Summary: Candide is the story of a gentle man who, though pummeled and slapped in every direction by fate, clings desperately to the belief that he lives in "the best of all possible worlds." On the surface a witty, bantering tale, this eighteenth-century classic is actually a savage, satiric thrust at the philosophical optimism that proclaims that all disaster and human suffering is part of a benevolent cosmic plan. Fast, funny, often outrageous, the Fre
nch philosopher's immortal narrative takes Candide around the world to discover that -- contrary to the teachings of his distinguished tutor Dr. Pangloss -- all is not always for the best. Alive with wit, brilliance, and graceful storytelling, Candide has become Voltaire's most celebrated work.
Summary: Candide is the story of a gentle man who, though pummeled and slapped in every direction by fate, clings desperately to the belief that he lives in "the best of all possible worlds." On the surface a witty, bantering tale, this eighteenth-century classic is actually a savage, satiric thrust at the philosophical optimism that proclaims that all disaster and human suffering is part of a benevolent cosmic plan. Fast, funny, often outrageous, the French philosopher's immortal narrative takes Candide around the world to discover that -- contrary to the teachings of his distinguished tutor Dr. Pangloss -- all is not always for the best. Alive with wit, brilliance, and graceful storytelling, Candide has become Voltaire's most celebrated work. ...show less
Adams, Robert M. (Ed.) : University of California-Los Angeles
Robert M. Adams is professor of English emeritus, University of California at Los Angeles. A Columbia Ph. D., he has also taught at Wisconsin, Rutgers, and Cornell. He is the author of many books, including Ikon: John Milton and the Modern Critics, Strains of Discord, Surface and Symbol, The Land and Literature of England, and, most recently, Shakespeare--The Four Romances. He has edited six other Norton Critical Editions, including The Prince by Machiavelli and The Praise of Folly and Other Writings by Erasmus, the texts of which he also translated. He is a contributing editor of The Norton Anthology of English Literature.
Voltaire, François-Marie Arouet de (Ed.) :
View Table of Contents
The Text of Candide, or Optimism
"Candide" and Mademoiselle "Cunegonde": A Note on Their Names Candide
Backgrounds Robert M. Adams · Summary: The Intellectual Backgrounds Voltaire · Well, Everything is Well Gustave Lanson · Voltaire at Les Délices and at Ferney Haydn Mason · [Gestation: Candide Assembling Itself] English Visitors to Ferney: A Sampling Edward Gibbon, August 1763 James Boswell, December 1764 Rev. Nortoon Nichols, August 1771 Charles Burney, July 1770 John Moore and Douglas Hamilton (Eighth Duke of Hamilton), July 1772
Criticism Robert M. Adams · The Conte Defined A Checklist of the Contes of Voltaire, and Related Writings Erich Auerbach · [Tone, Pace, Insinuation] I. O. Wade · [Voltaire and Candide] J. G. Weightman · The Quality of Candide Ernst Cassirer · [Voltaire's Escape from Pascal] Robert M. Adams · Getting the Point
The Climate of Controversy VOLTAIRE'S FAITH Voltaire: Letter on the Subject on Candide Peter Gay: [What Did Voltaire Mean by l'Infame?] André Delattre VOLTAIRE'S GREATNESS Joseph de Maistre Victor Hugo Edmond and Jules Goncourt VOLTAIRE'S COHERENCE Emile Faguet Daniel Mornet Raymond Naves VOLTAIRE'S HUMANITY Madame de Stael Gustave Lanson VOLTAIRE'S STYLE Hippolyte Taine John Morley SHORT TAKES Anatole France Gustave Flaubert George Saintsbury André Bellessort Emile Faguet Frederick the Great S. G. Tallentyre Peter Gay Stendhal Richard Wilbur: [Pangloss's Song] Thomas Jefferson Jacques Van Den Heuvel André Delattre Hugo Friederich VOLTAIRE'S APOTHEOSIS Paul Valery
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