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East Asia : A Cultural, Social, and Political History

East Asia : A Cultural, Social, and Political History - 06 edition

ISBN13: 978-0618133840

Cover of East Asia : A Cultural, Social, and Political History 06 (ISBN 978-0618133840)
ISBN13: 978-0618133840
ISBN10: 0618133844
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 06
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Published: 2006
International: No

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East Asia : A Cultural, Social, and Political History - 06 edition

ISBN13: 978-0618133840

Patricia Buckley Ebrey

ISBN13: 978-0618133840
ISBN10: 0618133844
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 06
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Published: 2006
International: No

Designed for the East Asian history course, these texts feature the latest scholarship on the region and offers a range of cultural, political, economic, and intellectual history. Coverage is balanced among East Asian regions, with approximately 20 percent of the complete volume focused on Korea, an area that has become increasingly important in East Asian courses and in world politics.

Special attention is devoted to coverage of gender and material culture--themes that are reinforced through the text's pedagogical features. Color inserts illustrate the rich artistic heritage of East Asia and bolster the coverage of material culture.

  • Patricia Buckley Ebrey brings her scholarship and expertise to the China volume, while Anne Walthall lends her scholarship and expertise to the Japan volume.
  • Connections sections appear throughout the text and provide an international context for the history of East Asia. Some of the topics covered include Buddhism, the Mongols, Imperialism, and World War II.
  • Each chapter includes primary source features that document, among other topics, culture or the arts.
  • Biographical sketches highlight the lives of major figures in East Asian history.

Table of Contents

I. The Foundations of East Asian Civilization in China
The Prehistory of East Asia

1. China in the Bronze Age: The Shang and Western Zhou Dynasties (ca. 1500-771 B.C.E.)

The Geography of the Chinese Subcontinent
The Shang Dynasty (ca 1500-1045 B.C.E.)
Developments Outside the Shang Core
The Western Zhou Dynasty (1045-771 B.C.E.)
Material Culture: Rammed Earth
Documents: The Announcement of Shao

2. Philosophers and Warring States During the Eastern Zhou Period (770-256 B.C.E.)

The Multi-State System of the Eastern Zhou
Warfare and Its Consequences
The Hundred Schools of Thought
Warring States Literature and Art: The Case of Chu
Biography: Guan Zhong
Documents: The King of Zhao Convinces His Uncle to Wear Barbarian Dress
Material Culture: Lacquer

3. The Founding of the Bureaucratic Empire: Qin-Han China (256 B.C.E.-200 C.E.)

The Qin Unification (256-206 B.C.E.)
The Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E.-C.E. 220)
Intellectual, Literary, and Religious Currents
Chinese Society in Han Times
Central Asia and the Silk Route
Maintaining the Empire
Biography: The Ban Family
Material Culture: Silk from the Silk Road
Documents: Lucky and Unlucky Days
Buddhism in India and Its Spread along the Silk Road

4. Political Division in China and the Spread of Buddhism (200-580)

The Three Kingdoms (220-265) and the Western Jin Dynasty (265-316)
Non-Chinese Dominance in the North
The Southern Dynasties and Aristocratic Culture
The Buddhist Conquest of China
Daoist Religion
Biography: Yan Zhitui (531-591+)
Material Culture: Cave 285 at Dunhuang
Documents: Tales of the Current Age

5. The Cosmopolitan Empires of Sui and Tang China (581-960)

The Northwest Military Aristocracy and the Sui Reunification of China
The Founding of the Tang Dynasty (618-907)
The Tang at its Height
The Rebellion of An Lushan (755-63)
The Achievements of Tang Men of Letters
The Dunhuang Documents
The Tang Dynasty's Final Decades and the Five Dynasties
Biography: Du Fu (712-77), Confucian Poet
Material Culture: Tea
Documents: Poking Fun
Cultural Contact across Eurasia, 600-900

II. The Emergence of East Asian Civilization, to 1200

6. Early Korea: Chosón, Three Kingdoms, Silla, and Parhae

Geography of the Korean Peninsula
Bronze Age Culture
The Early Historical Period
The Three Kingdoms (Koguró, Paekche, and Silla), 313-698
Silla Domination of the Peninsula, 668-892
Biography: Ch'oe Ch'iwón
Documents: The Buddhist Monk Úich'ón
Material Culture: Buddhist Sculpture

7. Early State and Society in Japan to 794

The Geography of the Japanese Archipelago
Early Kingship
The Formation of a Centered Polity
Material Culture: Haniwa
Documents: Poems from Nihonshoki and Man'yoshu

