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Chemistry / With CD-ROM

Chemistry / With CD-ROM - 4th edition

ISBN13: 978-0716735953

Cover of Chemistry / With CD-ROM 4TH 00 (ISBN 978-0716735953)
ISBN13: 978-0716735953
ISBN10: 0716735954
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 4TH 00
Publisher: W.H. Freeman
Published: 2000
International: No

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Chemistry / With CD-ROM - 4TH 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-0716735953

Peter Atkins and Loretta Jones

ISBN13: 978-0716735953
ISBN10: 0716735954
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 4TH 00
Publisher: W.H. Freeman

Published: 2000
International: No
Summary

As authors, Loretta Jones and Peter Atkins set their sights on teaching students how to see the world in chemical terms. Their books are designed to help students:

  • see everyday objects--a flower, a rock--as three-dimensional molecular structures (visualization)
  • quantify with numbers and equations what happens when a reaction such as bringing water to boil occurs (problem solving)
  • understand what chemistry reveals about various aspects of everyday life, such as a visit to a drugstore (applications).

The new edition of Chemistry: Molecules, Matter, and Change is the most effective yet at helping students develop their visualization and problem solving skills, and showing the practical impact of chemical understanding on the way we live. The change in the author order on the book (Jones before Atkins) reflects the growing emphasis on connecting the concepts of visualization, problem solving, and applications in the classroom; a number of new features in the text work specifically to strengthen the emphasis on these three crucial concepts. Accompanying the text is a complete, media-enhanced supplements package.

  • Jones, a chemical educator, is a pioneer in using visualization, collaborative learning, and technology in the classroom; Atkins is one of the world's foremost chemistry writers, researchers, and educators
  • Problem-solving approach teaches students to think like chemists
  • Vivid illustrations help students visualize molecules as a chemist would
  • Focus on applications shows students the practical relevance of what they are learning

Visualization

  • New macro/micro figures combining photography, molecular art, and in many cases, symbols, which reveal the connections between the observed, the molecular, and the symbolic levels
  • New illustrations in the "Toolboxes" providing visual summaries for complex, multistep processes, enhancing the connections between concepts and their application in problem-solving
  • Cutting-edge graphics, including new electron density diagrams, photorealistic images (particularly of crystal structures), and images of biological macromolecules
  • Sequence diagrams depicting processes frame by frame (now with insets focusing on main events as they unfold)

Problem-Solving

  • Dozens more Worked Examples, some conceptual, some where students work with molecular models
  • Over twice as many Toolboxes, each now beginning with explicit statements of that Toolbox's application, conceptual basis, and procedural steps, and concluding with a summary of the conceptual basis and the procedure.
  • Thoroughly revised exercise sets, including new applied exercises and chapter integration exercises

Applications

  • New Applying Chemistry cases with exercises in each chapter, with additional, end-of-chapter exercises focusing on the cases
  • New Connections comprehensive case studies in the interchapters, referring to material from several chapters and featuring new and interesting applications--assignments with these case studies make use of the text's CD-ROM and Web site
  • New Investingating Matter boxes on techniques, equipment, and other special topics, showing students how chemistry is really done in the laboratory
  • New Analogies, brief illustrated callouts putting new ideas in familiar contexts
  • "Chemistry at Work captioned photos begin each chapter, showing students an intriguing application of the chemistry they are about to encounter
  • Chapter openings that suggest the purpose of the concepts to come by raising observations and applications of current interest

Author Bio

Jones, Loretta : University of Northern Colorado

Atkins, Peter W. : Lincoln College / University of Oxford

Table of Contents

1. Matter

Instruction on chemical nomenclature has been enhanced.
The Elements
Compounds
Mixtures
The Nomenclature of Compounds
Toolbox 1.1 How to name simple inorganic compounds
Toolbox 1.2 How to predict the formula of a binary compound from its name
Applying Chemistry: Case Study 1: Chemistry detectives


2. Measurements and Moles

Measurements and Units
Toolbox 2.1 How to use conversion factors
Toolbox 2.2 How to convert between temperature scales
Toolbox 2.3 How to use significant figures in calculations
Chemical Amounts
Toolbox 2.4 How to convert between mass and moles
Determination of Chemical Formulas
Investigating Matter 2.1: Combustion Analysis
Applying Chemistry: Case Study 2: Harvesting drugs from the sea


3. Chemical Reactions

Predicting the products of fundamental reactions is now taught explicitly.
Chemical Equations and Chemical Reactions
Toolbox 3.1 How to balance chemical equations
Precipitation Reactions
Toolbox 3.2 How to write a net ionic equation
The Reactions of Acids and Bases
Redox Reactions
Toolbox 3.4 How to classify reactions
Applying Case study 3: Supporting life in space


