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Disarming Strangers

Disarming Strangers - 98 edition

Disarming Strangers - 98 edition

ISBN13: 9781400807383

ISBN10: 1400807387

Disarming Strangers by Leon V. Sigal - ISBN 9781400807383
Edition: 98
Copyright: 1998
Publisher: California-Princeton Fulfillment Services
Published: 1998
International: No
Disarming Strangers by Leon V. Sigal - ISBN 9781400807383

ISBN13: 9781400807383

ISBN10: 1400807387

Edition: 98
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Summary

In June 1994 the United States went to the brink of war with North Korea. With economic sanctions impending, President Bill Clinton approved the dispatch of substantial reinforcements to Korea, and plans were prepared for attacking the North's nuclear weapons complex. The turning point came in an extraordinary private diplomatic initiative by former President Jimmy Carter and others to reverse the dangerous American course and open the way to a diplomatic settlement of the nuclear crisis.

Few Americans know the full details behind this story or perhaps realize the devastating impact it could have had on the nation's post-Cold War foreign policy. In this lively and authoritative book, Leon Sigal offers an inside look at how the Korean nuclear crisis originated, escalated, and was ultimately defused. He begins by exploring a web of intelligence failures by the United States and intransigence within South Korea and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Sigal pays particular attention to an American mindset that prefers coercion to cooperation in dealing with aggressive nations. Drawing upon in-depth interviews with policymakers from the countries involved, he discloses the details of the buildup to confrontation, American refusal to engage in diplomatic give-and-take, the Carter mission, and the diplomatic deal of October 1994.

In the post-Cold War era, the United States is less willing and able than before to expend unlimited resources abroad; as a result it will need to act less unilaterally and more in concert with other nations. What will become of an American foreign policy that prefers coercion when conciliation is more likely to serve its national interests? Using the events that nearly led the United States into a second Korean War, Sigal explores the need for policy change when it comes to addressing the challenge of nuclear proliferation and avoiding conflict with nations like Russia, Iran, and Iraq. What the Cuban missile crisis was to fi

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. Uncooperative America

A History of Failure
Shared Uncertainty, Shared Certitude
The Politics of Diplomatic Paralysis

PART I. COERCION FAILS
2. The Bush Deadlock Machine

Dealing with Korean Insecurities
North Korea Reciprocates for U.S. Security Assurances
"One Meeting Means One Meeting"
Ignoring the North's Offer
Witnesses for the Prosecution
Interregnum Politics. No One Stands Up to Team Spirit

3. The Clinton Administration Ties Itself in Knots

Coaxing North Korea Part-way Back into the Treaty
The Reactor Deal Redux
Empty Threats
An Empty "Package Deal"
Seoul Gets the Shakes

4. A "Better than Even" Chance of Misestimation

The Collapse of "Super Tuesday"
Let Bygones Be Bygones, for Now
Stumbling to the Brink

5. Deadlock
PART II. COOPERATION SUCCEEDS
6. Open Covenants, Privately Arrived At

Private Contacts With Pyongyang
Pyongyang Reaches Out
The Hidden Hand in the First Joint Statement
Two Foundations Try to Jump-Start Diplomacy
Jimmy Carter refuses to Take "No" for an Answer
The Carter-Kim Deal
The Bushmen Go on Me Warpath

7. Getting to Yes

Kim Il Sung's Legacy
Putting Some chips on the Table
The October Agreed Framework
Decrying and Defending the Deal
The Issue at Kuala Lumpur. What's in a Name?

PART III. CONCLUSIONS
8. Nuclear Diplomacy in the News--An Untold Story

Unfamiliarity Breeds Contempt
Explaining News on Nuclear Diplomacy
Op-eds and Editorials
Possible Consequences of News Coverage

9. The Politics of Discouragement

No Interest in a Deal
The Foreign Policy Establishment

10. Why Won't America Cooperate?

Realism
The Liberal challenge to Realism
Cooperating With Strangers