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ISBN13: 978-0495276562

ISBN10: 0495276561

Cover type:

Edition/Copyright: 7TH 06

Publisher: Saunders College Division

Published: 2006

International: No

ISBN10: 0495276561

Cover type:

Edition/Copyright: 7TH 06

Publisher: Saunders College Division

Published: 2006

International: No

COLLEGE PHYSICS provides students with a clear and logical presentation of the basic concepts and principles of physics. The authors include a broad range of contemporary applications to motivate students understanding of how physics works in the real world. In addition, new pedagogy, reflecting the findings of physics education research, has been added to help students improve their problem solving skills and conceptual understanding. The text's flexible, accessible, and focused presentation, coupled with extraordinary text/media integration through PhysicsNow, gives instructors and students the tools they need to succeed. This text, which covers the standard topics in classical physics and 20th century physics, is divided into six parts. Newtonian mechanics and the physics of fluids (Part I); heat and thermodynamics (Part II); wave motion and sound (Part III); electricity and magnetism (Part IV); properties of light and the field of geometric and wave optics (Part V); and an introduction to special relativity, quantum physics, and atomic and nuclear physics (Part VI).

Part 1: MECHANICS.

1. Introduction.

Standards of Length, Mass, and Time. The Building Blocks of Matter. Dimensional Analysis. Uncertainty in Measurement and Significant Figures. Conversion of Units. Estimates and Order-of-Magnitude Calculations. Coordinate Systems. Trigonometry. Problem-Solving Strategy.

2. Motion in One Dimension.

Displacement. Velocity. Acceleration. Motion Diagrams. One-Dimensional Motion with Constant Acceleration. Freely-Falling Objects.

3. Vectors and Two-Dimensional Motion.

Vectors and Their Properties. Components of a Vector. Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration in Two Dimensions. Motion in Two Dimensions. Relative Velocity.

4. The Laws of Motion.

Forces. Newton's First Law. Newton's Second Law. Newton's Third Law. Applications of Newton's Laws. Forces of Friction.

5. Energy.

Work. Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Theorem. Gravitational Potential Energy. Spring Potential Energy. Systems and Energy Conservation. Power. Work Done by a Varying Force.

6. Momentum and Collisions.

Momentum and Impulse. Conservation of Momentum. Collisions. Glancing Collisions. Rocket Propulsion.

7. Rotational Motion and the Law of Gravity.

Angular Speed and Angular Acceleration. Rotational Motion Under Constant Angular Acceleration. Relations Between Angular and Linear Quantities. Centripetal Acceleration. Newtonian Gravitation. Kepler's Laws.

8. Rotational Equilibrium and Rotational Dynamics.

Torque. Torque and the Two Conditions for Equilibrium. The Center of Gravity. Examples of Objects in Equilibrium. Relationship Between Torque and Angular Acceleration. Rotational Kinetic Energy. Angular Momentum.

9. Solids and Fluids.

States of Matter. The Deformation of Solids. Density and Pressure. Variation of Pressure with Depth. Pressure Measurements. Buoyant Forces and Archimedes's Principle. Fluids in Motion. Other Applications of Fluid Dynamics. Surface Tension, Capillary Action, and Viscous Fluid Flow. Transport Phenomena.

Part 2: THERMODYNAMICS.

10. Thermal Physics.

Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics. Thermometers and Temperature Scales. Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids. Macroscopic Description of an Ideal Gas. The Kinetic Theory of Gases.

11. Energy in Thermal Processes.

Heat and Internal Energy. Specific Heat. Calorimetry. Latent Heat and Phase Change. Energy Transfer. Global Warming and Greenhouse Gases.

12. The Laws of Thermodynamics.

Work in Thermodynamic Processes. The First Law of Thermodynamics. Heat Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Entropy. Human Metabolism.

Part 3: VIBRATIONS AND WAVES.

