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Culture, People, Nature : An Introduction to General Anthropology

Culture, People, Nature : An Introduction to General Anthropology - 7th edition

ISBN13: 978-0673990938

Cover of Culture, People, Nature : An Introduction to General Anthropology 7TH 97 (ISBN 978-0673990938)
ISBN13: 978-0673990938
ISBN10: 0673990931
Cover type: Hardback
Edition/Copyright: 7TH 97
Publisher: Longman, Inc.
Published: 1997
International: No

List price: $209.75

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Culture, People, Nature : An Introduction to General Anthropology - 7TH 97 edition

ISBN13: 978-0673990938

Marvin Harris

ISBN13: 978-0673990938
ISBN10: 0673990931
Cover type: Hardback
Edition/Copyright: 7TH 97
Publisher: Longman, Inc.

Published: 1997
International: No
Summary

Culture, People, Nature is a comprehensive introduction to the four fields of general anthropology. Author Professor Harris - the leading theorist in cultural materialism - bases his entire work from the perspective of thematic and theoretical coherence, giving it depth and continuity. Speaking directly to students, helpful chapter introductions and end-of-chapter summaries focus readers" attention on key points before and after reading each chapter. This seventh edition includes meticulous updating of research and scholarship, especially in the very active field of physical anthropology and archaeology. A new feature - "American Update" - turns the anthropological eye on the contemporary U.S., emphasizing the comparative aspects of anthropology and making the discipline of anthropology relevant to students.

Table of Contents

(Each chapter includes a Summary and a Guide to Further Reading)


Chapter 1. Introducing Archaeology

Why Study Archaeology?
The Crisis in Archaeology
Pseudo-Archaeologies
Archaeology, Anthropology, and History
The Diversity of Archaeologists
Goals of Archaeology
Differing Goals : New and Old World Archaeologists
A Short History of Archaeology : Sixth Century b.c. Through a.d. 1990

Chapter 2. The Beginnings of Scientific Archaeology : Sixth Century b.c. to the 1950s

Beginnings
Scriptures and Fossils
The Antiquity of Humankind
The Three-Age System
Human Progress
Unilinear Evolution and Diffusionism
Descriptive Archaeology
Culture History
New World Archaeology : Chronology and Time Scales
Cultural Ecology
A Study of Archaeology

Chapter 3. Science, Ecology, and Decoding the Past : The 1950s to the 1990s

Science and Archaeology
Living Archaeology (Ethnoarchaeology)
Systems Theory and Ecology
What"s to be Done : Living Archaeology
Current Theoretical Trends
Basic Processes and Principles

Chapter 4. The Archaeological Record

Archaeological Data
Site-Formation Processes
The Matrix : Preservation and Human Activity
Preservation Conditions : Inorganic and Organic Materials
Organic Materials and the Archaeological Record

Chapter 5. Doing Archaeological Research

The Archaeologist"s Skills
Archaeology, Science, and the Scientific Method
The Process of Archaeological Research

Chapter 6. Culture, Data, and Context

The Concept of Culture
Normative, Functional, and Processual Models of Culture
Cultural Process
The Archaeological Record
Matrix and Provenience
Archaeological Context
Artifacts, Subassemblages, and Assemblages
Archaeological Sites
Cultures, Regions, and Settlement Patterns

Chapter 7. Time : Relative Chronology

Chronometric (Absolute) and Relative Dating
Pleistocene Geochronology : The Ice Age
Reconstructing the Ice Age
Artifacts and Relative Chronology

Chapter 8. Time : Chronometric Dating

Potassium-Argon Dating (Earliest Times to c. 50,000 Years Ago)
Radiocarbon Dating (c. 45,000 Years Ago to a.d. 1500)
Bridging the Gap : TL, ESR, and Other Methods
Dendrochronology (c. 10,000 Years Ago to Present)
Archaeomagnetic Dating (last 2,000 Years, Perhaps Earlier)
Calendars and Objects of Known Age (After 3000 b.c.)
Recovering Archaeological Data

Chapter 9. Finding and Assessing Archaeological Sites

Finding Archaeological Sites
Sampling in Archaeological Survey
Remote Sensing
Assessing Archaeological Sites
Assessment : Surface Investigations
Site Survey
Subsurface Detection

Chapter 10. Archaeological Excavation

Organizing Archaeological Excavations
Planning an Excavation
Types of Excavation
Tools of the Trade
The Process of Archaeological Excavation
Special Excavation Problems
Analyzing the Past : Artifacts and Technology

Chapter 11. Identifying and Classifying Data

Classifying Artifacts
Processes of Archaeological Classification
What Do Assemblages and Patternings Mean?

Chapter 12. Technology and Artifacts

Stone
Clay (Ceramics)
Metals and Metallurgy
Bone
Wood
Basketry and Textiles
Reconstructing Past Lifeways

Chapter 13. Subsistence and Diet

Evidence for Subsistence
Animal Bones (Zooarchaeology)
Vegetal Remains
Agriculture and Domestic and Wild Animals
Birds, Fish, and Mollusks
Subsistence Data from Rock Art
Sources of Data on Diet and Nutrition

Chapter 14. Analogy, Middle-Range Theory, and the Living Past

Early Comparisons
Analogy
Middle-Range Theory
Ethnoarchaeology
Experimental Archaeology

Chapter 15. Settlement Archaeology and Spatial Analysis

Settlement Archaeology and Settlement Patterns
Structures and Communities
Reconstructing the Natural Environment
Site Distributions and Interactions
Socioecological Models
Population

Chapter 16. Exchange, Social Organization, and Religious Life

Exchange Systems
The Study of Sources
Studying Exchange Networks
Social Organization
Social Organization in the Archaeological Record
Religion and Ritual
Formative Oaxaca

Chapter 17. The Archaeology of People and Groups

Engendering Archaeology
Ethnicity and Inequality
Interpreting Culture Change in the Past

Chapter 18. Constructing Culture History

The Culture-Historical Method
Synthesis : Archaeological Units
Interpretation

Chapter 19. Explaining the Past

Processual Archaeology
Cultural Ecology
Multilinear Cultural Evolution
Postprocessual Archaeology
Cognitive Archaeology
What Lies Ahead : Evolution and the Archaeology of Constraints
Cultural Resource Management

Chapter 20. Managing the Past and Public Archaeology

Antiquities Legislation
Managing the Archaeological Record
Management Problems
Working with Native Americans

Chapter 21. Archaeology and You

Archaeology as a Profession
Responsibilities to the Past
Some Useful Addresses


Glossary

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