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Approaching Poetry : Perspectives and Responses

Approaching Poetry : Perspectives and Responses - 97 edition

Approaching Poetry : Perspectives and Responses - 97 edition

ISBN13: 9780312132811

ISBN10: 0312132816

Approaching Poetry : Perspectives and Responses by Peter Schakel and Jack Ridl - ISBN 9780312132811
Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 97
Copyright: 1997
Publisher: St. Martins Press, Inc.
Published: 1997
International: No
Approaching Poetry : Perspectives and Responses by Peter Schakel and Jack Ridl - ISBN 9780312132811

ISBN13: 9780312132811

ISBN10: 0312132816

Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 97

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This wide-ranging introduction to poetry blends theoretical consideration into its introduction to the elements of poetry, offering alternative perspectives from which to approach and engage with a poem.

Author Bio

Schakel, Peter : Hope College

Ridl, Jack : Hope College

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

N.B. Chapters 1 through 14 each end with Suggestions for Writing and Suggestions as You Continue to Read Poetry.


Forword by Alberto Ríos

Part I. Starting Points

1. Approaching Poetry

Robert Frost, From Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
Elizabeth Barrett Browning, From How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count the Ways
Emily Dickinson, I'm Nobody! Who Are You?
Richard Kostalanetz, Disintegration
Lucille Clifton, homage to my hips
Nancy Willard, Qustions My Son Asked Me, Answers I Never Gave Him
Lisel Mueller, The Deaf Dancing to Rock
Alberta Turner, Drift
What, Then, Is Poetry?
Heather McHugh, What He Thought
Reading Poetry
What Poems Do
William Stafford, Notice What This Poem Is Not Doing
Where to Start
James Dickey, Cherrylog Road
Anonymous, There Is a Lady Sweet and Kind
William Stafford, Traveling Throuhg the Dark
Russell Edson, The Fall
Langston Hughes, Harlem
Emily Bronte, Riches I Hold in Light Esteem
Gary Soto, The Morning They Shot Tony Lopez, Barber and Pusher Who Went Too Far, 1958

2. Read Responsively

Focusing On the Reader
Robert Frost, "Out, Out --"
The Reading Process
Filling Gaps
"Text" and "Poem"
Effect as Meaning
Sharon Olds, The Victims
Ted Kooser, Flying at Night
Anonymous, Western Wind
Wallace Stevens, Anecdote of the Jar
Wanda Coleman, At the Jazz Club He Comes on a Ghost
Sir Thomas Wyattthe Elder, They Flee from Me
Jimmy Santiago Baca, Family Ties

Part II. Entry Points

3. Words

Rita Dove, Silos
John Skelton, Though Ye Suppose All Jeopardies Are Passed
Emily Dickinson, There Is No Frigate Like a Book
Gwendolyn Brooks, The Bean Eaters
Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken
Imaginative Uses of Words
Lewis Carroll [Charles Lutwidge Dodgson], Jabberwocky
Edward Lueders, Your Poem, Man . . .
James Tate, The Road Not Taken
Some Poems Partly about Words
Muriel Rukeyser, Rune
Gary Miranda, Love Poem
Heather McHugh, Language Lesson, 1976

4. Images

Imaging a Poem
Gary Snyder, Riprap
Realistic Imagery
William Carlos Williams, The Red Wheelbarrow
Garrett Kaoru Hongo, Yellow Light
Nonrealistic Imagery
Mark Strand, Eating Poetry
John Keats, To Autumn
Cathy Song, Girl Powdering Her Neck
Robert Bly, Driving to Town Late to Mail a Letter
Theodore Roethke, Meditation at Oyster River
Robert Hayden, Bone-Flower Elegy

5. Speaker, Tone, and Irony

Author and Speaker
Walt Whitman, When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer
A.E. Housman, Loveliest of Trees, the Cherry Now
Thomas Hardy, The Man He Killed
Listening to A Voice
Gerald Stern, The Dog
James Wright, Saint Judas
Tone and Irony
Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz
Stephen Crane, Do Not Weep, Maiden, for War Is Kind
Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham
Dorothy Parker, Resume
John Betjeman, In Westminster Abbey
Robert Browning, My Last Duchess
Linda Hoganv, Workday
Kenneth Tearing, Love, 20¢ the First Quarter Mile
Paul Zimmer, The Eisenhower Years

6. Figures

Jules Moulds, from Wedding Iva
Robert Burns, From A Red, Red Rose
Dorothy Livesay, Green Rain
Jean Toomer, Face
Mary Oliver, Sleeping in the Forest
Dylan Thomas, The Hand That Signed the Paper Felled a City
Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory
Vern Rutsala, The Furniture Factory
Theodore Rosothke, Dolor
Some Other Figureative Action
William Shakespeare, When My Swears That She Is Made of Truth
Richard Lovelace, To Lucasta, Going to Wars
W.H. Auden, From As I Walked Out One Evening
A. E. Housman, With Rue My Hearts Is Laden
Hilarire Bello On His Books
John Frederick Nims, Love Poems
Dennis Brutus, Nightson: City
Audre Lorde, Coal
Anita Endrezze, The Girl Who Loved the Sky
Larry Levis, The Poem You Asked For

