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Candide or Optimism

Candide or Optimism - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-0393960587

Cover of Candide or Optimism 2ND 91 (ISBN 978-0393960587)
ISBN13: 978-0393960587
ISBN10: 0393960587
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 91
Publisher: W.W. Norton & Co.
Published: 1991
International: No

List price: $18.75

Candide or Optimism - 2ND 91 edition

ISBN13: 978-0393960587

Franois-Marie Arouet de Voltaire and Robert M. Ed. Adams

ISBN13: 978-0393960587
ISBN10: 0393960587
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 91
Publisher: W.W. Norton & Co.

Published: 1991
International: No
Summary

Candide is the story of a gentle man who, though pummeled and slapped in every direction by fate, clings desperately to the belief that he lives in "the best of all possible worlds." On the surface a witty, bantering tale, this eighteenth-century classic is actually a savage, satiric thrust at the philosophical optimism that proclaims that all disaster and human suffering is part of a benevolent cosmic plan. Fast, funny, often outrageous, the French philosopher's immortal narrative takes Candide around the world to discover that -- contrary to the teachings of his distinguished tutor Dr. Pangloss -- all is not always for the best. Alive with wit, brilliance, and graceful storytelling, Candide has become Voltaire's most celebrated work.

Author Bio

Adams, Robert M. (Ed.) : University of California-Los Angeles

Robert M. Adams is professor of English emeritus, University of California at Los Angeles. A Columbia Ph. D., he has also taught at Wisconsin, Rutgers, and Cornell. He is the author of many books, including Ikon: John Milton and the Modern Critics, Strains of Discord, Surface and Symbol, The Land and Literature of England, and, most recently, Shakespeare--The Four Romances. He has edited six other Norton Critical Editions, including The Prince by Machiavelli and The Praise of Folly and Other Writings by Erasmus, the texts of which he also translated. He is a contributing editor of The Norton Anthology of English Literature.

Voltaire, François-Marie Arouet de (Ed.) :

Table of Contents

The Text of Candide, or Optimism

"Candide" and Mademoiselle "Cunegonde": A Note on Their Names
Candide

Backgrounds
Robert M. Adams · Summary: The Intellectual Backgrounds
Voltaire · Well, Everything is Well
Gustave Lanson · Voltaire at Les Délices and at Ferney
Haydn Mason · [Gestation: Candide Assembling Itself]
English Visitors to Ferney: A Sampling
Edward Gibbon, August 1763
James Boswell, December 1764
Rev. Nortoon Nichols, August 1771
Charles Burney, July 1770
John Moore and Douglas Hamilton (Eighth Duke of Hamilton), July
1772

Criticism
Robert M. Adams · The Conte Defined
A Checklist of the Contes of Voltaire, and Related Writings
Erich Auerbach · [Tone, Pace, Insinuation]
I. O. Wade · [Voltaire and Candide]
J. G. Weightman · The Quality of Candide
Ernst Cassirer · [Voltaire's Escape from Pascal]
Robert M. Adams · Getting the Point

The Climate of Controversy
VOLTAIRE'S FAITH
Voltaire: Letter on the Subject on Candide
Peter Gay: [What Did Voltaire Mean by l'Infame?]
André Delattre
VOLTAIRE'S GREATNESS
Joseph de Maistre
Victor Hugo
Edmond and Jules Goncourt
VOLTAIRE'S COHERENCE
Emile Faguet
Daniel Mornet
Raymond Naves
VOLTAIRE'S HUMANITY
Madame de Stael
Gustave Lanson
VOLTAIRE'S STYLE
Hippolyte Taine
John Morley
SHORT TAKES
Anatole France
Gustave Flaubert
George Saintsbury
André Bellessort
Emile Faguet
Frederick the Great
S. G. Tallentyre
Peter Gay
Stendhal
Richard Wilbur: [Pangloss's Song]
Thomas Jefferson
Jacques Van Den Heuvel
André Delattre
Hugo Friederich
VOLTAIRE'S APOTHEOSIS
Paul Valery

For Further Reading

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