0312663131)
ISBN13: 978-0312663131
ISBN10: 0312663137
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 5TH 12
Publisher: Bedford Books
Published: 2012
International: No

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American Promise, Volume I : To 1877 - 5TH 12 edition

ISBN13: 978-0312663131

James L. Roark, Michael P. Johnson and Patricia Cline Cohen

ISBN13: 978-0312663131
ISBN10: 0312663137
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 5TH 12
Publisher: Bedford Books

Published: 2012
International: No
Summary

The American Promise appeals to all types of students and provides the right resources and tools to support any classroom environment. A clear political framework supports a vibrant social and cultural story that embraces the voices of hundreds of Americans - from presidents to pipefitters and sharecroppers to suffragettes - who help students connect with history and grasp important concepts. Now in its fifth edition, The American Promise does even more to increase historical analysis skills and facilitate active learning, and its robust array of multimedia supplements make it the perfect choice for traditional face-to-face classrooms, hybrid courses, and distance learning.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. Ancient America, Before 1492

Archaeology and History

The First Americans

African and Asian Origins

Paleo-Indian Hunters

Archaic Hunters and Gatherers

Great Plains Bison Hunters

Great Basin Cultures

Pacific Coast Cultures

Eastern Woodland Cultures

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Who Were the First Americans?"

Agricultural Settlements and Chiefdoms

Southwestern Cultures

Woodland Burial Mounds and Chiefdoms

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Daily Life in Chaco Canyon"

Native Americans in the 1490s

Eastern and Great Plains Peoples

Southwestern and Western Peoples

Cultural Similarities

The Mexica: A Mesoamerican Culture

Conclusion: The World of Ancient Americans



2. Europeans Encounter the New World, 1492-1600

Europe in the Age of Exploration

Mediterranean Trade and European Expansion

A Century of Portuguese Exploration

A Surprising New World in the Western Atlantic

The Explorations of Columbus

The Geographic Revolution and the Columbian Exchange

Spanish Exploration and Conquest

The Conquest of Mexico

The Search for Other Mexicos

Spanish Outposts in Florida and New Mexico

New Spain in the Sixteenth Century

The Toll of Spanish Conquest and Colonization

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Weapons of Conquest"

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Justifying Conquest"

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Spreading Christianity in New Spain"

The New World and Sixteenth-Century Europe

The Protestant Reformation and the Spanish Response

Europe and The Spanish Example

Conclusion: The promise of the new world for europeans



3. The Southern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 1601-1700

An English Colony on Chesapeake Bay

The Fragile Jamestown Settlement

Cooperation and Conflict between Natives and Newcomers

From Private Company to Royal Government

A Tobacco Society

Tobacco Agriculture

A Servant Labor System

The Rigors of Servitude

Cultivating Land and Faith

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "American Tobacco and European Consumers"

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Gamble of Indentured Servitude"

Hierarchy and Inequality in the Chesapeake

Social and Economic Polarization

Government Policies and Political Conflict

Bacon's Rebellion

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Why Did English Colonists Consider Themselves Superior to Indians and Africans?"

Toward a Slave Labor System

Religion and Revolt in the Spanish Borderland

The West Indies: Sugar and Slavery

Carolina: A West Indian Frontier

Slave Labor Emerges in the Chesapeake

Conclusion: The Growth of English Colonies Based on Export Crops and Slave Labor



4. The Northern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 1601-1700

Puritans and the Settlement of New England

Puritan Origins: The English Reformation

The Pilgrims and Plymouth Colony

The Founding of Massachusetts Bay Colony

The Evolution of New England Society

Church, Covenant, and Conformity

Government by Puritans for Puritanism

The Splintering of Puritanism

Religious Controversies and Economic Changes

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Seats of Power"

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Hunting Witches in Salem, Massachusetts"

The Founding of the Middle Colonies

From New Netherland to New York

New Jersey and Pennsylvania

Toleration and Diversity in Pennsylvania

The Colonies and the English Empire

Royal Regulation of Colonial Trade

King Philip's War and the Consolidation of Royal Authority

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "New France and the Indians: The English Colonies' Northern Borderlands"

Conclusion: An English Model of Colonization in North America



5. Colonial America in the Eighteenth Century, 1701-1770

A Growing Population and Expanding Economy in British North America

New England: From Puritan Settlers to Yankee Traders

Natural Increase and Land Distribution

Farms, Fish, and Atlantic Trade

The Middle Colonies: Immigrants, Wheat, and Work

German and Scots-Irish Immigrants

"God Gives All Things to Industry": Urban and Rural Labor

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "A Sailor's Life in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World"

The Southern Colonies: Land of Slavery

The Atlantic Slave Trade and the Growth of Slavery

Slave Labor and African American Culture

Tobacco, Rice, and Prosperity

Unifying Experiences

Commerce and Consumption

Religion, Enlightenment, and Revival

Trade and Conflict in the North American Borderlands

Colonial Politics in the British Empire

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Spanish Priests Report on California Missions"