13. Vibrations and Waves.

Hooke's Law. Elastic Potential Energy. Comparing Simple Harmonic Motion with Uniform Circular Motion. Position, Velocity, and Acceleration as a Function of Time. Motion of a Pendulum. Damped Oscillations. Waves. Frequency, Amplitude, and Wavelength. The Speed of Waves on Strings. Interference of Waves. Reflection of Waves.

14. Sound.

Producing a Sound Wave. Characteristics of Sound Waves. The Speed of Sound. Energy and Intensity of Sound Waves. Spherical and Plane Waves. The Doppler Effect. Interference of Sound Waves. Standing Waves. Forced Vibrations and Resonance. Standing Waves in Air Columns. Beats. Quality of Sound. The Ear.

Part 4: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM.

15. Electric Forces and Electric Fields.

Properties of Electric Charges. Insulators and Conductors. Coulomb's Law. The Electric Field. Electric Field Lines. Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium. The Millikan Oil-Drop Experiment. The Van de Graaff Generator. Electric Flux and Gauss's Law.

16. Electrical Energy and Capacitance.

Potential Difference and Electric Potential. Electric Potential and Potential Energy Due to Point Charges. Potentials and Charged Conductors. Equipotential Surfaces. Applications. Capacitance. The Parallel-Plate Capacitor. Combinations of Capacitors. Energy Stored in a Charged Capacitor. Capacitors with Dielectrics.

17. Current and Resistance.

Electric Current. A Microscopic View: Current and Drift Speed. Current and Voltage Measurements in Circuits. Resistance and Ohm's Law. Resistivity. Temperature Variation of Resistance. Superconductors. Electrical Energy and Power. Electrical Activity in the Heart.

18. Direct Current Circuits.

Sources of emf. Resistors in Series. Resistors in Parallel. Kirchhoff's Rules and Complex DC Circuits. RC Circuits. Household Circuits. Electrical Safety. Conduction of Electrical Signals by Neurons.

19. Magnetism.

Magnets. Earth's Magnetic Field. Magnetic Fields. Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor. Torque on a Current Loop and Electric Motors. Motion of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field. Magnetic Field of a Long, Straight Wire and Ampère's Law. Magnetic Force Between Two Parallel Conductors. Magnetic Fields of a Current Loop and Solenoids. Magnetic Domains.

20. Induced Voltages and Inductance.

Induced emf and Magnetic Flux. Faraday's Law of Induction. Motional emf. Lenz's Law Revisited (The Minus Sign in Faraday's Law). Generators. Self-Inductance. RL Circuits. Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field.

21. Alternating Current Circuits and Electromagnetic Waves.

Resistors in an AC Circuit. Capacitors in an AC Circuit. Inductors in an AC Circuit. The RLC Series Circuit. Power in an AC Circuit. Resonance in a Series RLC Circuit. The Transformer. Maxwell's Predictions. Hertz's Confirmation of Maxwell's Predictions. Production of Electromagnetic Waves by an Antenna. Properties of Electromagnetic Waves. The Spectrum of Electromagnetic Waves. The Doppler Effect for Electromagnetic Waves.

22. Reflection and Refraction of Light.

The Nature of Light. Reflection and Refraction. The Law of Refraction. Dispersion and Prisms. The Rainbow. Huygens's Principle. Total Internal Reflection.

23. Mirrors and Lenses.

Flat Mirrors. Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors. Convex Mirrors and Sign Conventions. Images Formed by Refraction. Atmospheric Refraction. Thin Lenses. Lens and Mirror Aberrations.

24. Wave Optics.

Conditions for Interference. Young's Double-Slit Interference. Change of Phase Due to Reflection. Interference in Thin Films. Using Interference to Read CD's and DVD's. Diffraction. Single-Slit Diffraction. The Diffraction Grating. Polarization of Light Waves.

25. Optical Instruments.

The Camera. The Eye. The Simple Magnifier. The Compound Microscope. The Telescope. Resolution of Single-Slit and Circular Apertures. The Michelson Interferometer.

