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Cultural Landscape : Introduction to Human Geography

Cultural Landscape : Introduction to Human Geography - 8th edition

ISBN13: 978-0131429390

Cover of Cultural Landscape : Introduction to Human Geography 8TH 05 (ISBN 978-0131429390)
ISBN13: 978-0131429390
ISBN10: 0131429396
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 8TH 05
Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.
Published: 2005
International: No

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Cultural Landscape : Introduction to Human Geography - 8TH 05 edition

ISBN13: 978-0131429390

James Rubenstein

ISBN13: 978-0131429390
ISBN10: 0131429396
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 8TH 05
Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Published: 2005
International: No
Summary

For introductory courses in Human Geography or Cultural Geography.

Trusted for its timeliness, readability, and sound pedagogy, this best-selling text introduces geography as a social science by emphasizing the relevance of geographic concepts to human problems. The relationship between globalization and cultural diversity underlies the material. Rubenstein's engaging organization and presentation appeals to the majority of introductory geography students and instructors.

Features

  • Exceptionally clear organization of the material within each chapter --Makes it extremely easy to use for lesson planning and studying. Every chapter features the following pedagogical and organizational features.
  • Chapter-opening Case Study--Illustrates key concepts presented; generally drawn from news events or daily experiences familiar to students.
  • Key Issues--Features 3-5 points around which chapter material is organized; questions reappear as major headings within the chapter and all include one of the "where" or "why" essential to the study of geography.
  • Case Study Revisited--Reinforces the chapter's main points with additional information related to that chapter's case study.
  • "Thinking Geographically" section in each chapter--Offers five questions based on the chapter's concepts and themes; helps students apply concepts to explore issues more intensively.
  • Contemporary Geographic Tools section in each chapter--Examines how tools such as geographic information systems, aerial photography, and remotely sensed images help to resolve or understand issues discussed in the chapter.
  • Summary--Repeats key issues of the chapter with a brief review of important concepts.
  • Key Terms--Indicated at the start of each chapter and defined at the end of the book.
  • "On the Internet" section in each chapter--Recommends sites of particular importance to the theme of the chapter; points students and professors to the book's Companion Website (www.prenhall.com/rubenstein).
  • Dedicated Companion Website (www.prenhall.com/rubenstein)--Offers a variety of resources for students and professors, including review exercises, critical-thinking problems, and annotated resources for further exploration.
  • NEW-Substantial revision to Chapter 1--Chapter 1 is now organized around five concepts adopted from National Geography Standards (space, place, region, scale, connection).
  • Helps bridge revived high-school geography curriculum to an introductory college course.
  • NEW-New "Global Forces and Local Impacts" boxes in each chapter--These boxes relate issues and concepts raised in the chapter to a particular region of the world, with selected examples related to material in a new ancillary by Philip Steinberg and Kathleen Sherman-Morris, People in Places: A Case Study Workbook to Accompany The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography.
  • NEW-New material throughout--Includes medical geography (particularly in Chapter 2); terrorism (particularly in Chapter 8); mineral resources, sustainable development, conservation, and biodiversity (Chapter 14; also moves some of the material from this chapter to Chapters 6, 7, 8, and 10 as appropriate).
  • NEW-New information on gender differences in development--Includes economic, social, and demographic indicators of gender differences and of gender empowerment (Chapter 9).
  • NEW-Expanded material on Ethnicity (Chapter 7) --Relates ethnicity problems to political conflict; also incorporates material previously found elsewhere in the text, such as U.S. urban patterns and South Africa's history of apartheid.
  • NEW-Expanded coverage of Services (Chapter 12) --Addresses a topic generally underrepresented in other texts.

New To This Edition

  • Substantial revision to Chapter 1--Chapter 1 is now organized around five concepts adopted from National Geography Standards (space, place, region, scale, connection).
    • Helps bridge revived high-school geography curriculum to an introductory college course.
  • New "Global Forces and Local Impacts" boxes in each chapter--These boxes relate issues and concepts raised in the chapter to a particular region of the world, with selected examples related to material in a new ancillary by Philip Steinberg and Kathleen Sherman-Morris, People in Places: A Case Study Workbook to Accompany The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography.
  • New material throughout--Includes medical geography (particularly in Chapter 2); terrorism (particularly in Chapter 8); mineral resources, sustainable development, conservation, and biodiversity (Chapter 14; also moves some of the material from this chapter to Chapters 6, 7, 8, and 10 as appropriate).
  • New information on gender differences in development--Includes economic, social, and demographic indicators of gender differences and of gender empowerment (Chapter 9).
  • Expanded material on Ethnicity (Chapter 7) --Relates ethnicity problems to political conflict; also incorporates material previously found elsewhere in the text, such as U.S. urban patterns and South Africa's history of apartheid.
  • Expanded coverage of Services (Chapter 12) --Addresses a topic generally underrepresented in other texts.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Thinking Geographically.

