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by Alan Giambattista, Betty Richardson and Robert C. Richardson

ISBN13: 978-0072875591

ISBN10: 0072875593

Edition: 04

Copyright: 2004

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company

Published: 2004

International: No

ISBN10: 0072875593

Edition: 04

Copyright: 2004

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company

Published: 2004

International: No

College Physics is the best solution for today's college physics market. With a unique, new, approach to physics that builds a conceptual framework as motivation for the physical principles, consistent problem solving coverage, stunning art, extensive end-of-chapter material, and superior media support, Giambattista, Richardson, and Richardson delivers a product that addresses today's market needs with the best tools available.

Features

- New approach to college physics--Giambattista was developed from the notes and experiences of authors sitting next to students in study labs explaining physical principles on a daily basis. The authors found that students were able to grasp principles much more easily, completely, and remember those principles, if they were discussed with-in the context of something students were already familiar with and could relate to. The "Conceptual Framework" approach was developed and all physics concepts are presented to students in such a fashion.
- Because of the conceptual framework approach, the authors have integrated kinematics with forces in chapters 2-4.
- This presentation uses force as the central theme and presents kinematics as a natural extension that is necessary to provide a mathematical description of motion that results from a force being applied. This prevents the material from becoming compartmentalized and viewed as something to memorize instead of understand. This approach allows for a gradual exposure to one-dimensional forces, two-dimensional and then multi-dimensional forces. Students also benefit from being exposed to vectors and their terminology much sooner, allowing them to sharpen their skills on simpler situations and then gain confidence as they continue through the force chapters.
- Problem Solving Approach: Giambattista/Richardson/Richardson employs a consistent approach to the presentation of examples. Every example includes strategy, solution, discussion, and practice problem (with answer at end-of-chapter). Care is taken to make sure that students are equipped with tools to solve problems and that they do not just MEMORIZE STEPS to solve that one example problem.
- Unparalleled Illustration Program: Giambattista offers an incredible visual program that combines "showcase" pieces with diagrammatic pieces to aid student understanding. The showcase pieces are designed to be used with concepts that tend to be difficult for students to understand. These showcase pieces allow students to visualize more difficult situations. The integrated diagrammatic art, helps to break that difficult situation into a simple model.
- Extensive End-of-Chapter Material which includes: Master These Concepts (summary of CONCEPTS as well as the integrated equations); Highlighted Figures and Tables.
- Problems--clearly, one of the most closely scrutinized portions of any college physics textbook is the end-of-chapter material including but not limited to the quality and quantity of problems. The Giambattista/Richardson/Richardson problems have consistently reviewed very well and have been quadruple checked for accuracy. The various problem types are as follows:
- Conceptual Questions;
- Multiple Choice Review Questions (with more on the website);
- Problems by Section (featuring paired problems)
- Comprehensive Problems;
- Combination Problems (quantitative and conceptual problems combined)
- Chapter 8, presents another great example of how the Conceptual Framework approach has influenced presentation. Rotational kinetic energy is now introduced first since it usually is the easiest of the rotational quantities for the student to understand. It also leads in a very natural way, to the necessity of rotational inertia. Torque, one of the most difficult concepts for many students, is introduced after the student already has some understanding of other rotational concepts.
- ALEKS for College Physics! This tremendously successful math tutorial system will be available with the Giambattista text. This program designed to deal only with the math operations needed for college physics, is designed to work with students current knowledge base, see where they need help, and then supply that additional information and problems to help students master those math concepts once and for all!
- Interactive Applets! These "Interactives" offer a fresh and dynamic method to teach the physics basics by providing students with applets that are completely accurate and work with real data. Interactives allow students to manipulate parameters and gain a better understanding of 15 of the more difficult physics topics by watching the effect of these manipulations. Each Interactive includes:
- Analysis Tool (interactive model)
- Tutorial describing its function
- Content describing its principle themes
- Related Exercises
- Solutions to the exercises.exercises.exercises.

