EVERYDAY FREE SHIPPING on $25 & up - Excludes Marketplace items.
EVERYDAY FREE SHIPPING on $25 & up - Excludes Marketplace items.
EVERYDAY FREE SHIPPING on $25 & up - Excludes marketplace items.
Search
Contemporary Issues in Bioethics

Contemporary Issues in Bioethics - 5th edition

ISBN13: 978-0534504762

Cover of Contemporary Issues in Bioethics 5TH 99 (ISBN 978-0534504762)
ISBN13: 978-0534504762
ISBN10: 0534504760
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 5TH 99
Publisher: Wadsworth, Inc
Published: 1999
International: No

Other Editions for Contemporary Issues in Bioethics

More Shipping Options

Contemporary Issues in Bioethics - 5TH 99 edition

ISBN13: 978-0534504762

Tom L. Beauchamp and LeRoy Walters

ISBN13: 978-0534504762
ISBN10: 0534504760
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 5TH 99
Publisher: Wadsworth, Inc

Published: 1999
International: No
Summary

This anthology represents all major points of view on the central topics in bioethics. It contains current essays and actual medical and legal cases written by outstanding scholars from around the globe. The book provides readers with diverse views from many standpoints, including medical researchers and practitioners, legal experts, and philosophers.

Contains an up-to-date overview of ethical theory in Chapter 1, including feminist theory, virtue ethics, and care theory.

Chapter sequence begins with two relatively non-controversial topics followed by those designed to provoke more debate.

Includes clearly written, detailed introductions to each chapter that provides background on the major issues and points of view.

Current bibliographies at chapter ends suggest ways to secure post-publication bibliographic references.

Available bundled with InfoTrac College Edition, an online database with current, full-text articles from more than 600 scholarly and popular publications.

Author Bio

Beauchamp, Tom L. : Georgetown University

Walters, LeRoy : Georgetown University

Table of Contents

Preface.


PART I. INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS.

1. ETHICAL THEORY AND BIOETHICS.

Fundamental Problems.
The Study of Morality.
Moral Dilemmas and Disagreements.
The Problem of Relativism.
Moral Justification.
Types of Ethical Theory.
Utilitarian Theories.
Kantian Theories.
Contemporary Challenges to Traditional Theories.
Virtue Ethics.
The Ethics of Care.
Casuistry.
Ethical Principles.
Respect for Autonomy.
Beneficence.
Justice.
Law and Policy.
Ethics and Public Affairs.
Morality and Law.
Legal and Moral Rights.
Law, Authority, and Autonomy.

PART II. PATIENT-PROFESSIONAL RELATIONSHIPS.

2. RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES.

INTRODUCTION.

PROFESSIONAL CODES.

The Hippocratic Oath (ca. Fourth Century B.C.).
American Medical Association, Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs, Fundamental Elements of the Patient-Physician Relationship (1994).
American Nurses Association, Code for Nurses (1985).
Ralph Crawshaw et al., Patient-Physician Covenant (1995).

THE VIRTUES AND OBLIGATIONS OF PROFESSIONALS.

Edmund D. Pellegrino, The Virtuous Physician and the Ethics of Medicine.
Nancy S. Jecker and Donnie J. Self, Separating Care and Cure: An Analysis of Historical and Contemporary Images of Nursing and Medicine.
Norman Daniels, The Ideal Advocate and Limited Resources.

PATIENTS' RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES.

American Hospital Association, A Patient's Bill of Rights (1992).
President's Advisory Commission on Consumer Protection and Quality in the Health Care Industry, Consumer Bill of Rights and Responsibilities.
Council of Europe, Convention for Protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being with Regard to the Application of Biology and Biomedicine: Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine (1997).

PROFESSIONALS AND SPECIFIC PATIENT POPULATIONS.

Vanessa Northington Gamble, Under the Shadow of Tuskegee: African Americans and Health Care.
American Medical Association, Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs, Gender Disparities in Clinical Decision Making.
Christine K. Cassel and Bernice L. Neugarten, The Goals of Medicine in an Aging Society.
Nancy S. Jecker, Caring for 'Socially Undesirable' Patients.
Paul Chodoff, The Case for Involuntary Hospitalization of the Mentally Ill.

3. THE MANAGEMENT OF MEDICAL INFORMATION.

INTRODUCTION.

TRUTH TELLING AND THE MANAGEMENT OF BAD NEWS.

David C. Thomasma, Telling the Truth to Patients: A Clinical Ethics Exploration.
Garry S. Sigman, Jerome Kraut, and John La Puma, Disclosure of a Diagnosis to Children and Adolescents: When Parents Object.

INFORMED CONSENT.

United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit, Canterbury v. Spence.
Jay Katz, Physicians and Patients: A History of Silence.
Ruth R. Faden and Tom L. Beauchamp, The Concept of Informed Consent.
Robert J. Levine, Informed Consent: Some Challenges to the Universal Validity of the Western Model.

PATIENT SELF-DETERMINATION AND ADVANCE DIRECTIVES.

