Summary: This wide-ranging introduction to poetry blends theoretical consideration into its introduction to the elements of poetry, offering alternative perspectives from which to approach and engage with a poem.
Edition/Copyright:97 Cover: Paperback Publisher:St. Martins Press, Inc. Published: 12/28/1996 International: No
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Schakel, Peter : Hope College
Ridl, Jack : Hope College
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N.B. Chapters 1 through 14 each end with Suggestions for Writing and Suggestions as You Continue to Read Poetry.
Forword by Alberto Ríos
Part I. Starting Points
1. Approaching Poetry
Robert Frost, From Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening Elizabeth Barrett Browning, From How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count the Ways Emily Dickinson,I'm Nobody! Who Are You? Richard Kostalanetz,Disintegration Lucille Clifton,homage to my hips Nancy Willard,Qustions My Son Asked Me, Answers I Never Gave Him Lisel Mueller,The Deaf Dancing to Rock Alberta Turner,Drift What, Then, Is Poetry? Heather McHugh,What He Thought Reading Poetry What Poems Do William Stafford,Notice What This Poem Is Not Doing Where to Start James Dickey,Cherrylog Road Anonymous,There Is a Lady Sweet and Kind William Stafford,Traveling Throuhg the Dark Russell Edson,The Fall Langston Hughes,Harlem Emily Bronte,Riches I Hold in Light Esteem Gary Soto,The Morning They Shot Tony Lopez, Barber and Pusher Who Went Too Far, 1958
2. Read Responsively
Focusing On the Reader Robert Frost,"Out, Out --" The Reading Process Filling Gaps "Text" and "Poem" Effect as Meaning Sharon Olds,The Victims Ted Kooser,Flying at Night Anonymous,Western Wind Wallace Stevens,Anecdote of the Jar Wanda Coleman,At the Jazz Club He Comes on a Ghost Sir Thomas Wyattthe Elder,They Flee from Me Jimmy Santiago Baca,Family Ties
Part II. Entry Points
Denotation Rita Dove,Silos John Skelton,Though Ye Suppose All Jeopardies Are Passed Connotation Emily Dickinson,There Is No Frigate Like a Book Gwendolyn Brooks,The Bean Eaters Robert Frost,The Road Not Taken Imaginative Uses of Words Lewis Carroll [Charles Lutwidge Dodgson],Jabberwocky Edward Lueders,Your Poem, Man . . . James Tate,The Road Not Taken Some Poems Partly about Words Muriel Rukeyser,Rune Gary Miranda,Love Poem Heather McHugh,Language Lesson, 1976
Imaging a Poem Gary Snyder,Riprap Realistic Imagery William Carlos Williams,The Red Wheelbarrow Garrett Kaoru Hongo,Yellow Light Nonrealistic Imagery Mark Strand,Eating Poetry John Keats,To Autumn Cathy Song,Girl Powdering Her Neck Robert Bly,Driving to Town Late to Mail a Letter Theodore Roethke,Meditation at Oyster River Robert Hayden,Bone-Flower Elegy
5. Speaker, Tone, and Irony
Author and Speaker Walt Whitman, When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer A.E. Housman, Loveliest of Trees, the Cherry Now Thomas Hardy, The Man He Killed Listening to A Voice Gerald Stern, The Dog James Wright, Saint Judas Tone and Irony Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz Stephen Crane, Do Not Weep, Maiden, for War Is Kind Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham Dorothy Parker, Resume John Betjeman, In Westminster Abbey Robert Browning, My Last Duchess Linda Hoganv, Workday Kenneth Tearing, Love, 20¢ the First Quarter Mile Paul Zimmer, The Eisenhower Years
Comparing Jules Moulds, from Wedding Iva Robert Burns, From A Red, Red Rose Dorothy Livesay, Green Rain Identifying Jean Toomer, Face Mary Oliver, Sleeping in the Forest Substitutions Dylan Thomas, The Hand That Signed the Paper Felled a City Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory Vern Rutsala, The Furniture Factory Transferring Theodore Rosothke, Dolor Some Other Figureative Action William Shakespeare, When My Swears That She Is Made of Truth Richard Lovelace, To Lucasta, Going to Wars W.H. Auden, From As I Walked Out One Evening A. E. Housman, With Rue My Hearts Is Laden Hilarire BelloOn His Books John FrederickNims, Love Poems Dennis Brutus, Nightson: City Audre Lorde, Coal Anita Endrezze, The Girl Who Loved the Sky Larry Levis, The Poem You Asked For