8. China Among Equals: Song, Liao, Xia, and Jin

The Founding of the Song Dynasty
Song's Rivals: Liao and Xia
A New Era
The Fall of the Northern Song and the Jin Dynasty
Hangzhou and the Southern Song
Song Culture and Society
Documents: A Judge's Ruling
Material Culture: Huang Sheng's Clothing
Biography: Tong Guan, Eunuch General

9. The Koryó Dynasty and Mongol Invasions of Korea, 889-1259

The Later Three Kingdoms, 889-935
Koryó Dynasty: The Recentralized Bureaucracy and Its Problems, 935-1171
Koryó Culture
Koryó Relations with Song and Liao, 943-1071
Rise of the Jurchen (Jin) Dynasty
The Decline and Fall of Civilian Rule
Buddhism and Syncretism in the Koryó Period
Praetorian Rule and the Mongol Invasions, 1170-1259
Biography: Ch'oe Súngno
Documents: Tosón
Material Culture: The Koryó Celadon

10. Heian Japan

The Age of Kingly Rule
The Fujiwara Era
Rule by Retired Monarchs
Primary Source: Sanboe (The Three Jewels)
Biography: Sugawara no Michizane
Material Culture: Writing Japanese

11. Kamakura Japan, 1180-1333

Rise of the Warrior
Military Government at Kamakura
The Mongol Invasions
Fall of Kamakura Regime
Primary Source: The Estate Stewards in Legal Documents
Material Culture: The Mongol Scroll and Mongol Combat

III. Meeting New Challenges, 1200-1600
The Mongols

12. China and Korea under Mongol Rule, 1215-1351

The Mongol Conquest of the Jin and Xia Dynasties
The Mongol Conquest of Korea
The Mongol Conquest of the Southern Song
Life in China Under the Mongols
Mongol Rule over Koryó, 1260-1355
Primary Source: The Luoluo
Material Culture: Blue-and-White Porcelain
Biography: Yi Chehyón

13. Japan's Middle Ages, 1330-1600

New Political Alignments
Civil War
Material Culture: No
Primary Source: The Journal of Socho
Biography: Hino Meishi

14. The Ming Empire in China, 1368-1600

The Founding of the Ming Dynasty
Diplomacy and Defense
Social and Cultural Trends
Primary Source: Scene from The Peony Pavilion
Biography: Tan Yunxian, Woman Doctor
Material Culture: Gardens of Suzhou

15. Centralization in Early Chosón, 1351-1598

Recentralization and Zhu Xi Confucianism, 1351-1392
The Chosón Dynasty and Confucianization, 1392-1450
The Sejo Usurpation and the Literati Purges, 1450-1519
Confucian Disputation
Institutional Deterioration
Factionalism and the Japanese Invasion
Biography: Admiral Yi Sunsin

IV. Growth and Stability, 1600-1800
Europe Enters the Scene

16. The Creation of the Manchu Empire, 1600-1800

The Ming Dynasty Lapses into Disorder
The Manchus
Ming Loyalism
Qing Institution Building
Contacts with Europe
Cultural Cross-Currents
Primary Source: Fang Bao's "Random Notes from Prison"
Biography: Printer Yu Xiangdou and his family
Material Culture: Jin Nong's Inscribed Portrait of a Buddhist Monk

17. Edo Japan

Tokugawa Settlement
Eighteenth Century Vicissitudes
Material Culture: Sanitation, Fertilizer, and Status
Biography: Tadano Makuzu
Primary Source: Ihara Saikaku's "Sensible Advice on Domestic Economy"

18. Late Chosón Korea, 1598-1800

Manchus and Factional Disputes
The Decline of the Military Service Rural Credit Systems
Late Chosón Society: Slaves and Yangban
Economic Development in the Eighteenth Century
Politics, Ideology, and Reform after 1762
New Movements in Scholarship and Learning
The Family and Women in the Confucian Age
The Growth of Literature
Biography: King Yóngjo (1694-1776, r. 1724-76)
Documents: Lady Hyegyóng's Memoirs
Material Culture: Five-Day Markets

V. Western Imperialism, 1800-1900
European Imperialism

19. China in Decline, 1800-1900

Economic and Fiscal Problems
Mid-Century Crises
Foreigners in China
The Failures of Reform
The Decline of the Qing Empire in Comparative Perspective
Primary Source: Comparing the Power of China and Western Nations
Biography: Manchu Bannerman Guancheng
Material Culture: The Grand Canal

