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Critical Issues in Crime and Justice

Critical Issues in Crime and Justice - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-0761926863

Cover of Critical Issues in Crime and Justice 2ND 03 (ISBN 978-0761926863)
ISBN13: 978-0761926863
ISBN10: 0761926860
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 03
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc.
Published: 2003
International: No

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Critical Issues in Crime and Justice - 2ND 03 edition

ISBN13: 978-0761926863

Albert R. Ed. Roberts

ISBN13: 978-0761926863
ISBN10: 0761926860
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 03
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc.

Published: 2003
International: No
Summary

In an effort to respond to public fears of violence, terrorism, murder, and other victimizations, the components of the criminal justice system are constantly in flux. Since the 1994 publication of the first edition of Critical Issues in Crime and Justice, there have been many dramatic changes in the trends, policies, processes, and programs in the criminal justice system.

Critical Issues in Crime and Justice, Second Edition provides a comprehensive examination of current developments and controversies confronting the American criminal justice system. An overview of contemporary criminal justice trends provides the context for interpreting the critical issues raised throughout this engaging volume. Editor Albert R. Roberts and a prominent group of scholars and criminal justice professionals examine both the successes and failures of modern law enforcement, juvenile justice, the courts, and correctional systems.

This Second Edition has been extensively revised to include:

  • A review of current crime statistics
  • The growth of juvenile gangs and youth homicide
  • International perspectives on terrorism and counterterrorism
  • New data and perspectives on domestic violence
  • An examination of 21st-century homicide investigations
  • Significant issues in capital punishment
  • Innovations in probation and rehabilitation

Critical Issues in Crime and Justice, Second Edition includes summaries of the latest government reports, legislation, legal remedies, research findings, program evaluations, journal review articles, and meta-analyses. This expanded edition contains numerous unique chapters on cutting-edge issues and topics. Chapter authors provide policy and model program examples, trend data, and timely case illustrations, to enrich the learning experience.

Developed for courses on Critical Issues in Criminal Justice, Special Issues in Criminal Justice, and Contemporary Topics in Criminal Justice, Critical Issues in Crime and Justice, Second Edition is also an excellent supplementary text for introductory Criminal Justice and related courses.

Author Bio

Roberts, Albert R. : Rutgers University, Piscataway

Table of Contents

List of Contributors
Preface
Overview of Criminal Justice p. 1
Crime in America: Critical Issues, Trends, Costs, and Legal Remedies p. 3
Case Exemplar on Criminal Justice Processing: Illegal Possession of a Weapon, Domestic Violence, and Murder p. 23
Understanding Crime and Criminals p. 33
Law Enforcement Officers' Response to Illegal Street Gang Activity p. 35
Serial Murder: Popular Myths and Empirical Realities p. 51
Religion-Related Crime: Documentation of Murder, Fraud, and Sexual Abuse p. 62
The Sex Offender: Prevalence, Trends, Model Programs, and Costs p. 79
Critical Issues in Law Enforcement p. 99
The Terrorism Phenomenon: A World Engaged p. 101
Compstat: The Emerging Model of Police Management p. 117
Community Policing and the Impact of the COPS Program: A Potential Tool in the Local War on Terrorism p. 134
Police Use of Excessive Force: Exploring Various Control Mechanisms p. 148
The Justice Response to Woman Battering: The Evolution of Change p. 161
Victim Perceptions of the Utility of Domestic Violence Arrests and Temporary Restraining Orders: A Qualitative Study p. 176
Homicide Investigations, Trends, and Forensic Evidence in the 21st Century p. 184
Critical Issues in Juvenile Justice p. 195
An Overview of Juvenile Justice and Juvenile Delinquency: Cases, Trends, Policy Shifts, and Intervention Strategies p. 197
Youth Homicide: A Critical Review of the Literature and a Blueprint for Action p. 212
Sentencing Guidelines and the Transformation of Juvenile Justice in the 21st Century p. 235
''What Do We Do With Girls?'' The Dimensions of and Responses to Female Juvenile Delinquency p. 244
Optimizing Adjudication Decisions Based on a National Evaluation of Juvenile Boot Camps p. 253
Critical Issues in the Criminal Court System p. 275
Sentencing Options and the Sentencing Process p. 277
Debating Death: Critical Issues in Capital Punishment p. 303
Critical Probation Failures and Promising Innovations p. 321
PACTS[superscript ECM]: Probation and Pretrial Services Automated Case Tracking-Electronic Case Management System p. 344
Rehabilitating Felony Drug Offenders Through Job Development: A Look Into a Prosecutor-Led Diversion Program p. 354
Correctional Systems and Alternatives p. 365
''All the News That's Fit to Print'': A Content Analysis of the Correctional Debate in the New York Times p. 367
Prison Programs in the United States: Preparing Inmates for Release p. 318
Restorative Justice Programs to Meet Female Offender Needs: Innovation and Advocacy p. 395
When Prisoners Return to the Community: Political, Economic, and Social Consequences p. 408
Name Index p. 417
Subject Index p. 429
About the Editor p. 441
About the Contributors p. 443
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.