Edmud Waller, Song Winfred Welles, Cruciform John Berryman, The Ball Poem William Mattews, Blues for John Coltrane, Dead at 41 William Blake, Ah Sun-Flower Countee Cullen, Indecent Emily Dickenson, I Heard a Fly Buzz Archetypes Gerald Manley Hopkinsv, Spring and Fall William Spakespeare, That Time of Year Thou Mayest in Me Behold W. H.Auden, From The Quest T. S. Eliot, Journey of the Magi Thylias Moss, Sunrise Comes to Second Avenue David Young, The Portable Earth-Lamp Eavan Boland, The Pomegranate
Sounds and Meaning Emily Dickinson, I Heard a Fly Buzz Alliteration, Consonance, Assonance Edward Thomas, The Dark Forest W.H. Auden, The Three Companions Martin Espada, The Saint Vincent de Paul Food Pantry Stomp Rhyme William Blak, To See a World in a Grain of Sand Mekeel McBride, From A Blessing William Wordsworth, My Heard Leaps Up Percy Bysshe Shelley, From The Cloud Dylan Thomas, Fern Hill Alberto Rios, Fixing tires James Joyce, On the Beach at Fontana Alice Fulton, You Can't Rhumboogie in a Ball and Chain Susan Howe, From Speeches at the Barriers
9. Rhyme and Meter
Rhythm E. E. Cummings, in Just- Walt Whitman, From When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloomed Linda Pastan, love poem Joy Harjo, She Had Some Horses Quincy Troupe, Snake-Back Solo Meter Luella Clark, If You Love Me Alfred, Lord Rennyson, From The Lady of Shalott Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Metrical Feet Emily Dickenson, I Like to see It Lap the Miles William Blake, Introduction to Songs of Innocence Robert Browning, From How They Brought the Good News from Ghent to Air Thomas Hardy, From The Voice John Donne, Batter My Heart, Three-Personed God E. E. Cummings, Buffalo Bill's Lucille Clifton, good times Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays Francis Fik, Doves
Inner Arrangement Parallelism and Juxtaposition Cheyl Savageau, Bones--A City Poem External Shape Lines J.V. Cunningham, Here Lies My Wife Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool Langston Hughs, Dream Variations Langston Hughes, The Negro Speaks of Rivers Stanzas Robert Herrick, To Daffodils Sonnets William Wordsworth, It Is a Beauteous Evening, Calm and Free William Shakespeare, Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds Claude McKay, America Haiku, Sestina, Villanelle George Ralph, Darkness of the Rose and Hanging from the Eaves Elizabeth Bishop, Sestina John Yau, Chinese Villanelle Blank Verse John Milton, From Paradise Lost, Book 9 Couplets Sir John Denham, From Cooper's Hill Concrete Poems George Herbert, Easter-wings Mary Ellen Solt, Forsythia Open Form Leslie Marmon Silko, Prayer to the Pacific Simon J. Ortis, Speaking Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Constantly Rising Absurdity Li-Young Lee, Visions and Interpretations May Swenson,The Shape of Death (1963) May Swenson, The Shape of Death (1970)
Part III. Vantage Points
"Old Historicism" John Milton, On the Late Massacre in Piedmont Biographical Criticism William Shakespeare, Thou Art As Tyrannous, So As Thou Art Sylvia Plath, Edge Psychoanalytical Criticism Sylvia Plath, Daddy Sylvia Plath, The Colossus Sylvia Plath, Tulips Sylvia Plath, Nick and the Candlestick Gavin Ewart, Psychoanalysis Alta, Penus Envy Charles Simic, "Everybody knows the story about me and Dr. Freud" John Keats On First Looking into Chapman's Homer From Sleep and Poetry From Endymion:A Poetic Romance When I Have Fears That I May Cease to Be Ode to a Nightingale Ode on a Grecian Urn Rita Dove Adolescence-III Anti-Father The Event Jiving Courtship The Satisfaction Coal Company Weathering Out Sunday Greens Gary Soto The Elements of San Joaquin Summer Field Poem Hoeing History Mexican Begin Jogging Envying the Children of San Francisco
New Criticism Focusing on Form The New Critical Approach The Underlying Theory of Knowledge Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress Richard Wilbur, Years End Roberta Hill Whiteman, The White Land The Text and Psychoanalytical Criticism David Ray, Greens Deconstruction Structuralism Poststructuralism Robert Francis, The Base Stealer Elements and Procedures of Deconstruction Archibald MacLeisv, Ars Paetica The Self-Referentiality of Text Richard Lovelace, To Lucasta, Going to the Wars William Wordsworth, She Was a Phantom of Delight Elizabeth Barrett Browning, How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count The Ways Josephine Miles, On Inhabiting an Orange
