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Bioethics : Anthology

Bioethics : Anthology - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-1405129480

Cover of Bioethics : Anthology 2ND 06 (ISBN 978-1405129480)
ISBN13: 978-1405129480
ISBN10: 1405129484
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 06
Publisher: Blackwell Publishers
Published: 2006
International: No
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Bioethics : Anthology - 2ND 06 edition

ISBN13: 978-1405129480

Helga Kuhse

ISBN13: 978-1405129480
ISBN10: 1405129484
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 06
Publisher: Blackwell Publishers

Published: 2006
International: No
Summary

The expanded and revised edition of Bioethics: An Anthology is a definitive one-volume collection of key primary texts for the study of bioethics.

  • Brings together writings on a broad range of ethical issues relating such matters as reproduction, genetics, life and death, and animal experimentation.
  • Now includes introductions to each of the sections.
  • Features new coverage of the latest debates on hot topics such as genetic screening, the use of embryonic human stem cells, and resource allocation between patients.
  • The selections are independent of any particular approach to bioethics.
  • Can be used as a source book to complement The Blackwell Companion to Bioethics (1999).

Table of Contents

Part I

1. Abortion and Health Care Ethics
Michael Tooley
2. Abortion and Infanticide Judith Jarvis Thomson
3. A Defense of Abortion
Don Marquis
4. Why Abortion is Immoral
R. M. Hare
5. Abortion and the Golden Rule
Mother-Fetus Conflict
Laura M. Purdy
6. Are Pregnant Women Fetal Containers?

Part II Issues in Reproduction Assisted Reproduction

Jan Brennan
Len Brennan
7. Case Study: Becoming IVF Parents
Margaret Tighe Nicholas Tonti-Filippini
Robyn Rowland
Peter Singer
8. IVF: A Debate
Laura M. Purdy
9. Surrogate Mothering: Exploitation or Empowerment?
Susan Dodds Karen Jones
10. A Response to Purdy Tony Hope
Gill Lockwood
Michael Lockwood Jennifer Jackson
Susan Bewley
11. An Ethical Debate: Should Older Women Be
Offered in vitro Fertilization?
Prenatal Screening, Sex Selection and Cloning
Laura M. Purdy
12. Genetics and Reproductive Risk: Can
Having Children be Immoral?
Deborah Kaplan
13. Prenatal Screening and its Impact on
Persons with Disabilities
Mary Anne Warren
14. Sex Selection: Individual Choice or
Cultural Coercion? John Harris
15. `Goodbye Dolly?' The Ethics of Human
Cloning

Part III The New Genetics

Marc Lappe
16. Ethical Issues in Manipulating the Human
Germ Line John Harris
17. Is Gene Therapy a Form of Eugenics? Nicholas Agar
18. Liberal Eugenics
Benno Muller-Hill
19. Lessons from a Dark and Distant Past

Part IV Life and Death Issues Introduction

Jonathan Glover
20. The Sanctity of Life
21. Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of
the Faith Declaration on Euthanasia
Killing and Letting Die Germain Grisez
Joseph M. Boyle, Jr
22. The Morality of Killing: A Traditional
View Jonathan Bennett
23. `Whatever the Consequences' James Rachels
24. Active and Passive Euthanasia Winston Nesbitt
25. Is Killing No Worse Than Letting Die? Helga Kuhse
26. Why Killing is Not Always Worse -- and
Sometimes Better -- than Letting Die
Severely Disabled Newborns
Neil Campbell
27. When Care Cannot Cure: Medical Problems
in Seriously Ill Babies Helga Kushe
28. A Modern Myth: That Letting Die is not
the Intentional Causation of Death
R. M. Hare
29. The Abnormal Child: Moral Dilemmas of
Doctors and Parents Paula Boddington
Tessa Podpadec
30. Measuring Quality of Life in Theory and
in Practice
Alison Davis
31. Right to Life of Handicapped
Brain Death
32. Ad Hoc Committee of Harvard Medical School
A Definition of Irreversible Coma Peter Singer
33. Is the Sanctity of Life Ethic Terminally
Ill?
Advance Directives
Ronald Dworkin
34. Life Past Reason
Rebecca Dresser
35. Dworkin on Dementia: Elegant Theory, Questionable Policy
Voluntary Euthanasia and Medically Assisted Suicide
Chris Hill
36. The Note
Daniel Callahan
37. When Self-Determination Runs Amok Pieter Admiraal
38. Listening and Helping to Die: The Dutch Way
John Hardwig
39. Is There a Duty to Die?

Part V Resource Allocation

Paul T. Menzel
40. Rescuing Lives: Can't We Count? Nicholas Rescher
41. The Allocation of Exotic Medical
Lifesaving Therapy John Harris
42. The Value of Life A. B. Shaw
43. In Defence of Ageism

Part VI Organ Donation

Richard M. Titmuss
44. Why Give to Strangers? Eike-Henner W. Kluge
45. Organ Donation and Retrieval: Whose Body
is it Anyway? James F. Blumstein
46. Legalizing Payment for Transplantable
Cadaveric Organs John Harris
47. The Survival Lottery
A. L. Caplan
48. Is Xenografting Morally Wrong? Peter Singer
49. Xenotransplantation and Speciesism

Part VII Experimentation with Human Subjects Henry K. Beecher

50. Ethics and Clinical Research Benjamin Freedman
51. Equipoise and the Ethics of Clinical Research
Samuel Hellman
52. The Patient and the Public Good Udo Schuklenk
Carlton Hogan
53. Patient Access to Experimental Drugs and
AIDS Clinical Trial Designs: Ethical Issues Torbjorn Tannsjo
54. The Morality of Clinical Research: A Case Study

Part VIII Experimentation with Animals

Immanuel Kant
55. Duties Towards Animals Jeremy Bentham
56. A Utilitarian View Peter Singer
57. All Animals are Equal R. G. Frey
Sir William Paton
58. Vivisection, Morals and Medicine: An Exchange

Part IX Ethical Issues in the Practice of

Health Care Confidentiality
59. Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of
California
Mark Siegler
60. Confidentiality in Medicine: A Decrepit
Concept Helga Kuhse
61. Confidentiality and the AMA's New Code of
Ethics: An Imprudent Formulation? Truth-telling
Immanuel Kant
62. On a Supposed Right to Lie from
Altruistic Motives
Joseph Collins
63. Should Doctors Tell the Truth? Roger Higgs
64. On Telling Patients the Truth
Informed Consent and Patient Autonomy
John Stuart
65. On Liberty
Benjamin N. Cardozo
66. From Schloendorff v. New York Hospital
Robert L. Schwartz
67. Autonomy, Futility, and the Limits of
Medicine
Robert M. Veatch
68. Abandoning Informed Consent Julian Savulescu
69. Rational Desires and the Limitation of
Life-Sustaining Treatment

Part X Special Issues Facing Nurses Barbara Huttmann

70. One Nurse's Story: What I Had to Do for
My Patient Mac
E. Joy Kroeger Mappes
71. Ethical Dilemmas for Nurses: Physicians'
Orders versus Patients' Rights
Lisa H. Newton
72. In Defense of the Traditional Nurse

Part XI Ethicists and Ethics Committees James Rachels

73. When Philosophers Shoot from the Hip
Jonathan D. Moreno
74. Ethics Consultation as Moral Engagement
Mark Siegler
75. Ethics Committees: Decisions by Bureaucracy
Dan W. Brock
76. Truth or Consequences: The Role of
Philosophers in Policy-Making
Index