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ISBN13: 978-0130874115

ISBN10: 0130874116

Cover type:

Edition: 3RD 99

Copyright: 1999

Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Published: 1999

International: No

ISBN10: 0130874116

Cover type:

Edition: 3RD 99

Copyright: 1999

Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Published: 1999

International: No

Designed for undergraduate and graduate chemical engineering students, this book/disk package explains the rationale of thermodynamics from an experimental perspective. The Third Edition offers a thorough update and is unique in its recognition of the ever-expanding role of the personal computer in engineering practice. Would you be interested in a text that focuses on learning the "Why" as well as the "How" of thermodynamics and that integrates software to reinforce course concepts?

**Features**

- NEW - Includes a new chapter that presents the philosophy and practice of modeling thermodynamic systems.
- NEW - Features coverage of the thermodynamic analysis of chemical processes, the only text on the market to do so.
- NEW - Offers a companion CD-ROM that contains:
- Nine executable programs and three spreadsheets for carrying out professional-level calculations.
- POLYMATH, a general purpose numerical analysis software package.
- WASP, a computerized steam table.
- EQUATIONS OF STATE, a graphics program for visualizing thermodynamic processes in terms of three-dimensional PVT diagrams.
- Spreadsheets that provide details for the numerous text examples involving intensified computing.

- NEW - Offers a thorough treatment of complex chemical equilibrium using the POLYMATH mathematics software.
- Focuses on learning the why as well as the how of thermodynamics with many worked examples and over 500 problems to illustrate the material.

Author Bio

**Kyle, Benjamin G. : **

Benjamin G. Kyle is Emeritus Professor of Chemical Engineering at Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas.

**1. Introduction **

The Anatomy of Thermodynamics.

The Terminology of Thermodynamics.

The Variables and Quantities of Thermodynamics.

Equilibrium and the Equilibrium State.

The Phase Rule.

The Reversible Process.

**2. The First Law of Thermodynamics **

The First Law and Internal Energy.

The Enthalpy.

The Heat Capacity.

The First Law for Open Systems.

Problems.

**3. The Behavior of Fluids **

The PVT Behavior of Fluids.

Equations of State.

The Ideal Gas.

The Compressibility Factor.

Generalized Equations of State.

**4. The Second Law of Thermodynamics **

Heat Engines and the Carnot Cycle.

The Ideal-Gas Carnot Cycle.

The Absolute Temperature Scale.

The Entropy Function.

Entropy and the Spontaneity of Natural Processes.

Calculation of Entropy Changes.

Open Systems.

Applications of the Second Law.

The Microscopic View of Entropy.

The Third Law of Thermodynamics.

**5. The Thermodynamic Network **

The Free Energy Functions.

The Clausius Inequality and the Fundamental Equation.

The Thermodynamic Network.

Measurable Quantities.

Calculation of H and S as Functions of P and T.

Property Estimation from Corresponding States.

Property Estimation Via Generalized Equations of State.

The Method of Jacobians.

The Generality of the Thermodynamic Method.

Problems.

**6. Heat Effects **

The Computational Path.

Heat Effects Due to Change of Temperature.

Heat Effects Due to Change of Pressure.

Heat Effects Due to Change of Phase.

Mixing Heat Effects.

Enthalpy-Concentration Diagrams.

Chemical Heat Effects.

Heats of Formation in Solution.

Applied Thermochemistry. Problems.

**7. Equilibrium and Stability **

Criteria of Equilibrium.

The Chemical Potential.

Application of the Equilibrium Criteria.

The Essence of Thermodynamics.

Stability.

Constraints, Equilibrium and Virtual Variations.

Problems.

**8. Thermodynamics of Pure Substances **

The Phase Diagram.

The Clapeyron Equation.

Solid-Liquid Equilibrium.

Solid-Vapor and Liquid-Vapor Equilibrium.

Presentation of Thermodynamic Property Data.

Problems.

**9. Principles of Phase Equilibrium **

Presentation of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data.

Determination of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data.

The Thermodynamic Basis for the Phase Rule.

The Fugacity.

Determination of Fugacities of Pure Substances.

Determination of Fugacities in Mixtures.

Ideal Systems.

The Activity Coefficient.

Experimental Determination of Activity Coefficients.

Henry's Law.

Activity Coefficient Equations.

Phase Equilibrium via an Equation of State.

The Thermodynamic Approach to Phase Equilibrium.

Problems.

**10. Applied Phase Equilibrium **

The Consummate Thermodynamic Correlation of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium.