7. Symbols

Edmud Waller, Song
Winfred Welles, Cruciform
John Berryman, The Ball Poem
William Mattews, Blues for John Coltrane, Dead at 41
William Blake, Ah Sun-Flower
Countee Cullen, Indecent
Emily Dickenson, I Heard a Fly Buzz
Gerald Manley Hopkinsv, Spring and Fall
William Spakespeare, That Time of Year Thou Mayest in Me Behold
W. H.Auden, From The Quest
T. S. Eliot, Journey of the Magi
Thylias Moss, Sunrise Comes to Second Avenue
David Young, The Portable Earth-Lamp
Eavan Boland, The Pomegranate

8. Sounds

Sounds and Meaning
Emily Dickinson, I Heard a Fly Buzz
Alliteration, Consonance, Assonance
Edward Thomas, The Dark Forest
W.H. Auden, The Three Companions
Martin Espada, The Saint Vincent de Paul Food Pantry Stomp
William Blak, To See a World in a Grain of Sand
Mekeel McBride, From A Blessing
William Wordsworth, My Heard Leaps Up
Percy Bysshe Shelley, From The Cloud
Dylan Thomas, Fern Hill
Alberto Rios, Fixing tires
James Joyce, On the Beach at Fontana
Alice Fulton, You Can't Rhumboogie in a Ball and Chain
Susan Howe, From Speeches at the Barriers

9. Rhyme and Meter

E. E. Cummings, in Just-
Walt Whitman, From When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloomed
Linda Pastan, love poem
Joy Harjo, She Had Some Horses
Quincy Troupe, Snake-Back Solo
Luella Clark, If You Love Me
Alfred, Lord Rennyson, From The Lady of Shalott
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Metrical Feet
Emily Dickenson, I Like to see It Lap the Miles
William Blake, Introduction to Songs of Innocence
Robert Browning, From How They Brought the Good News from Ghent to Air
Thomas Hardy, From The Voice
John Donne, Batter My Heart, Three-Personed God
E. E. Cummings, Buffalo Bill's
Lucille Clifton, good times
Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays
Francis Fik, Doves

10. Form

Inner Arrangement
Parallelism and Juxtaposition
Cheyl Savageau, Bones--A City Poem
External Shape
J.V. Cunningham, Here Lies My Wife
Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool
Langston Hughs, Dream Variations
Langston Hughes, The Negro Speaks of Rivers
Robert Herrick, To Daffodils
William Wordsworth, It Is a Beauteous Evening, Calm and Free
William Shakespeare, Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds
Claude McKay, America
Haiku, Sestina, Villanelle
George Ralph, Darkness of the Rose and Hanging from the Eaves
Elizabeth Bishop, Sestina
John Yau, Chinese Villanelle
Blank Verse
John Milton, From Paradise Lost, Book 9
Sir John Denham, From Cooper's Hill
Concrete Poems
George Herbert, Easter-wings
Mary Ellen Solt, Forsythia
Open Form
Leslie Marmon Silko, Prayer to the Pacific
Simon J. Ortis, Speaking
Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Constantly Rising Absurdity
Li-Young Lee, Visions and Interpretations
May Swenson,The Shape of Death (1963)
May Swenson, The Shape of Death (1970)

Part III. Vantage Points

11. Authors

"Old Historicism"
John Milton, On the Late Massacre in Piedmont
Biographical Criticism
William Shakespeare, Thou Art As Tyrannous, So As Thou Art
Sylvia Plath, Edge
Psychoanalytical Criticism
Sylvia Plath, Daddy
Sylvia Plath, The Colossus
Sylvia Plath, Tulips
Sylvia Plath, Nick and the Candlestick
Gavin Ewart, Psychoanalysis
Alta, Penus Envy
Charles Simic, "Everybody knows the story about me and Dr. Freud"
John Keats
On First Looking into Chapman's Homer
From Sleep and Poetry
From Endymion:A Poetic Romance
When I Have Fears That I May Cease to Be
Ode to a Nightingale
Ode on a Grecian Urn
Rita Dove
The Event
The Satisfaction Coal Company
Weathering Out
Sunday Greens
Gary Soto
The Elements of San Joaquin
Field Poem
Mexican Begin Jogging
Envying the Children of San Francisco