26. Relativity.

Introduction. The Principle of Galilean Relativity. The Speed of Light. The Michelson-Morley Experiment. Einstein's Principle of Relativity. Consequences of Special Relativity. Relativistic Momentum. Relativistic Addition of Velocities. Relativistic Energy and the Equivalence of Mass and Energy. Pair Production and Annihilation. General Relativity.

27. Quantum Physics.

Blackbody Radiation and Planck's Hypothesis. The Photoelectric Effect and the Particle Theory of Light. X-Rays. Diffraction of X-Rays by Crystals. The Compton Effect. The Dual Nature of Light and Matter. The Wave Function. The Uncertainty Principle. The Scanning Tunneling Microscope.

28. Atomic Physics.

Early Models of the Atom. Atomic Spectra. The Bohr Theory of Hydrogen. Modification of the Bohr Theory. De Broglie Waves and the Hydrogen Atom. Quantum Mechanics and the Hydrogen Atom. The Spin Magnetic Quantum Number. Electron Clouds. The Exclusion Principle and the Periodic Table. Characteristic X-Rays. Atomic Transitions. Lasers and Holography. Energy Bands in Solids. Semiconductor Devices.

29. Nuclear Physics.

Some Properties of Nuclei. Binding Energy. Radioactivity. The Decay Processes. Natural Radioactivity. Nuclear Reactions. Medical Applications of Radiation. Radiation Detectors.

30. Nuclear Energy and Elementary Particles.

Nuclear Fission. Nuclear Reactors. Nuclear Fusion. Elementary Particles. The Fundamental Forces in Nature. Positrons and Other Antiparticles. Mesons and the Beginning of Particle Physics. Classification of Particles. Conservation Laws. Strange Particles and Strangeness. The Eightfold Way. Quarks. Colored Quarks. Electroweak Theory and the Standard Model. The Cosmic Connection. Problems and Perspectives.

Raymond A. Serway, Jerry S. Faughn and Chris Vuille

ISBN13: 978-0495276562ISBN10: 0495276561

Cover type:

Edition/Copyright: 7TH 06

Publisher: Saunders College Division

Published: 2006

International: No

COLLEGE PHYSICS provides students with a clear and logical presentation of the basic concepts and principles of physics. The authors include a broad range of contemporary applications to motivate students understanding of how physics works in the real world. In addition, new pedagogy, reflecting the findings of physics education research, has been added to help students improve their problem solving skills and conceptual understanding. The text's flexible, accessible, and focused presentation, coupled with extraordinary text/media integration through PhysicsNow, gives instructors and students the tools they need to succeed. This text, which covers the standard topics in classical physics and 20th century physics, is divided into six parts. Newtonian mechanics and the physics of fluids (Part I); heat and thermodynamics (Part II); wave motion and sound (Part III); electricity and magnetism (Part IV); properties of light and the field of geometric and wave optics (Part V); and an introduction to special relativity, quantum physics, and atomic and nuclear physics (Part VI).

Table of Contents

Part 1: MECHANICS.

1. Introduction.

Standards of Length, Mass, and Time. The Building Blocks of Matter. Dimensional Analysis. Uncertainty in Measurement and Significant Figures. Conversion of Units. Estimates and Order-of-Magnitude Calculations. Coordinate Systems. Trigonometry. Problem-Solving Strategy.

2. Motion in One Dimension.

Displacement. Velocity. Acceleration. Motion Diagrams. One-Dimensional Motion with Constant Acceleration. Freely-Falling Objects.

3. Vectors and Two-Dimensional Motion.

Vectors and Their Properties. Components of a Vector. Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration in Two Dimensions. Motion in Two Dimensions. Relative Velocity.

4. The Laws of Motion.

Forces. Newton's First Law. Newton's Second Law. Newton's Third Law. Applications of Newton's Laws. Forces of Friction.

