Explores up-to-date topics and examples never before featured in texts of this kind, including: the Schiavo case, alcoholism and free will (the Crowfeather case), research on schizophrenia (Greg Friend's case), harm to live organ donors (Laura Giese's case), Paul Farmer's efforts fighting for the world's poor, frequent first trimester abortions on the basis of genetic conditi...show moreons, and a sympathetic discussion of Jehovah Witnesses in medicine.
Weaves the discussion of ethical theories into examples throughout the text rather than isolating them to separate chapters.
Uses a clear and simple writing style, making the text accessible to students in an introductory class, without sacrificing in-depth coverage of key ethical theories.
Preface 1. LYING TO PATIENTS AND ETHICAL RELATIVISM
1.1 Ethical Relativism & Ethical Subjectivism 1.2 Impartiality and Moral Reasoning 1.3 Kant On Lying 1.4 Utilitarian Ethics 1.5 Omitting the Truth vs. Lying 1.6 Apologizing for Mistakes & Responsibility for Mistakes 1.8 Virtue Ethics: Truthfulness, Complicity, and Responsibility 1.9 What is a Mistake?
2. KANT ON WHETHER ALCOHOLISM IS A DISEASE
2.1 The God Committee: Who Shall Live When Not All Can? 2.2 Free Will 2.3 Kant on Human Dignity 2.4 Is Alcoholism a Disease? 2.5 Sociologists and Geneticists on Alcoholism 2.6 Kant's Critique of the Disease Model 2.7 Fingarette's Research 2.8 Harm Reduction vs. Moralism 2.9 Liver Transplants for Alcoholics?
3. KANT'S CRITIQUE OF ADULT ORGAN DONATION
3.1 Kant: Some Things Must Not Be Done 3.2 Crossing the Ethical Bright Line in Organ Procurement 3.3 The Utilitarian Defense of Live Organ Donation 3.4 Act versus Rule Utilitarianism 3.5 The Utilitarian Rebuttal 3.6 Autonomous Live Organ Donation for Kantians? 3.7 Utilitarians and Payment for Organs 3.8 Virtue Ethics and Live Organ Donors 3.9 Organ Transplantation and Race
4. UTILITARIANS VS. KANTIANS ON STOPPING AIDS
4.1 History of Utilitarian Ethics 4.2 Virtue Ethics and Medical Saints; Paul Farmer 4.3 Utilitarians and Numbers; Triage 4.4 Stopping AIDS: The Challenge to Ethical Theories 4.5 Kantian and Utilitarian Ideas about Patient Care 4.6 Mill's Critique of Kantian Ethics 4.7 Farmer and Rawls on Just Medical Care 4.8 Placebos & AIDS Drugs on Vulnerable Africans 4.9 Costs of AIDS Drugs
5. EMOTIVISM AND BANNING SOME CONCEPTIONS
5.1 History of Assisted Reproduction 5.2 Emotivism 5.3 Conceptual Issues: Paradoxes about Conception 5.4 Multiple Embryo Implantation 5.5 Sex Selection 5.6 Age of Parents and Good of the Child 5.7 Hume, Kant, & Aristotle on the Emotions 5.8 Surrogate Mothers & Compensating Egg Donors 5.9 Reproductive Cloning
6. TERRI SCHIAVO: WHEN DOES PERSONHOOD END?
6.1 Cessation of Personhood 6.2 Brain Death; Quinlan and Cruzan Cases 6.3 Families and Criteria of Personhood; Issues about Character 6.4 A New Category of Consciousness? 6.5 Religious Issues 6.6 Disability Issues 6.7 Virtue Ethics: The Many Faces of Compassion 6.8 The Politicization of the Schiavo Case 6.9 What the Autopsy Showed
7. ARE GENETIC ABORTIONS ''EUGENICS''?
7.1 Down Syndrome 7.2 Roe vs. Wade and the Legalization of Abortion 7.3 Choosing Against Pregnancy vs. Choosing Against Abnormality 7.4 Abortion and Personhood; Fetal Continuity and Moral Value 7.5 New Genetic Tests and Disability Advocates 7.6 Eugenics 7.7 Genetic Testing, and Malpractice and Insurance Companies 7.8 Newborn Genetic Screening 7.9 Sending the Wrong Message?
8. CAN RESEARCH BE JUST ON PEOPLE WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA?
8.1 Research to Cure Schizophrenia; Money and Care for the Mentally Ill 82. Nazi & American Research; the Tuskegee Study 8.3 Schizophrenia 8.4 Informed Consent and Schizophrenia Studies 8.5 Virtue Ethics, Integrity, and Conflicts of Interest 8.6 Harm to Subjects and the Kantian Ideal of Patient Care 8.7 Vulnerable Subjects and Social Justice 8.8 Structural Critiques of Modern Psychiatric Research 8.9 NBAC's Report
9. IS THERE A DUTY TO DIE?
9.1 Gov. Lamm's Famous Remarks & his Historical Predecessors 9.2 John Hardwig: Defending a Duty to Die 9.3 Alzheimer's and Dementia 9.4 Rawls and Callahan on Justice and Natural Limits 9.5 Global Re-Allocation? Dying Cheaply so Others Can Cheaply Live 9.6 Mary Warnock versus Felicia Ackerman on a Duty to Die 9.7 Within the Family: Our Parents' Keepers 9.8 Dworkin's Defense of Advance Directives and Autonomy 9.9 Medical Professionals and Medical Futility
10. TREATING JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES PROFESSIONALLY
10.1 Jehovah Witnesses and Medicine 10.2 Professionalism and Religious Minorities 10.3 Parental Owners vs. Parental Stewards of Children 10.4 Virtue Ethics, Treatment Refusal, & Religious Minorities 10.5 Legal Issues 10.6 Adolescents and Medicine; Good of the Child/Adolescent 10.7 Bloodless Surgery and Jehovah Witnesses 10.8 Consistency in Handling Cases of Minority Views in Medicine
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