PART ONE: MECHANICS

**Chapter 2: Forces and Introduction to Vectors **

2.1 Forces

2.2 Fundamental forces

2.3 Newton's laws of motion

2.4 Net force: vector addition

2.5 Gravitational forces

2.6 Contact forces

2.7 Tension

**Chapter 3: Forces and Motion along a Line **

3.1 Position and displacement

3.2 Velocity

3.3 Acceleration

3.4 Newton's second law: force and acceleration

3.5 Motion with constant acceleration

3.6 Falling objects

3.7 Apparent weight

**Chapter 4: Forces and Motion in Two Dimensions **

4.1 Addition and subtraction of vectors in two dimensions

4.2 Components of vectors in two dimensions

4.3 Equilibrium

4.4 Velocity and acceleration

4.5 Motion of projectiles

4.6 Other examples of constant acceleration

4.7 Relative velocity

**Chapter 5: Circular Motion **

5.1 Description of uniform circular motion

5.2 Centripetal acceleration

5.3 Banked curves

5.4 Circular orbits

5.5 Nonuniform circular motion

5.6 Angular acceleration

5.7 Artificial gravity

**Chapter 6: Energy **

6.1 A conservation law

6.2 Work done by constant forces

6.3 Kinetic energy

6.4 Work done by variable forces

6.5 Potential energy

6.6 Conservation of mechanical energy

6.7 General law of energy conservation

6.8 Power

**Chapter 7: Linear Momentum **

7.1 A vector conservation law

7.2 Momentum

7.3 The impulse-momentum theorem

7.4 Conservation of momentum

7.5 Center of mass

7.6 Motion of the center of mass

7.7 Collisions in one dimension

7.8 Collisions in two dimensions

**Chapter 8: Torque and Angular Momentum **

8.1 Rotational kinetic energy and rotational inertia

8.2 Torque

8.3 Work done by a torque

8.4 Equilibrium revisited

8.5 Equilibrium in the human body

8.6 Rotational form of Newton's second law

8.7 The dynamics of rolling objects

8.8 Angular momentum

8.9 The vector nature of angular momentum

**Chapter 9: Fluids **

9.1 States of matter

9.2 Pressure

9.3 Pascal's principle

9.4 The effect of gravity on fluid pressure

9.5 Measuring pressure

9.6 Archimedes' principle

9.7 Fluid flow

9.8 Bernoulli's equation

9.9 Viscosity

9.10 Viscous drag

9.11 Surface tension

**Chapter 10: Elasticity and Oscillations **

10.1 Elastic deformations of solids

10.2 Hooke's law for tensile and compressive forces

10.3 Beyond Hooke's law

10.4 Shear and volume deformations

10.5 Simple harmonic motion

10.6 The period and frequency for SHM

10.7 Graphical analysis of SHM

10.8 The pendulum

10.9 Damped oscillations

10.10 Forced oscillations and resonance

**Chapter 11: Waves **

11.1 Waves and energy transport

11.2 Transverse and longitudinal waves

11.3 Speed of transverse waves on a string

11.4 Periodic waves

11.5 Mathematical description of a wave

11.6 Graphing waves

11.7 Principle of superposition

11.8 Reflection and refraction

11.9 Interference and diffraction

11.10 Standing waves

**Chapter 12: Sound **

12.1 Sound waves

12.2 The speed of sound waves

12.3 Amplitude and intensity of sound waves

12.4 Standing sound waves

12.5 The human ear

12.6 Timbre

12.7 Beats

12.8 The Doppler effect

12.9 Shock waves

12.10 Echolocation and medical imaging

PART TWO: THERMAL PHYSICS

**Chapter 13: Temperature and the Ideal Gas **

13.1 Temperature

13.2 Temperature scales

13.3 Thermal expansion of solids and liquids