Case Study-Big Mac Attack.
Key Issue 1-How Do Geographers Describe Where Things Are? Maps. Contemporary Tools.
Key Issue 2-Why Is Each Point on Earth Unique? Place: Unique Location of a Feature. Region: Areas of Unique Characteristics.
Key Issue 3-Why Are Different Places Similar? Scale: From Local to Global. Space: Distribution of Features. Connections between Places.

Chapter 2: Population

Case Study-Population Growth in India.
Key Issue 1-Where Is the World's Population Distributed? Population Concentrations. Sparsely Populated Regions. Population Density.
Key Issue 2-Where Has the World's Population Increased? Natural Increase. Fertility. Mortality.
Key Issue 3-Why Is Population Increasing at Different Rates in Different Countries? The Demographic Transition. Population Pyramids. Countries in Different Stages of Demographic Transition. Demographic Transition and World Population Growth.
Key Issue 4-Why Might the World Face an Overpopulation Problem? Malthus on Overpopulation. Declining Birth Rates. World Health Threats.

Chapter 3: Migration

Case Study-Migrating to Spain
Key Issue 1-Why Do People Migrate? Reasons for Migrating. Distance of Migration. Characteristics of Migrants.
Key Issue 2-Where Are Migrants Distributed?. Global Migration Patterns. U.S. Immigration Patterns. Impact of Immigration on the United States.
Key Issue 3-Why Do Migrants Face Obstacles? Immigration Policies of Host Countries. Cultural Problems Living in Other Countries.
Key Issue 4-Why Do People Migrate Within a Country? Migration Between Regions of a Country. Migration Within One Region.

Chapter 4: Folk and Popular Culture

Case Study-The Aboriginal Artists of Australia at Lincoln Center
Key Issue 1-Where Do Folk and Popular Cultures Originate and Diffuse? Origin of Folk and Popular Cultures. Diffusion of Folk and Popular Cultures.
Key Issue 2-Why Is Folk Culture Clustered? Isolation Promotes Cultural Diversity. Influence of Physical Environment.
Key Issue 3-Why Is Popular Culture Widely Distributed? Diffusion of Popular Housing, Clothing, and Food. Role of Television in Diffusing Popular Culture.
Key Issue 4-Why Does Globalization of Popular Culture Cause Problems? Threat to Folk Culture. Environmental Impact of Popular Culture.

Chapter 5: Language Case Study-French and Spanish in the United States and Canada

Key Issue 1-Where Are English-Language Speakers Distributed? Origin and Diffusion of English. Dialects of English.
Key Issue 2-Why Is English Related to Other Languages? Indo-European Branches. Origin and Diffusion of Indo-European.
Key Issue 3-Where Are Other Languages Distributed? Classification of Languages. Distribution of Language Families.
Key Issue 4-Why Do People Preserve Local Languages? Preserving Language Diversity. Global Dominance of English.

Chapter 6: Religion

Case Study-The Dalai Lama vs. the People's Republic of China
Key Issue 1-Where Are Religions Distributed? Universalizing Religions. Ethnic Religions.
Key Issue 2-Why Do Religions Have Different Distributions? Origin of Religions. Diffusion of Religions. Holy Places. The Calendar.
Key Issue 3-Why Do Religions Organize Space in Distinctive Patterns? Origin of Religions. Places of Worship. Sacred Space. Administration of Space.
Key Issue 4-Why Do Territorial Conflicts Arise Among Religious Groups? Religion vs. Government Policies. Religion vs. Religion.

Chapter 7: Ethnicity

Case Study-Ethnic Conflict in Rwanda
Key Issue 1-Where Are Ethnicities Distributed? Distribution of Ethnicities in the United States. Differentiating Ethnicity and Race.
Key Issue 2-Why Have Ethnicities Been Transformed into Nationalities? Rise of Nationalities. Multinational States. Revival of Ethnic Identity.
Key Issue 3-Why Do Ethnicities Clash? Ethnic Competition to Dominate Nationality. Dividing Ethnicities Among More Than One State.
Key Issue 4-What Is Ethnic Cleansing? Ethnic Cleansing in Yugoslavia. Ethnic Cleansing in Central Africa.