The Nature of "The Reader" Magraret Atwood, Postcard The Reader and the Text Linda Hogan, The Rainy Season The Question of Limits Jean Valentine, December 21st Reader, Text, and Psychoanalysis Russell Edson, A Performance at Hog Theatre Robert Creeley, The Language The Death of the Author Yusef Komunyakaa, Facing It Lee Uptonv, Photographs Mark Doty, Tiara Medbh McGuckian, Lighthouse with Dead Leaves
Culture Criticism Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach Cultural Studies Lorna dee Cervantes, Poem for the Young white Man Who Asked Me How I an Intelligent, Well-Read Person Could Believe in the Was between Races New Historicism Marxist Criticism William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper William Blake, London Felician Hermans, The Homes of England James Welch, Christmas Comes to Moccasins Flat Feminist Criticism Becoming a Resisting Reader Robert Herrick, Delight in Disorder Reclaiming the Feminine Tradition Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea, The Introduction Charolette Mew, The Farmers Bride Carolyn Kizer, Bitch Jo Carson, I Cannot Remember All the Times. . . Feminist Cultural criticism Gender Studies Olga Broumas, Cinderella
Part IV. Points of Departure
An Anthology of Poems for Further Reading
Anonymous, Lord Randal Anonymous, Sir Patrick Spens Queen Elizabeth I, When I Was Fair and Young Edmund Spencer, One Day I Wrote Her Name Upon the Strand Sir Philip Sidney, Loving in Truth, and Fain in Verse My Love to Show Mary (Sidney) Herbert, Countess of Pembroke, Psalm 100 Jubilate Deo Chistopher Marlowe, Passionate Shepherd to His Love Thomas Campion, When Thou Must Home John Donne, The Sun Rising John Donne, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning Ben Jonson, On My First Son Lady Mary Wroth, Am I Thus Conquered? Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time Thomas Carew, The Spring John Milton, When I Consider How My Light Is Spent Anne Bradstreet, To My Dear and Loving Husband Aphra Behn, On Her Loving Two Equally Johnathan Swift, A Description of the Mourning Alexander Pope, Epigram, Engraved on the Collar of a Dog Which I Gave to His Royal Highness William Blake, The Lamb William Blake, The Tyger William Blake, The Garden of Love Robert Burns, A Red, Red Rose William Wordsworth, I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan George Gordon, Lord Byron, She Walks in Beauty Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ode to the West Wind Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The Splendor Falls on Castle Walls Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ulysses Robert Browning, Home-Thoughts, From Abroad Arthur Hugh Clough, The Latest Decalogue Emily Dickenson, Because I Could Not Stop for Death Christina Rossetti, Song Gerard Manley Hopkins, God's Grandeur Gerard Manley Hopkins, Inversnaid E. Houseman, To an Athlete Dying Young E. Houseman, "Terence, This Is Stupid Stuff. . ." Mary ElizabethColeridge, The Other Side of a Mirror William Butler Yeats, Adams Curse William Butler Yeats, The Wild Swans at Coole William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming William Butler Yeats, Leda and the Swan Robert Frost, After Apple-Picking Robert Frost, Fire and Ice Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening Amy Lowell, Madonna of the Evening Flowers Gertrude Stein, Susie Asado Wallace Stevens, Final Soliloquy of the Interior Paramour Mina Loy, The Widow's Jazz William Carlos Williams, Spring and All Ezra Pound, In a Station of the Metro H. D. [Hilda Doolittle] , Garden Marianne Moore, The Steeple-Jack Edith Sitwell, Lullaby Robinson Jeffers, Hurt Hawks T. S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrovk T. S. Elliot, Preludes John Crowe Ransom, Bells for John Whiteside's Daughter Edna