13.4 Molecular picture of a gas

13.5 Absolute temperature and the ideal gas law

13.6 Kinetic theory of the ideal gas

13.7 Temperature and reaction rates

13.8 Collisions between gas molecules

**Chapter 14: Heat **

14.1 Internal energy

14.2 Heat

14.3 Heat capacity and specific heat

14.4 Specific heat of ideal gases

14.5 Phase transitions

14.6 Conduction

14.7 Convection

14.8 Radiation

**Chapter 15: Thermodynamics **

15.1 The first law of thermodynamics

15.2 Thermodynamic processes

15.3 Constant pressure expansion of an ideal gas

15.4 Reversible and irreversible processes

15.5 Heat engines

15.6 Refrigerators and heat pumps

15.7 Reversible engines and heat pumps

15.8 Carnot cycle

15.9 Entropy

15.10 Statistical interpretation of entropy

15.11 The third law of thermodynamics

PART THREE: ELECTROMAGNETISM

**Chapter 16: Electric Forces and Fields **

16.1 Electric charge

16.2 Conductors and insulators

16.3 Coulomb's law

16.4 The electric field

16.5 Motion of a point charge in a uniform electric field

16.6 Conductors in electrostatic equilibrium

16.7 Gauss's law for electric fields

**Chapter 17: Electric Potential **

17.1 Electric potential energy

17.2 Electric potential

17.3 The relationship between electric field and potential

17.4 Conservation of energy for moving charges

17.5 Capacitors

17.6 Dielectrics

17.7 Energy stored in a capacitor

**Chapter 18: Electric Current and Circuits **

18.1 Electric current

18.2 Emf and circuits

18.3 Microscopic view of current in a metal

18.4 Resistance and resistivity

18.5 Kirchoff's rules

18.6 Series and parallel circuits

18.7 Circuit analysis using Kirchoff's rules

18.8 Power and energy in circuits

18.9 Measuring currents and voltages

18.10 RC circuits

18.11 Electrical safety

**Chapter 19: Magnetic Forces and Fields **

19.1 Magnetic fields

19.2 Magnetic force on a point charge

19.3 Charged particle moving perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field

19.4 Motion of a charged particle in a uniform magnetic field: general

19.5 A charged particle in crossed E and B fields

19.6 Magnetic force on a current-carrying wire

19.7 Torque on a current loop

19.8 Magnetic field due to an electric current

19.9 Ampère's law

19.10 Magnetic materials

**Chapter 20: Electromagnetic Induction **

20.1 Motional Emf

20.2 Electric generators

20.3 Faraday's law

20.4 Lenz's law

20.5 Back Emf in a motor

20.6 Transformers

20.7 Eddy currents

20.8 Induced electric fields

20.9 Mutual and self-inductance

20.10 LR circuits

**Chapter 21: Alternating Current **

21.1 Sinusoidal currents and voltages; resistors in AC circuits

21.2 Electricity in the home

21.3 Capacitors in AC circuits

21.4 Inductors in AC circuits

21.5 RLC series circuit

21.6 Resonance in an RLC circuit

21.7 Converting AC to DC; filters

PART FOUR: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES AND OPTICS

**Chapter 22: Electromagnetic Waves **

22.1 Accelerating charges produce electromagnetic waves

22.2 Maxwell's equations

22.3 Antennas

22.4 The electromagnetic spectrum

22.5 Speed of EM waves in vacuum and in matter

22.6 Characteristics of electromagnetic waves in vacuum

22.7 Energy transport by EM waves

22.8 Polarization

22.9 The Doppler effect for EM waves

