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Biological Anthropology : A Synthetic Approach to Human Evolution

Biological Anthropology : A Synthetic Approach to Human Evolution - 97 edition

ISBN13: 978-0133692082

Cover of Biological Anthropology : A Synthetic Approach to Human Evolution 97 (ISBN 978-0133692082)
ISBN13: 978-0133692082
ISBN10: 0133692086
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 97
Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.
Published: 1997
International: No

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Biological Anthropology : A Synthetic Approach to Human Evolution - 97 edition

ISBN13: 978-0133692082

Noel T. Boaz

ISBN13: 978-0133692082
ISBN10: 0133692086
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 97
Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Published: 1997
International: No
Summary

For the introductory physical anthropology course. It may also be appropriate for the upper level biological anthropology course. This innovative new text narrates the history of the evolutionary progression of the human lineage through time. Evolution by natural selection provides the conceptual framework as students learn the essentials of molecular anthropology and genetics, then are led through geological time to the origins of vertebrates, mammals, primates, hominoids, and finally hominids. In each section, behavior, morphology, adaptation, and ecology are discussed to provide the comparative basis for human origins.

Features

  • Integrates bimolecular biology, the fossil record, and behavioral evolution with the core areas of human adaptation, growth, and genetics.
    • Shows the importance of genetics and evolution in the coverage of physical anthropology.
  • An evolutionary, narrative approach to teaching biological anthropology.
    • Gives the book a voice as it proposes that evolution is the single most defining narrative to explain the development of Physical Anthropology.
  • A clear organizational structure. Chapters are arranged phylogenetically through time.
    • Enables students to build their understanding from the simple to the more complex.
  • A population-based understanding of evolution.
    • Ensures that students grasp such fundamental concepts as variability and do not confuse individuals within populations as "types."
  • Frontiers boxes. Contain discussions of the most important new discoveries in anthropology, several written expressly for this text by guest specialists. Examples: "Evolutionary Medicine" and "Dissecting the Human Genome."
    • Gives students an exciting look at current research.
  • Brings forth the lessons of our evolutionary past. Includes chapters on modern human variation, the life-cycle, culture in human evolution, and applied biological anthropology.
    • Allows for a better understanding of the modern human condition.
  • A full-color illustration program. Includes original color photographs of fossil discoveries and sites and vibrant artwork, charts and graphs.
    • Allows students to better grasp often scientific concepts with full color on every page.
  • An extensive running glossary.
    • Provides students with immediate definitions of technical terms.

Table of Contents

1. Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Biology and Behavior.

Anthropology.
Subjects That Biological Anthropologists Study.
The Language of Biological Anthropology.
Phylogeny: Reconstructing the Evolutionary History of Species.
The Perspective of Human Evolution.

2. Earliest Beginnings: DNA, the Cell, and the First Animals.

Ultimate Origins.
Continental Land Masses Drift Apart.
The First Evidence of Life.
Cells Evolve.
DNA: The Reproductive Machinery of the Cell.
The DNA Molecule Evolves.
The Cell Nucleus Evolves.
Evolution of DNA Repair and Sexual Reproduction.
Mitosis and Meiosis Evolve.
he Earliest Animals Appear.

3. Evolution and Natural Selection.

Influences on Darwin.
Darwin Develops His Theory of Natural Selection.
Development of a Theory of Inheritance.
Mendelian Genetics and Molecular Genetics.
Mutation: The Source of Genetic Variation.
The Puzzle of Sexual Reproduction.

4. Populations, Species, and Evolution.

Populations.
Individuals Within Populations.
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium and Population Genetics.
Evolution Changes Population Allele Frequencies.
Speciation.
Evolution of Behavior.

5. Stages of Vertebrate Evolution.

Homologous Structures.
Clues from Morphology, Embryology, and Paleontology.
Phylum Chordata.
The First Vertebrates: Our Fish Heritage.
First Forays onto Dry Land: The Amphibians.
Reptiles Conquer the Land.
Mammals Evolve and Radiate.
The Human Brain in Evolutionary Perspective.
Mammals and Adaptive Radiation.
Understanding Human Morphology.

6. Introduction to Primates: Origins and Evolution.

What is a Primate?
The First Primate Radiation: Plesiadapiforms.
The Second Primate Radiation: Prosimians.
Behavior and Social Organization of Prosimians.
The Third Primate Radiation: Anthropoids.
Origins and Evolution of the Monkeys.

7. Primates: Patterns in Social Behavior.

History of Field Studies.
Advantages of Group Living.
Development of Behavioral Modeling.
Male and Female Reproductive Strategies.
Primate Foraging and Feeding.
Primate Defenses Against Predation.
Communication in Nonhuman Primates.
Aggression and Dominance Interactions.
Birth and the Mother-Infant Bond.
Learning as Adaptation to Sociality.

8. The Florescence and Decline of the Hominoids.

Introduction to the Hominoids.
The Apes.
Anatomy of a Climbing Heritage.
Proconsulids: The Earliest Hominoids.
Hominoids with Thick Molar Enamel Appear.
Ape Evolution in Eurasia.
Evolutionary Relationships of Hominoids.

9. Evolution of Hominoid Behavior.

The Lesser Apes: The Gibbons and Siamangs.
The Great Apes.
Human Social Behavior.

10. Australopithecines.

Definition of Hominidae.
The Earliest Hominids.
What the Earliest Hominid Looked Like.
Taphonomy and Hominid Paleoecology.
The Australopithecines.
Hominid Morphology and Behavior.
Australopithecine Paleoecology and Behavior.
Robust Australopithecines.

11. The Genus Homo.

The Brain, a Hallmark of Humanity.
Teeth.
Skull and Jaws.
Body Size and Limbs.
The First Stone Tools.
Homo erectus
Comes onto the Scene.
The Appearance of Homo sapiens.

12. The Evolution of Human Social Behavior.

Human Behavioral Evolution.
Archaeology's Insights into Cultural Development.
Model Building and Ethnographic Research.
Reconstructing Early Human Behavior.

13. Human Biology and Variation.

The Nature of Human Genetic Variation.
How Variation Is Measured.
The Process of Geographical Isolation.
Early Studies of Human Variation.
Genetic Markers Can Trace Population Relatedness.
Natural Selection Causes Human Variation.
Genetic Influence on Behavioral Variation.

14. The Human Life Cycle: Human Biology, Growth, and Adaptability.

Human Growth Studies.
Human Adaptability to Environment.
Nutritional and Dietary Aspects of Adaptation.
Modern Life and Human Evolution.

15. The Modern Human Condition in Evolutionary Perspective: Applied Biological Anthropology.

Premises and Goals of Applied Biological Anthropology.
Biomedical Anthropology and Evolutionary Medicine.
Forensic Anthropology.
Applied Aspects of Anthropometry.
Evolutionary Perspectives on Brian and Behavior.
Anthropological Lessons for Education.
Biological Anthropology, Human Ecology, and Quality of Life.



Appendix 1. The Language of Biological Anthropology: Human Anatomy.
Appendix 2. The Language of Biological Anthropology: Geology.
Appendix 3. The Language of Biological Anthropology: Biology and Taxonomy.
Glossary.
References.
Illustration Credits.
Index.

NOTE: Each chapter contains summary, critical-thinking questions, and suggested readings.

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