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Arguing in Communities : Reading and Writing Arguments in Context

Arguing in Communities : Reading and Writing Arguments in Context - 3rd edition

ISBN13: 978-0767416818

Cover of Arguing in Communities : Reading and Writing Arguments in Context 3RD 03 (ISBN 978-0767416818)
ISBN13: 978-0767416818
ISBN10: 0767416813
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 3RD 03
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company
Published: 2003
International: No

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Arguing in Communities : Reading and Writing Arguments in Context - 3RD 03 edition

ISBN13: 978-0767416818

Gary Hatch

ISBN13: 978-0767416818
ISBN10: 0767416813
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 3RD 03
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company

Published: 2003
International: No
Summary

This introduction to argumentation with integrated readings and abundant activities combines coverage of the principles of classical argument with a focus on the various community contexts, historical and contemporary, that influence arguments.

New to This Edition :

  • Over 75% New Readings: Readings on single topics now appear in clusters of three to present a broader range of perspectives, and readings on current topics (such as youth culture, cloning, and the Internet) have been added throughout.
  • Visual Argument Chapter: The Third Edition provides detailed coverage of visual arguments (ch. 12)--including photographs, cartoons, illustrations, advertisements, and web pages.
  • More Writing Instruction and Student Models: The Third Edition includes new guides to analyzing arguments and the process of writing arguments, including summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting. Student models (samples and complete essays) now appear throughout the text.
  • Napster and Columbine Case Studies: The Columbine high school shootings are discussed in each chapter as an extended casebook example. Napster serves as the focus of a briefer case study.
  • Streamlined: Rhetorical appeals (ethos, logos, pathos) are now covered in three chapters and research is covered in one chapter. To offer instructors more flexibility, the text no longer includes an anthology of readings.


Features :

  • Rhetorical Situation: Arguing in Communities offers the most coverage of rhetorical situations available in any argumentation text, and addresses topics such as the life cycle of rhetorical situations and the way in which rhetorical situations change as more people join the conversation.
  • Thorough Research Coverage: Chapter 6, Writing Researched Arguments, covers writing from sources in detail, including MLA and APA documentation styles. Sample papers in both MLA and APA styles are included, as is extensive coverage of online sources.

Author Bio

Hatch, Gary : Brigham Young University -- Provo

Table of Contents

*denotes that the selection is new to this edition

PART ONE: ESSENTIAL PRINCIPLES


Chapter 1. ARGUMENTS IN CONTEXT

Community and Context
Rhetorical Situations within Communities
The Life Cycle of a Rhetorical Situation
Responding to a Rhetorical Situation
A General Method for Arguing

The Principles in Action: Readings
Understanding Communities
J. B. PRIESTLEY, Wrong Ism
BILL WODRASKA, The Gentle Art of Hunkering
AMY BRUCKMAN, Finding One's Own in Cyberspace
ANALYZING EVERYDAY ARGUMENTS
*RICK REILLY, The Swooshification of the World
*ROBERT GOLDMAN and STEPHEN PAPSON, Suddenly the Swoosh Is Everywhere
Considering Columbine: The Rhetorical Situation
"What Are You Wearing to the Prom?"
*DENVER POST, Columbine Timeline
*MIKE SORGHAN, Tragedy Focuses Attention on Gun Bills
*CHUCK GREEN, It's Time to Find out What's Wrong with our Hateful Society
Practicing the Principles: Activities
Applying the Principles: Analytical Projects

Chapter 2. ANALYZING AND EVALUATING ETHOS

Ethos: Arguing from Credibility
Creating Ethos

The Principles in Action: Readings
Ethos and Personal Experience
LESLIE MARMOM SILKO, The Border Patrol State
*CAROLYN EDY, Single Motherhood Is a Joy, Not a Disaster
*CHAN-LIN TIEN, A View from Berkeley
Ethos in Visual Argument: Corporate Image Making
Considering Columbine: Responding to the Shootings
*NEWSWEEK Panel Discussion, Moving Beyond the Blame Game
*DARRELL SCOTT, Speech to Congress after Columbine Massacre
*DEVON ADAMS, Mourn for the Killers, Too
*CHARLTON HESTON, Address to the NRA Meeting
Practicing the Principles: Activities
Applying the Principles: Analytical Projects
Ethos at Work
*SYLVIA CARY, The Big Bash
*JAMES GILLIGAN, Reflections from a Life Behind Bars: Build Colleges Not Prisons

