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Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking - 01 edition

ISBN13: 978-0195130331

Cover of Critical Thinking 01 (ISBN 978-0195130331)
ISBN13: 978-0195130331
ISBN10: 0195130332
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 01
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Published: 2001
International: No

List price: $67.95

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Critical Thinking - 01 edition

ISBN13: 978-0195130331

Larry Wright

ISBN13: 978-0195130331
ISBN10: 0195130332
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 01
Publisher: Oxford University Press

Published: 2001
International: No
Summary

Extensively classroom-tested, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning provides a non-technical vocabulary and analytic apparatus that guide students in identifying and articulating the central patterns found in reasoning and in expository writing more generally. Understanding these patterns of reasoning helps students to better analyze, evaluate, and construct arguments and to more easily comprehend the full range of everyday arguments found in ordinary journalism. Critical Thinking distinguishes itself from other texts in the field by emphasizing analytical reading as an essential skill. It also provides detailed coverage of argument analysis, diagnostic arguments, diagnostic patterns, and fallacies.

Opening with two chapters on analytical reading that help students recognize what makes reasoning explicitly different from other expository activities, the text then presents an interrogative model of argument to guide them in the analysis and evaluation of reasoning. This model allows a detailed articulation of "inference to the best explanation" and gives students a view of the pervasiveness of this form of reasoning. The author demonstrates how many common argument types--from correlations to sampling--can be analyzed using this articulated form. He then extends the model to deal with several predictive and normative arguments and to display the value of the fallacy vocabulary. Designed for introductory courses in critical thinking, critical reasoning, informal logic, and inductive reasoning, Critical Thinking features hundreds of exercises throughout and includes worked-out solutions and additional exercises (without solutions) at the end of each chapter. An Instructor's Manual, including solutions to the text's unanswered exercises and featuring other pedagogical aids, is available.

Author Bio

Wright, Larry: University of California-Riverside

Table of Contents

Preface
Part One. PARAPHRASING

1. THE BARE-BONES PARAPHRASE

The Concept of Paraphrase
Reading and Paraphrase
Technique and Vocabulary
Human Understanding
Subtler Issues
Two Principles of Paraphrasing
Things to Keep in Mind

2. READING FOR STRUCTURE: DEPENDENCY AND SUBORDINATION

Complexity
Technique and Vocabulary
Useful Patterns
Tricks for Tough Cases
Systematic Features
Trial and Error Exercise

3. READING FOR REASONING: PARAPHRASING ARGUMENTS

Reading for a Particular Purpose
Reading for Reasoning
A Shortcut: Schematizing Directly from a Passage
Charitable Schematizing

PART TWO. ANALYZING REASONING

4. ARGUMENT ANALYSIS: ANSWERING QUESTIONS

The Purpose of Analysis
The Fundamental Concepts: Questions and Answers
Refining the Apparatus and Exercising Our Skills
Evaluating Arguments: How Good Are the Reasons?
Interim Summary: What We Have Learned So Far
Dealing With Disagreement

5. DIAGNOSTIC ARGUMENTS

Diagnostic Questions
Diagnostic Concepts
Diagnostic Articulation
Refinements
Diagnostic Investigation

6. DIAGNOSTIC PATTERNS

Cause and Correlation
Testimony
Sampling
Counting CaseS: Induction by Enumeration
Circumstantial Evidence

7. FURTHER APPLICATIONS: PREDICTION AND RECOMMENDATION

Prediction
Recommendation

8. FALLACIES

Fallacies of Construction
Critical Fallacies

APPENDIX. DEDUCTION
Introduction
Semantic Conflict
Semantic Evaluation
Deductive Argments
Structure
Tests and Criteria
Relative Strength
Summary
Glossary of Important Terms
Index

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