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College Physics, Volume 2-Chapter 16-30

College Physics, Volume 2-Chapter 16-30 - 04 edition

ISBN13: 978-0072876741

Cover of College Physics, Volume 2-Chapter 16-30 04 (ISBN 978-0072876741)
ISBN13: 978-0072876741
ISBN10: 0072876743
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 04
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company
Published: 2004
International: No

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College Physics, Volume 2-Chapter 16-30 - 04 edition

ISBN13: 978-0072876741

Alan Giambattista, Betty Richardson and Robert C. Richardson

ISBN13: 978-0072876741
ISBN10: 0072876743
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 04
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company

Published: 2004
International: No

Volume 2 (chapters 16-30): College Physics is the best solution for today's college physics market. With a unique, new, approach to physics that builds a conceptual framework as motivation for the physical principles, consistent problem solving coverage, stunning art, extensive end-of-chapter material, and superior media support, Giambattista, Richardson, and Richardson delivers a product that addresses today's market needs with the best tools available.

Features :

  • New approach to college physics--Giambattista was developed from the notes and experiences of authors sitting next to students in study labs explaining physical principles on a daily basis. The authors found that students were able to grasp principles much more easily, completely, and remember those principles, if they were discussed with-in the context of something students were already familiar with and could relate to. The "Conceptual Framework" approach was developed and all physics concepts are presented to students in such a fashion.
  • Because of the conceptual framework approach, the authors have integrated kinematics with forces in chapters 2-4.
  • This presentation uses force as the central theme and presents kinematics as a natural extension that is necessary to provide a mathematical description of motion that results from a force being applied. This prevents the material from becoming compartmentalized and viewed as something to memorize instead of understand. This approach allows for a gradual exposure to one-dimensional forces, two-dimensional and then multi-dimensional forces. Students also benefit from being exposed to vectors and their terminology much sooner, allowing them to sharpen their skills on simpler situations and then gain confidence as they continue through the force chapters.
  • Problem Solving Approach: Giambattista/Richardson/Richardson employs a consistent approach to the presentation of examples. Every example includes strategy, solution, discussion, and practice problem (with answer at end-of-chapter). Care is taken to make sure that students are equipped with tools to solve problems and that they do not just memorize steps to solve that one example problem. Students learn how to approach problems and know what to expect when they look at the examples. The consistent format ensures students are on track with the authors at all times throughout the book.
  • Unparalleled Illustration Program: Giambattista offers an incredible visual program that combines "showcase" pieces with diagrammatic pieces to aid student understanding. The showcase pieces are designed to be used with concepts that tend to be difficult for students to understand. These showcase pieces allow students to visualize more difficult situations. The integrated diagrammatic art, helps to break that difficult situation into a simple model.
  • Extensive End-of-Chapter Material which includes: Master These Concepts (summary of concepts as well as the integrated equations); Highlighted Figures and Tables.
  • Problems--clearly, one of the most closely scrutinized portions of any college physics textbook is the end-of-chapter material including but not limited to the quality and quantity of problems. The Giambattista/Richardson/Richardson problems have consistently reviewed very well and have been quadruple checked for accuracy. The various problem types are as follows: * Conceptual Questions; * Multiple Choice Review Questions (with more on the website); * Problems by Section (featuring paired problems) * Comprehensive Problems; * Combination Problems (quantitative and conceptual problems combined)
  • Chapter 8, presents another great example of how the Conceptual Framework approach has influenced presentation. Rotational kinetic energy is now introduced first since it usually is the easiest of the rotational quantities for the student to understand. It also leads in a very natural way, to the necessity of rotational inertia. Torque, one of the most difficult concepts for many students, is introduced after the student already has some understanding of other rotational concepts.
  • ALEKS for College Physics! This tremendously successful math tutorial system is available with the Giambattista text. This program focuses on only with the math operations needed for college physics. ALEKS determines students current knowledge base, identifies where they need help, and then supplies that student with additional information and problems; allowing students to master those math concepts once and for all!
  • Interactive Applets! These "Interactives" offer a fresh and dynamic method to teach the physics basics by providing students with applets that are completely accurate and work with real data. Interactives allow students to manipulate parameters and gain a better understanding of 15 of the more difficult physics topics by watching the effect of these manipulations. Each Interactive includes a tutorial describing its function to maximize interaction and learning.