St. Vincent Millay, Wild Swans Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est Yvor Winters, At the San Francisco Airport Landgston Hughes, Theme for English B Lorine Niedecker, Will You Write Me a Christmas Poem? Louis Zukofsky, Father and Son W. H. Auden, As I Walked Out One Evening W. H. Auden, Muse des Beaux Arts Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentile Into That Good Night Henry Reed, Naming of Parts Randall Jarrell, The Woman at the Washington Zoo John Berryman, Henry's Confession Thomas McGrath, All the dead Soldiers Robert Lowell, Skunk Hour Robert Duncan, The Torso Charles Bukowski, my old man Richard Wilber, Thyme Flowering among Rocks Jack Kerouac, 239th Chorus Shirley Kaufman, Nechama Denise Levertov, February Evening in New York Alan Dugan, On Hurricane Jackson Richard Hugo, Driving Montana Dannie Abse, Pathology of Colors Donald Justice, Sonatina in Yellow Maxine Kumin, The Excrement Poem Kenneth O'Hara, The Day Lady Died A. R. Ammons, The City Limits Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California Paul Blackburn, Listening to Sonny Rollins at the Five-Spot James Merrill, The Pier: Under Pisces Harry Humes, The Great Wilno Merwin, Yesterday Galaway Kinnell, Saint Francis and the Sow W. S. Martin Carter, After one year John Ashbery, One Coat of Paint Philip Levine, What Work Is Conrad Hilberry, The Moon Seen as a Slice of Pineapple Anne Sexton, Her Kind Donald Hall, Names of Horses Adrienne Rich, Aunt Jennifer's Tigers Adrienne Rich, Diving into the Wreck Adrienne Rich, Hitch Haiku Derek Walcott, Sea Grapes Ted Hughes, Crow's First lesson Jerome Rothenberg, B.R.M.TZ.V.H Geoffery Hill, In Memory of Jane Fraser Sylvia Plath, Metaphors Christopher Okigbo, Elegy for Alto Etheridge Knight, Hard Rock returns to Prison from the Hospital for the Criminal Insane Jim Barnes , Return to La Plata, Missouri Kamala Das, In Love Imamu Amiri Baraka, The New World Charles Write, Sitting at Night on the Front Porch Marge Piercy, The friend Jayne Cortez, Into This Time Nancy Willard, Saint Pumpkin C. K. Williams, From My Window Keki N. Daruwalla,Pestilence Charles Simic, Begotten of the Spleen Michael S. Harper, Nightmare Begins Responsibility Gary Gildner, The High-Class Bananas Seamus Heaney, Digging Al Young, A Dance for Ma Raney Stephen Dobyns, Black Dog, Red Dog Robert Hass, Late Spring Lyn Hejinian, A Mask for Anger James A. Perkins, Boundaries Richard Garcia, Why I left the Church Ellen Bryant Voigt, The Farmer Michael Ondaatje, Biography James Tate, The Wheelchair Butterfly Nikki Giovanni, Nikki-Rosa Michael Palmer, Fifth Prose Louise Gluck, Gratitude Craig Raine, Dandelions Robert Morgan, Mountain Bride Alice Walker, "Good Night, Willie Lee, I'll See You in the Mornig" Jack Mapanje, From Florrie Abraham Witness, December 1972 Anne Waldman, Bluehawk Ai, Why Can't I leave You? Shelley Wagner, Thirteenth Birthday Wendy Rose, Loo-Wit Sekou Sundiata, Blink Your Eyes Agha Shahid, Ali, I Dream It Is Afternoon When I Return To Delhi James Fenton, God, A Poem Victor Hernandez Cruz, Problems with Hurricanes Ray A. Young Bear, From The Spotted Night CharlesBerenstein, Of Time and the Line Carolyn Forche, The Colonel Jorie Graham, Wanting a Child Paul Muldoon, Hedgehog David Mura, The Natives Naomi Shihab Nye, Catalogue Army Mary Ruefle, The Derision of Christ in New England Alberto Rios, Mi Abuelo Richard Jones, The Color of Grief Louise Erdich, A Love Medicine Lorna Dee Cevantes< /b>, Freeway 280 Cornelius Eady,My Mother, If She Had Won Free Dance Lessons Marilyn Chin, Turtle Soup Jim Daniels, Hard Times in the Motor City Li-Young Lee, Eating Alone Tom Andrews, The Hemophiliac's Motorcycle
Resources for the Study of Poetry Additional Sources: Poetry and Poets Further Reading on Critical Approaches
B. Responding on Paper
I. Writing in the Margins II. Journal Writing III. Writing Essays Examination Answer IV. Writing Short Papers about Poetry V. Writing essays in Other Formats VI. Writing a Literary Research Paper
C. Genre D. More on Scansion
Index of Authors and Titles
Index of Terms
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