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Educational Psychology

Educational Psychology - 5th edition

ISBN13: 978-0073378787

Cover of Educational Psychology 5TH 11 (ISBN 978-0073378787)
ISBN13: 978-0073378787
ISBN10: 007337878X
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 5TH 11
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company
Published: 2011
International: No
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Educational Psychology - 5TH 11 edition

ISBN13: 978-0073378787

John W. Santrock

ISBN13: 978-0073378787
ISBN10: 007337878X
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 5TH 11
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company

Published: 2011
International: No
Summary

John Santrock'sEducational Psychologyemphasizes the application of theory to real classroom practice. With richly evocative classroom vignettes from practicing teachers and a wealth of case studies,Educational Psychologyhelps students think critically about the research basis for best practices. Santrock's hallmark Learning System organizes the content into manageable chunks under learning goals, supporting retention and mastery, so that students will have an engaging and successful course experience.

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1 Educational Psychology: A Tool for Effective Teaching

Exploring Educational Psychology

Historical Background

Teaching: Art and Science

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Effective Teaching

Professional Knowledge and Skills

Commitment, Motivation and Caring

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Research in Educational Psychology

Why Research Is Important

Research Methods

Program Evaluation Research, Action Research, and the Teacher-as-Researcher

Quantitative and Qualitative Research

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: Connecting with the Classroom

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 2 Cognitive and Language Development

An Overview of Child Development

Exploring What Development Is

Processes and Periods

Developmental Issues

Development and Education

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Cognitive Development

The Brain

Piaget's Theory

Vygotsky's Theory

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Language Development

What Is Language?

Biological and Environmental Influences

How Language Develops

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: The Book Report

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 3 Social Contexts and Socioemotional Development

Contemporary Theories

Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Theory

Erikson's Life-Span Development Theory

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Social Contexts of Development

Families

Peers

Schools

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Socioemotional Development

The Self

Moral Development

Coping With Stress

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: The Fight

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 4 Individual Varations

Intelligence

What Is Intelligence?

Intelligence Tests

Theories of Multiple Intelligences

The Neuroscience of Intelligence

Controversies and Issues in Intelligence

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Learning and Thinking Styles

Impulsive/Reflective Styles

Deep/Surface Styles

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Personality and Temperament

Personality

Temperament

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: Workshops

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 5 Sociocultural Diversity

Culture and Ethnicity

Culture

Socioeconomic Status

Ethnicity

Bilingualism

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Multicultural Education

Empowering Students

Culturally Relevant Teaching

Issues-Centered Education

Improving Relations Among Children from Different Ethnic Groups

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Gender

Exploring Gender Views

Gender Stereotyping, Similarities, and Differences

Gender-Role Classification

Gender in Context

Eliminating Gender Bias

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: These Boys

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 6 Learners Who Are Exceptional

Children with Disabilities

Learning Disabilities

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Mental Retardation

Physical Disorders

Sensory Disorders

Speech and Language Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Educational Issues Involving Children with Disabilities

Legal Aspects

Technology

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Children Who Are Gifted

Characteristics

Nature/Nuture, Developmental Changes and Domain-Specific Giftedness

Educating Children Who Are Gifted

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: Now What

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 7 Behavioral and Social Cognitive Approaches

What Is Learning?

What Learning Is and Is Not

Approaches to Learning

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Behavioral Approaches to Learning

Classical Conditioning

Operant Conditioning

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Applied Behavior Analysis in Education

What Is Applied Behavior Analysis?

Increasing Desirable Behaviors

Decreasing Undesirable Behaviors

Evaluating Operant Conditioning and Applied Behavior

Analysis

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Social Cognitive Approaches to Learning

Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory

Observational Learning

Cognitive Behavior Approaches and Self-Regulation

Evaluating the Social Cognitive Approaches

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: Consequences

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 8 The Information-Processing Approach

The Nature of the Information-Processing Approach

Information, Memory, and Thinking

Cognitive Resources: Capacity and Speed of Processing Information

Mechanisms of Change

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Attention

What Is Attention?

Developmental Changes

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Memory

What Is Memory?

Encoding

Storage

Retrieval and Forgetting

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Expertise

Expertise and Learning

Acquiring Expertise

Expertise and Teaching

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Metacognition

Developmental Changes

The Good Information-Processing Model

Strategies and Metacognitive Regulation

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: The Test

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 9 Complex Cognitive Processes

Conceptual Understanding

What Are Concepts?

Promoting Concept Formation

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Thinking

What Is Thinking?

Reasoning

Critical Thinking

Decision Making

Creative Thinking

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Problem Solving

Steps in Problem Solving

Obstacles to Solving Problems

Developmental Changes

Developmental Changes

Problem-Based Learning and Project-Based Learning

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Transfer

What Is Transfer?

