on Orders of $25 or more*
|Get your books quickly and easily... and pay nothing for shipping. Just order $25 or more and standard shipping is on us (excludes Marketplace and Rental offerings).|
|$3.99 flat rate|
|UPS 2nd Day Air*||$11.99 flat rate|
|UPS Next Day Air*||$19.98 flat rate|
* Not available for PO boxes and APO/FPO
** Saturday delivery is only available in certain areas. UPS standard rates apply.
*** Separate shipping rates apply for bulk orders
Summary: This text stresses comprehensive coverage, concreteness and topicality of illustration, and clarity of prose. Topics are presented in a modular style, making this text ideal for a wide variety of teaching approaches.Edition/Copyright: 01
Jason, Gary : San Diego State University
PART 1: THE ELEMENTS OF CRITICAL THINKING: STATEMENTS, QUESTIONS AND ARGUMENTS.
1. CRITICAL THINKING: DEVELOPING A GOOD MENTAL MODEL.
Critical Thinking and Mental Models.
Clarity and Consistency.
Justification, Explanatory and Predictive Power.
The Usefulness of Critical Thinking.
The Organization of this Book.
2. GRASPING ASSERTIONS.
Assertions and Sentences.
Statement Forms: Simple and Compound.
Statement Forms: Particular and General.
Statement Content: Necessary vs. Contingent.
Statement Content: Factual vs. Evaluative.
3. UNDERSTANDING QUESTIONS.
Questions and Sentences.
Types of Questions.
Fallacies of Questions.
4. IDENTIFYING ARGUMENTS.
Premises and Conclusions.
Identifying Single Arguments.
Telling Arguments From Other Things.
The Uses of Argument.
5. TYPES OF ARGUMENT.
Two Types of Evidential Relations.
Deductive Argument Forms.
Inductive Argument Forms.
PART 2: THE GOALS OF CRIITCAL THINKING: CLARITY, RELEVANCE, CONSISTENCY, JUSTIFICATION, AND EXPLANATORY POWER.
6. CLARITY I: PITFALLS OF LANGUAGE.
Pitfalls of Language.
Verbosity and Jargon. Vagueness.
Understatement and Overstatement.
7. CLARITY II: DEFINITION AND TAXONOMY.
Two Tools for Organizing Thought and Clarifying Language.
Sense and Reference. Methods of Definition.
Definition by Genus and Difference.
Relevance and Questions.
Fallacies of Refusing to Answer.
Fallacies of Emotional Appeals.
Fallacies of Ignoring the Issue.
9. DEDUCTION I: TRUTH-FUNCTIONAL LOGIC.
Basic Concepts of Deductive Logic.
Truth-Table Calculations. Symbolization.
Truth-Table Testing for Consistency.
Truth-Table for Implication and Validity.
Truth-Table Testing for Other Deductive Concepts.
10. DEDUCTION II: CLASS LOGIC.
A Closer Look at Statements.
Statements Involving Two Classes.
Venn Testing for Consistency.
Venn Testing for Implication and Validity.
Venn Testing for Other Concepts. Summary.
11. INDUCTION I: OBSERVATION, MEMORY AND TESTIMONY.
Observation, Observation Reports, and Testimony.
Assessing Expert Testimony.
Observation in Natural Science.
Observation, Memory and Testimony as Inferences to the Best Explanation.
12. INDUCTION II: INDUCTIVE GENERALIZATION.
The Pervasiveness of Inductive Generalization.
Criteria for Assessing Generalizations.
The Fallacy of Hasty Generalization.
Inductive Generalization and the IBE.
13. INDUCTION III: INDUCTIVE INSTANTIATION.
Defeasibility and General Rules.
The Statistical Syllogism.
The Fallacy of Accident.
14. INDUCTION IV: ANALOGY.
The Uses of Analogy.
Descriptive and Definitional Analogies.
The Heuristic Use of Analogies.
Models in Science.
Analogies in Legal Reasoning.
15. INDUCTION V: CAUSAL INFERENCE.
The Relation of Cause and Effect.
Causal Inference: The General Pattern.
Causal Inference: Specific Argument Forms.
Stochastic Causal Inference.
16. INDUCTION VI: EXPLANATION, HYPOTHESIS, AND PREDICTION.
Types of Explanation.
A Closer Look at DN and IS Explanations.
Rules for Forming Hypotheses.
Rules for Assessing Hypotheses.
PART 3: APPLICATIONS OF CRITICAL THINKING: DECISIONS IN A DEMOCRATIC MARKET ECONOMY.
17. DECISION MAKING: A GENERAL MODEL.
Framing the Decision Question. Identifying the Alternative.
Identifying the Criteria.
Weighing the Criteria.
Putting it All Together: Selecting the Best Option.
18. APPLICATION I: ADVERTISING AND CONSUMER CHOICE.
The Pervasiveness of Consumer Choice.
Psychological Mechanisms Exploited by Sales Agents.
The Role of Advertising in Manipulating Demand.
The Role of Advertising in Misleading Consumers about Costs and Benefits.
Overcoming Sales Trickery.
19. APPLICATION II: POLITICAL RHETORIC AND DEMOCRATIC CHOICE.
Common Political Rhetorical Tricks.
Overcoming Political Trickery.
Glossary. Answers to Even-Numbered Exercises.
Get Free Shipping on orders over $25 (not including Rental and Marketplace). Order arrives in 5-10 business days.
Need it faster?
We offer fast, flat-rate expedited shipping options.
|Sell it back by:|
|Guaranteed cash back:|
|Cost of this book|
after cash back:
Take advantage of Guaranteed Cash Back. Send your book to us in good condition before the end of the buyback period, we'll send YOU a check, and you'll pay less for your textbooks!
When you're done with this book, sell it back to Textbooks.com. In addition to the best possible buyback price, you'll get an extra 10% cash back just for being a customer.
We buy good-condition used textbooks year 'round, 24/7. No matter where you bought it, Textbooks.com will buy your textbooks for the most cash.
Being online is not required for reading an eTextbook after successfully downloading it. You must only be connected to the Internet duringthe download process.
What is the Marketplace?
It's another way for you to get the right price on the books you need. We approved every Marketplace vendor to sell their books on Textbooks.com, so you know they're all reliable.
What are Marketplace shipping options?
Marketplace items do not qualify for free shipping. When ordering from the Marketplace, please specify whether you want the seller to send your book Standard ($3.99/item) or Express ($6.99/item). To get free shipping over $25, just order directly from Textbooks.com instead of through the Marketplace.
FREE UPS 2nd Day Air TermsRental and Marketplace items are excluded. Offer is valid from 1/21/2013 12:00PM to 1/23/2013 11:59AM CST. Your order must be placed by 12 Noon CST to be processed on the same day. Minimum order value is $100.00 excluding Rental and Marketplace items. To redeem this offer, select "FREE UPS 2ND DAY AIR" at checkout. Offer not is not valid on previous orders.