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Physics - 9-12 Textbooks

by Raymond A. Serway and Jerry S. Faughn

ISBN13: 978-0534492601

ISBN10: 0534492606 Edition: 6TH 03

Copyright: 2003

Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.

Published: 2003

International: No

ISBN10: 0534492606 Edition: 6TH 03

Copyright: 2003

Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.

Published: 2003

International: No

Author Bio

**Serway, Raymond A. : **

Raymond A. Serway received his doctorate at Illinois Institute of Technology and is Professor Emeritus at James Madison University. In 1990, he received the Madison Scholar Award at James Madison University, where he taught for 17 years. Dr. Serway began his teaching career at Clarkson University, where he conducted research and taught from 1967 to 1980. He was the recipient of the Distinguished Teaching Award at Clarkson University in 1977 and of the Alumni Achievement Award from Utica College in 1985. As Guest Scientist at the IBM Research Laboratory in Zurich, Switzerland, he worked with K. Alex Muller, 1987 Nobel Prize recipient. Dr. Serway also was a visiting scientist at Argonne National Laboratory, where he collaborated with his mentor and friend, Sam Marshall. Dr. Serway is also the author of PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS, 3rd edition and co-author OF PHYSICS FOR SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS, 5th edition, MODERN PHYSICS, 2nd edition, and (with Dr. Faughn) the high-school textbook PHYSICS, published by Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. In addition, Dr. Serway has published more than 40 research papers in the field of condensed matter physics and has given more than 60 presentations at professional meetings. Dr. Serway and his wife Elizabeth enjoy traveling, golfing, and spending quality time with their four children and four grandchildren.

**Faughn, Jerry A. : **

Jerry S. Faughn earned his doctorate at the University of Mississippi. He is Professor Emeritus and former Chair of the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Eastern Kentucky University. Dr. Faughn has also written a microprocessor interfacing text for upper-division physics students. He is co-author of a non-mathematical physics text and a physical science text for general education students, and (with Dr. Serway) the high-school textbook PHYSICS, published by Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. He has taught courses ranging from the lower division to the graduate level, but his primary interest is in students just beginning to learn physics. He has been director of a number of NSF and state grants, many of which were devoted to the improvement of physics education. He believes that there is no greater calling than to be a teacher and an interpreter of physics for others. Dr. Faughn has a wide variety of hobbies, among which are reading, travel, genealogy, and old-time radio. His wife Mary Ann is an avid gardener, and he contributes to her efforts by staying out of the way. His daughter Laura is in family practice and his son David is an attorney.

