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A thorough introduction to fundamental principles and applications.
From its beginnings in metallurgy and ceramics, materials science now encompasses such high- tech fields as microelectronics, polymers, biomaterials, and nanotechnology. Electronic Materials Science presents the fundamentals of the subject in a detailed fashion for a multidisciplinary audience. Offering a higher-level treatment than an undergraduate textbook provides, this text benefits students and practitioners not only in electronics and optical materials science, but also in additional cutting-edge fields like polymers and biomaterials.
Readers with a basic understanding of physical chemistry or physics will appreciate the text's sophisticated presentation of today's materials science. Instructive derivations of important formulae, usually omitted in an introductory text, are included here. This feature offers a useful glimpse into the foundations of how the discipline understands such topics as defects, phase equilibria, and mechanical properties. Additionally, concepts such as reciprocal space, electron energy band theory, and thermodynamics enter the discussion earlier and in a more robust fashion than in other texts.
Electronic Materials Science also features:
Treating the subject with more depth than any other introductory text, Electronic Materials Science prepares graduate and upper-level undergraduate students for advanced topics in the discipline and gives scientists in associated disciplines a clear review of the field and its leading technologies.
Preface.
1 Introduction to Electronic Materials Science.
1.1 Introduction.
1.2 Structure and Diffraction.
1.3 Defects.
1.4 Diffusion.
1.5 Phase Equilibria.
1.6 Mechanical Properties.
1.7 Electronic Structure.
1.8 Electronic Properties and Devices.
1.9 Electronic Materials Science.
2 Structure of Solids.
2.1 Introduction.
2.2 Order.
2.3 The Lattice.
2.4 Crystal Structure.
2.5 Notation.
2.6 Lattice Geometry.
2.7 The Wigner-Seitz Cell.
2.8 Crystal Structures.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
3 Diffraction.
3.1 Introduction.
3.2 Phase Difference and Bragg's Law.
3.3 The Scattering Problem.
3.4 Reciprocal Space, RESP.
3.5 Diffraction Techniques.
3.6 Wave Vector Representation.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
4 Defects in Solids.
4.1 Introduction.
4.2 Why Do Defects Form?
4.3 Point Defects.
4.4 The Statistics of Point Defects.
4.5 Line Defects--Dislocations.
4.6 Planar Defects.
4.7 Three-Dimensional Defects.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
5 Diffusion in Solids.
5.1 Introduction to Diffusion Equations.
5.2 Atomistic Theory of Diffusion: Fick's Laws and a Theory for the Diffusion Construct D.
5.3 Random Walk Problem.
5.4 Other Mass Transport Mechanisms.
5.5 Mathematics of Diffusion.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
6 Phase Equilibria.
6.1 Introduction.
6.2 The Gibbs Phase Rule.
6.3 Nucleation and Growth of Phases.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
7 Mechanical Properties of Solids--Elasticity.
7.1 Introduction.
7.2 Elasticity Relationships.
7.3 An Analysis of Stress by the Equation of Motion.
7.4 Hooke's Law for Pure Dilatation and Pure Shear.
7.5 Poisson's Ratio.
7.6 Relationships Among E, e, and v.
7.7 Relationships Among E, G, and n.
7.8 Resolving the Normal Forces.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
8 Mechanical Properties of Solids--Plasticity.
8.1 Introduction.
8.2 Plasticity Observations.
8.3 Role of Dislocations.
8.4 Deformation of Noncrystalline Materials.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
9 Electronic Structure of Solids.
9.1 Introduction.
9.2 Waves, Electrons, and the Wave Function.
9.3 Quantum Mechanics.
9.4 Electron Energy Band Representations.
9.5 Real Energy Band Structures.
9.6 Other Aspects of Electron Energy Band Structure.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
10 Electronic Properties of Materials.
10.1 Introduction.
10.2 Occupation of Electronic States.
10.3 Position of the Fermi Energy.
10.4 Electronic Properties of Metals: Conduction and Superconductivity.
10.5 Semiconductors.
10.6 Electrical Behavior of Organic Materials.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
11 Junctions and Devices and the Nanoscale.
11.1 Introduction.
11.2 Junctions.
11.3 Selected Devices.
11.4 Nanostructures and Nanodevices.
Index.
