Summary: The Atlas of Medieval Europe covers the period from the fall of the Roman Empire through to the beginnings of the Renaissance, spreading from the Atlantic coast to the Russian steppes. Each map approaches a separate issue or series of events in medieval history, and a commentary locates it in its broader context. The maps provide a vivid representation of the development of nations, peoples and social structures. As well as charting political and military events, the ...show morey illustrate the fluctuation of frontiers and patterns of settlement. They show the lands at the fringes of Christendom, the development of religious beliefs and practices, and the crusades, pogroms and persecutions that occurred across the continent. Individual maps take a detailed look at a variety of key areas including language and literature; the development of trade, art and architecture; and the great cities and lives of historical figures. This second edition has over forty new maps covering a variety of topics including the Moravian Empire, environmental change, the travels and correspondence of Froissart and travellers in the east, and the layout of great castles and palaces. Thorough coverage is also given to geographically peripheral areas such as Portugal, Poland, Scandinavia and Ireland. The Atlas of Medieval Europe brings the complex and colourful history of the Middle Ages to life. With over 180 maps, expert commentaries and an extensive bibliography, this is the essential reference guide to Medieval Europe.