**Part I: MECHANICS**

1. Introduction

Standards of Length, Mass, and Time

The Building Blocks of Matter

Dimensional Analysis

Uncertainty in Measurement and Significant Figures

Conversion of Units

Order-of-Magnitude Calculations

Coordinate Systems

Trigonometry

Problem-Solving Strategy

2. Motion in One Dimension

Displacement

Average Velocity

Instantaneous Velocity

Acceleration

Motion Diagrams

One-Dimensional Motion With Constant Acceleration

Freely Falling Objects

3. Vectors and Two-Dimensional Motion

Vectors and Scalars Revisited

Some Properties of Vectors

Components of a Vector

Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration in Two Dimensions

Projectile Motion

Relative Velocity

4. The Laws of Motion

The Concept of Force

Newton's First Law

Newton's Second Law

Newton's Third Law

Some Applications of Newton's Laws

Forces of Friction

5. Energy

Work

Kinetic Energy and the Work-Kinetic Energy Theorem

Potential Energy

Conservative and Non-conservative Forces

Conservation of Mechanical Energy

Nonconservative Forces and Conservation of Energy

Power

Work Done by a Varying Force

6. Momentum and Collisions

Momentum and Impulse

Conservation of Momentum

Collisions

Glancing Collisions

Rocket Propulsion

7. Circular Motion and the Law of Gravity

Angular Speed and Angular Acceleration

Rotational Motion Under Constant Angular Acceleration

Relations Between Angular and Linear Quantities

Centripetal Acceleration

Forces Causing Centripetal Acceleration

Describing Forces in Accelerated Reference Frames

Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation

Gravitational Potential Energy Revisited

Kepler's Laws

The Vector Nature of Angular Quantities

8. Rotational Equilibrium and Rotational Dynamics

Torque

Torque and the Second Condition for Equilibrium

The Center of Gravity

Examples of Objects in Equilibrium

Relationship Between Torque and Angular Acceleration

Rotational Kinetic Energy

Angular Momentum

9. Solids and Fluids

States of Matter

The Deformation of Solids

Density and Pressure

Variation of Pressure with Depth

Pressure Measurements

Buoyant Forces and Archimedes's Principle

Fluids in Motion

Other Applications of Fluid Dynamics

Surface Tension, Capillary Action, and Viscous Fluid Flow

Transport Phenomena

**Part II: THERMODYNAMICS**

10. Thermal Physics

Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics

Thermometers and Temperature Scales

Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids

Macroscopic Description of an Ideal Gas

Avogadro's Number and the Ideal Gas

The Kinetic Theory of Gases

11. Energy in Thermal Processes

Heat and Internal Energy

Specific Heat

Calorimetry

Latent Heat and Phase Change

Energy Transfer by Thermal Conduction

Energy Transfer by Convection

Energy Transfer by Radiation

Hindering Energy Transfer

Global Warming and Greenhouse Gases

12. The Law of Thermodynamics

Work in Thermodynamic Processes

The First Law of Thermodynamics

The First Law and Human Metabolism

Heat Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

Reversible and Irreversible Processes

The Carnot Engine

Entropy

Entropy and Disorder

**Part III: VIBRATIONS AND WAVES **13. Vibrations and Waves

Hooke's Law

Elastic Potential Energy

Velocity as a Function of Position

Comparing Simple Harmonic Motion with Uniform Circular Motion

Position, Velocity, and Acceleration as a Function of Time

Motion of a Pendulum

Damped Oscillations

Wave Motion

Types of Waves

Frequency, Amplitude, and Wavelength

The Speed of Waves on Strings

Interference of Waves

Reflection of Waves

14. Sound

Producing a Sound Wave

Characteristics of Sound Waves

The Speed of Sound

Energy and Intensity of Sound Waves

Spherical and Plane Waves

The Doppler Effect

Interference of Sound Waves

Standing Waves

Forced Vibrations and Resonance

Standing Waves in Air Columns

Beats

Quality of Sound

The Ear

Raymond A. Serway and Jerry S. Faughn

ISBN13: 978-0534492601ISBN10: 0534492606 Edition: 6TH 03

Copyright: 2003

Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.

Published: 2003

International: No

Author Bio

**Serway, Raymond A. : **

Raymond A. Serway received his doctorate at Illinois Institute of Technology and is Professor Emeritus at James Madison University. In 1990, he received the Madison Scholar Award at James Madison University, where he taught for 17 years. Dr. Serway began his teaching career at Clarkson University, where he conducted research and taught from 1967 to 1980. He was the recipient of the Distinguished Teaching Award at Clarkson University in 1977 and of the Alumni Achievement Award from Utica College in 1985. As Guest Scientist at the IBM Research Laboratory in Zurich, Switzerland, he worked with K. Alex Muller, 1987 Nobel Prize recipient. Dr. Serway also was a visiting scientist at Argonne National Laboratory, where he collaborated with his mentor and friend, Sam Marshall. Dr. Serway is also the author of PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS, 3rd edition and co-author OF PHYSICS FOR SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS, 5th edition, MODERN PHYSICS, 2nd edition, and (with Dr. Faughn) the high-school textbook PHYSICS, published by Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. In addition, Dr. Serway has published more than 40 research papers in the field of condensed matter physics and has given more than 60 presentations at professional meetings. Dr. Serway and his wife Elizabeth enjoy traveling, golfing, and spending quality time with their four children and four grandchildren.

**Faughn, Jerry A. : **

Jerry S. Faughn earned his doctorate at the University of Mississippi. He is Professor Emeritus and former Chair of the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Eastern Kentucky University. Dr. Faughn has also written a microprocessor interfacing text for upper-division physics students. He is co-author of a non-mathematical physics text and a physical science text for general education students, and (with Dr. Serway) the high-school textbook PHYSICS, published by Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. He has taught courses ranging from the lower division to the graduate level, but his primary interest is in students just beginning to learn physics. He has been director of a number of NSF and state grants, many of which were devoted to the improvement of physics education. He believes that there is no greater calling than to be a teacher and an interpreter of physics for others. Dr. Faughn has a wide variety of hobbies, among which are reading, travel, genealogy, and old-time radio. His wife Mary Ann is an avid gardener, and he contributes to her efforts by staying out of the way. His daughter Laura is in family practice and his son David is an attorney.