Constant-Pressure VLE Data.

Total Pressure Data.

Azeotropes.

Thermodynamic Consistency Tests.

Multicomponent Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium.

Phase Behavior in Partially Miscible Systems.

Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium.

Ternary Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium.

Estimates from Fragmentary Data.

Recapitulation.

Problems.

**11. Additional Topics in Phase Equilibrium **

Partial Molar Properties.

Experimental Determination of Mixture and Partial Molar Properties.

Mixture Properties for Ideal Solutions.

Activity Coefficients Based on Henry's Law.

The Solubility of Gases in Liquids.

Solid-Liquid Equilibria.

Solid-Supercritical Fluid Equilibrium.

Prediction of Solution Behavior.

Problems.

**12. Chemical Equilibrium **

Generalized Stoichemtry.

The Condition of Equilibrium for a Chemical Reaction.

Standard States and AG^0.

Temperature Dependence of the Equilibrium Constant.

Experimental Determination of Thermochemical Data.

Other Free Energy Functions.

Homogeneous Gas-Phase Reactions.

Heterogeneous Chemical Equilibrium.

Reactions in Solution.

Reactions in Aqueous Solution.

Electrolyte Solutions.

Coupled Reactions.

Problems.

**13. Complex Chemical Equilibrium **

The Phase Rule for Reacting Systems.

Analyzing Complex Chemical Equilibrium Problems.

Formulating Complex Chemical Equilibrium Problems.

The CHO System and Carbon Deposition Boundaries.

The Si-Cl-H System and Silicon Deposition Boundaries.

Problems.

**14. Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes**

Work and Free Energy Functions.

The Availability.

Mixing and Separation Processes.

Heat Exchange.

Systems Involving Chemical Transformations.

Problems.

**15. Physicomechanical Processes**

Compression and Expansion of Gases.

The Joule-Thomson Expansion.

Liquefaction of Gases.

Refrigeration.

Heat Pumps.

Power Generation.

Cogeneration of Steam and Power.

Problems.

**16. Compressible Fluid Flow **

The Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics.

Sonic Velocity.

Isentropic Flow.

Isentropic Flow Through Nozzles.

Nonisentropic Flow.

Problems.

**17. Thermodynamics and Models.**

Standard Models.

Ad Hoc Models.

Evaluation of Models.

Appendices.

Index.

ISBN10: 0130874116

Cover type:

Edition: 3RD 99

Copyright: 1999

Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Published: 1999

International: No

Designed for undergraduate and graduate chemical engineering students, this book/disk package explains the rationale of thermodynamics from an experimental perspective. The Third Edition offers a thorough update and is unique in its recognition of the ever-expanding role of the personal computer in engineering practice. Would you be interested in a text that focuses on learning the "Why" as well as the "How" of thermodynamics and that integrates software to reinforce course concepts?

**Features**

- NEW - Includes a new chapter that presents the philosophy and practice of modeling thermodynamic systems.
- NEW - Features coverage of the thermodynamic analysis of chemical processes, the only text on the market to do so.
- NEW - Offers a companion CD-ROM that contains:
- Nine executable programs and three spreadsheets for carrying out professional-level calculations.
- POLYMATH, a general purpose numerical analysis software package.
- WASP, a computerized steam table.
- EQUATIONS OF STATE, a graphics program for visualizing thermodynamic processes in terms of three-dimensional PVT diagrams.
- Spreadsheets that provide details for the numerous text examples involving intensified computing.

- NEW - Offers a thorough treatment of complex chemical equilibrium using the POLYMATH mathematics software.
- Focuses on learning the why as well as the how of thermodynamics with many worked examples and over 500 problems to illustrate the material.

Author Bio

**Kyle, Benjamin G. : **

Benjamin G. Kyle is Emeritus Professor of Chemical Engineering at Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas.

Table of Contents

**1. Introduction **

The Anatomy of Thermodynamics.

The Terminology of Thermodynamics.

The Variables and Quantities of Thermodynamics.

Equilibrium and the Equilibrium State.

The Phase Rule.

The Reversible Process.

**2. The First Law of Thermodynamics **

The First Law and Internal Energy.

The Enthalpy.

The Heat Capacity.

The First Law for Open Systems.

Problems.

**3. The Behavior of Fluids **

The PVT Behavior of Fluids.

Equations of State.

The Ideal Gas.

The Compressibility Factor.

Generalized Equations of State.

**4. The Second Law of Thermodynamics **

Heat Engines and the Carnot Cycle.