Conclusion: The Dual Identity of British North American Colonists



6. The British Empire and the Colonial Crisis, 1754-1775

The Seven Years' War, 1754-1763

French-British Rivalry in the Ohio Country

The Albany Congress

The War and Its Consequences

Pontiac's Rebellion and the Proclamation of 1763

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Cultural Cross-Dressing in Eighteenth-Century Portraits"

The Sugar and Stamp Acts, 1763-1765

Grenville's Sugar Act

The Stamp Act

Resistance Strategies and Crowd Politics

Liberty and Property

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Pursuing Liberty, Protesting Tyranny"

The Townshend Acts and Economic Retaliation, 1767-1770

The Townshend Duties

Nonconsumption and the Daughters of Liberty

Military Occupation and "Massacre" in Boston

The Destruction of the Tea and the Coercive Acts, 1770-1774

The Calm before the Storm

Tea in Boston Harbor

The Coercive Acts

Beyond Boston: Rural New England

The First Continental Congress

Domestic Insurrections, 1774-1775

Lexington and Concord

Rebelling against Slavery

Conclusion: The Long Road to Revolution



7. The War for America, 1775-1783

The Second Continental Congress

Assuming Political and Military Authority

Pursuing Both War and Peace

Thomas Paine, Abigail Adams, and the Case for Independence

The Declaration of Independence

The First Year of War, 1775-1776

The American Military Forces

The British Strategy

Quebec, New York, and New Jersey

The Home Front

Patriotism at the Local Level

The Loyalists

Who Is a Traitor?

Prisoners of War

Financial Instability and Corruption

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Families Divide over the Revolution"

The Campaigns of 1777-1779: The North and West

Burgoyne's Army and the Battle of Saratoga

The War in the West: Indian Country

The French Alliance

The Southern Strategy and the End of the War

Georgia and South Carolina

Treason and Guerrilla Warfare

Surrender at Yorktown

The Losers and the Winners

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "European Nations and the Peace of Paris, 1783"

Conclusion: Why the British Lost



8. Building a Republic, 1775-1789

The Articles of Confederation

Congress and Confederation

The Problem of Western Lands

Running the New Government

The Sovereign States

The State Constitutions

Who Are "the People"?

Equality and Slavery

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "A Slave Sues for Her Freedom"

The Confederation's Problems

The War Debt and the Newburgh Conspiracy

The Treaty of Fort Stanwix

Land Ordinances and the Northwest Territory

The Requisition of 1785 and Shays's Rebellion, 1786-1787

The United States Constitution

From Annapolis to Philadelphia

The Virginia and New Jersey Plans

Democracy versus Republicanism

Ratification of the Constitution

The Federalists

The Antifederalists

The Big Holdouts: Virginia and New York

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Was the New United States a Christian Country?"

Conclusion: The "Republican Remedy"



9. The New Nation Takes Form, 1789-1800

The Search for Stability

Washington Inaugurates the Government

The Bill of Rights

The Republican Wife and Mother

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "How Did America's First Congress Address the Question of Slavery?"

Hamilton's Economic Policies

Agriculture, Transportation, and Banking

The Public Debt and Taxes

The First Bank of the United States and the Report on Manufactures

The Whiskey Rebellion

Conflicts on America's Borders and Beyond

Creeks in the Southwest

Ohio Indians in the Northwest

France and Britain

The Haitian Revolution

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "France, Britain, and Woman's Rights in the 1790s"

Federalists and Republicans

The Election of 1796

The XYZ Affair

The Alien and Sedition Acts

DOCUMETING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Crisis of 1798: Sedition"

Conclusion: Parties Nonetheless



10. Republicans in Power, 1800-1824

Jefferson's Presidency

Turbulent Times: Election and Rebellion

The Jeffersonian Vision of Republican Simplicity

Dangers Overseas: The Barbary Wars

Opportunities and Challenges in the West

The Louisiana Purchase

The Lewis and Clark Expedition

Osage and Comanche Indians

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Cultural Exchange on the Lewis and Clark Trail"

Jefferson, the Madisons, and the War of 1812

Impressment and Embargo

Dolley Madison and Social Politics

Tecumseh and Tippecanoe

The War of 1812

Washington City Burns: The British Offensive

Women's Status in the Early Republic

Women and the Law

Women and Church Governance

Female Education

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "One Woman's Quest to Provide Higher Education for Women"

Monroe and Adams

From Property to Democracy

The Missouri Compromise

The Monroe Doctrine

The Election of 1824

The Adams Administration

Conclusion: Republican Simplicity Becomes Complex



11. The Expanding Republic, 1815-1840

The Market Revolution

Improvements in Transportation

Factories, Workingwomen, and Wage Labor

Bankers and Lawyers

Booms and Busts

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Mill Girls Stand Up to Factory Owners, 1834"

The Spread of Democracy

Popular Politics and Partisan Identity

The Election of 1828 and the Character Issue

Jackson's Democratic Agenda

Jackson Defines the Democratic Party

Indian Policy and the Trail of Tears

The Tariff of Abominations and Nullification

The Bank War and Economic Boom

Cultural Shifts, Religion, and Reform

The Family and Separate Spheres

The Education and Training of Youths

The Second Great Awakening

The Temperance Movement and the Campaign for Moral Reform

Organizing against Slavery

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Transatlantic Abolition"

Van Buren's One-Term Presidency

The Politics of Slavery

Elections and Panics

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Going Ahead or Gone to Smash: An Entrepreneur Struggles in the 1830s"

Conclusion: The Age of Jackson or the Era of Reform?



