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Astronomy : From the Earth to the Universe - With CD

Astronomy : From the Earth to the Universe - With CD - 6th edition

ISBN13: 978-0534421977

Cover of Astronomy : From the Earth to the Universe - With CD 6TH 02 (ISBN 978-0534421977)
ISBN13: 978-0534421977
ISBN10: 0534421970
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 6TH 02
Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.
Published: 2002
International: No

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Astronomy : From the Earth to the Universe - With CD - 6TH 02 edition

ISBN13: 978-0534421977

Jay Pasachoff

ISBN13: 978-0534421977
ISBN10: 0534421970
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 6TH 02
Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.

Published: 2002
International: No
Summary

Astronomy : From the Earth to the Universe describes the current state of astronomy, both the fundamentals of astronomical knowledge that have been built up over decades and the exciting advances that are now taking place. The writing style is friendly and carefully detailed. It serves as a valuable reference for both beginners and astronomy enthusiasts. This book is organized as a number of stories. Individual chapters often tell what used to be known, how space and other modern observations have transformed our understanding, and then what is scheduled for the future. This is done with each planet. Consequently, an instructor can easily add photos (available as slides, overheads, CD-ROMs, and on the World Wide Web) and movies and keep a student's interest for a whole lecture on each planet, if desired. Students learn about astronomy through concrete examples, rather than merely being given overarching concepts without enough underpinning.

Benefits:

  • Individual chapters on each planet provide a wealth of information on the latest discoveries, as well as comparative information and interesting historical details.
  • NEW! A wide variety of new images from the Hubble Space Telescope and from many new Earthbound telescopes are now included.
  • NEW! New chapter on Extrasolar Planets (Chapter 18) includes recent discoveries of planets orbiting other stars.
  • NEW! New additions to selected chapters, including wide-field telescopes, Mars Global Surveyor and future Mars missions, Cassini mission and current observations of Neptune.
  • NEW! Expanded Photo Galleries and Astronomer's Notebook features.
  • NEW! Improved and expanded integration of the text with the Internet
  • NEW! Can be bundled with the new RedShift College Edition CD-ROM and workbook.
  • Chapter-by-chapter sections expand on the use of misconceptions and present correct ideas in parallel. This allows instructors to assist students in learning the correct material and overrule any misconceptions students may harbor.
  • Internet exercises and links to other relevant sites are available through the text's own Web site.
  • Exercises using the RedShift College Edition CD-ROM can be found in each chapter. This CD-ROM includes illustrated essays that cover some of the material in this book and provides an additional interesting perspective.
  • Individual chapters have been dedicated to covering unique and newly acquired astronomical information. These chapters include contemporary research discoveries, such as Extrasolar Planets, Neptune, Pluto, supernovae, pulsars/neutron stars, black holes, and quasars.
  • The Astronomer's Notebook feature offers students an insider's view on observations and telescope use.
  • NEW! The text now features extensive material about the cosmic distance scale, the large-scale mapping of space, and the ripples in the cosmic background radiation, including the final results from the Hubble Space Telescope's Key Project on the Hubble Constant. Also featured are maps of galaxies and quasars from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and the 2dF project, and a discussion of the apparently accelerating expansion of the universe.
  • The Photo Galleries include artfully displayed images to help impress upon students the beauty and wonder of the universe. More than 1000 photos and illustrations bring astronomy to life on every page.
  • What's In a Name? boxes explore the mythology and history of astronomical nomenclature.
  • Biography boxes provide background and historical context for astronomy's most noted contributors.
  • In Review boxes summarize and reinforce key topics discussed in the text.
  • A Deeper Discussion boxes are optional and provide further discussion and insight to selected topics in the text.
  • Each section of the text is numbered to allow professors to include or omit parts of chapters.
  • End-of-chapter questions cover a range of material; some questions are straightforward and can be answered by merely reading the text, while others require more independent thought.

Author Bio

Pasachoff, Jay M. : Williams College

Table of Contents

PART 1: A SENSE OF THE UNIVERSE

1. PROLOGUE: THE UNIVERSE

A Sense of Scale A Deeper View Measuring System
A Deeper View Exponential Notation
A Sense of Speed
A Sense of Time

2. THE EARLY HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY

Egyptian and Other Early Astronomy
Greek Astronomy: The Earth at the Center
In Review: Ptolemaic Terms
A Deeper Discussion: Eratosthenes and the Size of the Earth
Other Ancient Astronomy
Astronomy of the Middle Ages
A Deeper Discussion: Stellar Parallaxes and the Motion of the Earth
Nicolaus Copernicus: The Sun at the Center
Tycho Brahe
Biography: Copernicus and His Contemporaries
Feature: Archaeoastronomy
Biography Tycho Brahe

3. THE ORIGIN OF MODERN ASTRONOMY

Johannes Kepler
Biography: Johannes Kepler
In Review: Summary of Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion
Galileo
Biography: Galileo
Isaac Newton
A Deeper Discussion: Kepler's Third Law, Newton, and Planetary Masses
Biography Isaac Newton