**Chapter 23: Reflection and Refraction of Light **

23.1 Wavefronts, rays, and Huygens' principle

23.2 The reflection of light

23.3 The refraction of light: Snell's law

23.4 Total internal reflection

23.5 Brewster's angle

23.6 The formation of images through reflection or refraction

23.7 Plane mirrors

23.8 Spherical mirrors

23.9 Thin lenses

**Chapter 24: Optical Instruments **

24.1 Lenses in combination

24.2 Cameras

24.3 The eye

24.4 The simple magnifier

24.5 Compound microscopes

24.6 Telescopes

24.7 Aberrations of lenses and mirrors

**Chapter 25: Interference and Diffraction **

25.1 Constructive and destructive interference

25.2 The Michelson interferometer

25.3 Thin films

25.4 Young's double slit experiment

25.5 Gratings

25.6 Diffraction and Huygens' principle

25.7 Diffraction by a single slit

25.8 Diffraction and the resolution of optical instruments

25.9 X-ray diffraction

25.10 Holography

PART FIVE: QUANTUM AND PARTICLE PHYSICS

**Chapter 26: Relativity **

26.1 Postulates of relativity

26.2 Simultaneity and ideal observers

26.3 Time dilation

26.4 Length contraction

26.5 Velocities in different reference frames

26.6 Relativistic momentum

26.7 Mass and energy

26.8 Relativistic kinetic energy

**Chapter 27: Early Quantum Physics and the Photon **

27.1 Quantization

27.2 Blackbody radiation

27.3 The photoelectric effect

27.4 X-ray production

27.5 Compton scattering

27.6 Spectroscopy and early models of the atom

27.7 The Bohr model of the hydrogen atom; atomic energy levels

27.8 Pair annihilation and pair production

**Chapter 28: Quantum Physics **

28.1 The wave-particle duality

28.2 Matter waves

28.3 Electron microscopes

28.4 The uncertainty principle

28.5 Wave functions for a confined particle

28.6 The hydrogen atom: wave functions and quantum numbers

28.7 The exclusion principle: electron configurations for atoms other than hydrogen

28.8 Electron energy levels in a solid

28.9 Lasers

28.10 Tunneling

**Chapter 29: Nuclear Physics **

29.1 Nuclear structure

29.2 Binding energy

29.3 Radioactivity

29.4 Radioactive decay rates and half-lives

29.5 Biological effects of radiation

29.6 Induced nuclear reactions

29.7 Fission

29.8 Fusion

**Chapter 30: Particle Physics **

30.1 Fundamental particles

30.2 Fundamental interactions

30.3 Unification

30.4 "Who ordered that?"

30.5 Twenty-first-century particle physics

APPENDICES

Appendix A: Mathematics Review

A.1 Algebra

A.2 Solving equations

A.3 Exponents and logarithms

A.4 Proportions and ratios

A.5 Geometry

A.6 Trigonometry

A.7 Approximations

A.8 Vectors

Appendix B: Table of Selected Nuclides: Table of Selected Nuclides

Alan Giambattista, Betty Richardson and Robert C. Richardson

ISBN13: 978-0072875591ISBN10: 0072875593

Edition: 04

Copyright: 2004

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company

Published: 2004

International: No

College Physics is the best solution for today's college physics market. With a unique, new, approach to physics that builds a conceptual framework as motivation for the physical principles, consistent problem solving coverage, stunning art, extensive end-of-chapter material, and superior media support, Giambattista, Richardson, and Richardson delivers a product that addresses today's market needs with the best tools available.

