Material that's presented in a very clear and accessible way ... frequent use of examples ... case studies based on commercial processes ... a CD-ROM with instructional tutorials, a powerful equation solver, and a visual encyclopedia of chemical process equipment ... These are just a few of the features of this text that help provide a realistic, informative introduction to chemical processes.
Preface to the Third Edition.
Notes to Instructors.
Interactive Chemical Process Principles.
Nomenclature.
Glossary.
PART 1: ENGINEERING PROBLEM ANALYSIS.
Chapter 1. What Some Chemical Engineers Do for a Living.
Chapter 2. Introduction to Engineering Calculations.
2.0 Instructional Objectives.
2.1 Units and Dimensions.
2.2 Conversion of Units.
2.3 Systems of Units.
2.4 Force and Weight.
2.5 Numerical Calculation and Estimation.
2.6 Dimensional Homogeneity and Dimensionless Quantities.
2.7 Process Data Representation and Analysis.
2.8 Summary.
Problems.
Chapter 3. Processes and Process Variables.
3.0 Instructional Objectives.
3.1 Mass and Volume.
3.2 Flow Rate.
3.3 Chemical Composition.
3.4 Pressure.
3.5 Temperature.
3.6 Summary.
Problems.
PART 2: MATERIAL BALANCES.
Chapter 4. Fundamentals of Material Balances.
4.0 Instructional Objectives.
4.1 Process Classification.
4.2 Balances.
4.3 Material Balance Calculations.
4.4 Balances on Multiple-Unit Processes.
4.5 Recycle and Bypass.
4.6 Chemical Reaction Stoichiometry.
4.7 Balances on Reactive Processes.
4.8 Combustion Reactions.
4.9 Some Additional Considerations about Chemical Processes.
4.10 Summary.
Problems.
Chapter 5. Single-Phase Systems.
5.0 Instructional Objectives.
5.1 Liquid and Solid Densities.
5.2 Ideal Gases.
5.3 Equations of State for Nonideal Gases.
5.4 The Compressibility Factor Equation of State.
5.5 Summary.
Problems.
Chapter 6. Multiphase Systems.
6.0 Instructional Objectives.
6.1 Single-Component Phase Equilibrium.
6.2 The Gibbs Phase Rule.
6.3 Gas–Liquid Systems: One Condensable Component.
6.4 Multicomponent Gas–Liquid Systems.
6.5 Solutions of Solids in Liquids.
6.6 Equilibrium Between Two Liquid Phases.
6.7 Adsorption on Solid Surfaces.
6.8 Summary.
Problems.
PART 3: ENERGY BALANCES.
Chapter 7. Energy and Energy Balances.
7.0 Instructional Objectives.
7.1 Forms of Energy: The First Law of Thermodynamics.
7.2 Kinetic and Potential Energy.
7.3 Energy Balances on Closed Systems.
7.4 Energy Balances on Open Systems at Steady State.
7.5 Tables of Thermodynamic Data.
7.6 Energy Balance Procedures.
7.7 Mechanical Energy Balances.
7.8 Summary.
Problems.
Chapter 8. Balances on Nonreactive Processes.
8.0 Instructional Objectives.
8.1 Elements of Energy Balance Calculations.
8.2 Changes in Pressure at Constant Temperature.
8.3 Changes in Temperature.
8.4 Phase Change Operations.
8.5 Mixing and Solution.
8.6 Summary.
Problems.
Chapter 9. Balances on Reactive Processes.
9.0 Instructional Objectives.
9.1 Heats of Reaction.
9.2 Measurement and Calculation of Heats of Reaction: Hess’s Law.
9.3 Formation Reactions and Heats of Formation.
9.4 Heats of Combustion.
9.5 Energy Balances on Reactive Processes.
9.6 Fuels and Combustion.
9.7 Summary.
Problems.
Chapter 10. Computer-Aided Balance Calculations.
10.0 Instructional Objectives.
10.1 Degree-of-Freedom Analysis Revisited.
10.2 Sequential Modular Simulation.
10.3 Equation-Based Simulation.
10.4 Commercial Process Simulation Packages.
10.5 Final Considerations.
Problems.
Chapter 11. Balances on Transient Processes.
11.0 Instructional Objectives.
11.1 The General Balance Equation . . . Again.
11.2 Material Balances.
11.3 Energy Balances on Single-Phase Nonreactive Processes.
11.4 Simultaneous Transient Balances.
11.5 Summary.
Problems.
PART 4: CASE STUDIES.
Chapter 12. Production of Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride.
PVC Chlorination Reaction Chemistry.
Process Description.
Problems.
Chapter 13. Steam Reforming of Natural Gas and Subsequent Synthesis of Methanol.
Process Description.
Problems.
Chapter 14. Scrubbing of Sulfur Dioxide from Power Plant Stack Gases.
Process Description.
Problems.
Appendix A: Computational Techniques.
A.1 The Method of Least Squares.
A.2 Iterative Solution of Nonlinear Algebraic Equations.
A.3 Numerical Integration.
Appendix B: Physical Property Tables.
B.1 Selected Physical Property Data.
B.2 Heat Capacities.
B.3 Vapor Pressure of Water.
B.4 Antoine Equation Constants.
B.5 Properties of Saturated Steam: Temperature Table.
B.6 Properties of Saturated Steam: Pressure Table.
B.7 Properties of Superheated Steam.
B.8 Specific Enthalpies of Selected Gases: SI Units.
B.9 Specific Enthalpies of Selected Gases: American Engineering Units.
B.10 Atomic Heat Capacities for Kopp’s Rule.
B.11 Integral Heats of Solution and Mixing at 25 C.