4. LIGHT AND TELESCOPES

The Spectrum
What a Telescope Is
A Deeper Discussion: Angular Measure
Lenses and Telescopes
Reflecting Telescopes
Light-Gathering Power and Seeing
Spectroscopy
Spectral Lines
The Doppler Effect
Observing at Short Wavelengths
Observing at Long Wavelengths

5. OBSERVATORIES AND SPACECRAFT

Optical Observatories
Wide-Field Telescopes
The Hubble Space Telescope
Recording the Data
The Sloan Digital Sky Survey
Observing at Short Wavelengths
Astronomer's Notebook: A Night at Mauna Kea
Observing at Long Wavelengths

6. THE SKY AND THE CALENDAR

The Constellations
Twinkling
Coordinate Systems
Motions in the Sky
Positions of the Sun, Moon, and Planets
Time and the International Date Line
Calendars

PART 2: THE SOLAR SYSTEM

7. THE STRUCTURE AND ORIGIN OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM

The Sun: Our Star
The Phases of the Moon and Planets
Eclipses
Astronomer's Notebook: A Solar Eclipse Expedition
The Revolution and Rotation of the Planets
Theories of Cosmogony

8. OUR EARTH

The Earth's Interior
Plate Tectonics
Tides
The Earth's Atmosphere
Water, Global Warming, the Ozone Hole, and Life
In Review: Global Warming vs
Ozone Hole
The Van Allen Belts
The Aurora and the Magnetosphere

9. OUR MOON

The Appearance of the Moon
Lunar Exploration
A Deeper Discussion: Sidereal and Synodic Periods
The Results from Apollo
A Deeper Discussion: Radioactivity
The Origin of the Moon
Current and Future Lunar Studies

10. MERCURY

The Rotation of Mercury
Ground-Based Visual Observations
Mariner 10, the Only Spacecraft to Mercury
What's In a Name? Naming the Features of Mercury
Mercury Research Rejuvenated
More Mercury Missions at Last

11. VENUS

The Atmosphere of Venus
Transits of Venus
The Rotation of Venus
The Temperature of Venus
The Surface of Venus
Space Studies of Venus
What's In a Name? Naming the Features of Venus

12. MARS

Characteristics of Mars
Early Space Observations
Main Features of Mars's Surface and Atmosphere
Viking Orbiters
Viking Landers
Satellites of Mars
Failed Missions to Mars
Mars Pathfinder
Mars Global Surveyor
Future Mars Missions
Rocks from Mars

13. JUPITER

Fundamental Properties
Jupiter's Moons: Early Views
Spacecraft Observations
A Deeper Discussion: Jupiter's Satellites in Mythology
A Deeper Discussion: Comet Shoemaker-Levy Crashes Into Jupiter
Jupiter's Moons Close Up
Jupiter's Ring
Future Study of Jupiter
A Deeper Discussion: Gravity Assists

14. SATURN

Saturn from the Earth
A Deeper Discussion: The Roche Limit
A Deeper Discussion: Cassini's Division
Saturn from Space
Beyond Saturn
Cassini

15. URANUS

Uranus Seen from Earth
The Rotation of Uranus
Uranus's Rings
Voyager 2 at Uranus
What's In a Name? Naming the Moons of Uranus

16. NEPTUNE

Neptune from Earth
Voyager 2 at Neptune
Neptune's Rings
Neptune's Moons
What's In a Name? Naming the Rings of Neptune
Voyager Departs
Current Observations of Neptune

17. PLUTO AND THE KUIPER BELT

Pluto's Mass
Pluto's Size and Surface
Pluto's Atmosphere
What Is Pluto? Pluto and the Kuiper Belt
Further Planets in Our Solar System? Pluto Express

18. EXTRASOLARPLANETS: NEW SOLAR SYSTEMS

Older Searches for Planets
Pulsar Planets
Extrasolar Planets in Sunlike Systems
Brown Dwarfs
Solar Systems in Formation

19. HALLEY'S AND OTHER COMETS

Observing Comets
The Composition of Comets
A Deeper Discussion: Discovering a Comet
The Origin and Evolution of Comets
Halley's Comet
Chiron and the Centaurs
A Comet Crashes on Jupiter
Future Comet Studies

20. METEORITES AND ASTEROIDS

Meteoroids and Meteorites
A Deeper Discussion: The Tunguska Explosion
Asteroids
A Deeper Discussion: The Extinction of the Dinosaurs
Photo Gallery: Eros: Asteroid Orbited Up Close
Asteroids Observed from Space

21. LIFE IN THE UNIVERSE

The Origin of Life
Other Solar Systems? The Statistics of Extraterrestrial Life
A Deeper Discussion: The Probability of Life in the Universe
Interstellar Communication
The Search for Intelligent Life
UFOs and the Scientific Method

