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Anthropological Theory : An Introductory History

Anthropological Theory : An Introductory History - 3rd edition

ISBN13: 978-0072840469

Cover of Anthropological Theory : An Introductory History 3RD 04 (ISBN 978-0072840469)
ISBN13: 978-0072840469
ISBN10: 0072840463
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 3RD 04
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company
Published: 2004
International: No

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Anthropological Theory : An Introductory History - 3RD 04 edition

ISBN13: 978-0072840469

R. Jon Mcgee and Richard L. Warms

ISBN13: 978-0072840469
ISBN10: 0072840463
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 3RD 04
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company

Published: 2004
International: No
Summary

A comprehensive and accessible survey of the history of theory in anthropology, this anthology of classic and contemporary readings contains in-depth commentary in introductions and notes to help guide students through excerpts of seminal anthropological works. The commentary provides the background information needed to understand each article, its central concepts, and its relationship to the social and historical context in which it was written.

New to This Edition :

  • New essays include Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's "On the Tendency of Species to form Varieties; and on the Perpetuation of Varieties and Species by Natural Means of Selection"; A. L. Kroeber's "The Eighteen Professions"; Max Gluckman's "The Licence in Ritual"; Claude Lévi-Strauss' "Four Winnebago Myths"; Claudia Strauss' "What makes Tony run: Schemas as motives reconsidered"; and Rebecca Bliege Bird, Eric Alden Smith, and Douglas W. Bird's "The hunting handicap: costly signaling in human foraging strategies."


Features :

  • A unique format, with introductions and explanatory footnotes by the editors, including definitions of difficult words, translations of foreign words and phrases, explanations of allusions, and a description of the contextual background of each piece.
  • 43 articles and clear, concise introductions to the various theoretical schools, with editorial commentary pointing up underlying concepts and interrelationships between theoretical perspectives.
  • A broad range of works important in the history of anthropological theory, from 19th century evolutionism to postmodernism in the 1990s, including innovative sections on foundations of sociological thought, sociobiology, postmodernism, and the feminist critique of anthropology.
  • Extensive pedagogical aids including questions to help readers formulate their own views of theoretical positions, as well as an extensive bibliography and index.

Author Bio

McGee, R. Jon : Southwest Texas State University


Warms, Richard : Southwest Texas State University

Table of Contents

*Indicates an article new to this edition
Preface
Contents
Introduction

Part One: Historical Foundations of Anthropological Theory

19th Century Evolutionism
*1. Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace, "On the Tendency of Species to form Varieties; and on the Perpetuation of Varieties and Species by Natural Means of Selection." (1858)
2. Herbert Spencer, "The Social Organism" (1860)
3. Sir Edward Burnett Tylor, "The Science of Culture" (1871)
4. Lewis Henry Morgan, "Ethnical Periods" (1877)
5. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, "Feuerbach. Opposition of the Materialist and Idealist Outlook" (1845-1846)
The Foundations of Sociological Thought
6. "Émile Durkheim, "What is a Social Fact?" (1895)
7. "Émile Durkheim, The Cosmological System of Totemism and the Idea of Class" (1912)
8. "Marcel Mauss, Extracts from The Gift" (1924)
9. "Max Weber, Class, Status, Party" (1922)

Part Two: Culture Theory in the Early Twentieth Century

Historical Particularism
10. Franz Boas, "The Methods of Ethnology" (1920)
*11. Alfred Louis Kroeber, "Eighteen Professions" (1915)
12. Paul Radin, "Right and Wrong" (1927)
Functionalism
13. Bronislaw Malinowski, "The Essentials of the Kula" (1922)
14. A. R. Radcliffe-Brown, "The Mother's Brother in South Africa" (1924)
15. E. E. Evans-Pritchard, "The Nuer of the Southern Sudan" (1940)
*16. Max Gluckman, "The Licence in Ritual" (1956)
Culture and Personality
17. Ruth Benedict, "Psychological Types in the Cultures of the Southwest" (1930)
18. Margaret Mead, "Introduction to Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies" (1935)

Part Three: Theory at Mid-Century

Cultural Ecology and Neo-Evolutionary Thought
19. Julian Steward, "The Patrilineal Band" (1955)
20. Leslie White, "Energy and the Evolution of Culture" (1943)
21. George P. Murdock, "Family Stability in Non-European Cultures" (1950)
Materialism: Evolutionary, Functionalist, Ecological, and Marxist
22. Morton Fried, "On the Evolution of Social Stratification and the State" (1960)
23. Marvin Harris, "The Cultural Ecology of India's Sacred Cattle" (1966)
24. Roy A. Rappaport, "Ritual Regulation of Environmental Relations Among a New Guinea People" (1967)
25. Philippe Bourgois, "From Jibaro to Crack Dealer: Confronting the Restructuring of Capitalism in El Barrio" (1995)
Structuralism
26. Claude Lévi-Strauss, "Structural Analysis in Linguistics and in Anthropology" (1963)
*27. Claude Lévi-Strauss, "Four Winnebago Myths" (1960)
28. Sherry Ortner, "Is Female to Male as Nature is to Culture?" (1974)
Ethnoscience and Cognitive Anthropology
29. Harold C. Conklin, "Hanunóo Color Catagories" (1955)
30. Stephen A. Tyler, "Introduction to Cognitive Anthropology" (1969)
*31. Claudia Strauss. "What makes Tony run: Schemas as motives reconsidered" (1992)

Part Four: Recent Trends in Anthropological Theory

Sociobiology, Evolutionary Psychology, and Behavioral Ecology
32. Edward O. Wilson, "The Morality of the Gene" (1975)
33. Jerome Barkow, "The Elastic Between Genes and Culture" (1989)
*34. Rebecca Bliege Bird, Eric Alden Smith, and Douglas W. Bird, "The hunting handicap: costly signaling in human foraging strategies" (2001)
Anthropology and Gender: The Feminist Critique
35. Sally Slocum, "Woman the Gatherer: Male Bias in Anthropology" (1975)
36. Eleanor Leacock, "Interpreting the Origins of Gender Inequality: Conceptual and Historical Problems" (1983)
37. Ann L. Stoler, "Making Empire Respectable: the Politics of Race and Sexual Morality in 20th-Century Colonial Cultures" (1989)
Symbolic/Interpretive Anthropology
38. Mary Douglas, "External Boundaries" (1966)
39. Victor Turner, "Symbols in Ndembu Ritual" (1967)
40. Clifford Geertz, "Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese Cockfight" (1973)
Post Modernism and Its Critics
41. Renato Rosaldo, "Grief and a Headhunter's Rage" (1989)
42. Vincent Crapanzano, "Hermes' Dilemma: The Masking of Subversion in Ethnographic Description" (1986)
43. Roy D'Andrade, "Moral Models in Anthropology" (1995)
Bibliography
Acknowledgements
Index

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