Chapter 3. ANALYZING AND EVALUATING PATHOS

Pathos: Arguing through Emotion
Creating Pathos

The Principles in Action: Readings
Understanding Pathos
GRETCHEN LETTERMAN, Tiny Fighters Are Victims of Mother's Smoke
An Analysis of Letterman's Essay
Pathos in Advertising
Dakin Toy Advertisement
American Red Cross Advertisement
Humane Farming Association Advertisement
Considering Columbine: Remembering the Victims
*KENNETH WOODWARD, The Making of a Martyr
*SCREEN CAPTURE, Voices of Columbine
*JANET BINGHAM, "Gerda Weissmann Klein and Melissa Pillow: Holocaust Survivor Comforts Columbine Survivor"
*ROGER ROSENBLATT, A Note for Rachel Scott
* Students at High School Shooting Memorial
Columbine Memorial
Practicing the Principles: Activities
Applying the Principles: Analytical Projects
Personal Experience and Emotion
*JONATHAN COLVIN, Me, My Clone, and I (or In Defense of Human Cloning)
*RON STODGHILL II, In Search of Brotherhood
Pathos in Advertising
*Nature Made Advertisement
*Council for Biotechnology Information Advertisement
*American Civil Liberties Union Advertisement
*Du Pont Advertisement

Chapter 4. ANALYZING AND EVALUATING LOGOS

Logos: Arguing through Reasoning
Creating Logos
Claims
Reasons
Assumptions
Evaluating Logos
Fallacies
Fallacies of Ethos
Fallacies of Pathos
Fallacies of Logos
Quantitative Arguments

The Principles in Action: Readings
Playing the Numbers
STEPHEN BUDIANSKY, The Numbers Racket: How Polls and Statistics Lie
WILLIAM LUTZ, from Doublespeak
*BILL BRYSON, The Risk Factor
*BILL BRYSON, The Numbers Game
Considering Columbine: Looking for Answers
*BARBARA LERNER, The Killer Narcissists: The Missing Explanation
*CHRISTOPHER CALDWELL, Levittown to Littleton: How the Suburbs Have Changed
*JUDITH A. REISMAN, Cultivating Killers: Pop Culture Is Getting Away with Murder
Practicing the Principles: Activities
Applying the Principles: Analytical Projects
Practice with Fallacies
*Exercises from ZACHARY SEECH, Logic in Everyday Life
*Exercises from RALPH JOHNSON and J. ANTHONY BLAIR, Logical Self-Defense
American Overconsumption
*GREG CRITSER Let Them Eat Fat
*BILL BRYSON, The Fat of the Lang
*LESLIE LAMBERT, Fat Like Me

Chapter 5. WRITING ARGUMENTS

The Process of Writing an Argument
Adapting to the Community
Challenging the Community
Organizing Your Argument

The Principles in Action: Readings
Adapting to the Community
ALABAMA CLERGYMEN, Public Statement by Eight Alabama Clergymen
MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., Letter from Birmingham Jail
*KEITH D. MILLER, Letter from Jail
Challenging the Community
*JONATHAN SWIFT, A Modest Proposal
SALLIE TISDALE, We Do Abortions Here: A Nurse's Story
*URSULA LEGUIN, The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas
*SANDRA FELDMAN, The Childswap Society
Taking Your Turn
*TITO MORALES, SUVS: Fuel-Wasting Garbage Trucks?
*PATRICK VALA-HAYNES, What Does Online Shopping Cost Us?
*MICHELE SCARFF, The Full-Time Stress of Part-Time Professors
*CHRISTINE MITCHELL, When Living Is a Fate Worse than Death
*AUDREY ROCK-RICHARDSON, Pay Your Own Way! (Then Thank Mom)
*JUDY PUTNAM, Grieving for a Pet? I Won't Roll My Eyes
*DONNA CORNACHIO, What Do I Get the Boy Who Has Everything?
*EMILY MOORE, Why Teachers are not 'Those Who Can't'
Practicing the Principles: Activities
Applying the Principles: Analytical Projects
Humor, Satire, and Irony
*GARRY B. TRUDEAU, Doonesbury
*ANNA QUINDLEN, In Defense of *$##@$%#
*DAVID OWEN, How I'm Doing
*ANDY BOROWITZ, Day Trading Made Easy
*GEORGE F. WILL, The Perils of Brushing
*ROBERTA F. BORKAT, A Liberating Curriculum
Student Voices
*RACHEL ROSSHIRT, Our Actors Need Help
*KAYLA CRAWFORD, Quit Blaming Teachers for Low Academic Achievement
*JEFF JONES, The Law of the New Economy
*ERIN BEAVERS, The Case for Graduated Driver Licensing