Features

- New approach to college physics--Giambattista was developed from the notes and experiences of authors sitting next to students in study labs explaining physical principles on a daily basis. The authors found that students were able to grasp principles much more easily, completely, and remember those principles, if they were discussed with-in the context of something students were already familiar with and could relate to. The "Conceptual Framework" approach was developed and all physics concepts are presented to students in such a fashion.
- Because of the conceptual framework approach, the authors have integrated kinematics with forces in chapters 2-4.
- This presentation uses force as the central theme and presents kinematics as a natural extension that is necessary to provide a mathematical description of motion that results from a force being applied. This prevents the material from becoming compartmentalized and viewed as something to memorize instead of understand. This approach allows for a gradual exposure to one-dimensional forces, two-dimensional and then multi-dimensional forces. Students also benefit from being exposed to vectors and their terminology much sooner, allowing them to sharpen their skills on simpler situations and then gain confidence as they continue through the force chapters.
- Problem Solving Approach: Giambattista/Richardson/Richardson employs a consistent approach to the presentation of examples. Every example includes strategy, solution, discussion, and practice problem (with answer at end-of-chapter). Care is taken to make sure that students are equipped with tools to solve problems and that they do not just MEMORIZE STEPS to solve that one example problem.
- Unparalleled Illustration Program: Giambattista offers an incredible visual program that combines "showcase" pieces with diagrammatic pieces to aid student understanding. The showcase pieces are designed to be used with concepts that tend to be difficult for students to understand. These showcase pieces allow students to visualize more difficult situations. The integrated diagrammatic art, helps to break that difficult situation into a simple model.
- Extensive End-of-Chapter Material which includes: Master These Concepts (summary of CONCEPTS as well as the integrated equations); Highlighted Figures and Tables.
- Problems--clearly, one of the most closely scrutinized portions of any college physics textbook is the end-of-chapter material including but not limited to the quality and quantity of problems. The Giambattista/Richardson/Richardson problems have consistently reviewed very well and have been quadruple checked for accuracy. The various problem types are as follows:
- Conceptual Questions;
- Multiple Choice Review Questions (with more on the website);
- Problems by Section (featuring paired problems)
- Comprehensive Problems;
- Combination Problems (quantitative and conceptual problems combined)
- Chapter 8, presents another great example of how the Conceptual Framework approach has influenced presentation. Rotational kinetic energy is now introduced first since it usually is the easiest of the rotational quantities for the student to understand. It also leads in a very natural way, to the necessity of rotational inertia. Torque, one of the most difficult concepts for many students, is introduced after the student already has some understanding of other rotational concepts.
- ALEKS for College Physics! This tremendously successful math tutorial system will be available with the Giambattista text. This program designed to deal only with the math operations needed for college physics, is designed to work with students current knowledge base, see where they need help, and then supply that additional information and problems to help students master those math concepts once and for all!
- Interactive Applets! These "Interactives" offer a fresh and dynamic method to teach the physics basics by providing students with applets that are completely accurate and work with real data. Interactives allow students to manipulate parameters and gain a better understanding of 15 of the more difficult physics topics by watching the effect of these manipulations. Each Interactive includes:
- Analysis Tool (interactive model)
- Tutorial describing its function
- Content describing its principle themes
- Related Exercises
- Solutions to the exercises.exercises.exercises.

