Preface; Part I. Adaptations and Transformations: Before 1940: 1. American musical theatre before the twentieth century Katherine K. Preston; 2. Non-English language musical theatre in North America John Koegel; 3. Birth pangs, growing pains and sibling rivalry: musical theatre in New York, 1900-1920 Orly Leah Krasner; 4. American and British operetta in the 1920s: romance, nostalgia and adventure William A. Everett; 5. Images of African Americans: African-American musical theatre, Show Boat and Porgy and Bess John Graziano; 6. The melody (and the words) linger on: American musical comedies of the 1920s and 1930s Geoffrey Block; Part II. Maturations and Formulations: 1940 to 1970: 7. 'We said we wouldn't look back': British musical theatre, 1935-1960 John Snelson; 8. The coming of the musical play: Rodgers and Hammerstein Ann Sears; 9. The successors of Rodgers and Hammerstein from the 1940s to the 1960s Thomas L. Riis and Ann Sears; 10. Musical sophistication on Broadway: Kurt Weill and Leonard Bernstein Bruce D. McClung and Paul R. Laird; Part III. Evolutions and Integrations: After 1970: 11. Stephen Sondheim and the musical of the outsider Jim Lovensheimer; 12. Choreographers, directors and the fully integrated musical Paul R. Laird; 13. From Hair to Rent: is 'rock' a four-letter word on Broadway? Scott Warfield; 14. The megamusical: the creation, internationalization, and impact of a genre Paul Prece and William A. Everett; 15. The European musical Judith Sebesta; 16. New horizons: the musical at the dawn of the twenty-first century Bud Coleman; Part IV. Legacies and Transformations: 17. Why do they start to sing and dance all of a sudden? Examining the film musical Graham Wood; 18. Revisiting classic musicals: revivals, film, and television and recordings Jessica Sternfeld; 19. The creation of a Broadway musical: Stephen Schwartz, Winnie Holzman, and Wicked Paul Laird.