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Summary: Drugs are a large part of our modern world. We use them to recover from illness or get rid of a cold, and we abuse them to stay awake or to achieve a "high." Some drugs -- like aspirin, caffeine and nicotine-- are legal, and others -- like marijuana and cocaine -- are prohibited. And though we all rely on drugs to some extent, few of us understand the ways in which these drugs work and why some of us may be prone to addiction. This book explains the biolo ...show moregical, psychological, sociological, and health-related effects of drug use and abuse. Solid research supports the frank and informative manner in which the material is presented. The book focuses on all types of drugs -- from inhalants to over-the-counter drugs, to nicotine and caffeine -- and arms readers with the tools to make intelligent decisions and to understand the many ways in which drugs affect their world. ...show lessEdition/Copyright: 2ND 99
Levinthal, Charles F. : Hofstra University
I. DRUGS IN SOCIETY/DRUGS IN OUR LIVES.
1. Drugs and Behavior Today.
A Matter of Definition.
Drugs in Early Times.
Drugs in the Nineteenth Century.
Drugs and Behavior in the Twentieth Century.
Patterns of Drug Use in the United States.
Why Some Individuals Use Drugs and Others Don't.
Looking to the Future and Learning from the Past.
2. Drug Taking Behavior: The Personal and Social Dangers.
The DAWN Reports.
Physical and Psychological Dependence.
Special Problems in Drug Use.
Drug Abuse and AIDS.
Drugs, Violence, and Crime.
Governmental Policy, Regulation and Laws.
Enforcement of Drug Laws on a Local and International Scale.
3. How Drugs Work in the Body and on the Mind.
How Drugs Enter the Body.
How Drugs Exit the Body.
Factors Determining the Physiological Impact of Drugs.
Introducing the Nervous System.
Understanding the Brain.
Understanding the Biochemistry of Psychoactive Drugs.
Physiological Aspects of Drug-Taking Behavior.
Psychological Factors in Drug-Taking Behavior.
II. LEGALLY RESTRICTED DRUGS IN OUR SOCIETY.
4. The Major Stimulants: Cocaine and Amphetamines.
The History of Cocaine.
Acute Effects of Cocaine.
Chronic Effects of Cocaine.
Medical Uses of Cocaine.
How Cocaine Works in the Brain.
Present-Day Cocaine Abuse.
Patterns of Cocaine Abuse.
Treatment Programs for Cocaine Abuse.
Acute and Chronic Effects of Amphetamines.
Patterns of Amphetamine Abuse and Treatment.
Medical Uses for Amphetamines and Similar Stimulant Drugs.
5. The Major Narcotics: Opium, Morphine, and Heroin.
Opium in History.
Morphine and the Advent of Heroin.
Heroin and Opiate Dependence in the Twentieth Century.
Effects on the Mind and Body.
Medical Uses of Narcotic Drugs.
How Opiates Work in the Brain.
Patterns of Heroin Abuse.
Heroin Abuse and Society.
Treatment and Long-Term Recovery Programs.
6. LSD and Other Hallucinogens.
A Matter of Definition.
Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD).
Facts and Fictions about LSD.
Psilocybin and Other Hallucinogens Related to Serotonin.
Hallucinogens Related to Norepinephrine.
Hallucinogens Related to Acetylcholine.
A Matter of Terminology.
The History of Marijuana and Hashish.
Acute Effects of Marijuana.
Effects of Marijuana in the Brain.
Chronic Effects of Marijuana.
Medical Uses of Marijuana.
Patterns of Marijuana Smoking.
Current Trends as Causes for Concern.
The Issue of Decriminalization.
8. Anabolic Steroids and Drug Abuse in Sports.
Drug-Taking Behavior in Sports.
The Hazards of Anabolic Steroids.
Patterns of Abuse of Anabolic Steroids.
Present-Day Drug Testing Procedures and Policies.
What Can Be Done about Drug Abuse in Sports?
III. LEGALLY AVAILABLE DRUGS IN OUR SOCIETY.
9. Alcohol: Social Beverage/Social Drug.
What Makes an Alcoholic Beverage?
Alcohol through History.
Patterns of Alcohol Consumption Today.
The Pharmacology of Alcohol.
The Effect of Alcohol on the Brain.
Acute Physiological Effects.
Acute Behavioral Effects.
Strategies for Responsible Drinking.
10. Chronic Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
Alcoholism, Stereotypes, Definitions and Criteria.
Alcohol Abuse and Alcohol Dependence: The Professional's View.
The History of Efforts to Regulate Chronic Alcohol Abuse.
Chronic Effects of Alcohol.
Patterns of Chronic Alcohol Abuse.
The Genetics of Alcoholism.
The Concept of Alcoholism as a Disease.
Approaches to Treatment for Alcoholism.
Alcoholism in the Workplace.
11. Nicotine and Tobacco.
Tobacco through History.
Health Concerns and Smoking Behavior.
Tobacco Today: An Industry on the Defensive.
What's in Tobacco?
The Dependence Potential of Nicotine.
Health Consequences of Tobacco Use.
Patterns of Smoking Behavior and Use of Smokeless Tobacco.
Quitting Smoking: The Good News and the Bad.
Caffeine from Medications.
The Era of Decaffeination.
Caffeine as a Drug.
Dependence: Tolerance and Withdrawal.
13. Glues, Solvents, and Other Inhalants.
Inhalants through History.
Glue, Solvent, and Aerosol Inhalation.
Patterns of Inhalant Abuse.
Responses of Society to Inhalant Abuse.
Amyl Nitrite and Butyl Nitrite Inhalation.
IV. MEDICINAL DRUGS.
14. Prescription and Over-the-Counter Drugs.
How the Regulation of Prescription and OTC Drugs Began.
Procedures for Approving Prescription and OTC Drugs.
Are FDA-Approved Drugs Safe?
Major OTC Analgesic Drugs.
Other Major Classes of OTC Drugs.
The Pharmaceutical Industry Today.
15. Sedative-Hypnotics and Antianxiety Drugs.
The Development of Antianxiety Drugs.
Buspirone: A New Generation of Antianxiety Drugs.
16. Drugs for Treating Schizophrenia and Mood Disorders.
The Biomedical Model.
Antipsychotic Drugs and Schizophrenia.
Drugs Used to Treat Mood Disorders.
Mania and Bipolar Disorder.
Drugs for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
Psychiatric Drugs, Social Policy, and Deinstitutionalization.
V. TREATMENT, PREVENTION, AND EDUCATION.
17. Prevention and Treatment: Strategies for Change.
Ways to Approach Drug Abuse Prevention.
Strategies for Treatment.
Prevention and Treatment in the Workplace.
The Personal Journey to Treatment and Recovery.
The Importance of Family Systems in Prevention and Treatment.
Finding the Right Drug Abuse Treatment and Prevention Program.
18. Prevention and Education: Schools, Community and Family.
ATOD Prevention: Strategies, Goals and Objectives.
Lessons from the Past: Prevention Approaches That Have Failed.
Hope and Promise: Components of Effective School-Based Prevention Programs.
Community-Based Prevention Programs.
Family Systems in Primary and Secondary Prevention.
Multicultural Issues in Primary and Secondary Prevention.
Yes, You: ATOD Prevention and the College Student.
A Personal Commitment to Healthy Decisions.
Where You Can Go for Help.
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