Summary: Culture, People, Nature is a comprehensive introduction to the four fields of general anthropology. Author Professor Harris - the leading theorist in cultural materialism - bases his entire work from the perspective of thematic and theoretical coherence, giving it depth and continuity. Speaking directly to students, helpful chapter introductions and end-of-chapter summaries focus readers" attention on key points before and after reading each chapter. This sevent
h edition includes meticulous updating of research and scholarship, especially in the very active field of physical anthropology and archaeology. A new feature - "American Update" - turns the anthropological eye on the contemporary U.S., emphasizing the comparative aspects of anthropology and making the discipline of anthropology relevant to students.
Summary: Culture, People, Nature is a comprehensive introduction to the four fields of general anthropology. Author Professor Harris - the leading theorist in cultural materialism - bases his entire work from the perspective of thematic and theoretical coherence, giving it depth and continuity. Speaking directly to students, helpful chapter introductions and end-of-chapter summaries focus readers" attention on key points before and after reading each chapter. This seventh edition includes meticulous updating of research and scholarship, especially in the very active field of physical anthropology and archaeology. A new feature - "American Update" - turns the anthropological eye on the contemporary U.S., emphasizing the comparative aspects of anthropology and making the discipline of anthropology relevant to students. ...show less
Edition/Copyright:7TH 97 Cover: Hardback Publisher:Longman, Inc. Published: 01/27/1997 International: No
View Table of Contents
(Each chapter includes a Summary and a Guide to Further Reading)
Chapter 1. Introducing Archaeology
Why Study Archaeology? The Crisis in Archaeology Pseudo-Archaeologies Archaeology, Anthropology, and History The Diversity of Archaeologists Goals of Archaeology Differing Goals : New and Old World Archaeologists A Short History of Archaeology : Sixth Century b.c. Through a.d. 1990
Chapter 2. The Beginnings of Scientific Archaeology : Sixth Century b.c. to the 1950s
Beginnings Scriptures and Fossils The Antiquity of Humankind The Three-Age System Human Progress Unilinear Evolution and Diffusionism Descriptive Archaeology Culture History New World Archaeology : Chronology and Time Scales Cultural Ecology A Study of Archaeology
Chapter 3. Science, Ecology, and Decoding the Past : The 1950s to the 1990s
Science and Archaeology Living Archaeology (Ethnoarchaeology) Systems Theory and Ecology What"s to be Done : Living Archaeology Current Theoretical Trends Basic Processes and Principles
Chapter 4. The Archaeological Record
Archaeological Data Site-Formation Processes The Matrix : Preservation and Human Activity Preservation Conditions : Inorganic and Organic Materials Organic Materials and the Archaeological Record
Chapter 5. Doing Archaeological Research
The Archaeologist"s Skills Archaeology, Science, and the Scientific Method The Process of Archaeological Research
Chapter 6. Culture, Data, and Context
The Concept of Culture Normative, Functional, and Processual Models of Culture Cultural Process The Archaeological Record Matrix and Provenience Archaeological Context Artifacts, Subassemblages, and Assemblages Archaeological Sites Cultures, Regions, and Settlement Patterns
Chapter 7. Time : Relative Chronology
Chronometric (Absolute) and Relative Dating Pleistocene Geochronology : The Ice Age Reconstructing the Ice Age Artifacts and Relative Chronology
Chapter 8. Time : Chronometric Dating
Potassium-Argon Dating (Earliest Times to c. 50,000 Years Ago) Radiocarbon Dating (c. 45,000 Years Ago to a.d. 1500) Bridging the Gap : TL, ESR, and Other Methods Dendrochronology (c. 10,000 Years Ago to Present) Archaeomagnetic Dating (last 2,000 Years, Perhaps Earlier) Calendars and Objects of Known Age (After 3000 b.c.) Recovering Archaeological Data
Chapter 9. Finding and Assessing Archaeological Sites
Finding Archaeological Sites Sampling in Archaeological Survey Remote Sensing Assessing Archaeological Sites Assessment : Surface Investigations Site Survey Subsurface Detection
Chapter 10. Archaeological Excavation
Organizing Archaeological Excavations Planning an Excavation Types of Excavation Tools of the Trade The Process of Archaeological Excavation Special Excavation Problems Analyzing the Past : Artifacts and Technology
Chapter 11. Identifying and Classifying Data
Classifying Artifacts Processes of Archaeological Classification What Do Assemblages and Patternings Mean?
Chapter 12. Technology and Artifacts
Stone Clay (Ceramics) Metals and Metallurgy Bone Wood Basketry and Textiles Reconstructing Past Lifeways
Chapter 13. Subsistence and Diet
Evidence for Subsistence Animal Bones (Zooarchaeology) Vegetal Remains Agriculture and Domestic and Wild Animals Birds, Fish, and Mollusks Subsistence Data from Rock Art Sources of Data on Diet and Nutrition
Chapter 14. Analogy, Middle-Range Theory, and the Living Past
Early Comparisons Analogy Middle-Range Theory Ethnoarchaeology Experimental Archaeology
Chapter 15. Settlement Archaeology and Spatial Analysis
Settlement Archaeology and Settlement Patterns Structures and Communities Reconstructing the Natural Environment Site Distributions and Interactions Socioecological Models Population
Chapter 16. Exchange, Social Organization, and Religious Life
Exchange Systems The Study of Sources Studying Exchange Networks Social Organization Social Organization in the Archaeological Record Religion and Ritual Formative Oaxaca
Chapter 17. The Archaeology of People and Groups
Engendering Archaeology Ethnicity and Inequality Interpreting Culture Change in the Past
Chapter 18. Constructing Culture History
The Culture-Historical Method Synthesis : Archaeological Units Interpretation
Chapter 19. Explaining the Past
Processual Archaeology Cultural Ecology Multilinear Cultural Evolution Postprocessual Archaeology Cognitive Archaeology What Lies Ahead : Evolution and the Archaeology of Constraints Cultural Resource Management
Chapter 20. Managing the Past and Public Archaeology
Antiquities Legislation Managing the Archaeological Record Management Problems Working with Native Americans
Chapter 21. Archaeology and You
Archaeology as a Profession Responsibilities to the Past Some Useful Addresses
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