Material that's presented in a very clear and accessible way ... frequent use of examples ... case studies based on commercial processes ... a CD-ROM with instructional tutorials, a powerful equation solver, and a visual encyclopedia of chemical process equipment ... These are just a few of the features of this text that help provide a realistic, informative introduction to chemical processes.
Table of Contents
Preface to the Third Edition.
Notes to Instructors.
Interactive Chemical Process Principles.
Nomenclature.
Glossary.
PART 1: ENGINEERING PROBLEM ANALYSIS.
Chapter 1. What Some Chemical Engineers Do for a Living.
Chapter 2. Introduction to Engineering Calculations.
2.0 Instructional Objectives.
2.1 Units and Dimensions.
2.2 Conversion of Units.
2.3 Systems of Units.
2.4 Force and Weight.
2.5 Numerical Calculation and Estimation.
2.6 Dimensional Homogeneity and Dimensionless Quantities.
2.7 Process Data Representation and Analysis.
2.8 Summary.
Problems.
Chapter 3. Processes and Process Variables.
3.0 Instructional Objectives.
3.1 Mass and Volume.
3.2 Flow Rate.
3.3 Chemical Composition.
3.4 Pressure.
3.5 Temperature.
3.6 Summary.
Problems.
PART 2: MATERIAL BALANCES.
Chapter 4. Fundamentals of Material Balances.
4.0 Instructional Objectives.
4.1 Process Classification.
4.2 Balances.
4.3 Material Balance Calculations.
4.4 Balances on Multiple-Unit Processes.
4.5 Recycle and Bypass.
4.6 Chemical Reaction Stoichiometry.
4.7 Balances on Reactive Processes.
4.8 Combustion Reactions.
4.9 Some Additional Considerations about Chemical Processes.
4.10 Summary.
Problems.
Chapter 5. Single-Phase Systems.
5.0 Instructional Objectives.
5.1 Liquid and Solid Densities.
5.2 Ideal Gases.
5.3 Equations of State for Nonideal Gases.
5.4 The Compressibility Factor Equation of State.
5.5 Summary.
Problems.
Chapter 6. Multiphase Systems.
6.0 Instructional Objectives.
6.1 Single-Component Phase Equilibrium.
6.2 The Gibbs Phase Rule.
6.3 Gas–Liquid Systems: One Condensable Component.
6.4 Multicomponent Gas–Liquid Systems.
6.5 Solutions of Solids in Liquids.
6.6 Equilibrium Between Two Liquid Phases.
6.7 Adsorption on Solid Surfaces.
6.8 Summary.
Problems.
PART 3: ENERGY BALANCES.
Chapter 7. Energy and Energy Balances.
7.0 Instructional Objectives.
7.1 Forms of Energy: The First Law of Thermodynamics.
7.2 Kinetic and Potential Energy.
7.3 Energy Balances on Closed Systems.
7.4 Energy Balances on Open Systems at Steady State.
7.5 Tables of Thermodynamic Data.
7.6 Energy Balance Procedures.
7.7 Mechanical Energy Balances.
7.8 Summary.
Problems.
Chapter 8. Balances on Nonreactive Processes.
8.0 Instructional Objectives.
8.1 Elements of Energy Balance Calculations.
8.2 Changes in Pressure at Constant Temperature.
8.3 Changes in Temperature.
8.4 Phase Change Operations.
8.5 Mixing and Solution.
8.6 Summary.
Problems.
Chapter 9. Balances on Reactive Processes.
9.0 Instructional Objectives.
9.1 Heats of Reaction.
9.2 Measurement and Calculation of Heats of Reaction: Hess’s Law.
9.3 Formation Reactions and Heats of Formation.
9.4 Heats of Combustion.
9.5 Energy Balances on Reactive Processes.
9.6 Fuels and Combustion.
9.7 Summary.
Problems.
Chapter 10. Computer-Aided Balance Calculations.
10.0 Instructional Objectives.
10.1 Degree-of-Freedom Analysis Revisited.
10.2 Sequential Modular Simulation.
10.3 Equation-Based Simulation.
10.4 Commercial Process Simulation Packages.
10.5 Final Considerations.
Problems.
Chapter 11. Balances on Transient Processes.
11.0 Instructional Objectives.
11.1 The General Balance Equation . . . Again.
11.2 Material Balances.
11.3 Energy Balances on Single-Phase Nonreactive Processes.
11.4 Simultaneous Transient Balances.
11.5 Summary.
Problems.
PART 4: CASE STUDIES.
Chapter 12. Production of Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride.
PVC Chlorination Reaction Chemistry.
Process Description.
Problems.
Chapter 13. Steam Reforming of Natural Gas and Subsequent Synthesis of Methanol.
Process Description.
Problems.
Chapter 14. Scrubbing of Sulfur Dioxide from Power Plant Stack Gases.
Process Description.
Problems.
Appendix A: Computational Techniques.
A.1 The Method of Least Squares.
A.2 Iterative Solution of Nonlinear Algebraic Equations.
A.3 Numerical Integration.
Appendix B: Physical Property Tables.
B.1 Selected Physical Property Data.
B.2 Heat Capacities.
B.3 Vapor Pressure of Water.
B.4 Antoine Equation Constants.
B.5 Properties of Saturated Steam: Temperature Table.
B.6 Properties of Saturated Steam: Pressure Table.
B.7 Properties of Superheated Steam.
B.8 Specific Enthalpies of Selected Gases: SI Units.
B.9 Specific Enthalpies of Selected Gases: American Engineering Units.
B.10 Atomic Heat Capacities for Kopp’s Rule.
B.11 Integral Heats of Solution and Mixing at 25 C.