Summary: Corrections in the 21st Century uses a practical approach to introduce students to the ideas and practices characteristic of modern corrections while equipping them with the skills necessary to succeed in the field. Its approach to corrections includes a thorough description of correctional ideology, a comprehensive overview of correctional practice, and the development of personal skills applicable to the corrections field. The text's central theme throughout is pro
fessionalism in corrections. The new edition features enhanced coverage on the goals of punishment, restorative and retributive justice, the impact of terrorism on facility management, prison and sentencing reform, professional credentialing, capital punishment, and much more
Summary: Corrections in the 21st Century uses a practical approach to introduce students to the ideas and practices characteristic of modern corrections while equipping them with the skills necessary to succeed in the field. Its approach to corrections includes a thorough description of correctional ideology, a comprehensive overview of correctional practice, and the development of personal skills applicable to the corrections field. The text's central theme throughout is professionalism in corrections. The new edition features enhanced coverage on the goals of punishment, restorative and retributive justice, the impact of terrorism on facility management, prison and sentencing reform, professional credentialing, capital punishment, and much more ...show less
Edition/Copyright:4TH 09 Cover: Hardback Publisher:McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Year Published: 2009 International: No
View Table of Contents
BRIEF CONTENTS Part 1: INTRODUCTION TO CORRECTIONS Chapter 1: Corrections: An Overview Chapter 2: Punishments: A Brief History Chapter 3: Sentencing: To Punish or to Reform? Part 2: COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS Chapter 4: Diversion and Probation: How Most Offenders Are Punished Chapter 5: Intermediate Sanctions: Between Probation and Incarceration Part 3: INSTITUTIONAL CORRECTIONS Chapter 6: Jails: Way Stations Along the Justice Highway Chapter 7: Prisons Today: Change Stations or Warehouses? Chapter 8: Parole: Early Release and Reentry Part 4: THE PRISON WORLD Chapter 9: The Staff World: Managing the Prison Population Chapter 10: The Inmate World: Living Behind Bars Chapter 11: The Legal World: Prisoners' Rights Chapter 12: Special Prison Populations: Prisoners Who Are Elderly, Mentally Challenged, and Who Have HIV/AIDS Part 5: ISSUES IN CORRECTIONS Chapter 13: Prison Issues and Concerns: Security, Privatization, Technology, and Accreditation Chapter 14: The Victim: Helping Those in Need Chapter 15: Death: The Ultimate Sanction Chapter 16: Juvenile Corrections: End of an Era? Chapter 17: Professionalism in Corrections Appendix: Careers in Corrections Endnotes Glossary Credits Case Index Subject Index DETAILED CONTENTS Boxed Features Preface A Guided Tour Part 1. INTRODUCTION TO CORRECTIONS Chapter 1. Corrections: An Overview The Corrections Explosion Historical Roots of the Corrections Explosion Correctional Employment Crime and Corrections Measuring Crime The Crime Funnel Corrections and the Criminal Justice System Entering the Correctional System Prosecution and Pretrial Procedure Judicial Procedures Sentencing and Sanctions The Correctional Subsystem Professionalism in Corrections Standards and Training Basic Skills and Knowledge Standard-Setting Organizations Education Social Diversity in Corrections Review and Applications Reflections on the Future: Does Corrections Need to Look Ahead? Summary Key Terms Questions for Review Thinking Critically About Corrections On-the-Job Decision Making Live Links Chapter 2 Punishments: A Brief History Punishments in Ancient Times Ancient Greece Ancient Israel Early Rome Physical Punishments Flogging Branding Mutilation Instant Death Lingering Death The Role of Torture Exile and Transportation Public Humiliation Confinement Incarceration as Punishment The House of Correction (1550-1700) The Emergence of the Prison The Reformers William Penn John Howard Cesare Beccaria Jeremy Bentham Sir Samuel Romilly Sir Robert Peel Elizabeth Fry Mary Belle Harris Sanford Bates George J. Beto Review and Applications Reflections on the Future: Restorative Justice Summary Key Terms Questions for Review Thinking Critically About Corrections On-the-Job Decision MakingLive Links CHAPTER 3. Sentencing: To Punish or to Reform? Sentencing: Philosophy and Goals Philosophy of Criminal Sentencing The Goals of Sentencing Sentencing Options and Types of Sentences Options Types of Sentences Sentencing Models Indeterminate Sentencing Determinate Sentencing Guideline Sentencing Mandatory Minimum Sentencing Three-Strikes Models--Washington and California Impact on Local Courts and Jails Impact on State Prison Systems Issues in Sentencing Proportionality Equity Social Debt Truth in Sentencing Broader Issues Review and Applications Reflections on the Future: America's Sentencing Future Summary Key Terms Questions for Review Thinking Critically About Corrections On-the-Job Decision Making Live Links Part 2. COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS
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