Susan M. Wolf et al., Sources of Concern About the Patient Self-Determination Act.
Rebecca Dresser, Confronting the 'Near Irrelevance' of Advance Directives.
Linda Emmanuel, Marion Danis, Robert A. Pearlman, and Peter A. Singer, Advance Care Planning as a Process: Structuring the Discussions in Practice.

THE MANAGEMENT OF CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION.

California Supreme Court, Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California.
Mark Siegler, Confidentiality in Medicine: A Decrepit Concept.
Sir Douglas Black, Absolute Confidentiality?
Lawrence O. Gostin, Genetic Privacy.

PART III. THE BEGINNING AND END OF LIFE.

4. ABORTION AND MATERNAL-FETAL RELATIONS.

INTRODUCTION.

THE PROBLEM OF MORAL JUSTIFICATION.

Don Marquis, Why Abortion is Immoral.
Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion.
Baruch Brody, The Morality of Abortion.
Mary Anne Warren, On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion.

LEGAL ISSUES OF ABORTION.

Susan Dwyer, A Short Legal History of Abortion in the United States and Canada.
United States Supreme Court, Roe v. Wade.
United States Supreme Court, Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Robert P. Casey et al., etc.

MATERNAL-FETAL RELATIONSHIPS AND RIGHTS.

United States Supreme Court, Automobile Workers v. Johnson Controls, Inc.
District of Columbia Court of Appeals, In Re A.C.
Nancy K. Rhoden, Cesareans and Samaritans.
John Seymour, A Pregnant Woman's Decision to Decline Treatment: How Should the Law Respond?

5. THE RIGHT TO DIE.

INTRODUCTION.

REFUSAL OF TREATMENT.

California Court of Appeals, Second District, Bouvia v. Superior Court.
United States Supreme Court, Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health.
Larry Gostin, Life and Death Choices after Cruzan.
John A. Robertson, Cruzan: No Rights Violated.

VOLUNTARY ACTIVE EUTHANASIA.

James Rachels, Active and Passive Euthanasia.
Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress, Rachels on Active and Passive Euthanasia.
Dan W. Brock, Voluntary Active Euthanasia.
David C. Thomasma, When Physicians Choose to Participate in the Death of Their Patients.

PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE.

Timothy E. Quill, Death and Dignity: A Case of Individualized Decision Making.
The Oregon Death with Dignity Act.
United States Supreme Court, Vacco v. Quill and Washington v. Glucksberg.
American Medical Association, Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs, Physician Assisted Suicide.
James L. Bernat, Bernard Gert, R. Peter Mogielnicki, Patient Refusal of Hydration and Nutrition: An Alternative to Physician-Assisted Suicide or Voluntary Active Euthanasia.

THE RIGHT TO DIE.

F. M. Kamm, A Right to Choose Death?
Leon R. Kass, Is There a Right to Die?

PART IV. Access to Health Care.

6. JUSTICE IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARE.

INTRODUCTION.

JUST HEALTH CARE AND THE RIGHT TO HEALTH CARE.

President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research, Securing Access to Health Care.
Robert M. Veatch, Justice, the Basic Social Contract, and Health Care.
Allen E. Buchanan, The Right to a Decent Minimum of Health Care.
H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Rights to Health Care.

MANAGED CARE AND UNIVERSAL ACCESS.

Ezekiel J. Emanuel and Nancy Neveloff Dubler, Preserving the Physician-Patient Relationship in the Era of Managed Care.
Lawrence O. Gostin, Securing Health or Just Health Care?: The Effect of the Health Care System.
David Orentlicher, Health Care Reform and the Patient-Physician Relationship.

RATIONING AND THE OREGON PLAN.

Norman Daniels, Rationing Fairly: Programmatic Considerations.
Leonard Fleck, Just Caring: Oregon, Health Care Rationing, and Informed Democratic Deliberation.
Dan W. Brock, Justice and the ADA: Does Prioritizing and Rationing Health Care Discriminate Against the Disabled?

PART V. BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY.

7. RESEARCH INVOLVING HUMAN AND ANIMAL SUBJECTS.

INTRODUCTION.

CODES AND GUIDELINES.

The Nuremberg Code (1947). World Medical Association, Declaration of Helsinki (1996).
Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences, International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects (1993).
Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences, International Guiding: Principles for Biomedical Research Involving Animals (1985).
Baruch A. Brody, Research Ethics: International Perspectives.

ETHICAL ISSUES IN HUMAN RESEARCH.

Leon Eisenberg, The Social Imperatives of Medical Research.
Benjamin Freedman, Equipoise and Ethics of Clinical Research.

PAST ABUSES OF HUMAN RESEARCH SUBJECTS.

Gregory E. Pence, The Tuskegee Study.
Sheldon H. Harris, Factories of Death.
Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments, Final Report: Executive Summary (1995).

ETHICAL ISSUES IN ANIMAL RESEARCH.

Tom Regan, The Case Against Animal Research.
Carl Cohen, Do Animals Have Rights?
Andrew N. Rowan, Formulation of Ethical Standards for Use of Animals in Medical Research.

8. EUGENICS AND HUMAN GENETICS.

INTRODUCTION.

