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Community of Readers : A Thematic Approach to Reading - Text Only

Community of Readers : A Thematic Approach to Reading - Text Only - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-0321045942

Cover of Community of Readers : A Thematic Approach to Reading - Text Only 2ND 01 (ISBN 978-0321045942)
ISBN13: 978-0321045942
ISBN10: 0321045947
Cover type:
Edition: 2ND 01
Copyright: 2001
Publisher: Longman, Inc.
Published: 2001
International: No

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Community of Readers : A Thematic Approach to Reading - Text Only - 2ND 01 edition

ISBN13: 978-0321045942

Roberta Alexander and Jan Lombardi

ISBN13: 978-0321045942
ISBN10: 0321045947
Cover type:
Edition: 2ND 01
Copyright: 2001
Publisher: Longman, Inc.
Published: 2001
International: No
Summary

Organized around high-interest contemporary themes, A Community of Readers, 2/e presents reading and study skills in the context of real-life issues. The authors use a unique pedagogical system called PRO (P-Prepare to Read, R-Read Actively and Reflect, and O-Organize to Learn) that is introduced in the first chapter and then reinforced in every chapter opening and chapter review, giving students a concrete learning device to follow. The second edition includes two new mastery tests in every chapter, 27 new readings, a new chapter on Vocabulary, as well as new marginal definitions throughout the text.

For those interested in enhancing their reading skills.

Table of Contents

To the Instructor.
To the Student.


1. The Reading Process (PRO) / Celebrating Self and Community.

Prepare to Read.
Purpose.
Previous Knowledge.
Preview and Predict.

Reading 1: Becoming a Student by Barbara Jordan.

The Reading Process (PRO).
Prepare to Read.
Determining Your Purpose.
Previewing.
Using Previous Knowledge.
Predicting What You Will Learn.

Reading 2: Motives to Work by Carole Wade and Carol Thomas.

Read Actively and Reflect.
Read Actively.
Reflect.

Reading 3: Models of Memory by Carole Wade and Carol Travis.

Organizing to Learn.
S: Select the Facts and Concepts You Need to Know.
U: Use the Material You have Selected.
R: Recite the Information You have Selected.
E: Examine Yourself Periodically on the Material You Have Learned.

Reading 4: What is Collaborative Learning? by Toni Harring-Smith.

CHAPTER REVIEW.
Reader's Checklist.
Critical Reflections.
Writing Activities.
Classroom Communities.
Extend Your Thinking.
Visit the Web.

Mastery Test 1.A: How to Remember by Carole Wade and Carol Travis.
Mastery Test 1.B: Competence and Achievement Motivationby Don H. Hockenburg and Sandra E. Hickenbury.


2. Working With Words / Computer Technology.

Prepare to Read.
Purpose.
Previous Knowledge.
Preview and Predict.

Reading 1: Living Without Computers by George Beekman.

Working With Words.
Reading and Vocabulary.
Context Clues.
Definitions and Synonym Clues.
Example Clues.
General Information Clues.
Contrast Clues.

Reading 2: Living With Computers by George Beekman.

Word Parts.
Prefixes.
Roots.
Suffixes.

Reading 3: What Computers Do by George Beekman.

The Dictionary.
Parts of the Dictionary Entry.
Choosing the Correct Meaning from the Dictionary.

Reading 4: Computers and Jobs by George Beekman

Textbook Aids and Specialized Vocabulary.
CHAPTER REVIEW.
Reader's Checklist.
Critical Reflections.
Writing Activity.
Classroom Community.
Extend Your Thinking.
Visit the Web.

Mastery Test 2A: No Sacred Trust by Connie Gugliemo.
Mastery Test 2B: Ergonomics by Timothy J. O'Leary and Linda L. O'Leary.


3. Topics and Main Ideas.

Prepare to Read.
Purpose.
Previous Knowledge.
Preview and Predict.

Reading 1: Bedo Jaosolo: Biodiversity in Madagascarby Neil A. Campbell, Lawrence G. Mitchell, and James B. Reece.

Topics and Main Ideas.
Topics.
Main Ideas.
Stated Main Ideas in Paragraphs.
Restating Main Ideas.
Implied Main Ideas in Pargraphs.
Main Ideas in Short Passages.

Reading 2: Conservation Biology by Neil A. Campbell, Jane B. Reece, and Lawrence G. Mitchell.
Reading 3: Population Dynamics, by Neil A. Campbell, Lawrence G. Mitchell, and Jane B. Reece.
Reading 4: The Rapid Loss of Species by Neil A. Campbell, Lawrence G. Mitchell, and Jane B. Reece.