Author Bio

Giambattista, Alan : Cornell University--Ithaca

Richardson, Betty : Cornell University--Ithaca

Richardson, Robert C. : Cornell University--Ithaca

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

1.1 Why study physics?
1.2 Talking physics
1.3 The use of mathematics
1.4 Scientific notation and significant figures
1.5 Units
1.6 Dimensional analysis
1.7 Problem-solving techniques
1.8 Approximations
1.9 Graphs


Chapter 2: Forces and Introduction to Vectors

2.1 Forces
2.2 Fundamental forces
2.3 Newton's laws of motion
2.4 Net force: vector addition
2.5 Gravitational forces
2.6 Contact forces
2.7 Tension

Chapter 3: Forces and Motion along a Line

3.1 Position and displacement
3.2 Velocity
3.3 Acceleration
3.4 Newton's second law: force and acceleration
3.5 Motion with constant acceleration
3.6 Falling objects
3.7 Apparent weight

Chapter 4: Forces and Motion in Two Dimensions

4.1 Addition and subtraction of vectors in two dimensions
4.2 Components of vectors in two dimensions
4.3 Equilibrium
4.4 Velocity and acceleration
4.5 Motion of projectiles
4.6 Other examples of constant acceleration
4.7 Relative velocity

Chapter 5: Circular Motion

5.1 Description of uniform circular motion
5.2 Centripetal acceleration
5.3 Banked curves
5.4 Circular orbits
5.5 Nonuniform circular motion
5.6 Angular acceleration
5.7 Artificial gravity

Chapter 6: Energy

6.1 A conservation law
6.2 Work done by constant forces
6.3 Kinetic energy
6.4 Work done by variable forces
6.5 Potential energy
6.6 Conservation of mechanical energy
6.7 General law of energy conservation
6.8 Power

Chapter 7: Linear Momentum

7.1 A vector conservation law
7.2 Momentum
7.3 The impulse-momentum theorem
7.4 Conservation of momentum
7.5 Center of mass
7.6 Motion of the center of mass
7.7 Collisions in one dimension
7.8 Collisions in two dimensions

Chapter 8: Torque and Angular Momentum

8.1 Rotational kinetic energy and rotational inertia
8.2 Torque
8.3 Work done by a torque
8.4 Equilibrium revisited
8.5 Equilibrium in the human body
8.6 Rotational form of Newton's second law
8.7 The dynamics of rolling objects
8.8 Angular momentum
8.9 The vector nature of angular momentum

Chapter 9: Fluids

9.1 States of matter
9.2 Pressure
9.3 Pascal's principle
9.4 The effect of gravity on fluid pressure
9.5 Measuring pressure
9.6 Archimedes' principle
9.7 Fluid flow
9.8 Bernoulli's equation
9.9 Viscosity
9.10 Viscous drag
9.11 Surface tension

Chapter 10: Elasticity and Oscillations

10.1 Elastic deformations of solids
10.2 Hooke's law for tensile and compressive forces
10.3 Beyond Hooke's law
10.4 Shear and volume deformations
10.5 Simple harmonic motion
10.6 The period and frequency for SHM
10.7 Graphical analysis of SHM
10.8 The pendulum
10.9 Damped oscillations
10.10 Forced oscillations and resonance

Chapter 11: Waves

11.1 Waves and energy transport
11.2 Transverse and longitudinal waves
11.3 Speed of transverse waves on a string
11.4 Periodic waves
11.5 Mathematical description of a wave
11.6 Graphing waves
11.7 Principle of superposition
11.8 Reflection and refraction
11.9 Interference and diffraction
11.10 Standing waves

Chapter 12: Sound

12.1 Sound waves
12.2 The speed of sound waves
12.3 Amplitude and intensity of sound waves
12.4 Standing sound waves
12.5 The human ear
12.6 Timbre
12.7 Beats
12.8 The Doppler effect
12.9 Shock waves
12.10 Echolocation and medical imaging


Chapter 13: Temperature and the Ideal Gas

13.1 Temperature
13.2 Temperature scales
13.3 Thermal expansion of solids and liquids
13.4 Molecular picture of a gas
13.5 Absolute temperature and the ideal gas law
13.6 Kinetic theory of the ideal gas
13.7 Temperature and reaction rates
13.8 Collisions between gas molecules

Chapter 14: Heat

14.1 Internal energy
14.2 Heat
14.3 Heat capacity and specific heat
14.4 Specific heat of ideal gases
14.5 Phase transitions
14.6 Conduction
14.7 Convection
14.8 Radiation

Chapter 15: Thermodynamics

15.1 The first law of thermodynamics
15.2 Thermodynamic processes
15.3 Constant pressure expansion of an ideal gas
15.4 Reversible and irreversible processes
15.5 Heat engines
15.6 Refrigerators and heat pumps
15.7 Reversible engines and heat pumps
15.8 Carnot cycle
15.9 Entropy
15.10 Statistical interpretation of entropy
15.11 The third law of thermodynamics


Chapter 16: Electric Forces and Fields

16.1 Electric charge
16.2 Conductors and insulators
16.3 Coulomb's law
16.4 The electric field
16.5 Motion of a point charge in a uniform electric field
16.6 Conductors in electrostatic equilibrium
16.7 Gauss's law for electric fields

Chapter 17: Electric Potential

17.1 Electric potential energy
17.2 Electric potential
17.3 The relationship between electric field and potential
17.4 Conservation of energy for moving charges
17.5 Capacitors
17.6 Dielectrics
17.7 Energy stored in a capacitor