Table of Contents

PART ONE: MECHANICS

**Chapter 2: Forces and Introduction to Vectors **

2.1 Forces

2.2 Fundamental forces

2.3 Newton's laws of motion

2.4 Net force: vector addition

2.5 Gravitational forces

2.6 Contact forces

2.7 Tension

**Chapter 3: Forces and Motion along a Line **

3.1 Position and displacement

3.2 Velocity

3.3 Acceleration

3.4 Newton's second law: force and acceleration

3.5 Motion with constant acceleration

3.6 Falling objects

3.7 Apparent weight

**Chapter 4: Forces and Motion in Two Dimensions **

4.1 Addition and subtraction of vectors in two dimensions

4.2 Components of vectors in two dimensions

4.3 Equilibrium

4.4 Velocity and acceleration

4.5 Motion of projectiles

4.6 Other examples of constant acceleration

4.7 Relative velocity

**Chapter 5: Circular Motion **

5.1 Description of uniform circular motion

5.2 Centripetal acceleration

5.3 Banked curves

5.4 Circular orbits

5.5 Nonuniform circular motion

5.6 Angular acceleration

5.7 Artificial gravity

**Chapter 6: Energy **

6.1 A conservation law

6.2 Work done by constant forces

6.3 Kinetic energy

6.4 Work done by variable forces

6.5 Potential energy

6.6 Conservation of mechanical energy

6.7 General law of energy conservation

6.8 Power

**Chapter 7: Linear Momentum **

7.1 A vector conservation law

7.2 Momentum

7.3 The impulse-momentum theorem

7.4 Conservation of momentum

7.5 Center of mass

7.6 Motion of the center of mass

7.7 Collisions in one dimension

7.8 Collisions in two dimensions

**Chapter 8: Torque and Angular Momentum **

8.1 Rotational kinetic energy and rotational inertia

8.2 Torque

8.3 Work done by a torque

8.4 Equilibrium revisited

8.5 Equilibrium in the human body

8.6 Rotational form of Newton's second law

8.7 The dynamics of rolling objects

8.8 Angular momentum

8.9 The vector nature of angular momentum

**Chapter 9: Fluids **

9.1 States of matter

9.2 Pressure

9.3 Pascal's principle

9.4 The effect of gravity on fluid pressure

9.5 Measuring pressure

9.6 Archimedes' principle

9.7 Fluid flow

9.8 Bernoulli's equation

9.9 Viscosity

9.10 Viscous drag

9.11 Surface tension

**Chapter 10: Elasticity and Oscillations **

10.1 Elastic deformations of solids

10.2 Hooke's law for tensile and compressive forces

10.3 Beyond Hooke's law

10.4 Shear and volume deformations

10.5 Simple harmonic motion

10.6 The period and frequency for SHM

10.7 Graphical analysis of SHM

10.8 The pendulum

10.9 Damped oscillations

10.10 Forced oscillations and resonance

**Chapter 11: Waves **

11.1 Waves and energy transport

11.2 Transverse and longitudinal waves

11.3 Speed of transverse waves on a string

11.4 Periodic waves

11.5 Mathematical description of a wave

11.6 Graphing waves

11.7 Principle of superposition

11.8 Reflection and refraction

11.9 Interference and diffraction

11.10 Standing waves

**Chapter 12: Sound **

12.1 Sound waves

12.2 The speed of sound waves

12.3 Amplitude and intensity of sound waves

12.4 Standing sound waves

12.5 The human ear

12.6 Timbre

12.7 Beats

12.8 The Doppler effect

12.9 Shock waves

12.10 Echolocation and medical imaging

PART TWO: THERMAL PHYSICS

**Chapter 13: Temperature and the Ideal Gas **

13.1 Temperature

13.2 Temperature scales

13.3 Thermal expansion of solids and liquids

13.4 Molecular picture of a gas

13.5 Absolute temperature and the ideal gas law

13.6 Kinetic theory of the ideal gas

13.7 Temperature and reaction rates

13.8 Collisions between gas molecules

**Chapter 14: Heat **

14.1 Internal energy

14.2 Heat

14.3 Heat capacity and specific heat

14.4 Specific heat of ideal gases

14.5 Phase transitions

14.6 Conduction

14.7 Convection

14.8 Radiation

**Chapter 15: Thermodynamics **

15.1 The first law of thermodynamics

15.2 Thermodynamic processes

15.3 Constant pressure expansion of an ideal gas

15.4 Reversible and irreversible processes

15.5 Heat engines

15.6 Refrigerators and heat pumps

15.7 Reversible engines and heat pumps

15.8 Carnot cycle

15.9 Entropy

15.10 Statistical interpretation of entropy

15.11 The third law of thermodynamics

PART THREE: ELECTROMAGNETISM

**Chapter 16: Electric Forces and Fields **

16.1 Electric charge

16.2 Conductors and insulators

16.3 Coulomb's law

16.4 The electric field

16.5 Motion of a point charge in a uniform electric field

16.6 Conductors in electrostatic equilibrium

16.7 Gauss's law for electric fields

**Chapter 17: Electric Potential **

17.1 Electric potential energy

17.2 Electric potential

17.3 The relationship between electric field and potential

17.4 Conservation of energy for moving charges

17.5 Capacitors

17.6 Dielectrics