Chapter 6. WRITING RESEARCHED ARGUMENTS

What Research Contributes to Argument
Types of Research and Sources
What Research Looks Like in Arguments
The Process of Writing From Sources
Documentation Styles

The Principles in Action: Readings
The Dihydrogen Monoxide Controversy
*COALITION TO BAN DHMO, Ban Dihydrogen Monoxide!
*DIHYDROGEN MONOXIDE RESEARCH DIVISION, Dihydrogen Monoxide FAQ
*Material Safety Sheet for Dihydrogen Monoxide
*HYDROGEN HYDROXIDE Now More than Ever!
Practicing the Principles: Activities
Applying the Principles: Analytical Projects
*STEVEN LEVY, The Noisy War Over Napster
*LARS ULRICH, It's Our Property
*ADAM COHEN and CHRIS TAYLOR, The Infoanarchists
*VANESSA HUA, If It Feels Good . . .
*DAN FOST, Napster Use Can Be Research
*GINA ARNOLD, You Say You Want a Revolution?
*KEELY COSBY, Should the Fate of Napster be Determined by the Interpretation of Law?


PART TWO: TYPES OF CLAIMS


Chapter 7. ARGUING CLAIMS ABOUT EXISTENCE

Our Differences about Experience
Questions about Existence
Evaluating Claims about Existence

The Principles in Action: Readings
The Reliability of Eyewitness Testimony
*ELIZABETH LOFTUS, Eyewitnesses Essential But Unreliable
BARRY WINSTON, Stranger Than True: Why I Defend Guilty Clients
The Media and Reported Experience
NEIL POSTMAN and STEVE POWERS, What Is News?
Controversial Claims about Existence
*DAVID FRANCE, The HIV Disbeliever
*CURTIS PEEBLES, Abductions and Abductionists
Practicing the Principles: Activities
Applying the Principles: Analytical Projects
The Digital Divide
*CHRIS O'MALLEY, The Digital Divide
*THOMAS A. STEWART, A Nation of Net Have-Nots? No.
*ADAM CLAYTON POWELL, III, Falling for the Gap
*LOGAN HILL, Racial Digital Divide
JENNIFER LACH, Crossing the Digital Divide

Chapter 8. ARGUING CLAIMS ABOUT CAUSALITY

Types of Causes
Constructing Cause-and-Effect Diagrams
Explaining Causality
Evaluating Claims about Causality

The Principles in Action: Readings
VIRGINIA JENKINS, from the lawn: A History of an American Obsession
*FORD FESSENDEN, They Threaten, Seethe and Unhinge, Then Kill in Quantity and How Youngest Killers Differ: Peer Support
*MICHAEL W. FOX, Manure, Minerals, and Methane
*TERRY CAESAR, In and Out of Elevators in Japan
Practicing the Principles: Activities
Applying the Principles: Analytical Projects
Male Body Image
*HARRISON G. POP, JR., et al, Evolving Ideas of Male Body Image as Seen Through Action Toys
*RICHARD LACAYO, Are You Man Enough?
Computers and Youth Culture
*IAN ZACK, Universities Find Sharp Rise in Computer-Aided Cheating
*JOHN LELAND, The Secret Life of Teens
*AMY HARMON, Study Says Net Use, Depression May Be Linked

Chapter 9. ARGUING CLAIMS ABOUT LANGUAGE

Our Differences about Language
Arguing about What Words Mean
Defining Troublesome Terms
Arguing about How Language Should be Used
Evaluating Claims about Language

The Principles in Action: Readings
Language and Advertising
LESLIE SAVAN, The Bribed Soul
CHARLES O'NEILL, The Language of Advertising
Defining a Troublesome Term: What Is Love?
ROBERT SOLOMON, Models and Metaphors: The Game of Love
*THOMAS SOWELL, Love and Other Four-Letter Words
Practicing the Principles: Activities
Applying the Principles: Analytical Projects

