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Crime Victims in Context

Crime Victims in Context - 98 edition

ISBN13: 978-0195329773

Cover of Crime Victims in Context 98 (ISBN 978-0195329773)
ISBN13: 978-0195329773
ISBN10: 0195329775
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 98
Publisher: Roxbury Publishing Co.
Published: 1998
International: No

List price: $62.95

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Crime Victims in Context - 98 edition

ISBN13: 978-0195329773

Leslie W. Kennedy and Vincent F. Sacco

ISBN13: 978-0195329773
ISBN10: 0195329775
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 98
Publisher: Roxbury Publishing Co.

Published: 1998
International: No
Summary

This is the most up-to-date and thought-provoking undergraduate text on the controversial topic of victimology available. It features a lively, engaging writing style.

Designed for the American college and university market, this book is groundbreaking in its integrated approach to the study of society's crime victims and the forces that influence their victimization. This approach eases instruction by encouraging students to engage in critical thinking about victims-helping students understand how victimization relates to the social context in which victims live.

CRIME VICTIMS IN CONTEXT explores the following themes:

  • Ways in which the victim role is constructed in the media, in public discourse, and in political responses to crime. This sets the stage for rethinking the meaning of victimization.
  • Approaching victimization as a social event-the social exchanges, or transactions, between victim and offender.
  • An exploration of the aftermath of crime-examining the effects of crime on the victim, including the physical and socio-emotional costs of victimization.
  • Responses by the criminal justice system in the adjudication of offender guilt as well as victim support groups.


Coverage includes both sides of such controversial issues as fear of crime, victim blaming, the ''abuse excuse,'' white-collar victimization, and restorative justice. The discussion of culture and victims and victimization as moral stratification are innovative features of this text. There is extensive treatment of victimization theories and a review of data-collection procedures used in collecting information about victimization. Numerous examples drawn from real life and recent research serve to illustrate points throughout the book.

Internet references are also included.

Author Bio

Kennedy, Leslie W. : University of Alberta

Leslie W. Kennedy is a professor of sociology and Coordinator of the Center for Criminological Research at the University of Alberta. He is the author of the forthcoming Social Roots of Violence with David Forde (SUNY Press), The Criminal Event with Vincent F. Sacco (Nelson, Wadsworth), and On the Borders of Crime: Conflict Management and Criminology (Longman). He is also coeditor of Crime Counts: A Criminal Event Perspective (Nelson). His articles have appeared in Criminology, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Justice Quarterly, Journal of Quantitative Criminology, and Sociological Quarterly.

Sacco, Vincent F. : Queen's University

Vincent F. Sacco is a professor and former Head of the Department of Sociology at Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario. He is the author of numerous papers which have appeared in scholarly journals and edited collections. With Leslie W. Kennedy, he coauthored The Criminal Event (Nelson, Wadsworth) and edited Crime Counts (Nelson). He also coedited Crime in Canadian Society (Harcourt Brace) and coauthored Crime and Victimization of the Elderly (Springer).

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: The Meaning of Victimization

The Ambiguous Character of Criminal Victimization
Defining Victims and Victimization
Culture and Victimization
Victimizers
Victimization
Victims
The Innocence of Victims
Blaming the Victim
A Culture of Victimization?
The Victim's Identity
Summary and Conclusion


Chapter 2: Cultural Images of Victimization

Media Discourse
The News Media
Crime Content of News
Victims in the News
Making Crime News
Newsworthiness
News Agencies as Bureaucracies
Victims in the News Production Process
Media Waves and Media Wars
Entertainment
Movies
Police and Crime Shows
True Crime Genres
Popular Discourse
Talking About Crime
Urban Legends
Some Implications of Crime Discourses
The Connection Between Media and Popular Discourse
Summary and Conclusions


Chapter 3: The Political Context of Victimization

The Shifting Victim Role
Rising Crime Rates
The Politicization of Crime
Movement Linkage
Offender Bashing
Net-Widening
Failure to Address the Causes of Crime
The Emphasis on Conventional Crime
Heightening the Fear of Crime
The Intensification of Conflict
Stigmatization of Victims
Weakening Social Ties and Increasing Dependency
Delaying Processes of Natural Healing
Unmet Expectations
Defining Victims and Victim Issues
Constructing Social Problems
Constructing Victim Issues
Claimsmakers
Claims About Victim Issues
The Claimsmaking Process
Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 4: Victims: The Research Context

The Research Context
Police Data
The Uniform Crime Reports
Problems With UCR Data
Victimization Surveys
The National Crime Victimization Survey
Advantages and Limitations of Victimization Surveys
The NCVS and the UCR
The Offender Self-Report Study
Summary and Conclusions


Chapter 5: Victims and Criminological Theory

Criminology and Crime Victims
The Criminal Opportunity
Lifestyle-Exposure Theory
Routine Activities Theory
Victimization and Opportunity
Victim-Offender Interaction
Victim Precipitation
The Situated Transaction Victims and Victim Theories
The Criminal Event Perspective
Summary and Conclusions


Chapter 6: Setting the Context for Victimization: Personal Safety, Risk, and Dangerous Locations

Perceptions of Personal Safety: Constructing the Social Context of Victimization
Risky Lifestyles: Exposure and Propensity to Crime
Dangerous Locations
Crime Prevention
Victim-Based Prevention
Offender-Based Prevention
Community-Based Prevention
Combined Approaches
Summary and Conclusions


Chapter 7: Victim Experiences

Event Precursors
Structural Position
Victim Offender Relationship: From Strangers to Intimates
Strangers
Intimates
Friends and Acquaintances
The Transaction
Situational Dynamics of Household Victimization: Private Problems
Spousal Violence
Child Abuse
Property Crimes
Crimes in Public
Life on the Street
Victim Retaliation: The Role of Third Parties
Criminal Event Outcomes
Proximate Effects of Victimization: The Role of the Police
Medical Intervention
Summary and Conclusions


Chapter 8: The Aftermath of Victimization I: The Victimization Experience

The Impact of Victimization
Costs of Victimization
Calculating the Monetary Cost of Crime Subjective Costs of Crime: Emotional and Behavioral
Responses to Victim Experiences
Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome
Battered Woman Syndrome
The Emotional Effects of Property Crime
Cycles of Violence: Victims Who Become Offenders
Summary and Conclusions


Chapter 9: The Aftermath of Victimization II: Victim Services, Courts, and Alternative Justice

Victim Involvement With the Criminal Justice System
Secondary Victimization
Victim's Rights
The Role of Victims in Responses to Criminal Events
Police
Victims and Court Personnel
Victims and Prosecutors
Victim Witness Intimidation
Victims as Judges: The Enhanced Role of Victim Impact Statements
Victim Services
Victim Compensation and Restitution
Victim Involvement With Offenders: Alternative Justice
Summary and Conclusions


Chapter 10: Summing Up

References

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