Table of Contents

**Part I: MECHANICS**

1. Introduction

Standards of Length, Mass, and Time

The Building Blocks of Matter

Dimensional Analysis

Uncertainty in Measurement and Significant Figures

Conversion of Units

Order-of-Magnitude Calculations

Coordinate Systems

Trigonometry

Problem-Solving Strategy

2. Motion in One Dimension

Displacement

Average Velocity

Instantaneous Velocity

Acceleration

Motion Diagrams

One-Dimensional Motion With Constant Acceleration

Freely Falling Objects

3. Vectors and Two-Dimensional Motion

Vectors and Scalars Revisited

Some Properties of Vectors

Components of a Vector

Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration in Two Dimensions

Projectile Motion

Relative Velocity

4. The Laws of Motion

The Concept of Force

Newton's First Law

Newton's Second Law

Newton's Third Law

Some Applications of Newton's Laws

Forces of Friction

5. Energy

Work

Kinetic Energy and the Work-Kinetic Energy Theorem

Potential Energy

Conservative and Non-conservative Forces

Conservation of Mechanical Energy

Nonconservative Forces and Conservation of Energy

Power

Work Done by a Varying Force

6. Momentum and Collisions

Momentum and Impulse

Conservation of Momentum

Collisions

Glancing Collisions

Rocket Propulsion

7. Circular Motion and the Law of Gravity

Angular Speed and Angular Acceleration

Rotational Motion Under Constant Angular Acceleration

Relations Between Angular and Linear Quantities

Centripetal Acceleration

Forces Causing Centripetal Acceleration

Describing Forces in Accelerated Reference Frames

Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation

Gravitational Potential Energy Revisited

Kepler's Laws

The Vector Nature of Angular Quantities

8. Rotational Equilibrium and Rotational Dynamics

Torque

Torque and the Second Condition for Equilibrium

The Center of Gravity

Examples of Objects in Equilibrium

Relationship Between Torque and Angular Acceleration

Rotational Kinetic Energy

Angular Momentum

9. Solids and Fluids

States of Matter

The Deformation of Solids

Density and Pressure

Variation of Pressure with Depth

Pressure Measurements

Buoyant Forces and Archimedes's Principle

Fluids in Motion

Other Applications of Fluid Dynamics

Surface Tension, Capillary Action, and Viscous Fluid Flow

Transport Phenomena

**Part II: THERMODYNAMICS**

10. Thermal Physics

Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics

Thermometers and Temperature Scales

Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids

Macroscopic Description of an Ideal Gas

Avogadro's Number and the Ideal Gas

The Kinetic Theory of Gases

11. Energy in Thermal Processes

Heat and Internal Energy

Specific Heat

Calorimetry

Latent Heat and Phase Change

Energy Transfer by Thermal Conduction

Energy Transfer by Convection

Energy Transfer by Radiation

Hindering Energy Transfer

Global Warming and Greenhouse Gases

12. The Law of Thermodynamics

Work in Thermodynamic Processes

The First Law of Thermodynamics

The First Law and Human Metabolism

Heat Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

Reversible and Irreversible Processes

The Carnot Engine

Entropy

Entropy and Disorder

**Part III: VIBRATIONS AND WAVES **13. Vibrations and Waves

Hooke's Law

Elastic Potential Energy

Velocity as a Function of Position

Comparing Simple Harmonic Motion with Uniform Circular Motion

Position, Velocity, and Acceleration as a Function of Time

Motion of a Pendulum

Damped Oscillations

Wave Motion

Types of Waves

Frequency, Amplitude, and Wavelength

The Speed of Waves on Strings

Interference of Waves

Reflection of Waves

14. Sound

Producing a Sound Wave

Characteristics of Sound Waves

The Speed of Sound

Energy and Intensity of Sound Waves

Spherical and Plane Waves

The Doppler Effect

Interference of Sound Waves

Standing Waves

Forced Vibrations and Resonance

Standing Waves in Air Columns

Beats

Quality of Sound

The Ear

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