12. Texts

New Criticism
Focusing on Form
The New Critical Approach
The Underlying Theory of Knowledge
Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress
Richard Wilbur, Years End
Roberta Hill Whiteman, The White Land
The Text and Psychoanalytical Criticism
David Ray, Greens
Robert Francis, The Base Stealer
Elements and Procedures of Deconstruction
Archibald MacLeisv, Ars Paetica
The Self-Referentiality of Text
Richard Lovelace, To Lucasta, Going to the Wars
William Wordsworth, She Was a Phantom of Delight
Elizabeth Barrett Browning, How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count The Ways
Josephine Miles, On Inhabiting an Orange

13. Readers

The Nature of "The Reader"
Magraret Atwood, Postcard
The Reader and the Text
Linda Hogan, The Rainy Season
The Question of Limits
Jean Valentine, December 21st
Reader, Text, and Psychoanalysis
Russell Edson, A Performance at Hog Theatre Robert Creeley, The Language
The Death of the Author
Yusef Komunyakaa, Facing It
Lee Uptonv, Photographs
Mark Doty, Tiara
Medbh McGuckian, Lighthouse with Dead Leaves

14. Culture

Culture Criticism
Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach
Cultural Studies
Lorna dee Cervantes, Poem for the Young white Man Who Asked Me How I an Intelligent, Well-Read Person Could Believe in the Was between Races
New Historicism
Marxist Criticism
William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper
William Blake, London
Felician Hermans, The Homes of England
James Welch, Christmas Comes to Moccasins Flat
Feminist Criticism
Becoming a Resisting Reader
Robert Herrick, Delight in Disorder
Reclaiming the Feminine Tradition
Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea, The Introduction
Charolette Mew, The Farmers Bride
Carolyn Kizer, Bitch
Jo Carson, I Cannot Remember All the Times. . .
Feminist Cultural criticism
Gender Studies
Olga Broumas, Cinderella

