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Art of Reasoning

Art of Reasoning - 3rd edition

ISBN13: 978-0393972139

Cover of Art of Reasoning 3RD 98 (ISBN 978-0393972139)
ISBN13: 978-0393972139
ISBN10: 0393972135
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 3RD 98
Publisher: W.W. Norton & Co.
Published: 1998
International: No

List price: $104.00

Art of Reasoning - 3RD 98 edition

ISBN13: 978-0393972139

David Kelley

ISBN13: 978-0393972139
ISBN10: 0393972135
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 3RD 98
Publisher: W.W. Norton & Co.

Published: 1998
International: No
Summary

  • Inviting prose
  • Lucid style
  • Familiar language
  • Practical applications
  • Real-world examples

"David Kelley succeeded in writing not only a philosophically rigorous logic textbook, but, more importantly, [one that is] accessible to students." Vincente Medina, Seton Hall University

"Excellent. I have used The Art of Reasoning many times and recommended it to many colleagues, several of whom used it as well. I find this book vastly superior to the multitude of other texts available for this course." Aeon Skoble, Southeast Missouri State University Contents

Table of Contents

Preface
CHAPTER 1 -- INTRODUCTION

Thinking Skills
Objectivity

PART ONE -- CONCEPTS AND PROPOSITIONS

CHAPTER 2 -- CLASSIFICATION

Concepts and Referents
Rules and Classification
Levels of Organization

CHAPTER 3 -- DEFINITIONS

The Functions of a Definition
Rules for Definitions
Constructing Definitions

CHAPTER 4 -- PROPOSITIONS

Propositions and Sentences
Propositions and Word Meaning
Propositions and Grammar

PART TWO -- ARGUMENTS

CHAPTER 5 -- BASIC ARGUMENT ANALYSIS

Elements of Reasoning
Diagramming Arguments
Logical Strength
Implicit Premises

CHAPTER 6 -- FALLACIES

Subjectivist Fallacies
Fallacies Involving Credibility
Fallacies of Context
Fallacies of Logical Structure

CHAPTER 7 -- ADVANCED ARGUMENT ANALYSIS

Distilling an Argument
Diagramming Debates

PART THREE -- CLASSICAL DEDUCTIVE LOGIC

CHAPTER 8 -- CATEGORICAL PROPOSITIONS

Standard Form
The Square of Opposition
Existential Import
Distribution
Immediate Inference
Venn Diagrams

CHAPTER 9 -- CATEGORICAL SYLLOGISMS

The Structure of a Syllogism
Validity
Enthymemes
Rules of Validity
Venn Diagrams
The Cancellation Method

CHAPTER 10 -- DISJUNCTIVE AND HYPOTHETICAL SYLLOGISMS

Disjunctive Syllogisms
Hypothetical Propositions
Hypothetical Syllogisms

CHAPTER 11 -- SYLLOGISMS IN ORDINARY REASONING

Distilling Deductive Arguments
Extended Arguments

PART FOUR -- MODERN DEDUCTIVE LOGIC

CHAPTER 12 -- PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC: SYMBOLIC NOTATION

Connectives
Statement Forms
Computing Truth Tables

CHAPTER 13 -- PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC: ARGUMENTS

Truth Table Test of Validity
Truth Table Test-Short Form
Proof
Equivalence
Conditional Proof and Reductio Ad Absurdum

CHAPTER 14 -- PREDICATE LOGIC

Quantifiers
General Statements
Relations and Multiple Quantification
Proof

PART FIVE -- INDUCTIVE LOGIC

CHAPTER 15 -- INDUCTIVE GENERALIZATIONS

Generalizing
Causality
Agreement and Difference
Concomitant Variations and Residues

CHAPTER 16 -- ARGUMENT BY ANALOGY

Analogy and Similarity
Analysis and Evaluation

CHAPTER 17 -- STATISTICAL REASONING

Logic and Statistics
Using Statistics in Argument
Statistical Generalization
Statistical Evidence of Causality

CHAPTER 18 -- EXPLANATION

Explanation and Argument
Adequacy
The Truth of Hypotheses

Answers to Practice Quizzes
Glossary
Index