Chapter 18: Electric Current and Circuits

18.1 Electric current
18.2 Emf and circuits
18.3 Microscopic view of current in a metal
18.4 Resistance and resistivity
18.5 Kirchoff's rules
18.6 Series and parallel circuits
18.7 Circuit analysis using Kirchoff's rules
18.8 Power and energy in circuits
18.9 Measuring currents and voltages
18.10 RC circuits
18.11 Electrical safety

Chapter 19: Magnetic Forces and Fields

19.1 Magnetic fields
19.2 Magnetic force on a point charge
19.3 Charged particle moving perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field
19.4 Motion of a charged particle in a uniform magnetic field: general
19.5 A charged particle in crossed E and B fields
19.6 Magnetic force on a current-carrying wire
19.7 Torque on a current loop
19.8 Magnetic field due to an electric current
19.9 Ampère's law
19.10 Magnetic materials

Chapter 20: Electromagnetic Induction

20.1 Motional Emf
20.2 Electric generators
20.3 Faraday's law
20.4 Lenz's law
20.5 Back Emf in a motor
20.6 Transformers
20.7 Eddy currents
20.8 Induced electric fields
20.9 Mutual and self-inductance
20.10 LR circuits

Chapter 21: Alternating Current

21.1 Sinusoidal currents and voltages; resistors in AC circuits
21.2 Electricity in the home
21.3 Capacitors in AC circuits
21.4 Inductors in AC circuits
21.5 RLC series circuit
21.6 Resonance in an RLC circuit
21.7 Converting AC to DC; filters


Chapter 22: Electromagnetic Waves

22.1 Accelerating charges produce electromagnetic waves
22.2 Maxwell's equations
22.3 Antennas
22.4 The electromagnetic spectrum
22.5 Speed of EM waves in vacuum and in matter
22.6 Characteristics of electromagnetic waves in vacuum
22.7 Energy transport by EM waves
22.8 Polarization
22.9 The Doppler effect for EM waves

Chapter 23: Reflection and Refraction of Light

23.1 Wavefronts, rays, and Huygens' principle
23.2 The reflection of light
23.3 The refraction of light: Snell's law
23.4 Total internal reflection
23.5 Brewster's angle
23.6 The formation of images through reflection or refraction
23.7 Plane mirrors
23.8 Spherical mirrors
23.9 Thin lenses

Chapter 24: Optical Instruments

24.1 Lenses in combination
24.2 Cameras
24.3 The eye
24.4 The simple magnifier
24.5 Compound microscopes
24.6 Telescopes
24.7 Aberrations of lenses and mirrors

Chapter 25: Interference and Diffraction

25.1 Constructive and destructive interference
25.2 The Michelson interferometer
25.3 Thin films
25.4 Young's double slit experiment
25.5 Gratings
25.6 Diffraction and Huygens' principle
25.7 Diffraction by a single slit
25.8 Diffraction and the resolution of optical instruments
25.9 X-ray diffraction
25.10 Holography


Chapter 26: Relativity

26.1 Postulates of relativity
26.2 Simultaneity and ideal observers
26.3 Time dilation
26.4 Length contraction
26.5 Velocities in different reference frames
26.6 Relativistic momentum
26.7 Mass and energy
26.8 Relativistic kinetic energy

Chapter 27: Early Quantum Physics and the Photon

27.1 Quantization
27.2 Blackbody radiation
27.3 The photoelectric effect
27.4 X-ray production
27.5 Compton scattering
27.6 Spectroscopy and early models of the atom
27.7 The Bohr model of the hydrogen atom; atomic energy levels
27.8 Pair annihilation and pair production

Chapter 28: Quantum Physics

28.1 The wave-particle duality
28.2 Matter waves
28.3 Electron microscopes
28.4 The uncertainty principle
28.5 Wave functions for a confined particle
28.6 The hydrogen atom: wave functions and quantum numbers
28.7 The exclusion principle: electron configurations for atoms other than hydrogen
28.8 Electron energy levels in a solid
28.9 Lasers
28.10 Tunneling

Chapter 29: Nuclear Physics

29.1 Nuclear structure
29.2 Binding energy
29.3 Radioactivity
29.4 Radioactive decay rates and half-lives
29.5 Biological effects of radiation
29.6 Induced nuclear reactions
29.7 Fission
29.8 Fusion

Chapter 30: Particle Physics

30.1 Fundamental particles
30.2 Fundamental interactions
30.3 Unification
30.4 "Who ordered that?"
30.5 Twenty-first-century particle physics


Appendix A: Mathematics Review
A.1 Algebra
A.2 Solving equations
A.3 Exponents and logarithms
A.4 Proportions and ratios
A.5 Geometry
A.6 Trigonometry
A.7 Approximations
A.8 Vectors
Appendix B: Table of Selected Nuclides: Table of Selected Nuclides

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