4. Reaction Stoichiometry: Chemistry's Accounting

Molarity is now taught in this chapter 4, where it leads to titrations.
How to Use Reaction Stoichiometry
Toolbox 4.1 How to carry out mole-to-mole calculations for a chemical reaction
Toolbox 4.2 How to carry out mass-to-mass calculations
The Limits of Reaction
Toolbox 4.3 How to identify and use the limiting reactant
Solutions
Toolbox 4.4 How to use molarity
Toolbox 4.5 How to calculate the volume of solution to dilute
Toolbox 4.6 How to interpret a titration
Applying Chemistry: Case Study 4: Greenhouse gases
New! Connection 1: Chemistry in the drugstore


5. The Properties of Gases

Mole fraction is now introduced along with partial pressure. Also here is an introduction to atmospheric chemistry.
The Nature of Gases
The Gas Laws
Toolbox 5.1 How to use the ideal gas law
Toolbox 5.2 How to calculate the volume of gas involved in a reaction
Investigating Matter 5.1: The Layers of the Atmosphere
Molecular Motion of Gases
Applying Chemistry Case Study 5: The ozone hole


6. Thermochemistry: The Fire Within

The first law of thermodynamics has been given a more unified presentation, moving from an introduction to kinetic and potential energy, to internal energy, to enthalpy.
Energy, Heat, and Enthalpy
The Thermochemistry of Physical Change
The Enthalpy of Chemical Change
Toolbox 6.1 How to devise a reaction sequence to obtain an overall reaction enthalpy
The Heat Output of Reactions
Investigating Matter 6.1: The World's Energy Resources
Toolbox 6.2 How to use standard enthalpies of formation
Applying Chemistry Case Study 6: The thermochemistry of fitness


7. Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table

Observing Atoms
Models of Atoms
Investigating Matter 7.1: The Stern-Gerlach Experiment
The Structures of Many-Electron Atoms
Toolbox 7.1 How to predict the ground-state electron configuration of an atom
Investigating Matter 7.2: How the Concept of the Periodic Table was Developed
The Periodicity of Atomic Properties
Toolbox 7.2 How to interpret the periodic trend

New! Applying Chemistry Case Study 7: Fireworks


8. Chemical Bonds

Ionic Bonds
Toolbox 8.1 How to use a thermochemical cycles
Covalent Bonds
The Structures of Polyatomic Species
Toolbox 8.2 How to write the Lewis structure of a polyatomic species
Exceptions to the Octet Rule
Toolbox 8.3 How to write a Lewis structure for a molecule with an expanded octet
Lewis Acids and Bases
Ionic versus Covalent Bonds
Applying Chemistry: Case Study 8: Smog formers


9. Molecular Structure

Molecular orbitals treated pictorially and conceptually. This chapter also introduces the techniques of IR spectroscopy and UV-visible spectroscopy.
The Shapes of Molecules and Ions
Toolbox 9.1 How to use the VSEPR model
Charge Distribution in Molecules
The Strengths and Lengths of Bonds
Investigating Matter 9.1: Infrared Spectroscopy
Toolbox 9.2 How to use average bond enthalpies
Valence Bond Theory
Toolbox 9.3 How to identify the hybridization scheme of a molecule
Molecular Orbital Theory
Toolbox 9.4 How to determine the ground-state electron configuration and bond order of a diatomic molecule
Investigating Matter 9.2: Ultraviolet and Visible Spectroscopy
New! Applying Chemistry: Case Study 9: Electronic sunscreens

New! Connection 2: Finding energy for the future


10. Liquids and Solids

Intermolecular Forces
Liquid Structure
Solid Structures
Investigating Matter 10.1: X-ray Diffraction
Toolbox 10.1 How to deduce the structure of a solid from its density
Phase Changes
Toolbox 10.2 How to interpret and use a phase diagram
Applying Chemistry: Case Study 10: Liquid crystals


11. Carbon-Based Materials

Hydrocarbons
Toolbox 11.1 How to name hydrocarbons
Toolbox 11.2 How to predict the characteristic reactions of hydrocarbons
Functional Groups
Toolbox 11.3 How to name compounds with functional groups
Investigating Matter 11.1 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Isomers
Polymers
Biopolymers
Applying Chemistry: Case Study 11: Conducting polymers


12. The Properties of Solutions

This chapter now features a brief discussion of chromatography.
Solutes and Solvents
Factors Affecting Solubility
Investigating Matter 12.1: Chromatography
Why Does Anything Dissolve?
Colligative Properties
Toolbox 12.1 How to use molality
Toolbox 12.2 How to use osmometry
New! Applying Chemistry: Case Study 12: Biomimetic materials