EUGENICS PROGRAMS IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY.

Philip R. Reilly, Eugenic Sterilization in the United States.
United States Supreme Court, Buck v. Bell (1929).
Stephen Jay Gould, Carrie Buck's Daugther.
Robert Jay Lifton, Sterilization and the Nazi Biomedical Vision.
Vernoica Pearson, Population Policy and Eugenics in China.

THE HUMAN GENOME PROJECT AND GENETIC TESTING.

Biological Sciences Curriculum Study, The Human Genome Project.
Lee Rowen, Gregory Mahairas, and Leroy Hood, Sequencing the Human Genome.
James D. Watson, Genes and Politics.
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights (December 1997).
Institute of Medicine, Committee on Assessing Genetic Risks, Assessing Genetic Risks: Implications for Health and Social Policy.
E. Virginia Lapham, Chahira Kozma, and Joan O. Weiss, Genetic Discrimination: Perspectives of Consumers.

HUMAN GENE THERAPY AND GENETIC ENHANCEMENT.

W. French Anderson, Human Gene Therapy.
LeRoy Walters and Julie Gage Palmer, The Ethics of Human Gene Therapy.
Jonathan Glover, Questions about Some Uses of Genetic Engineering.
Erik Parens, The Goodness of Fragility: On the Prospect of Genetic Technologies Aimed at the Enhancement of Human Capabilities.

9. REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND SURROGATE PARENTING ARRANGEMENTS.

INTRODUCTION.

PARENTING AND THE FAMILY.

Ruth Macklin, Artificial Means of Reproduction and Our Understanding of the Family.
Barbara Katz Rothman, Motherhood: Beyond Patriarchy.

THE PROBLEM OF INFERTILITY.

The New York State Task Force on Life and the Law, The Prevalence of Infertility.
Warnock Committee, Infertility.
Barbara Katz Rothman, Infertility as Disability.
United States Supreme Court, Reproduction as a Major Life Activity (Bragdon v. Abbott, 1998).

IN VITRO FERTILIZATION.

John A. Robertson, IVF, Infertility, and the Status of Embryos.
Susan Sherwin, Feminist Ethics and In Vitro Fertilization.

SURROGATE PARENTING ARRANGEMENTS.

Elizabeth S. Anderson, Is Women's Labor a Commodity?
Laura M. Purdy, Surrogate Mothering: Exploitation of Empowerment?

CLONING.

Robert Winston, The Promise of Cloning for Human Medicine.
National Bioethics Advisory Committee, Cloning Human Beings: Executive Summary (1997).
Daniel Callahan, Cloning: Then and Now.
Lee M. Silver, Cloning, Ethics, and Religion.

REGULATING ASSISTED REPRODUCTION.

Human Fertisation and Embryology Authority (United Kindgom), Annual Report (1997).
ISLAT Working Group, ART into Science: Regulation of Fertility Techniques.

PART VI. PUBLIC HEALTH.

10. THE GLOBAL AIDS EPIDEMIC.

INTRODUCTION.

GENERAL ISSUES.

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Report on the Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic-June 1998.
LeRoy Walters, Ethical Issues in the Prevention and Treatment of HIV and AIDS.
National Research Council Panel on Monitoring the Social Impact of the AIDS Epidemic, The Social Impact in the United States.
Ronald Bayer and Jeff Stryker, Ethical Challenges Posed by Clinical Portress in AIDS.

THE DUTY TO WARN AND THE DUTY NOT TO HARM.

Susan D. Cochran and Vickie M. Mays, Sex, Lies, and HIV.
Ronald Bayer, AIDS Prevention-Sexual Ethics and Responsibility.
Ferdinand Schoeman, AIDS and Privacy.

TESTING AND SCREENING PROGRAMS.

James D. Childress, Mandatory HIV Screening and Testing.
Howard Minkoff and Anne Willoughby, Pediatric HIV Disease, Zidovudine in Pregnancy, and Unblinding Heelstick Surveys: Reframing the Debate on Prenatal HIV Testing.
Deborah Sontag, HIV Testing for Newborns Debated Anew.

ISSUES IN CLINICAL RESEARCH ON HIV/AIDS.

Peter Lurie and Sidney M. Wolfe, Unethical Trials of Interventions to Reduce Perinatal Transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Developing Countries.
Marcia Angell, The Ethical Issues of Clinical Research in the Third World.
Harold Varmus and David Satcher, Ethical Complexities of Conducting Research in Developing Countries.
Danstan Bagenda and Phillipa Musoke-Mudido, We're Trying to Help Our Sickest People, Not Exploit Them.
Praphan Phanuphak, Ethical Issues in Studies in Thailand of the Vertical Transmission of HIV.
P. Vuthipongse et al., Administration of Zidovudine During Late Pregnancy and Delivery to Prevent Prenatal HIV Transmission-Thailand, 1996-1998.

  • Marketplace
  • From

Other Editions for Contemporary Issues in Bioethics

Cover of Contemporary Issues in Bioethics 6th edition

Contemporary Issues in Bioethics - 6th edition

ISBN13: 978-0534584412
More Shipping Options