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Elements of Moral Philosophy (Text Only)

Elements of Moral Philosophy (Text Only) - 3rd edition

ISBN13: 978-0070525603

Cover of Elements of Moral Philosophy (Text Only) 3RD 98 (ISBN 978-0070525603)
ISBN13: 978-0070525603
ISBN10: 0070525609
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 3RD 98
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company
Published: 1998
International: No

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Elements of Moral Philosophy (Text Only) - 3RD 98 edition

ISBN13: 978-0070525603

James Rachels

ISBN13: 978-0070525603
ISBN10: 0070525609
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 3RD 98
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company

Published: 1998
International: No
Summary

This best-selling, concise, inexpensive text offers a clear, lively introduction of the major philosophical theories of morality, explaining why each theory has been accepted by some thinkers but rejected by others. It is widely used not only in Introduction to Ethics courses, but also in Biomedical Ethics and Business Ethics courses as a brief, affordable text for the ethical theory portion of those courses. To illustrate the theories, and to reveal their implications, important current issues such as abortion, euthanasia, the treatment of non-human animals, and famine relief are discussed in depth. With the third edition comes a new chapter on feminist ethics and new sections on Baby Theresa and Tracy Latimer (chapter 1), how one could justify saying that the practices of another culture are wrong with female genital mutilation as the example used (chapter 2), whether it is possible to prove that ethical judgments are true or false (chapter 3), and whether utilitarianism is too demanding (chapter 8). The section on Natural Law has been rewritten to include a fuller description of Aristotle's world-view with a discussion of Aristotle's world view versus modern science (chapter 4). There is a smoother introduction to chapter 11 with The Prisoner's Dilemma described more clearly.

A new chapter 12 on feminist ethics

New sections include: Baby Theresa and Tracy Latimer (chapter 1), Judging a Cultural Practice to Be Immoral (chapter 2), Are There Proofs in Ethics? (chapter 3), and whether utilitarianism is too demanding (chapter 8).

A rewritten section on Natural Law to include a fuller description of Aristotle's world-view with a discussion of Aristotle's world view versus modern science (chapter 4)

A smoother introduction to chapter 11 with The Prisoner's Dilemma described more clearly

Concise and inexpensive

A lucid, lively introduction of the major philosophical theories of morality and one acknowledged for its clarity in explaining ethical theory to students

Explains why each theory has been accepted by some thinkers but rejected by others

Important current issues such as abortion, euthanasia, the treatment of non-human animals, and famine relief are discussed in depth to illustrate the theories, and to reveal their implications.

Also widely used in Biomedical Ethics and Business Ethics courses as a brief, affordable text for the ethical theory portion of those courses

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: WHAT IS MORALITY?

The Problem of Definition
An Infant With No Uncertain Prospects: Baby Theresa
An Infant With Uncertain Prospects: Baby Jane Doe
A Child With No Further Prospects: Tracy Latimer
Reason and Impartiality
The Minimum Conception of Morality

CHAPTER 2: THE CHALLENGE OF CULTURAL RELATIVISM

How Different Cultures Have Different Moral Codes
Cultural Relativism
The Cultural Differences Argument
The Consequences of Taking Cultural Relativism Seriously
Why There Is Less Disagreement Than It Seems
How All Cultures Have Some Values in Common
Judging a Cultural Practice to be Immoral
What Can be Learned from Cultural Relativism

CHAPTER 3: SUBJECTIVISM IN ETHICS

The Basic Idea of Ethical Subjectivism
The Evolution of the Theory
The First Stage: Simple Subjectivism
The Second Stage: Emotivism
Emotivism, Reason, and "Moral Facts"
Are There Proofs in Ethics?
The Question of Homosexuality

CHAPTER 4: DOES MORALITY DEPEND ON RELIGION?

The Presumed Connection Between Morality and Religion
The Divine Command Theory
The Theory of Natural Law
Christianity and the Problem of Abortion

CHAPTER 5: PSYCHOLOLOGICAL EGOISM

Is Unselfishness Possible?
The Strategy of Reinterpreting Motives
Two Arguments in Favor of Psychological Egoism
Clearing away Some Confusions
The Deepest Error in Psychological Egoism

CHAPTER 6: ETHICAL EGOISM

Is There a Duty to Contribute for Famine Relief?
Three Arguments in Favor of Ethical Egoism
Three Arguments Against Ethical Egoism

CHAPTER 7: THE UTILITARIAN APPROACH

The Revolution in Ethics
First Example: Euthanasia
Second Example: Nonhuman Animals

CHAPTER 8: THE DEBATE OVER UTILITARIANISM

The Resilience of the Theory
Is Happiness the Only Thing That Matters?
Are Consequences All That Matter?
The Defense of Utilitarianism

CHAPTER 9: ARE THERE ABSOLUTE MORAL RULES?

Kant and The Categorical Imperative
Absolute Rules and the Duty Not to Lie
Conflicts Between Rules
Another Look at Kant's Basic Idea

CHAPTER 10: KANT AND RESPECT FOR PERSONS

The Idea of "Human Dignity"
Retribution and Utility in the Theory of Punishment
Kant's Retributivism

CHAPTER 11: THE IDEA OF A SOCIAL CONTRACT

Hobbes's Argument
The Prisoner's Dilemma
Some Advantages of the Social Contract Theory of Morals
The Problem of Civil Disobedience
Difficulties for the Theory

CHAPTER 12: FEMINISM AND THE ETHICS OF CARE

Do Women and Men Think Differently About Ethics?
Implications for Moral Judgment
Implications for Ethical Theory

CHAPTER 13: THE ETHICS OF VIRTUE

The Ethics of Virtue and the Ethics of Right Action
Should We Return to the Ethics of Virtue?
The Virtues
Some Advantages of Virtue Ethics
The Incompleteness of Virtue Ethics

CHAPTER 14: WHAT WOULD A SATISFACTORY MORAL THEORY BE LIKE?

Morality Without Hubris
The Moral Community
Justice and Fairness
Suggestions for Further Reading

Notes on Sources
Index

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ISBN13: 978-0072476903
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