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Art of Being Human - Text

Art of Being Human - Text - 8th edition

ISBN13: 978-0321277633

Cover of Art of Being Human - Text 8TH 06 (ISBN 978-0321277633)
ISBN13: 978-0321277633
ISBN10: 0321277635
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 8TH 06
Publisher: Longman, Inc.
Published: 2006
International: No

List price: $130.00

Art of Being Human - Text - 8TH 06 edition

ISBN13: 978-0321277633

Richard Janaro and Thelma Althshuler

ISBN13: 978-0321277633
ISBN10: 0321277635
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 8TH 06
Publisher: Longman, Inc.

Published: 2006
International: No
Summary

The Art of Being Human, Eighth Edition, introduces students to the ways in which the humanities can broaden their perspectives, enhance their ability to think critically, and enrich their lives.

Ideal for the one-semester humanities course, this well-respected book has been lauded for its scope, accessibility, and writing style. Featuring a unique topical organization, Part I examines ways of responding to the humanities, their mythic origins, and important struggles in the arts. Part II explores the individual genres of literature, art, music, theater, song and dance, and cinema. Part III looks at provocative themes in the humanities: religion, morality, happiness, love, life and death, and freedom.

Features

  • Full coverage of the humanities discusses all the important disciplines and examines their connection to prominent social themes. Students are encouraged to explore how the arts and social themes relate to their own lives.
  • Featuring individual treatment of disciplines and themes, the book's topical organization allows students to explore one artistic mode or social theme at a time, rather than having to cover multiple disciplines and/or themes in each chapter, which is the case in chronologically organized texts.
  • Flexible organization allows each chapter to stand on its own. Tthe book can be taught in any sequence and can be easily customized to meet the goals of any number of different introductory courses on the Humanities, at both two- and four-year colleges.
  • A diverse range of traditional and contemporary examples of all of the arts strives to familiarize students with the worldwide reach of the humanities by including many examples by artists from outside the West as well as women and minorities working within Western culture.
  • The authors' accessible writing style covers the world of the humanities in a contemporary idiom that students understand and appreciate.
  • An impressive visual program offers more than 160 black and white photos and 30 color plates (presented on two eight-page inserts) to provide students with a rich visual appreciation of the arts. All of the images and their captions are tied directly to discussions within the text.

Table of Contents

I. EXPLORING THE HUMANITIES.
1. You and the Humanities.

Overview.
Gifts of the Humanities.
Love of the Beautiful.
Love of Movement.
Love of Language.
Love of Ideas.
Awareness of the Past.
Apollonian and Dionysian Responses to the Humanities.
The Pleasure of Responding Emotionally.
The Pleasure of Responding Critically.
A Guide to Critical Viewing: Professional and Personal.
How the Professional Critic Responds.
The Personal Critical Response.
Becoming an "Infinite" Person.
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Topics for Writing and Discussion.

2. Myth and the Origin of the Humanities.

Overview.
Archetypes in Mythology.
The Hero as World Myth.
Magic.
The Power of Words.
The Power of Numbers.
The Circle.
The Journey.
The Garden.
The Doomed Family.
Gods as Human Beings.
Myth as Explanation.
Creation.
The Laws of Nature.
Human Suffering.
Myths of Childhood.
The Need for Reassurance.
The Importance of Beauty and Wealth.
The Importance of Names.
The Dark Side.
Popular Mythology.
Common Sayings.
How Myth Influences the Humanities.
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Topics for Writing and Discussion.

3. Struggles of the Humanities.

Overview.
How Some Artists Fared in Their Lifetimes.
Belated Recognition.
Recognition in Life.
Reasons for Conflict.
Controversial Religious Views.
Controversial Political Views.
Controversial Sexual Views.
The Artist's Behavior.
Unfamiliar Form.
Repressive Measures Taken AgainstArtists.
Suppression of "Degenerate" Art.
"Are You Now or Have You Ever Been a Member..?"
Moral Censorship.
Stereotyping as a Form of Repression.
The Stages of Stereotyping.
The Persistence of Stereotypes.
Women and the Humanities.
Early Exceptions to the Rule.
The Quest for Equality.
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Topics for Writing and Discussion.