5. Energy.

Work. Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Theorem. Gravitational Potential Energy. Spring Potential Energy. Systems and Energy Conservation. Power. Work Done by a Varying Force.

6. Momentum and Collisions.

Momentum and Impulse. Conservation of Momentum. Collisions. Glancing Collisions. Rocket Propulsion.

7. Rotational Motion and the Law of Gravity.

Angular Speed and Angular Acceleration. Rotational Motion Under Constant Angular Acceleration. Relations Between Angular and Linear Quantities. Centripetal Acceleration. Newtonian Gravitation. Kepler's Laws.

8. Rotational Equilibrium and Rotational Dynamics.

Torque. Torque and the Two Conditions for Equilibrium. The Center of Gravity. Examples of Objects in Equilibrium. Relationship Between Torque and Angular Acceleration. Rotational Kinetic Energy. Angular Momentum.

9. Solids and Fluids.

States of Matter. The Deformation of Solids. Density and Pressure. Variation of Pressure with Depth. Pressure Measurements. Buoyant Forces and Archimedes's Principle. Fluids in Motion. Other Applications of Fluid Dynamics. Surface Tension, Capillary Action, and Viscous Fluid Flow. Transport Phenomena.

Part 2: THERMODYNAMICS.

10. Thermal Physics.

Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics. Thermometers and Temperature Scales. Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids. Macroscopic Description of an Ideal Gas. The Kinetic Theory of Gases.

11. Energy in Thermal Processes.

Heat and Internal Energy. Specific Heat. Calorimetry. Latent Heat and Phase Change. Energy Transfer. Global Warming and Greenhouse Gases.

12. The Laws of Thermodynamics.

Work in Thermodynamic Processes. The First Law of Thermodynamics. Heat Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Entropy. Human Metabolism.

Part 3: VIBRATIONS AND WAVES.

13. Vibrations and Waves.

Hooke's Law. Elastic Potential Energy. Comparing Simple Harmonic Motion with Uniform Circular Motion. Position, Velocity, and Acceleration as a Function of Time. Motion of a Pendulum. Damped Oscillations. Waves. Frequency, Amplitude, and Wavelength. The Speed of Waves on Strings. Interference of Waves. Reflection of Waves.

14. Sound.

Producing a Sound Wave. Characteristics of Sound Waves. The Speed of Sound. Energy and Intensity of Sound Waves. Spherical and Plane Waves. The Doppler Effect. Interference of Sound Waves. Standing Waves. Forced Vibrations and Resonance. Standing Waves in Air Columns. Beats. Quality of Sound. The Ear.

Part 4: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM.

15. Electric Forces and Electric Fields.

Properties of Electric Charges. Insulators and Conductors. Coulomb's Law. The Electric Field. Electric Field Lines. Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium. The Millikan Oil-Drop Experiment. The Van de Graaff Generator. Electric Flux and Gauss's Law.

16. Electrical Energy and Capacitance.

Potential Difference and Electric Potential. Electric Potential and Potential Energy Due to Point Charges. Potentials and Charged Conductors. Equipotential Surfaces. Applications. Capacitance. The Parallel-Plate Capacitor. Combinations of Capacitors. Energy Stored in a Charged Capacitor. Capacitors with Dielectrics.

17. Current and Resistance.

Electric Current. A Microscopic View: Current and Drift Speed. Current and Voltage Measurements in Circuits. Resistance and Ohm's Law. Resistivity. Temperature Variation of Resistance. Superconductors. Electrical Energy and Power. Electrical Activity in the Heart.

18. Direct Current Circuits.

Sources of emf. Resistors in Series. Resistors in Parallel. Kirchhoff's Rules and Complex DC Circuits. RC Circuits. Household Circuits. Electrical Safety. Conduction of Electrical Signals by Neurons.