PART 3: THE SUN

22. OUR STAR, THE SUN

The Photosphere
The Chromosphere
The Corona
Solar Eclipses

23. SOLAR ACTIVITY AND THE EARTH

Sunspots
A Deeper Discussion: The Origin of Sunspots
Flares
Photo Gallery: Solar Observatories in Space
Plages, Filaments, and Prominences
Solar-Terrestrial Relations
The Solar Wind
The Solar Constant

PART 4: THE STARS

24. STARS AND THEIR SPECTRA

The Colors of the Stars
A Deeper Discussion: Wien's Displacement Law
Planck's Law and Black Bodies
A Deeper Discussion: The Stefan-Boltzmann Law
The Formation of Spectral Lines
The Hydrogen Spectrum
Spectral Types
In Review K

25. STELLAR DISTANCES AND MOTIONS

Light from the Stars
Stellar Distances
Absolute Magnitudes
A Deeper Discussion: Linking Apparent Magnitude, Absolute Magnitude, and Distance
The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram
Spectroscopic Parallax
The Doppler Effect
Stellar Motions

26. DOUBLES, VARIABLES, AND CLUSTERS

Binary Stars
Stellar Masses
Stellar Sizes
Variable Stars
A Deeper Discussion: Naming Variable Stars
Clusters and Stellar Populations
A Deeper Discussion: Comparing Types of Star Clusters

PART 5: STELLAR EVOLUTION

27. THE BIRTH, YOUTH, AND MIDDLE AGE OF STARS

Stars in Formation
Nuclear Energy in Stars
Atoms
Energy Cycles in Stars
The Stellar Prime of Life
The Solar Neutrino Experiment
Dying Stars

28. THE AGING AND DEATH OF STARS LIKE THE SUN

Red Giants
Planetary Nebulae
White Dwarfs
Observing White Dwarfs
Novae Astronomer's Notebook: Observing with the Hubble Space Telescope

29. SUPERNOVAE

Red Supergiants
Types of Supernovae
Detecting Supernovae
Supernovae and Their Remnants
Supernova 1987A
Cosmic Rays

30. PULSARS AND NEUTRON STARS

Neutron Stars
The Discovery of Pulsars
What Are Pulsars? The Crab, Pulsars, and Supernovae
Slowing Pulsars and the Fast Pulsar
The Binary Pulsar and Pulsar Planets
Gravitational Waves
X-Ray Binaries
SS433: The Star That Is Coming and Going

31. BLACK HOLES

Einstein's General Theory of Relativity
A Deeper Discussion: The Special and General Theories of Relativity
The Formation of a Stellar Black Hole
In Review: Updike on Relativity
The Photon Sphere
The Event Horizon
Rotating Black Holes
Detecting a Black Hole
Non-stellar Black Holes

PART 6: THE MILKY WAY GALAXY

32. THE STRUCTURE OF THE MILKY WAY GALAXY

Nebulae
The New Subdivision of Our Galaxy
The Center of Our Galaxy and Infrared Studies
All-Sky Maps of Our Galaxy
The Spiral Structure of the Galaxy

33. THE INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM

H I and H II Regions
Interstellar Dust
A Deeper Discussion: Why Is the Sky Blue? A Deeper Discussion: Mapping in the Infrared Sky
The Radio Spectral Line from Interstellar Hydrogen
Photo Gallery: New Views of Nebulae
Radio Spectral Lines from Molecules
Measuring the Mass of Our Galaxy
Molecular Hydrogen
The Formation of Stars
A Case Study: The Orion Molecular Cloud

PART 7: GALAXIES AND COSMOLOGY

34. TYPES OF GALAXIES

Types of Galaxies
The Hubble Classification
The Centers of Galaxies
Interacting Galaxies
Clusters of Galaxies
Galactic Arcs and Gravitational Lensing
Active Galaxies
Radio Interferometry Astronomer's Notebook: Observin with the VLA

35. GALAXIES AND THE EXPANDING UNIVERSE

Hubble's Law
The Expanding Universe
The Distance Scale of the Universe
Finding Hubble's Constant
Motions, Gravitational Pulls, Evolution, and Hubble's Constant
Superclusters and the Great Wall
The Most Distant Galaxies
The Origin of Galaxies

36. QUASARS

The Discovery of Quasars
The Redshift in Quasars
The Importance of Quasars
Feeding the Monster
The Origin of the Redshifts
Associations of Galaxies with Quasars
Quasars with the Hubble Space Telescope
Superluminal Velocities
Quasars at Short Wavelengths
Double Quasars

37. COSMOLOGY

Olbers's Paradox
The Big-Bang Theory
A Deeper Discussion: Einstein's Principle of Equivalence
The Steady-State Theory
The Cosmic Background Radiation

38. THE PAST AND FUTURE OF THE UNIVERSE

The Creation of the Elements
The Future of the Universe
Forces in the Universe
Superstrings and Shadow Matter
The Inflationary Universe
Cosmic String and Texture
The Hubble Deep Field
In Review: Keeping Strings Straight
COBE: Has It Shown the Link to the Big Bang? Epilogue
Appendices
Selected Readings
Glossary
Illustration Acknowledgments
Index