The Ideal-Gas Carnot Cycle.

The Absolute Temperature Scale.

The Entropy Function.

Entropy and the Spontaneity of Natural Processes.

Calculation of Entropy Changes.

Open Systems.

Applications of the Second Law.

The Microscopic View of Entropy.

The Third Law of Thermodynamics.

**5. The Thermodynamic Network **

The Free Energy Functions.

The Clausius Inequality and the Fundamental Equation.

The Thermodynamic Network.

Measurable Quantities.

Calculation of H and S as Functions of P and T.

Property Estimation from Corresponding States.

Property Estimation Via Generalized Equations of State.

The Method of Jacobians.

The Generality of the Thermodynamic Method.

Problems.

**6. Heat Effects **

The Computational Path.

Heat Effects Due to Change of Temperature.

Heat Effects Due to Change of Pressure.

Heat Effects Due to Change of Phase.

Mixing Heat Effects.

Enthalpy-Concentration Diagrams.

Chemical Heat Effects.

Heats of Formation in Solution.

Applied Thermochemistry. Problems.

**7. Equilibrium and Stability **

Criteria of Equilibrium.

The Chemical Potential.

Application of the Equilibrium Criteria.

The Essence of Thermodynamics.

Stability.

Constraints, Equilibrium and Virtual Variations.

Problems.

**8. Thermodynamics of Pure Substances **

The Phase Diagram.

The Clapeyron Equation.

Solid-Liquid Equilibrium.

Solid-Vapor and Liquid-Vapor Equilibrium.

Presentation of Thermodynamic Property Data.

Problems.

**9. Principles of Phase Equilibrium **

Presentation of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data.

Determination of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data.

The Thermodynamic Basis for the Phase Rule.

The Fugacity.

Determination of Fugacities of Pure Substances.

Determination of Fugacities in Mixtures.

Ideal Systems.

The Activity Coefficient.

Experimental Determination of Activity Coefficients.

Henry's Law.

Activity Coefficient Equations.

Phase Equilibrium via an Equation of State.

The Thermodynamic Approach to Phase Equilibrium.

Problems.

**10. Applied Phase Equilibrium **

The Consummate Thermodynamic Correlation of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium.

Constant-Pressure VLE Data.

Total Pressure Data.

Azeotropes.

Thermodynamic Consistency Tests.

Multicomponent Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium.

Phase Behavior in Partially Miscible Systems.

Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium.

Ternary Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium.

Estimates from Fragmentary Data.

Recapitulation.

Problems.

**11. Additional Topics in Phase Equilibrium **

Partial Molar Properties.

Experimental Determination of Mixture and Partial Molar Properties.

Mixture Properties for Ideal Solutions.

Activity Coefficients Based on Henry's Law.

The Solubility of Gases in Liquids.

Solid-Liquid Equilibria.

Solid-Supercritical Fluid Equilibrium.

Prediction of Solution Behavior.

Problems.

**12. Chemical Equilibrium **

Generalized Stoichemtry.

The Condition of Equilibrium for a Chemical Reaction.

Standard States and AG^0.

Temperature Dependence of the Equilibrium Constant.

Experimental Determination of Thermochemical Data.

Other Free Energy Functions.

Homogeneous Gas-Phase Reactions.

Heterogeneous Chemical Equilibrium.

Reactions in Solution.

Reactions in Aqueous Solution.

Electrolyte Solutions.

Coupled Reactions.

Problems.

**13. Complex Chemical Equilibrium **

The Phase Rule for Reacting Systems.

Analyzing Complex Chemical Equilibrium Problems.

Formulating Complex Chemical Equilibrium Problems.

The CHO System and Carbon Deposition Boundaries.

The Si-Cl-H System and Silicon Deposition Boundaries.

Problems.

**14. Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes**

Work and Free Energy Functions.

The Availability.

Mixing and Separation Processes.

Heat Exchange.

Systems Involving Chemical Transformations.

Problems.

**15. Physicomechanical Processes**

Compression and Expansion of Gases.

The Joule-Thomson Expansion.

Liquefaction of Gases.

Refrigeration.

Heat Pumps.

Power Generation.

Cogeneration of Steam and Power.

Problems.

**16. Compressible Fluid Flow **

The Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics.

Sonic Velocity.

Isentropic Flow.

Isentropic Flow Through Nozzles.

Nonisentropic Flow.

Problems.

**17. Thermodynamics and Models.**

Standard Models.

Ad Hoc Models.

Evaluation of Models.

Appendices.

Index.

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