19. Magnetism.

Magnets. Earth's Magnetic Field. Magnetic Fields. Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor. Torque on a Current Loop and Electric Motors. Motion of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field. Magnetic Field of a Long, Straight Wire and Ampère's Law. Magnetic Force Between Two Parallel Conductors. Magnetic Fields of a Current Loop and Solenoids. Magnetic Domains.

20. Induced Voltages and Inductance.

Induced emf and Magnetic Flux. Faraday's Law of Induction. Motional emf. Lenz's Law Revisited (The Minus Sign in Faraday's Law). Generators. Self-Inductance. RL Circuits. Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field.

21. Alternating Current Circuits and Electromagnetic Waves.

Resistors in an AC Circuit. Capacitors in an AC Circuit. Inductors in an AC Circuit. The RLC Series Circuit. Power in an AC Circuit. Resonance in a Series RLC Circuit. The Transformer. Maxwell's Predictions. Hertz's Confirmation of Maxwell's Predictions. Production of Electromagnetic Waves by an Antenna. Properties of Electromagnetic Waves. The Spectrum of Electromagnetic Waves. The Doppler Effect for Electromagnetic Waves.

22. Reflection and Refraction of Light.

The Nature of Light. Reflection and Refraction. The Law of Refraction. Dispersion and Prisms. The Rainbow. Huygens's Principle. Total Internal Reflection.

23. Mirrors and Lenses.

Flat Mirrors. Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors. Convex Mirrors and Sign Conventions. Images Formed by Refraction. Atmospheric Refraction. Thin Lenses. Lens and Mirror Aberrations.

24. Wave Optics.

Conditions for Interference. Young's Double-Slit Interference. Change of Phase Due to Reflection. Interference in Thin Films. Using Interference to Read CD's and DVD's. Diffraction. Single-Slit Diffraction. The Diffraction Grating. Polarization of Light Waves.

25. Optical Instruments.

The Camera. The Eye. The Simple Magnifier. The Compound Microscope. The Telescope. Resolution of Single-Slit and Circular Apertures. The Michelson Interferometer.

26. Relativity.

Introduction. The Principle of Galilean Relativity. The Speed of Light. The Michelson-Morley Experiment. Einstein's Principle of Relativity. Consequences of Special Relativity. Relativistic Momentum. Relativistic Addition of Velocities. Relativistic Energy and the Equivalence of Mass and Energy. Pair Production and Annihilation. General Relativity.

27. Quantum Physics.

Blackbody Radiation and Planck's Hypothesis. The Photoelectric Effect and the Particle Theory of Light. X-Rays. Diffraction of X-Rays by Crystals. The Compton Effect. The Dual Nature of Light and Matter. The Wave Function. The Uncertainty Principle. The Scanning Tunneling Microscope.

28. Atomic Physics.

Early Models of the Atom. Atomic Spectra. The Bohr Theory of Hydrogen. Modification of the Bohr Theory. De Broglie Waves and the Hydrogen Atom. Quantum Mechanics and the Hydrogen Atom. The Spin Magnetic Quantum Number. Electron Clouds. The Exclusion Principle and the Periodic Table. Characteristic X-Rays. Atomic Transitions. Lasers and Holography. Energy Bands in Solids. Semiconductor Devices.

29. Nuclear Physics.

Some Properties of Nuclei. Binding Energy. Radioactivity. The Decay Processes. Natural Radioactivity. Nuclear Reactions. Medical Applications of Radiation. Radiation Detectors.

30. Nuclear Energy and Elementary Particles.

Nuclear Fission. Nuclear Reactors. Nuclear Fusion. Elementary Particles. The Fundamental Forces in Nature. Positrons and Other Antiparticles. Mesons and the Beginning of Particle Physics. Classification of Particles. Conservation Laws. Strange Particles and Strangeness. The Eightfold Way. Quarks. Colored Quarks. Electroweak Theory and the Standard Model. The Cosmic Connection. Problems and Perspectives.