Types of Transfer

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: The Statistics Test

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 10 Social Constructivist Approaches

Social Constructivist Approaches to Teaching

Social Constructivism in the Broader Constructivist Context

Situated Cognition

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Teachers and Peers as Joint Contributors to Students' Learning

Scaffolding

Cognitive Apprenticeship

Tutoring

Cooperative Learning

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Structuring Small-Group Work

Composing the Group

Team-Building Skills

Structuring Small-Group Interaction

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Social Constructivist Programs

Fostering a Community of Learners

Schools for Thought

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: The Social Constructivist Classroom

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 11 Learning and Cognition in the Content Areas

Expert Knowledge and Pedagogical Content Knowledge

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Reading

A Developmental Model of Reading

Approaches to Reading

Cognitive Approaches

Social Constructivist Approaches

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Writing

Developmental Changes

Cognitive Approaches

Social Constructivist Approaches

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Mathematics

Developmental Changes

Controversy in Math Education

Cognitive Processes

Some Constructivist Principles

Technology and Math Instruction

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Science

Science Education

Constructivist Teaching Strategies

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Social Studies

What Is Social Studies?

Constructivist Approaches

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: The Constructivist Math Curriculum

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 12 Planning, Instruction, and Technology

Planning

Instructional Planning

Time Frames and Planning

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Teacher-Centered Lesson Planning and Instruction

Teacher-Centered Lesson Planning

Direct Instruction

Teacher-Centered Instructional Strategies

Evaluating Teacher-Centered Instruction

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Learner-Centered Lesson Planning and Instruction

Learner-Centered Principles

Some Learner-Centered Instructional Strategies

Evaluating Learner-Centered Strategies

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Technology and Education

The Technology Revolution and the Internet

Standards for Technology-Literate Students

Teaching, Learning, and Technology

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: The Big Debate

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 13 Motivation, Teaching, and Learning

Exploring Motivation

What Is Motivation?

Perspectives on Motivation

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Achievement Processes

Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation

Attribution

Mastery Motivation and Mindset

Self-Efficacy

Goal Setting, Planning, and Self-Monitoring

Expectations

Values and Purpose

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Motivation, Relationships, and Sociocultural Contexts

Social Motives

Social Relationships

Sociocultural Contexts

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Exploring Achievement Difficulties

Students Who Are Low Achieving and Have Low

Expectations for Success

Students Who Protect Their Self-Worth by Avoiding Failure

Students Who Procrastinate

Students Who Are Perfectionists

Students with High Anxiety

Students Who Are Uninterested or Alienated

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: The Reading Incentive Program

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 14 Managing the Classroom

Why Classrooms Need to Be Managed Effectively

Management Issues in Elementary and Secondary School Classrooms

The Crowded, Complex, and Potentially Chaotic Classroom

Getting Off to the Right Start

Emphasizing Instruction and a Positive Classroom Climate

Management Goals and Strategies

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Designing the Physical Environment of the Classroom

Principles of Classroom Arrangement

Arrangement Style

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Creating a Positive Environment for Learning

General Strategies

Creating, Teaching, and Maintaining Rules and Procedures

Getting Students to Cooperate

Classroom Management and Diversity

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Being a Good Communicator

Speaking Skills

Listening Skills

Nonverbal Communication

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Dealing with Problem Behaviors

Management Strategies

Dealing with Aggression

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: The Chatty Student

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 15 Standardized Tests and Teaching

The Nature of Standardized Tests

Standardized Tests and Their Purposes

Criteria for Evaluating Standardized Tests

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Aptitude and Achievement Tests

Comparing Aptitude and Achievement Tests

Types of Standardized Achievement Tests

High-Stakes State Standards-Based Tests

Standardized Tests of Teacher Candidates

Review, Reflect, and Practice

The Teacher's Roles

Preparing Students to Take Standardized Tests

Understanding and Interpreting Test Results

Using Standardized Test Scores to Plan and Improve Instruction

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Issues in Standardized Tests

Standardized Tests, Alternative Assessments, and High-Stakes Testing

Diversity and Standardized Testing

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: The Standardized Test Pressure

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Chapter 16 Classroom Assessment and Grading

The Classroom as an Assessment Context

Assessment as an Integral Part of Teaching

Making Assessment Compatible with Contemporary Views of Learning and Motivation

Contemporary Views of Learning and Motivation

Creating Clear, Appropriate Learning Targets

Establishing High-Quality Assessments

Current Trends

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Traditional Tests

Selected-Response Items

Constructed-Response Items

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Alternative Assessments

Trends in Alternative Assessment

Performance Assessment

Portfolio Assessment

Review, Reflect, and Practice

Grading and Reporting Performance

The Purposes of Grading

The Components of a Grading System

Reporting Students' Progress and Grades to Parents

Some Issues in Grading

Review, Reflect, and Practice

CRACK THE CASE: The Case of the Project

Reach Your Learning Goals

Key Terms

Portfolio Activities

Study, Practice, and Succeed

Glossary G-0

Praxis(TM) Answer Key P-0

References R-0

Credits C-1

Name Index I-1

Subject Index I-11

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