II. DISCIPLINES OF THE HUMANITIES.
4. Literature.

Overview.
Literature as History.
The Basic Literary Impulse: Identity.
The First Epic: Gilgamesh.
Another Early Epic: Homer's Iliad.
Poetry.
Lyrical Poetry.
The Sonnet.
Chronology.
Haiku.
Simple Forms, Profound Meaning: William Blake.
Religious Poetry.
Modern Poetry.
Archetypes in this Chapter.
Poetry of the Harlem Renaissance.
Poetry in Our Time.
The Novel.
Early Western Novels.
An American Classic: Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby.
The Short Story.
Magazine Fiction.
A Short Story Masterpiece: Shirley Jackson's "The Lottery".
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Topics for Writing and Discussion.

5. Art.

Overview.
The Need to Imitate.
Let Me See!
Styles and Media.
Creating Likeness in Different Styles.
Classical Art.
Medieval Art.
Giotto.
Renaissance Art.
Leonardo.
Michelangelo.
Raphael.
Two Women of the Post Renaissance.
Rembrandt: The Perfection of Likeness.
A Rebellion against Perfect Likeness.
Goya.
Impressionism.
American Impressionism.
Post-Impressionism.
Art as Alternation.
Chronology.
The Sixty-Ninth Regiment Armory Show, 1913.
Archetypes in this Chapter.
Cubism: Picasso and Braque.
Unreal Realism.
Superrealism.
Camera and Computer Art. Pop Art.
Performance Art.
Architecture as Art.
Religious Architecture.
Secular Architecture.
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Art Movements and Styles.
Topics for Writing and Discussion.

6. Music.

Overview.
The Basic Elements of Music.
Tone.
Scale.
Rhythm.
Melody.
Harmony and Orchestra.
Silence.
The Varieties of Musical Experience.
A Bach Fugue.
A Beethoven Symphony.
Art Songs.
Chronology.
Folk Songs.
The Spiritual.
Ragtime.
Jazz.
Blues.
Archetypes in this Chapter.
Popular Songs.
Rock.
Hip-Hop.
World Music.
Avant-Garde Music.
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Topics for Writing and Discussion.

7. Theater.

Overview.
Conventions of Theater.
Classical Conventions.
Elizabethan Conventions.
Neoclassical Conventions.
Victorian Conventions.
Modern Conventions.
Tragedy.
Greek Tragedy.
Shakespearean Tragedy.
Neoclassical Tragedy.
Modern Tragedy.
Melodrama and Tragedy: A Contrast.
Comedy.
Farce.
Satire.
The Comedy of Character.
Theater of Ideas.
Ibsen.
Shaw.
Chronology.
Naturalism.
Chekov.
The Family Theme.
Archetypes in this Chapter.
A Theatrical Century of Dynamic Change.
The Modern Theater of Ideas.
Racial Themes.
Gay Rights.
Eastern Influences.
Behind the Scenes.
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Topics for Writing and Discussion.

8. Song and Dance.

Overview.
Opera and Operetta.
Monteverdi.
Classical Opera.
Mozart.
Romantic Opera.
Wagner.
Modern American Opera.
Treemonisha.
Showboat: An Operetta.
Porgy and Bess.
Nixon in China.
The Peking Opera.
The Broadway Musical.
Of Thee I Sing.
Chronology.
Pal Joey.
Oklahoma!
West Side Story.
Sweeney Todd, the Demon Barber of Fleet Street.
The Lion King.
Dance.
Archetypes in this Chapter.
Ballet.
Modern Dance.
Folkloric Tradition.
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Topics for Writing and Discussion.

9. Cinema.

Overview.
Conventions of Film.
Some Early Milestones.
Art and Propaganda I: D.W. Griffith.
Art and Propaganda II: Sergei Eisenstein.
Slapstick Comedy and More: Sennett, Chaplin, and Cantinflas.
Major Film Genres.
Film Noir.
Romantic Comedy.
Dramedy.
The Comedy of Manners.
Musical Comedy: Singing and Dancing with Fred, Ginger, and Gene.
The Western.
Slice-of-Life.
Social Realism.
Documentaries and Docudramas.
Fictionalized Biography.
Chronology.
Loosely Based on the Original.
The Top Two American Films of the 20th Century.
Citizen Kane.
Casablanca.
The Film Auteur.
Archetypes in this Chapter.
Ingmar Bergman.
Federico Fellini.
Alfred Hitchcock.
Akira Kurosawa.
Stanley Kubrick.
Francis Ford Coppola.
Martin Scorsese.
Pedro Almodovar.
A Word of Critical Viewing.
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Topics for Writing and Discussion.