CHAPTER REVIEW.
Readers Checklist.
Critical Reflections.
Writing Activity.
Classroom Community.
Extend Your Thinking.
Visit the Web.

Mastery Test 3A: Water Pollution by Robert A. Wallace.

Mastery Test 3B: Deserts by Robert A. Wallace, Gerald P. Sanders, and Robert Ferl.


4. Support For Main Ideas / Staying Well.

Prepare to Read.
Purpose.
Previous Knowledge.
Preview and Predict.

Reading 1: Wellness: The New Health Goal by Paul M. Insel, Walton T. Roth, L. McKay Rollins, and Ray A. Peterson

Supporting Points.
Major Supporting Points.
Minor Supporting Points.
Distinguishing between Major and Minor Supporting Points.
Organize To Learn.
Marking Texts.
Making Bulleted Lists.
Outlining.
Summarizing.

Reading 2: Nutritional Guidelines: Planning Your Dietby Paul M. Insel, Walton T. Roth, L. McKay Rollins, and Ray A. Peterson.
Reading 3: Exercise for Health and Fitness by Paul M. Insel, Walton T. Roth, L. McKay Rollins, and Ray Peterson.
Reading 4: How Stress Works by Bryan Williams and Sharon Knight.

CHAPTER REVIEW.
Reader's Checklist.
Critical Reflections.
Writing Activity.
Classroom Community.
Extend Your Knowledge.
Visit the Web.

Mastery Test 4A, A Personal Stress Survival Guideby Diane Hales.
Mastery Test 4B, Smoking by Diane Hales.


5. Patterns of Organization / Where We Live.

Prepare to Read.
Purpose.
Previous Knowledge.
Preview and Preview.

Reading 1: Cities and Suburbs by William E. Thompson and Joseph V. Hickey.

Patterns of Organization.
Chronological Order and Narration.
Transitions and Clues.
Organize to Learn: Create a Timeline.
Definitions and Classification.
Transitions and Clues.
Organize to Learn: Create a Vocabulary List.
Exemplification.
Transitions and Clues.
Organize to Learn: Outline and Map.
Cause and Effect.
Transitions and Clues.
Organize to Learn: Create a Chart.
Comparison and Contrast.
Transitions and Clues.
Organize to Learn: Create a Circle Diagram.
Process.
Transitions and Clues.
Organize to Learn: Create a Flow Chart.

Reading 2: The Growth of Cities in 19th Century Americaby James Kirby Martin, Randy Roberts, Steven Mintz, Linda O. McMurry, and James H. Jones.

More Patterns of Organization.
Problems and Solutions.
Transitions and Clues.
Organize to Learn: Create a Chart.
Argument.
Transition and Clues.
Organize to Learn: Many Topics.

Reading 3: Rootless by David Morris.

Combined Patterns of Organization.

Reading 4: Why are People Homeless? from the National Coalition for the Homeless.

CHAPTER REVIEW.
Reader's Checklist.
Critical Reflections.
Writing Activity.
Classroom Community.
Extend Your Thinking.
Visit the Web.

Mastery Test 5A: Houston by Stanley D. Brunn and Jack F. Willams.
Mastery Test 5B: Growth and Decline of Urban Areas by Stanley D. and Jack F. Williams.


6. Interpreting Visual Aids / Working and Choosing a Career.

Prepare to Read.
Purpose.
Previous Knowledge.
Preview and Predict.

Reading 1: The Future is Now: Multimedia at Work by Bill Richards.

Interpreting Visual Aids.
Pictures.
Maps.
Cartoons.
Exercise 4, Interpret a Cartoon.
Line Graphs and Bar Graphs.
Understanding Readings with Visual Aids.

Reading 2: Inequality in the Workplace by William Thompson and Joseph V. Hickey.

Tables.
Pie Charts and Other Divisions of a Whole.
Flow Charts and Diagrams.

Reading 3: Identify Your Best Jobs For Tomorrow by Ronald Krannich and Caryl Rae Krannich.
Reading 4: Human Factors and Working Conditions by Robert D. Smither.

CHAPTER REVIEW.
Reader's Checklist.
Critical Reflections.
Writing Activity.
Classroom Community.
Extending Your Thinking.
Visit the Web.

Mastery Test 6A: The American Economy and Work by William E. Thompson and Joseph V. Hickey.
Mastery Test 6B: Wealth and Poverty by Holly Sklar.