Chapter 8: Political Geography

Case Study-Changing Borders in Europe
Key Issue 1-Where Are States Located? Problems of Defining States Development of the State Concept.
Key Issue 2-Why Do Boundaries Cause Problems? Shapes of States. Types of Boundaries. Internal Organization of States.
Key Issue 3-Why Do States Cooperate with Each Other? Political and Military Cooperation. Economic Cooperation.
Key Issue 4-Why Has Terrorism Increased? Terrorism by Individuals and Organizations. State Support for Terrorism.

Chapter 9: Development

Case Study-Bangladesh's Development Problems
Key Issue 1-Why Does Development Vary Among Countries? Economic Indicators of Development. Social Indicators of Development. Demographic Indicators of Development.
Key Issue 2-Where Are More and Less Developed Countries Distributed? More Developed Regions. Less Developed Regions. Key Issue 3-Where Does Level of Development Vary by Gender? Gender-related Development Index. Gender Empowerment. Key Issue 4-Why Do Less Developed Countries Face Obstacles to Development? Development Through Self-Sufficiency. Development Through International Trade. Financing Development.

Chapter 10: Agriculture

Case Study-Wheat Farmers in Kansas and Pakistan
Key Issue 1-Where Did Agriculture Originate? Origins of Agriculture. Location of Agricultural Hearths. Classifying Agricultural Regions.
Key Issue 2-Where Are Agricultural Regions in Less Developed Countries? Shifting Cultivation. Pastoral Nomadism. Intensive Subsistence Agriculture.
Key Issue 3-Where Are Agricultural Regions in More Developed Countries? Mixed Crop and Livestock Farming. Dairy Farming. Grain Farming. Livestock Ranching. Mediterranean Agriculture. Commercial Gardening and Fruit Farming. Plantation Farming.
Key Issue 4-Why Do Farmers Face Economic Difficulties? Issues for Subsistence Farmers. Issues for Commercial Farmers. Strategies To Increase Food Supply.

Chapter 11: Industry

Case Study-Maquiladoras in Mexico
Key Issue 1-Where Did Industry Originate? The Industrial Revolution. Diffusion of the Industrial Revolution.
Key Issue 2-Where Is Industry Distributed? North America. Europe. East Asia.
Key Issue 3-Why Do Industries Have Different Distributions? Situation Factors. Site Factors. Obstacles to Optimum Location.
Key Issue 4-Why Do Industries Face Problems? Industrial Problems from a Global Perspective. Industrial Problems in More Developed Countries. Industrial Problems in Less Developed Countries.

Chapter 12: Services

Case Study-Obtaining Goods in Romania
Key Issue 1-Where Did Services Originate? Types of Services. Origin of Services. Services in Rural Settlements.
Key Issue 2-Why Are Consumer Services Distributed in a Regular Pattern? Central Place Theory. Market Area Analysis. Hierarchy of Services and Settlements.
Key Issue 3-Why Do Business Services Locate in Large Settlements? World Cities. Hierarchy of Business Services. Economic Base of Settlements.
Key Issue 4-Why Do Services Cluster Downtown? Central Business District. Suburbanization of Businesses.

Chapter 13: Urban Patterns

Case Study-Two Families in New Jersey
Key Issue 1-Where Have Urban Areas Grown? Urbanization. Defining Urban Settlements.
Key Issue 2-Where Are People Distributed Within Urban Areas? Three Models of Urban Structure. Use of the Models Outside North America.
Key Issue 3-Why Do Inner Cities Have Distinctive Problems? Inner-City Physical Problems. Inner-City Social Problems. Inner-City Economic Problems.
Key Issue 4-Why Do Suburbs Have Distinctive Problems? The Peripheral Model. Contribution of Transportation to Suburbanization. Local Government Fragmentation.

Chapter 14: Resource Problems

Case Study-Pollution in Mexico City
Key Issue 1-Why Are Resources Being Depleted? Energy Resources. Mineral Resources.
Key Issue 2-Why Are Resources Being Polluted? Air Pollution. Water Pollution. Land Pollution.
Key Issue 3-Why Are Resources Reusable? Renewing Resources. Recycling Resources.
Key Issue 4-Why Can Resources Be Conserved? Sustainable Development. Biodiversity.

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