17.7 Energy stored in a capacitor

**Chapter 18: Electric Current and Circuits **

18.1 Electric current

18.2 Emf and circuits

18.3 Microscopic view of current in a metal

18.4 Resistance and resistivity

18.5 Kirchoff's rules

18.6 Series and parallel circuits

18.7 Circuit analysis using Kirchoff's rules

18.8 Power and energy in circuits

18.9 Measuring currents and voltages

18.10 RC circuits

18.11 Electrical safety

**Chapter 19: Magnetic Forces and Fields **

19.1 Magnetic fields

19.2 Magnetic force on a point charge

19.3 Charged particle moving perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field

19.4 Motion of a charged particle in a uniform magnetic field: general

19.5 A charged particle in crossed E and B fields

19.6 Magnetic force on a current-carrying wire

19.7 Torque on a current loop

19.8 Magnetic field due to an electric current

19.9 Ampère's law

19.10 Magnetic materials

**Chapter 20: Electromagnetic Induction **

20.1 Motional Emf

20.2 Electric generators

20.3 Faraday's law

20.4 Lenz's law

20.5 Back Emf in a motor

20.6 Transformers

20.7 Eddy currents

20.8 Induced electric fields

20.9 Mutual and self-inductance

20.10 LR circuits

**Chapter 21: Alternating Current **

21.1 Sinusoidal currents and voltages; resistors in AC circuits

21.2 Electricity in the home

21.3 Capacitors in AC circuits

21.4 Inductors in AC circuits

21.5 RLC series circuit

21.6 Resonance in an RLC circuit

21.7 Converting AC to DC; filters

PART FOUR: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES AND OPTICS

**Chapter 22: Electromagnetic Waves **

22.1 Accelerating charges produce electromagnetic waves

22.2 Maxwell's equations

22.3 Antennas

22.4 The electromagnetic spectrum

22.5 Speed of EM waves in vacuum and in matter

22.6 Characteristics of electromagnetic waves in vacuum

22.7 Energy transport by EM waves

22.8 Polarization

22.9 The Doppler effect for EM waves

**Chapter 23: Reflection and Refraction of Light **

23.1 Wavefronts, rays, and Huygens' principle

23.2 The reflection of light

23.3 The refraction of light: Snell's law

23.4 Total internal reflection

23.5 Brewster's angle

23.6 The formation of images through reflection or refraction

23.7 Plane mirrors

23.8 Spherical mirrors

23.9 Thin lenses

**Chapter 24: Optical Instruments **

24.1 Lenses in combination

24.2 Cameras

24.3 The eye

24.4 The simple magnifier

24.5 Compound microscopes

24.6 Telescopes

24.7 Aberrations of lenses and mirrors

**Chapter 25: Interference and Diffraction **

25.1 Constructive and destructive interference

25.2 The Michelson interferometer

25.3 Thin films

25.4 Young's double slit experiment

25.5 Gratings

25.6 Diffraction and Huygens' principle

25.7 Diffraction by a single slit

25.8 Diffraction and the resolution of optical instruments

25.9 X-ray diffraction

25.10 Holography

PART FIVE: QUANTUM AND PARTICLE PHYSICS

**Chapter 26: Relativity **

26.1 Postulates of relativity

26.2 Simultaneity and ideal observers

26.3 Time dilation

26.4 Length contraction

26.5 Velocities in different reference frames

26.6 Relativistic momentum

26.7 Mass and energy

26.8 Relativistic kinetic energy

**Chapter 27: Early Quantum Physics and the Photon **

27.1 Quantization

27.2 Blackbody radiation

27.3 The photoelectric effect

27.4 X-ray production

27.5 Compton scattering

27.6 Spectroscopy and early models of the atom

27.7 The Bohr model of the hydrogen atom; atomic energy levels

27.8 Pair annihilation and pair production

**Chapter 28: Quantum Physics **

28.1 The wave-particle duality

28.2 Matter waves

28.3 Electron microscopes

28.4 The uncertainty principle

28.5 Wave functions for a confined particle

28.6 The hydrogen atom: wave functions and quantum numbers

28.7 The exclusion principle: electron configurations for atoms other than hydrogen

28.8 Electron energy levels in a solid

28.9 Lasers

28.10 Tunneling

**Chapter 29: Nuclear Physics **

29.1 Nuclear structure

29.2 Binding energy

29.3 Radioactivity

29.4 Radioactive decay rates and half-lives

29.5 Biological effects of radiation

29.6 Induced nuclear reactions

29.7 Fission

29.8 Fusion

**Chapter 30: Particle Physics **

30.1 Fundamental particles

30.2 Fundamental interactions

30.3 Unification

30.4 "Who ordered that?"

30.5 Twenty-first-century particle physics

APPENDICES

Appendix A: Mathematics Review

A.1 Algebra

A.2 Solving equations

A.3 Exponents and logarithms

A.4 Proportions and ratios

A.5 Geometry

A.6 Trigonometry

A.7 Approximations

A.8 Vectors

Appendix B: Table of Selected Nuclides: Table of Selected Nuclides

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