ISBN13:978-0205175482 ISBN10: 0205175481 This edition has also been released as: ISBN13: 978-0205175505 ISBN10: 0205175503
Summary: Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students revives the classical strategies of ancient Greek and Roman rhetoricians and adapts them to the needs of contemporary writers and speakers. This fresh interpretation of the ancient canons of composing--invention, arrangement, style, memory, and delivery--shows that rhetoric, as it was practiced and taught by the ancients, was an intrinsic part of daily life and of communal discourse about current events. The book presents stas
is theory, common and special topics, formal topics, ethos, pathos, extrinsic proofs, and Aristotelian means of reasoning, and it places particular emphasis on the classic balance between principles and practice by offering ample opportunities for students to develop habits of rhetorical thinking and composing. The authors' engaging discussion and their many contemporary examples of ancient rhetorical principles present rhetoric as a set of flexible, situational practices. This practical history draws the most relevant and useful concepts from ancient rhetorics and discusses, updates, and offers them for use in the contemporary composition classroom.
Summary: Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students revives the classical strategies of ancient Greek and Roman rhetoricians and adapts them to the needs of contemporary writers and speakers. This fresh interpretation of the ancient canons of composing--invention, arrangement, style, memory, and delivery--shows that rhetoric, as it was practiced and taught by the ancients, was an intrinsic part of daily life and of communal discourse about current events. The book presents stasis theory, common and special topics, formal topics, ethos, pathos, extrinsic proofs, and Aristotelian means of reasoning, and it places particular emphasis on the classic balance between principles and practice by offering ample opportunities for students to develop habits of rhetorical thinking and composing. The authors' engaging discussion and their many contemporary examples of ancient rhetorical principles present rhetoric as a set of flexible, situational practices. This practical history draws the most relevant and useful concepts from ancient rhetorics and discusses, updates, and offers them for use in the contemporary composition classroom. ...show less
Edition/Copyright:5TH 12 Cover: Hardback Publisher:Longman, Inc. Published: 10/14/2011 International: No
View Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Part One: Invention
Chapter 1: Ancient Rhetorics: Their Differences and the Differences They Make
Ancient Rhetorics: The Beginnings
Comparing Ancient and Contemporary Rhetorics
Extrinsic and Intrinsic Proofs
That's Just Your Opinion
On Ideology and the Commonplaces
Language as Power; Language as Action
Practice, Practice, Practice
Progymnasmata I: Fable
Progymnasmata II: Tale
Chapter 2: Kairos and the Rhetorical Situation: Seizing the Moment
Ancient Depictions of Kairos
Kairos, Change, and Rhetorical Situations
Kairos as a Means of Invention
How Urgent or Immediate is the Issue?
Arguments and Interests
The trigger and the damage done
Freedom, yes, but which one?
Power Dynamics in a Rhetorical Situation
A Web of Related Issues
Progymnasmata II: Chreia
Chapter 3: Achieving Stasis by Asking the Right Questions
On Inventing: How to Proceed
The Importance of Achieving Stasis
Theoretical Versus Practical Questions
The Four Questions
A Simple Example
Expanding the Questions
Questions of Quality: Simple or Complex
Questions of Policy
Using the Stases
Progymnasmata III: Proverb
Rhetorical Exercises: Proverb
Chapter 4: The Common Topics and the Commonplaces: Finding the Available Means
Aristotle's Topical System
The Common Topics
The Common Topic of Past and Future Fact (Conjecture)
The Common Topic of Greater/Lesser (Degree)
The Common Topic of Possible/Impossible
Commonplaces and Ideology
Commonplaces in American Political Rhetoric
Using Common Topics and Commonplaces to Invent Arguments
Progymnasmata IV: Common-place
Rhetorical Activities for Progymnasmata: Common-place
Chapter 5: Logical Proof: Reasoning in Rhetoric
Aristotle on Reasoning in Rhetoric
Historical Examples - Brief and Extended
Similar and Contrary Examples
Progymnasmata V: Confirmation and Refutation
Exercises in Progymnasmata: Confirmation and Refutation
Chapter 6: Ethical Proof: Arguments from Character
Ethos in Ancient Rhetorics
Demonstrating Intelligence by Doing the Homework
Establishing Good Character
Securing Good Will
Progymnasmata VI: Character
Chapter 7: Pathetic Proof: Passionate Appeals
Ancient Teachers on the Emotions
Emotions as Rhetorical Proofs
The Characters of Audiences and Rhetors
Composing Passionate Proofs
Honorific and Pejorative Language
Progymnasmata VII: Encomium and Invective, Description
Exercises: Encomium and Invective
Chapter 8: Extrinsic Proofs: Arguments Waiting to Be Used
Extrinsic Proofs in Ancient Rhetorics
Evaluating Community Authorities
Progymnasmata VIII: Introduction of Law
An Opposition of a Law That Permits Assault Weapons
Rhetorical Activities: Introduction of Law
Part Two: Arrangement
Chapter 9: Arrangement: Getting It Together
Ancient Teachings about Arrangement
The Exordium, or Beginning
Topics for Making Audiences Attentive and Receptive
The Narrative (Statement of the Case)
The Arguments: Confirmation and Refutation
The Peroration (Conclusion)
Composing a Summary
Exciting Indignation Toward an Opponent Or the Opposing Position
An Extended Example
Progymnasmata IX: Thesis
Rhetorical Activities: Thesis
Part Three: Style, Memory, and Delivery
Chapter 10: Style: Composition and Ornament
Appropriateness: Kairos and Style
Paratactic and Periodic Styles
Figures that Interrupt Normal Word Order
Figures of Repetition
Figures of Thought
Figures of Thought That Enhance Ethos
Figures of Thought That Involve Audience
Figures of Thought That Arouse Emotion
Figures of Thought Borrowed from Invention and Arrangement
Voice and Rhetorical Distance
Chapter 11: Imitation
Imitation I: Reading Aloud and Copying
Imitation Exercise I: Reading Aloud and Copying
Imitation II: Inhabiting through Practice
Imitation Exercises II: Imitation
Imitation III: Translation and Paraphrase
Examples of Paraphrase
Chapter 12: Delivery and Memory: Attending to Eyes and Ears
Ancient Commentary on Delivery
Delivery of Oral Discourse
Ancient Memory Systems
Delivery of Written Discourse
Correctness: Traditional Grammar and Usage
Klavika: A sans for the 21st century
Appendix: Signposts in Ancient Rhetorics
Suggestions for Further Readings
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