20. Japan in Turmoil

Domestic Secessions
Foreign Affairs
Debates on the Foreign Threat
Political Turmoil
The Fall of the Shogunate
Biography: Kitahara Inao
Material Culture: Transportation
Primary Text: Action by Kohei

21. The Meiji Transformation, 1868-1900

The Meiji State
Conservative Resurgence
Imperialism and Modernity
Material Culture: New Food for a New Nation
Biography: Deguchi Nao
Fukuzawa Yukichi's "Escape from Asia," March 16, 1885

22. The Final Years of Choson Korea, 1800-1894

The Nature of Consort Rule, 1800-1894
Anti-Catholic Persecution of 1801
The Hong Kyóngnae Rebellion of 1812
Christianity and Western Imperialism
Ch'oe Cheu and the Tonghak Religion
The Taewongun's De-facto Regency, 1863-1873
King Kojong and the Kanghwa Treaty of 1876
Unequal Treaties and Attempts at Reform, 1876-1894
Foreign Interference and Qing Control, 1876-1894
The Tonghak Rebellion and the Sino-Japanese War, 1894-1895

VI. East Asia in the Modern World

23. Remaking China, 1900-1927

The End of Monarchy
The Presidency of Yuan Shikai and the Emergence of the Warlords
Toward a More Modern China
Reunification by the Nationalists
Primary Source: Lu Xun's "Sudden Notions"
Biography: A Modern Couple: Sophia Chen and H.C. Zen
Material Culture: Shanghai's Great World Pleasure Palace

24. Rise of Modern Japan, 1900-1931

A Fluid International Order
Economic Development
Constitutional Government
Modern Urban Culture
Alternatives to Modernity
Material Culture: Houses for the Middle Class
Primary Source: Negotiations between strike group. . .
Biography: Kobayashi Ichizo

25. Korea under Colonial Rule, 1896-1945

The Transition to Colonial Rule, 1896-1910
Japanese Colonial Rule, 1910-1945
Biography: Kim Ku
Primary Source: Yi Kwangsu's notion of reconstruction

26. War and Revolution in China, 1927-1949

The Chinese Communist Party
The Nationalist Government in Nanjing
The Japanese Invasion and the Retreat to Chongqing
The Civil War and the Communist Victory
Material Culture: Qipao
Biography: Yuetsim, Servant Girl
Primary Source:
World War II

27. War and Aftermath, Japan, 1931-1965

Road to War
Wartime Mobilization
Political Settlement and Economic Recovery
Biography: Daimatsu Hirobumi
Material Culture: The Transistor
Primary Source: Excerpts from Diary of Hayashi Toshimasa

28. China under Mao, 1949-1976

The Party in Power
Departing from the Soviet Model
The Cultural Revolution
The Death of Mao
Primary Source: Big Character Poster
Biography: Jin Shuyu, Telephone Minder
Material Culture: Political Posters

29. China since Mao, 1976 to the present

The Communist Party after Mao
Restructuring the Economy
Social and Cultural Changes
Critical Voices
China in the World
Biography: Li Qiang, Labor Activist
Material Culture: China's New Cinema
Primary Source: Supporting the Rural Elderly

30. Korea since 1945

Liberation and National Division, 1945-1949
Korean War, 1949-53
Rivalry between the ROK and the DPRK
Park Chung Hee, The First Decade, 1961-1972
Park Chung Hee, The Big Push, 1972-1979
The Chun Doo Hwan Dictatorship, 1979-1987
Democracy Arrives, 1987-1992
The Democratic People's Republic of Korea, 1953-1992
Economic Growth and Political Consolidation, 1953-1959
Provocation of Revolt and Nixon's Rapprochement with China, 1959-1971
Kim Il Sung Shifts Power from the KWP to Himself, 1972
Challenges Against the ROK and Economic Decline, 1975-1988
Collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe
The North Korean Nuclear Challenge, 1989-2003
Domestic Issues, North and South: 1992-2003
Biography: Chóng Ju Yong (Chóng Chuyong)
Primary Source: Attitudes toward women in contemporary South Korea in the 1960s

31. Contemporary Japan, 1965 to the present

Political Protest and Environmental Pollution
Strains of the 1970s
The Roaring 80s
Malaise in the 1990s
Material Culture: Manga
Primary Source: Fujita Mariko's "It's all Mother's Fault"
East Asia at the beginning of the 21st century

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