III. THEMES IN THE HUMANITIES.
10. Religion.

Overview.
The Belief in Many Gods.
Egypt.
Hinduism.
Greek and Roman Polytheism.
Native American Religions.
The Belief in an Impersonal Divinity.
Buddhism.
Taoism.
Socrates and Plato.
Aristotle's Unmoved Mover.
The Belief in One God.
Judaism.
Christianity.
Good, Evil, and Augustine.
Chronology.
Logical Proof.
Islam.
The Protestant Reformation.
The Questioning of Belief.
Agnosticism.
Atheism.
Archetypes in this Chapter.
Religion and the Arts.
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Topics for Writing and Discussion.

11. Morality.

Overview.
How We Arrive At Moral Decisions.
Moral Systems.
The Arts and Morality.
The Morality of Self-Interest.
Glaucon versus Socrates.
Enlightened Self-Interest.
Economics and Self-Interest.
Transcending Self-Interest: Altruism.
Moral Authorities.
A Philosophical Defense of Altruism.
The Moral Mathematics of Jeremy Bentham.
Utilitarianism Modified: John Stuart Mill.
The Moral Imperative of Immanuel Kant.
Chronology.
Religion and Morality.
Archetypes in this Chapter.
The Morality of Work.
Moral Relativism.
The Global View.
Feminist Morality.
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Topics for Writing and Discussion.

12. Happiness.

Overview.
Hedonism: Happiness as Pleasure.
Hedonist Assumptions.
Hedonism Reconsidered.
Epicureanism: Avoiding Pain.
Epicurean Assumptions.
Epicureanism Reconsidered.
Stoicism: Strategies for Survival.
Working on the Mind.
Stoicism Reconsidered.
Aristotelianism: Happiness as the Quality of a Whole Life.
Pleasure a Limited Goal; Happiness a Complete Goal.
Providing Happiness: A Government's Responsibility?
Chronology.
Aristotle Reconsidered.
Eastern Philosophy and Happiness.
Gandhi.
Archetypes in this Chapter.
Buddhist Paths.
The Dalai Lama.
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Topics for Writing and Discussion.

13. Love.

Overview.
Body and Soul.
Eros.
Agape.
Family Love.
Friendship.
Romantic Love.
Mariolatry.
Romance and Chivalry.
Chronology.
Courtly Love.
Love as a Game.
Love and Marriage.
The Victorian Model.
Archetypes in this Chapter.
New Versions and Continued Misgivings.
Love in a Time of Health Hazards.
Love and Older People.
Imagining a World in Which Only Sex Exists.
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Topics for Writing and Discussion.

14. Death and Life-Affirmation.

Overview.
Images of Death.
Death in the Popular Arts.
Humor.
Magnifying and Beautifying Death.
The Medicalization of Death.
Death in Literature.
Death in Music.
A Philosopher's Death.
Death and the After-Life.
Death and Fate.
Symbolic Death.
Unworth.
Symbolic Suicide.
Chronology.
Symbolic Murder.
Models of Life Affirmation.
The Phoenix.
There is Only Now.
Archetypes in this Chapter.
Reinventing Ourselves.
The Forgiveness Ritual.
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Topics for Writing and Discussion.

15. Freedom.

Overview.
Determinism and the Limitation of Choice.
Past and Present Limitations.
Institutional Determinism.
Economic Determinism.
Character Consistency.
Behaviorism.
Genetics.
Sociobiology.
Possibilities for Freedom.
A Pessimist's Definition of the Will.
Regret and Relief.
Psychoanalysis: Freedom through the Conscious Ego.
Chronology.
Existentialism.
Religious existentialism.
Secular existentialism.
Archetypes in this Chapter.
Freedom within Limitations.
Epilogue.
Key Terms.
Topics for Writing and Discussion

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