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Chemistry : Principles and Reactions - Text Only

Chemistry : Principles and Reactions - Text Only - 3rd edition

ISBN13: 978-0030058899

Cover of Chemistry : Principles and Reactions - Text Only 3RD 97 (ISBN 978-0030058899)
ISBN13: 978-0030058899
ISBN10: 0030058899
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 3RD 97
Publisher: Saunders College Division
Published: 1997
International: No

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Chemistry : Principles and Reactions - Text Only - 3RD 97 edition

ISBN13: 978-0030058899

William L. Masterton

ISBN13: 978-0030058899
ISBN10: 0030058899
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 3RD 97
Publisher: Saunders College Division

Published: 1997
International: No

General chemistry principles are presented clearly and more concisely-without sacrificing any fundamental material-in the third edition of this top-selling text. An appropriate amount of explanatory material and practical applications make chemistry principles intelligible and interesting to students.

Table of Contents

1. Matter and Measurement

    Types of Matter
    Measurements: Quantities and Units
    Uncertainties in Measurements; Significant Figures
    Conversion of Units
    Properties of Substances

2. Atoms, Molecules and Ions

Atoms and the Atomic Theory
Introduction to the Periodic Table
Nuclear Stability; Radioactivity
Molecules and Ions
Formulas of Ionic Compounds
Names of Compounds

3. Mass Relations in Chemistry: Stoichiometry

    Atomic and Formula Masses
    The Mole
    Mass Relations in Chemical Formulas
    Mass Relations in Reactions

4. Reactions in Auqeous Solution

    Precipitation Reactions
    Acid-Base Reactions
    Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
    Solute Concentrations; Molarity
    Solution Stoichiometry
    Solution Reactions in Quantitative Analysis

5. Gases

    Measurements on Gases
    The Ideal Gas Law
    Gas Law Calculations
    Stoichiometry of Gaseous Reactions
    Gas Mixtures: Partial Pressures and Mole Fractions
    Kinetic Theory of Gases
    Real Gases

6. Electronic Structure and the Periodic Table

    Light, Photon energies, and Atomic Spectra
    The Hydrogen Atom
    Quantum Numbers, Energy Levels, and Orbitals
    Electron Configurations in Atoms
    Orbital Diagrams of Atoms
    Electron Arrangements in Monatomic Ions
    Periodic Trends in the Properties of Atoms

7. Covalent Bonding

    Lewis Structures; The Octet Rule
    Molecular Geometry
    Polarity of Molecules
    Atomic Orbitals; Hybridization

8. Thermochemistry

    Principles of Heat Flow
    Measurement of Heat Flow; Calorimetry
    Thermochemical Equations
    Enthalpies of Formation
    Bond Energy
    The First Law of Thermodynamics

9. Liquids and Solids

    Molecular Substances; Intermolecular Forces
    Network Covalent, Ionic, and Metallic Solids
    Crystal Structures
    Liquid-Vapor Equilibrium
    Phase Diagrams

10. Solutions

    Concentration Units
    Principles of Solubility
    Colligative Properties

11. Rate of Reactions

    Meaning of Reaction Rate
    Reaction Rate and Concentration
    Reactant Concentration and Time
    Models for Reaction Rate
    Reaction Rate and Temperature
    Reaction Mechanisms

12. Gaseous Chemical Equilibrium

    The N2O4 - NO2 Equilibrium System
    The Equilibrium Constant Expression
    Determination of K
    Applications of the Equilibrium Constant
    Effect of Changes in Conditions Upon an Equilibrium System

13. Acids and Bases

    Bronsted-Lowry Acid-Base Model
    Water Ionization Constant
    pH and pOH
    Weak Acids and Their Ionization Constants
    Weak Bases and Their Ionization Constants
    Acid-Base Properties of Salt Solutions

14. Equilibria in Acid-Base Solutions

    Acid-Base Indicators
    Acid-Base Titrations
    Polyprotic Weak Acids

15. Complex Ions

    Composition of Complex Ions
    Geometry of Complex Ions
    Electronic Structure of Complex Ions
    Formation Constants of Complex Ions

16. Precipitation Equilibria

    Precipitate Formation; Solubility Product (Ksp)
    Dissolving Precipitates
    Qualitative Analysis

17. Spontaneity of Reaction

    Spontaneous Processes
    Entropy, S
    Free Energy, G
    Standard Free Energy Change, G
    Effect of Temperature, Pressure, and Concentration on Reaction Spontaneity
    The Free Energy Change and the Equilibrium Constant
    Additivity of Free Energy Changes; Coupled Reactions

18. Electrochemistry

    Voltaic Cells
    Standard Voltages
    Relations Between E, G, and K
    Effect of Concentration Upon Voltage
    Electrolytic Cells
    Commercial Cells

19. Nuclear Chemistry

    Radioactive Nuclei
    Rate of Radioactive Decay
    Mass-Energy Relations
    Nuclear Fission
    Nuclear Fusion

20. Chemistry of the Metals

    Reactions of the Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals
    Redox Chemistry of the Transition Metals

21. Chemistry of the Nonmetals

    The Elements and Their Preparation
    Hydrogen Compounds of Nonmetals
    Oxygen Compounds of Nonmetals
    Oxoacids and Oxoanions

22. Organic Chemistry

    Saturated Hydrocarbons: Alkanes
    Unsaturated Hydrocarbons: Alkenes and Aklynes
    Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Their Derivatives
    Fundtional Groups
    Synthetic Organic Polymers

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