Part IV. Points of Departure

An Anthology of Poems for Further Reading

Anonymous, Lord Randal
Anonymous, Sir Patrick Spens
Queen Elizabeth I, When I Was Fair and Young
Edmund Spencer, One Day I Wrote Her Name Upon the Strand
Sir Philip Sidney, Loving in Truth, and Fain in Verse My Love to Show
Mary (Sidney) Herbert, Countess of Pembroke, Psalm 100 Jubilate Deo
Chistopher Marlowe, Passionate Shepherd to His Love
Thomas Campion, When Thou Must Home
John Donne, The Sun Rising
John Donne, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning
Ben Jonson, On My First Son
Lady Mary Wroth, Am I Thus Conquered?
Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time
Thomas Carew, The Spring
John Milton, When I Consider How My Light Is Spent
Anne Bradstreet, To My Dear and Loving Husband
Aphra Behn, On Her Loving Two Equally
Johnathan Swift, A Description of the Mourning
Alexander Pope, Epigram, Engraved on the Collar of a Dog Which I Gave to His Royal Highness
William Blake, The Lamb
William Blake, The Tyger
William Blake, The Garden of Love
Robert Burns, A Red, Red Rose
William Wordsworth, I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan
George Gordon, Lord Byron, She Walks in Beauty
Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ode to the West Wind
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The Splendor Falls on Castle Walls
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ulysses
Robert Browning, Home-Thoughts, From Abroad
Arthur Hugh Clough, The Latest Decalogue
Emily Dickenson, Because I Could Not Stop for Death
Christina Rossetti, Song
Gerard Manley Hopkins, God's Grandeur
Gerard Manley Hopkins, Inversnaid
E. Houseman, To an Athlete Dying Young
E. Houseman, "Terence, This Is Stupid Stuff. . ."
Mary ElizabethColeridge, The Other Side of a Mirror
William Butler Yeats, Adams Curse
William Butler Yeats, The Wild Swans at Coole
William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming
William Butler Yeats, Leda and the Swan
Robert Frost, After Apple-Picking
Robert Frost, Fire and Ice
Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
Amy Lowell, Madonna of the Evening Flowers
Gertrude Stein, Susie Asado
Wallace Stevens, Final Soliloquy of the Interior Paramour
Mina Loy, The Widow's Jazz
William Carlos Williams, Spring and All
Ezra Pound, In a Station of the Metro
H. D. [Hilda Doolittle] , Garden
Marianne Moore, The Steeple-Jack
Edith Sitwell, Lullaby
Robinson Jeffers, Hurt Hawks
T. S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrovk
T. S. Elliot, Preludes
John Crowe Ransom, Bells for John Whiteside's Daughter
Edna St. Vincent Millay, Wild Swans
Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est
Yvor Winters, At the San Francisco Airport
Landgston Hughes, Theme for English B
Lorine Niedecker, Will You Write Me a Christmas Poem?
Louis Zukofsky, Father and Son
W. H. Auden, As I Walked Out One Evening
W. H. Auden, Muse des Beaux Arts
Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentile Into That Good Night
Henry Reed, Naming of Parts
Randall Jarrell, The Woman at the Washington Zoo
John Berryman, Henry's Confession
Thomas McGrath, All the dead Soldiers
Robert Lowell, Skunk Hour
Robert Duncan, The Torso
Charles Bukowski, my old man
Richard Wilber, Thyme Flowering among Rocks
Jack Kerouac, 239th Chorus
Shirley Kaufman, Nechama
Denise Levertov, February Evening in New York
Alan Dugan, On Hurricane Jackson
Richard Hugo, Driving Montana
Dannie Abse, Pathology of Colors
Donald Justice, Sonatina in Yellow
Maxine Kumin, The Excrement Poem
Kenneth O'Hara, The Day Lady Died
A. R. Ammons, The City Limits
Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California
Paul Blackburn, Listening to Sonny Rollins at the Five-Spot
James Merrill, The Pier: Under Pisces
Harry Humes, The Great Wilno
Merwin, Yesterday
Galaway Kinnell, Saint Francis and the Sow
W. S. Martin Carter, After one year
John Ashbery, One Coat of Paint
Philip Levine, What Work Is
Conrad Hilberry, The Moon Seen as a Slice of Pineapple
Anne Sexton, Her Kind
Donald Hall, Names of Horses
Adrienne Rich, Aunt Jennifer's Tigers
Adrienne Rich, Diving into the Wreck
Adrienne Rich, Hitch Haiku
Derek Walcott, Sea Grapes
Ted Hughes, Crow's First lesson
Jerome Rothenberg, B.R.M.TZ.V.H
Geoffery Hill, In Memory of Jane Fraser
Sylvia Plath, Metaphors
Christopher Okigbo, Elegy for Alto
Etheridge Knight, Hard Rock returns to Prison from the Hospital for the Criminal Insane
Jim Barnes , Return to La Plata, Missouri
Kamala Das, In Love
Imamu Amiri Baraka, The New World
Charles Write, Sitting at Night on the Front Porch
Marge Piercy, The friend
Jayne Cortez, Into This Time
Nancy Willard, Saint Pumpkin
C. K. Williams, From My Window
Keki N. Daruwalla,Pestilence
Charles Simic, Begotten of the Spleen
Michael S. Harper, Nightmare Begins Responsibility
Gary Gildner, The High-Class Bananas
Seamus Heaney, Digging
Al Young, A Dance for Ma Raney
Stephen Dobyns, Black Dog, Red Dog
Robert Hass, Late Spring
Lyn Hejinian, A Mask for Anger
James A. Perkins, Boundaries
Richard Garcia, Why I left the Church
Ellen Bryant Voigt, The Farmer
Michael Ondaatje, Biography
James Tate, The Wheelchair Butterfly
Nikki Giovanni, Nikki-Rosa
Michael Palmer, Fifth Prose
Louise Gluck, Gratitude
Craig Raine, Dandelions
Robert Morgan, Mountain Bride
Alice Walker, "Good Night, Willie Lee, I'll See You in the Mornig"
Jack Mapanje, From Florrie Abraham Witness, December 1972
Anne Waldman, Bluehawk
Ai, Why Can't I leave You?
Shelley Wagner, Thirteenth Birthday
Wendy Rose, Loo-Wit
Sekou Sundiata, Blink Your Eyes
Agha Shahid, Ali, I Dream It Is Afternoon When I Return To Delhi
James Fenton, God, A Poem
Victor Hernandez Cruz, Problems with Hurricanes
Ray A. Young Bear, From The Spotted Night
CharlesBerenstein, Of Time and the Line
Carolyn Forche, The Colonel
Jorie Graham, Wanting a Child
Paul Muldoon, Hedgehog
David Mura, The Natives
Naomi Shihab Nye, Catalogue Army
Mary Ruefle, The Derision of Christ in New England
Alberto Rios, Mi Abuelo
Richard Jones, The Color of Grief
Louise Erdich, A Love Medicine
Lorna Dee Cevantes< /b>, Freeway 280
Cornelius Eady,My Mother, If She Had Won Free Dance Lessons
Marilyn Chin, Turtle Soup
Jim Daniels, Hard Times in the Motor City
Li-Young Lee, Eating Alone
Tom Andrews, The Hemophiliac's Motorcycle


A. Bibliography

Resources for the Study of Poetry
Additional Sources: Poetry and Poets
Further Reading on Critical Approaches

B. Responding on Paper

I. Writing in the Margins
II. Journal Writing
III. Writing Essays Examination Answer
IV. Writing Short Papers about Poetry
V. Writing essays in Other Formats
VI. Writing a Literary Research Paper

C. Genre
D. More on Scansion

Bibliographical Sketches

Index of Authors and Titles

Index of Terms