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Biogeochemistry : An Analysis of Global Change

Biogeochemistry : An Analysis of Global Change - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-0126251555

Cover of Biogeochemistry : An Analysis of Global Change 2ND 97 (ISBN 978-0126251555)
ISBN13: 978-0126251555
ISBN10: 012625155X
Cover type: Print On Demand
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 97
Publisher: Academic Press, Inc.
Published: 1997
International: No

List price: $78.95

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Biogeochemistry : An Analysis of Global Change - 2ND 97 edition

ISBN13: 978-0126251555

William H. Schlesinger

ISBN13: 978-0126251555
ISBN10: 012625155X
Cover type: Print On Demand
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 97
Publisher: Academic Press, Inc.

Published: 1997
International: No
Summary

For the past 4 billion years, the chemistry of the Earth's surface, where all life exists, has changed remarkably. Historically, these changes have occurred slowly enough to allow life to adapt and evolve. In more recent times, the chemistry of the Earth is being altered at a staggering rate, fueled by industrialization and an ever-growing human population. Human activities, from the rapid consumption of resources to the destruction of the rainforests and the expansion of smog-covered cities, are all leading to rapid changes in the basic chemistry of the Earth.

The Second Edition of Biogeochemistry considers the effects of life on the Earth's chemistry on a global level. This expansive text employs current technology to help students extrapolate small-scale examples to the global level, and also discusses the instrumentation being used by NASA and its role in studies of global change. With the Earth's changing chemistry as the focus, this text pulls together the many disparate fields that are encompassed by the broad reach of biogeochemistry. With extensive cross-referencing of chapters, figures, and tables, and an interdisciplinary coverage of the topic at hand, this text will provide an excellent framework for courses examining global change and environmental chemistry, and will also be a useful self-study guide.

  • Emphasizes the effects of life on the basic chemistry of the atmosphere, the soils, and seawaters of the Earth
  • Calculates and compares the effects of industrial emissions, land clearing, agriculture, and rising population on Earth's chemistry
  • Synthesizes the global cycles of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, and sulfur, and suggests the best current budgets for atmospheric gases such as ammonia, nitrous oxide, dimethyl sulfide, and carbonyl sulfide.
  • Includes an extensive review and up-to-date synthesis of the current literature on the Earth's biogeochemistry

Author Bio

Schlesinger, Willliam H. : Duke University

William H. Schlesinger is James B. Duke Professor in the Departments of Botany and Geology at Duke University. After completing his A.B. at Dartmouth and his Ph.D. at Cornell, Schlesinger began his teaching and research career at Duke in 1980. In 1991, his widely-adopted textbook, Biogeochemistry: An Analysis of Global Change was published by Academic Press. Schlesinger was elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1995. He is the U.S. Representative on the NATO Committee on the Science of Global Environmental Change, and has testified before U.S. House and Senate Committees on a variety of issues. Professor Schlesinger is the principal investigator for the Free Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment (FACE) Experiment in the Blackwood Division of the Duke Forest--a project that aims to understand how an entire forest ecosystem will respond to elevated levels of carbon dioxide. He also serves as Principal Investigator for the NSF-sponsored program of Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) in southern New Mexico.

Table of Contents

Preface.



Part I: Processes and Reactions:

A Model for the Earth as a Biogeochemical System.
Cycles in Biogeochemistry.
Thermodynamics.
Gaia.

Origins:

Origins of the Elements.
Origin of the Solar System and the Earth.
The Origin of the Atmosphere and Oceans.
Origin of Life. Evolution of Metabolic Pathways.

Comparative Planetary History:

Earth, Mars, and Venus.

The Atmosphere:

Structure and Circulation.
Atmospheric Composition.
Biogeochemical Reactions in the Troposphere.
Biogeochemical Reactions in the Stratosphere.
Models of the Atmosphere and Global Climate.
Atmospheric Deposition.

The Lithosphere:

Rock Weathering.
Soil Chemical Reactions.
Soil Development.
Weathering Rates.

The Biosphere:

The Carbon Cycle of Terrestrial Ecosystems:

Photosynthesis.
Respiration.
Net Primary Production.
Net Primary Production and Global Change.
The Fate of Net Primary Production.
Humus Formation and Soil Organic Matter.

The Biosphere:

Biogeochemical Cycling on Land:

Biogeochemical Cycling in Land Plants.
Nutrient Allocations and Cycling in Land Vegetation.
Biogeochemical Cycling in the Soil.
Calculating Landscape Mass-Balance and Responses to Global Change.

Summary:

Integrative Models of Terrestrial Nutrient Cycling.

Biogeochemistry in Freshwater Wetlands and Lakes:

Redox Potential:

The Basics.
Redox Reactions in Natural Environments.
Biogeochemistry of "Terrestrial" Wetlands.
Primary Production and Nutrient Cycling in Lakes.
Lake Budgets.
Wetlands and Climactic Change.

Rivers and Estuaries:

Soil Hydraulics and Stream Hydrology.
Stream Load.
Salt Marshes and Estuaries.

The Oceans:

Ocean Circulation.
The Composition of Seawater.
Net Primary Production.
Sediment Diagenesis.
Models of Carbon in the Ocean.
Nutrient Cycling in the Ocean.
Biogeochemistry of Hydrothermal Vent Communities.
The Marine Sulfur Cycle and Global Climate.
The Sedimentary Record of Biogeochemistry.

Part II: Global Cycles:

The Global Water Cycle:

The Global Water Cycle.
Models of the Hydrologic Cycle.
The History of the Water Cycle.
The Water Cycle under Scenarios of Future Climate.

The Global Carbon Cycle:

The Modern Carbon Cycle.
Temporal Perspectives of the Carbon Cycle.
Atmospheric Methane.
Carbon Monoxide.

Synthesis:

Linking the Carbon and Oxygen Cycles.

The Global Cycles of Nitrogen and Phosphorus:

The Global Nitrogen Cycle.
Temporal Variation in the Global Nitrogen Cycle.

Nitrous Oxide:

An Unbalanced Global Budget.
The Global Phosphorous Cycle.
Linking the Global Cycles of C, N, and P.

The Global Sulfur Cycle:

The Global Sulfur Cycle.
Temporal Perspectives of the Global Sulfur Cycle.
The Atmospheric Budget of Carbonyl Sulfide (COS).


A Perspective.
Bibliography.
Subject Index.

Other Editions for Biogeochemistry : An Analysis of Global Change

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