12. The New West and the Free North, 1840-1860

Economic and Industrial Evolution

Agriculture and Land Policy

Manufacturing and Mechanization

Railroads: Breaking the Bonds of Nature

Free Labor: Promise and Reality

The Free-Labor Ideal

Economic Inequality

Immigrants and the Free-Labor Ladder

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "The Path of Progress"

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Global Prosperity in the 1850s"

The Westward Movement

Manifest Destiny

Oregon and the Overland Trail

The Mormon Exodus

The Mexican Borderlands

Expansion and the Mexican-American War

The Politics of Expansion

The Mexican-American War, 1846-1848

Victory in Mexico

Golden California

Reforming Self and Society

The Pursuit of Perfection: Transcendentalists and Utopians

Woman's Rights Activists

Abolitionists and the American Ideal

Conclusion: Free Labor, Free Men



13. The Slave South, 1820-1860

The Growing Distinctiveness of the South

Cotton Kingdom, Slave Empire

The South in Black and White

The Plantation Economy

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Defending Slavery"

Masters and Mistresses in the Big House

Paternalism and Male Honor

The Southern Lady and Feminine Virtues

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "How Often Were Slaves Whipped?"

Slaves in the Quarter

Work

Family and Religion

Resistance and Rebellion

The Plain Folk

Plantation Belt Yeomen

Upcountry Yeomen

Poor Whites

The Culture of the Plain Folk

Black and Free: On the Middle Ground

Precarious Freedom

Achievement despite Restrictions

The Politics of Slavery

The Democratization of the Political Arena

Planter Power

Conclusion: A Slave Society



14. The House Divided, 1846-1861

The Bitter Fruits of War

The Wilmot Proviso and the Expansion of Slavery

The Election of 1848

Debate and Compromise

The Sectional Balance Undone

The Fugitive Slave Act

Uncle Tom's Cabin

The Kansas-Nebraska Act

Realignment of the Party System

The Old Parties: Whigs and Democrats

The New Parties: Know-Nothings and Republicans

The Election of 1856

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Filibusters: The Underside of Manifest Destiny"

Freedom under Siege

"Bleeding Kansas"

The Dred Scott Decision

Prairie Republican: Abraham Lincoln

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "A Purse of Her Own: Petitioning for the Right to Own Propert"

The Union Collapses

The Aftermath of John Brown's Raid

Republican Victory in 1860

Secession Winter

Conclusion: Slavery, Free Labor, and the Failure of Political Compromise



15. The Crucible of War, 1861-1865

"And the War Came"

Attack on Fort Sumter

The Upper South Chooses Sides

The Combatants

How They Expected to Win

Lincoln and Davis Mobilize

Battling It Out, 1861-1862

Stalemate in the Eastern Theater

Union Victories in the Western Theater

The Atlantic Theater

International Diplomacy

Union and Freedom

From Slaves to Contraband

From Contraband to Free People

The War of Black Liberation

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Right to Fight: Black Soldiers in the Civil War"

The South at War

Revolution from Above

Hardship Below

The Disintegration of Slavery

The North at War

The Government and the Economy

Women and Work at Home and at War

Politics and Dissent

Grinding Out Victory, 1863-1865

Vicksburg and Gettysburg

Grant Takes Command

The Election of 1864

The Confederacy Collapses

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Why Did So Many Soldiers Die?"

Conclusion: The Second American Revolution



16. Reconstruction, 1863-1877

Wartime Reconstruction

"To Bind Up the Nation's Wounds"

Land and Labor

The African American Quest for Autonomy

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Meaning of Freedom"

Presidential Reconstruction

Johnson's Program of Reconciliation

White Southern Resistance and Black Codes

Expansion of Federal Authority and Black Rights

Congressional Reconstruction

The Fourteenth Amendment and Escalating Violence

Radical Reconstruction and Military Rule

Impeaching a President

The Fifteenth Amendment and Women's Demands

The Struggle in the South

Freedmen, Yankees, and Yeomen

Republican Rule

White Landlords, Black Sharecroppers

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "What Did the Ku Klux Klan Really Want?"

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "A Post-Slavery Encounter"

Reconstruction Collapses

Grant's Troubled Presidency

Northern Resolve Withers

White Supremacy Triumphs

An Election and a Compromise

Conclusion: "A Revolution But Half Accomplished"

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