New! Connection 3: Sport drinks


13. The Rates of Reactions

Kinetics has been moved forward to this chapter for greater flexibility. Reaction rates are introduced through experimental data and the treatment of reaction mechanisms has been enhanced.
Concentration and Rate
Toolbox 13.1 How to use integrated rate laws
Controlling Reaction Rates
Toolbox 13.2 How to describe the temperature dependence of reaction rates
Reaction Mechanisms
Applying Chemistry: Case Study 13: Drug therapy and the brain


14. Chemical Equilibrium

Problem solving support has been enhanced.
Equilibrium and Composition
Toolbox 14.1 How to write equilibrium constants
Using Equilibrium Constants
Toolbox 14.2 How to set up and use an equilibrium table
The Response of Equilibria to Change in the Conditions
New! Applying Chemistry: Case Study 14: Cheating equilibrium


15. Acids and Bases

The discussion of polyprotic acids has been expanded.
What Are Acids and Bases?
Toolbox 15.1 How to use the pH and OH
Weak Acids and Bases
Toolbox 15.2 How to predict the relative strengths of conjugate acids and bases
Toolbox 15.3 How to predict the relative strengths of acids
The pH of Solutions of Weak Acids and Bases
Toolbox 15.4 How to calculate the pH of a solution of a weak acid
Applying Chemistry Case Study 15: Acid rain


16. Aqueous Equilibria

This chapter now includes selective precipitation and its application to qualitative analysis.
Salts in Water
Toolbox 16.1 How to calculate the pH of an electrolyte solution
Titrations
Toolbox 16.2 How to calculate the pH during a strong acid-base titration
Buffer Solutions
Toolbox 16.3 How to calculate the pH during a titration of a weak acid or weak base
Toolbox 16.4 How to calculate the pH of a buffer solution
Solubility Equilibria
Toolbox 16.3 How to convert between solubility and Ksp
Box 16.1: Investigating matter with qualitative analysis
Applying Chemistry: Case Study 16: Buffers in the body

New! Connection 4: What's in our water?


17. The Direction of Chemical Change

This chapter is now more closely focused on the Second Law of Thermodynamics.
The Direction of Spontaneous Change
Toolbox 17.1 How to predict change in entropy
Investigating Matter 17.1: Bridging the Macro and Microworlds
Free Energy
Toolbox 17.2 How to calculate equilibrium constants
Case study 17: Unnatural life


18. Electrochemistry

This section of the text concludes with an opportunity for students to connect what they have been learning about electrochemistry and thermodynamics through designing systems for an electric car.
Transferring Electrons
Toolbox 18.1 How to balance redox equations by the half reaction method
Galvanic Cells
Toolbox 18.2 How to write the cell reaction
Toolbox 18.3 How to select a cell for a given reaction
Toolbox 18.4 How to calculate a standard cell potential
Toolbox 18.5 How to calculate equilibrium constants from electrochemical data
Investigating Matter 18.1: How pH Meters Work
Electrolysis
Toolbox 18.6 How to use Faraday's laws
New! Applying Chemistry: Case Study 18: Fuel cells

New! Connection 5: Electric cars


19. The Main-Group Elements: I. The First Four Main Groups

Periodic Trends
Hydrogen
Group 1: The Alkali Metals
Group 2: The Alkaline Earth Metals
Group 13: The Boron Family
Group 14: The Carbon Family
Applying Chemistry: Case study 19: Glasses and ceramics


20. The Main Group Elements: II. The Last Four Main Groups

Group 15: The Nitrogen Family
Group 16: The Oxygen Family
Group 17: The Halogens
Group 18: The Noble Gases
Applying Chemistry: Case study 20: Rocket fuels


21. The d-Block: Metals in Transition

The d-Block Elements and Their Compounds
Complexes of the d-Block Elements
Toolbox 21.1 How to classify isomers
Crystal Field Theory
Toolbox 21.2 How to predict the electron configuration of d-metal complexes
New! Applying Chemistry: Case Study 21: Photochemical materials


22. Nuclear Chemistry

The study of descriptive chemistry in the final four chapters concludes with a challenge for students to use their knowledge of the elements to select or design materials for a sustainable Earth or space habitat.
Nuclear Stability
Toolbox 22.1 How to identify the products of a nuclear reaction
Radioactivity
Investigating Matter 22.1: The Uses of Radioactive Isotopes
Nuclear Energy
Toolbox 22.2 How to determine the energy change from a change in mass
Applying Chemistry: Case study 22: Nuclear medicine: Reducing the risks

New! Connection 6: Terraforming Mars


Appendixes
Glossary

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