A thorough introduction to fundamental principles and applications.
From its beginnings in metallurgy and ceramics, materials science now encompasses such high- tech fields as microelectronics, polymers, biomaterials, and nanotechnology. Electronic Materials Science presents the fundamentals of the subject in a detailed fashion for a multidisciplinary audience. Offering a higher-level treatment than an undergraduate textbook provides, this text benefits students and practitioners not only in electronics and optical materials science, but also in additional cutting-edge fields like polymers and biomaterials.
Readers with a basic understanding of physical chemistry or physics will appreciate the text's sophisticated presentation of today's materials science. Instructive derivations of important formulae, usually omitted in an introductory text, are included here. This feature offers a useful glimpse into the foundations of how the discipline understands such topics as defects, phase equilibria, and mechanical properties. Additionally, concepts such as reciprocal space, electron energy band theory, and thermodynamics enter the discussion earlier and in a more robust fashion than in other texts.
Electronic Materials Science also features:
Treating the subject with more depth than any other introductory text, Electronic Materials Science prepares graduate and upper-level undergraduate students for advanced topics in the discipline and gives scientists in associated disciplines a clear review of the field and its leading technologies.
Table of Contents
Preface.
1 Introduction to Electronic Materials Science.
1.1 Introduction.
1.2 Structure and Diffraction.
1.3 Defects.
1.4 Diffusion.
1.5 Phase Equilibria.
1.6 Mechanical Properties.
1.7 Electronic Structure.
1.8 Electronic Properties and Devices.
1.9 Electronic Materials Science.
2 Structure of Solids.
2.1 Introduction.
2.2 Order.
2.3 The Lattice.
2.4 Crystal Structure.
2.5 Notation.
2.6 Lattice Geometry.
2.7 The Wigner-Seitz Cell.
2.8 Crystal Structures.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
3 Diffraction.
3.1 Introduction.
3.2 Phase Difference and Bragg's Law.
3.3 The Scattering Problem.
3.4 Reciprocal Space, RESP.
3.5 Diffraction Techniques.
3.6 Wave Vector Representation.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
4 Defects in Solids.
4.1 Introduction.
4.2 Why Do Defects Form?
4.3 Point Defects.
4.4 The Statistics of Point Defects.
4.5 Line Defects--Dislocations.
4.6 Planar Defects.
4.7 Three-Dimensional Defects.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
5 Diffusion in Solids.
5.1 Introduction to Diffusion Equations.
5.2 Atomistic Theory of Diffusion: Fick's Laws and a Theory for the Diffusion Construct D.
5.3 Random Walk Problem.
5.4 Other Mass Transport Mechanisms.
5.5 Mathematics of Diffusion.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
6 Phase Equilibria.
6.1 Introduction.
6.2 The Gibbs Phase Rule.
6.3 Nucleation and Growth of Phases.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
7 Mechanical Properties of Solids--Elasticity.
7.1 Introduction.
7.2 Elasticity Relationships.
7.3 An Analysis of Stress by the Equation of Motion.
7.4 Hooke's Law for Pure Dilatation and Pure Shear.
7.5 Poisson's Ratio.
7.6 Relationships Among E, e, and v.
7.7 Relationships Among E, G, and n.
7.8 Resolving the Normal Forces.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
8 Mechanical Properties of Solids--Plasticity.
8.1 Introduction.
8.2 Plasticity Observations.
8.3 Role of Dislocations.
8.4 Deformation of Noncrystalline Materials.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
9 Electronic Structure of Solids.
9.1 Introduction.
9.2 Waves, Electrons, and the Wave Function.
9.3 Quantum Mechanics.
9.4 Electron Energy Band Representations.
9.5 Real Energy Band Structures.
9.6 Other Aspects of Electron Energy Band Structure.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
10 Electronic Properties of Materials.
10.1 Introduction.
10.2 Occupation of Electronic States.
10.3 Position of the Fermi Energy.
10.4 Electronic Properties of Metals: Conduction and Superconductivity.
10.5 Semiconductors.
10.6 Electrical Behavior of Organic Materials.
Related Reading.
Exercises.
11 Junctions and Devices and the Nanoscale.
11.1 Introduction.
11.2 Junctions.
11.3 Selected Devices.
11.4 Nanostructures and Nanodevices.
Index.