Chapter 10. ARGUING CLAIMS ABOUT VALUES

Our Disagreements about Values
Arguing about What We Value
Evaluation
Evaluating Claims about Values

The Principles in Action: Readings
Value Systems
*ROBERT L. SIMON, Get Students Past "Absolutophobia"
*ROBERT D. RIEKE and MALCOLM O. SILLARS, American Value Systems
Ethical Discussions in Business, Law, and Medicine
ALBERT CARR, Is Business Bluffing Ethical
MONROE FREEDMAN, Professional Responsibility of the Criminal Defense Lawyer
RAYMOND DUFF and A. G. M. CAMPBELL, Moral and Ethical Dilemmas in the Special-Care Nursery
Evaluating the Quality of Consumer Goods
*CONSUMER REPORTS, It's Only Water, Right?
*CONSUMER REPORTS, Mmmm Chocolate
*CONSUMER REPORTS, Cream of the Crop
*CONSUMER REPORTS, Roll Models
Practicing the Principles: Activities
Applying the Principles: Analytical Projects
The Internet and the Right to Privacy
*JEFFREY ROSEN, The Eroded Self
*TOM CATTAPAN, Destroying E-Commerce's Cookie Monster Image
Ethical Issues Related to Cloning
*NEW SCIENTIST, The Last Taboo
*COMMONWEAL, Of Mice, Jellyfish, and Us
*MICHAEL D. LEMONICK, Could a Clone Ever Run for President
*MARGARET TALBOT, Clone of Silence
OLIVER MORTON, Clone a Friend

Chapter 11. ARGUING CLAIMS ABOUT ACTIONS

Kaizen and Our Disagreements about Actions
Problems and Solutions
Individual and Collective Action
Evaluating Claims about Actions

The Principles in Action: Readings
Responding to Controversial Social Issues
MOLLY IVINS, Ban the Things. Ban Them All
CORETTA SCOTT KING, The Death Penalty Is a Step Back
*RUSSELL BAKER, Taking the Saps
Solving Complex Problems
*GIL GARCETTI, Distinguishing Between Felons and Truants
*DAVE PLANK, Deadly Dosing
*from THE ECONOMIST, A Global Disaster
Addressing Incivility
*DAVID TAYLOR, No, Please, After You
*KATIE ROIPHE, Campus Climate Control
Practicing the Principles: Activities
Applying the Principles: Analytical Projects
Grading: Problems and Solutions
*JOHN LEO, 'A' for Effort
*PAUL GOODMAN, A Proposal to Abolish Grading
*KURT WIESENFELD, Making the Grade
Changing the Educational Environment
*LYLA FOX, Hold Your Horsepower
*NATE STULMAN, The Great Campus Goof-Off Machine
*PATRICA A. KING, Science for Girls Only

Chapter 12. Arguing with Images

The Variety of Visual Arguments
Product Logos
Advertisements
Political Communication
Propaganda
News
Entertainment
Art
Design
The Rhetorical Situation and Visual Arguments
Images and Persuasion
Visual Ethos
Visual Pathos
Visual Logos
Strategies of Visual Argument

Applying the Principles: Analytical Projects
Images go to War
STEVEN PERRY, Infestations of the National Body: Hitler's Rhetorical Portrait of the Jews
Framing News Photographs
TERRY SPENCER, Months of Preparation Got Miami Photographer Winning Shot
ROBERT CAPA, D-Day, Omaha Beach, Normandy, France
HARRY LEADER / CORBIS BETTMANN, John F. Kennedy, Jr., Saluting His Father's Casket
EDDIE ADAMS, Vietnamese Brig. Gen. Nguyen Ngoc Loan Executing a Viet Cong Prisoner on a Saigon Street
NICK UT, Vietnamese Girl Fleeing a Napalm Attack
JOHN FILO, Mary Anne Vecchio over the Body of Jeffrey Miller
Campaign Advertisements
ESTHER THORSON, What's the Spin?
Practicing the Principles: Activities
TIME Magazine Covers
The 30-Second Candidate
The Human Face
You Are What You Wear
Images in Advertising
Applying the Principles On Your Own: Two Projects
Becoming an Ad Critic
Images of September 11, 2001
Editorial Cartoons

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