7. Inferences and Reading Literature / Dealing with Gender.

Prepare To Read.
Purpose.
Previous Knowledge.
Preview and Predict.

Reading 1: Sex and Gender by William E. Thompson and Joseph V. Hickey.

Inferences.
Inferences from Visual Aids.
Inferences from the Written Word.

Reading 2: Sex, Lies and Conversation by Deborah Tannen.

Inferences and Irony.

Reading 3: Why I Want a Wife by Judy Brady.
Reading 4: The Men We Carry in Our Minds by Scott Russell Sanders.

Connotations.
Reading Literature.
Images and Inferences.
Similes.
Metaphor.
Reading Poetry.
Reading Fiction.

Reading 5 The Chase by Alberto Moravia.

CHAPTER REVIEW.
Reader's Checklist.
Critical Reflections.
Writing Activity.
Classroom Community.
Extending Your Thinking.
Visit the Web.

Mastery Test 7A: Pigskin, Patriarchy, and Pain by Dan Sabo.
Mastery Test 7 B: X: A Fabulous Child' Story by Louis Gould.


8. Facts and Opinions / Living in a Diverse Society.

Prepare to Read.
Purpose.
Previous Knowledge.
Preview and Predict.

Reading 1: America Singing by Garret Hongo.

Fact or Opinion.
Which Facts Are Included?

Reading 2: A World Together by Erta Zwingle.

What Is the Author's Worldview?
What Is the Author's Purpose?
Is the Author Biased?

Reading 3: Extralegal Factors in Sentencing by Hugh D. Barlow.

What Is The Author's Tone?

Reading 4: Freeing Choices by Nancy Mairs.

CHAPTER REVIEW.
Reader's Checklist.
Critical Reflections.
Writing Activity.
Classroom Community.
Extend Your Thinking.
Visit the Web.

Mastery Test 8A: The Real Lesson of L.A. by Bill Bradley.
Mastery Test 8B: Can We All Get Along? by Al Martinez.


9. Critical Thinking / Looking Back/Looking Forward.

Prepare to Read.
Purpose.
Previous Knowledge.
Preview and Predict.

Reading 1: 'This Is the End of the World': The Black Death by Barbara Tuchman.

Critical Thinking.
Analysis.
Synthesis.
Evaluation.
Using Critical Thinking to Solve Problems.

Reading 2: The Black Death: A Fourteenth Century Perspective by Robert S. Gottfried.
Reading 3: Pathology of Black Death by John P. McKay, Bennet D. Hill, and John Buckler.

Scientific Method.
Ethics.

Reading 4: The Ethical Design of an AIDS Vaccine Trial in Africa by Nicolas A. Christakis.

Evaluating Arguments.
Examine the Evidence.
Consider the Structure.
Check for Fallacies.
Making Ethical Decisions.

Reading 5: Why We Should Ban Human Cloning? by George J. Annas.
Reading 6: Human Cloning and the Challenge of Regulation

CHAPTER REVIEW.
Reader's Checklist.
Critical Reflections.
Writing Activity.
Classroom Community.
Extend Your Thinking.
Visit the Web.

Mastery Test 9A: Strange New World by Naomi Perian.
Mastery Test 9B: The Case for Allowing Kidney Salesby J. Radcliffe-Richards et al.


Extend Your Thinking: Additional Reading and Exercises: Work with Words, check Your Understanding, Reflect.

1. How We Learn by Ricki Linksman (Chapter 1, Celebrating Self and Community).
2. A Revolution Begins by Bill Gates (Chapter 2,Computer Technology).
3. The Nemesis Effect by Chris Bright (Chapter 3,Living on Earth).
4. Creativity and Longevity by Norman Cousins (Chapter4, Staying Well).
5. Working With Your Hands by Jimmy Carter (Chapter5, Where We Live) Jimmy Carter and Rosalynn Carter.
6. Occupational Crime by Hugh D. Barlow (Chapter6, Working and Choosing a Career).
7. Growing by Helena Maria Viramontes (Chapter 7,Dealing with Gender).
8. How It Feels to Be Colored Me by Zora Neale Hurston (Chapter 8 Living in a Diverse Society)
9. Matter of Fact by James Burke (Chapter 9,Looking Back/Looking Forward).

A Reader's ToolKit.

Note Taking: The Cornell Note Taking System.
Test Taking.
Writing Tips for Readers.
Reader Response Journals.
Suggested Reading for Book Reports.


Credits.
Index

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