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Enlightenment Sourcebook and Reader

Enlightenment Sourcebook and Reader - 03 edition

ISBN13: 978-0415204491

Cover of Enlightenment Sourcebook and Reader 03 (ISBN 978-0415204491)
ISBN13: 978-0415204491
ISBN10: 0415204496
Cover type: Print On Demand
Edition/Copyright: 03
Publisher: Routledge N. Y.
Published: 2003
International: No

List price: $45.95

Enlightenment Sourcebook and Reader - 03 edition

ISBN13: 978-0415204491

Paul Hyland

ISBN13: 978-0415204491
ISBN10: 0415204496
Cover type: Print On Demand
Edition/Copyright: 03
Publisher: Routledge N. Y.

Published: 2003
International: No
Summary

By the end of the eighteenth century a distinctly modern vision of life was emerging. The revolutions in America and France revealed new beliefs about human nature; rights and duties; the natural and material worlds; and a new faith in science, technology and the idea of progress. As people began to change the way they thought about themselves and the world around them, a whole new way of thinking developed, which still has an overwhelming impact two centuries on.

The Enlightenment Reader brings together the work of major Enlightenment thinkers to illustrate the full importance and achievements of this period in history. Extracts are gathered thematically into sections on such aspects of the Enlightenment as political theory, religion and belief, art and nature. In each section, the texts are introduced and a final section on 'Critical Reflections' provides a selection of modern critical opinions on the period.

Containing illustrations from the work of artists such as Hogarth and Chardin, a chronology of the Enlightenment, and a detailed bibliography, The Enlightenment Reader is a rich source information and inspiration for all those studying this great period of change.

Table of Contents

Part I:Sources

1.Human Nature

Introduction
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651)
Alexander Pope, Essay on Man (1733)
Julien Offray de la Mettrie, Man a Machine (1747)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on Inequality (1755)
Denis Diderot, 'Color of the Inhadbitants' and 'Wretched Condition of Slaves in America' from Raynal's History of the Settlements (1772, 1780)
Marquis de Condorcet, Sketch of a Historical Picture of the Human Mind (1795)

2.The Search for Knowledge

Introduction
Isaac Newton, Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (1687)
John Locke, Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690)
David Hume, Treatise of Human Nature (1739)
Jean d'Alembert, 'Preliminary Discourse' to the Encyclopedie (1751)
Immanuel Kant, 'What is Enlightenment?' (1784)

3.Religion and Belief

Introduction
John Toland, Christianity not Mysterious (1696)
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Essays on Theodicy (1710)
David Hume, 'Of Miracles' from An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (1748)
Voltaire, Poem on the Lisbon Disaster (1756); 'Theist' from Philosophical Dictionary (1764)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, 'Profesion of a Savoyard Priest' from Emile (1762)
Baron d'Holbach, Common Sense (1772)

4.The Natural World

Introduction
Stephen Hales, Vegetable Statics (1727)
Carolus Linnaeus, History of Man and the Quadrupeds (1753)
Denis Diderot, Thoughts on the Interpretations of Nature (1753)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Reveries of the Solitary Walker (1782)

5.Science and Invention

Introduction
Voltaire, Letters Concerning the English Nation (1733)
Comte de Buffon, History and Theory of the Earth (1749)
Louis Jaucourt, 'Invention" from Encyclopedie (1765) Engravings of Technology from the Encyclopedie (1751-72)
Erasmus Darwin, Zoonomia (1794-96)

6.Political Rights and Responsibilities

Introduction
John Locke, Two Treatises of Government (1690)
Baron de Montesquieu, The Spirit of the Laws (1748)
Catherine the Great, Instruction (1767)
Frederick the Great, An Essay on the Forms of Government (1777)

7. The Development of Civil Society

Introduction, New Science (1725, 1744)
Adam Ferguson, Essay on the History of Civil Society (1767)
Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations (1776)
Edward Gibbon, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1776-88)

8.Moral Principles and Punishments

Introduction
David Hume, Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (1757)
Marchese di Beccaria, On Crimes and Punishments (1764)
Immanuel Kant, Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals (1785)
Jeremy Bentham, Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (1789)
Marquis de Sade, Philosophy in the Boudoir (1795)

9.Gender and Society

Introduction
Mary Astell, A Serious Proposal to the Ladis (1694)
Richard Steele, Tattler, no. 149 (1710), Spectator, no. 66 (1711) and Englishman, no. 9 (1713)
Catharine Macaulay, Letters on Education (1790)
Olympe de Gouges, The Rights of Women (1791)
Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792)

10.Art, Architecture and Nature

Introduction
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on the Arts and Sciences (1750)
Marc-Antoine Laugier, Essay on Architecture (1753)
William Chambers, Teatis on Civil Architecture, (1759, 1791)
Jean-Simeon Chardin, La Raie (1725-26) and Le Benedicte (1740)
Denis Diderot, 'Chardin' from Salons (1759-69)
William Hogarth, Beer Street and Gin Lane (1751)
Horace Walpole, 'William Hogarth' and 'On Modern Gardening' from Anecdotes of Painting in England' (1762)
Thomas Gainsborough, Mr. And Mrs. Robert Andrews (1748-50) and Girl with Pigs (1782)
Joshua Reynolds, 'The Grand Style of Painting' from Johnson's Idler, no. 79 and 'Gainsborough' from Discourse XIV (1788)
Joseph Wright, An Experiment on a Bird in an Air Pump (1768)

11.Europeans and the Wider World

Introduction
Mary Wortley Montagu, Embassy Letters (1763)
Abbe Raynal, A Philisophical and Political History of the Settlements (1772)
James Cook, A Voyage Towards the South Pole and Around the World (1777)
Denis Diderot, A Supplement to the Voyage of Bougainville (1796)

12.Radicalism and Revolution

Introduction
Thomas Jefferson, A Summary of Rights of British America (1774) and Notes on the State of Virginia (1787)
Thomas Paine, The Rights of Man (1791-92)
William Godwin, An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice (1793)

13.Autobiogrphical Reflections

Introduction
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Confessions (1781)
Benjamin Franklin, Autobiography (1791)
Madame de Roland An Appeal to Impartial Posterity (1795)

Part II:Modern Critical Reflections

Introduction
Ernst Cassirer, The Philosophy of the Englightenment (1932)
Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer, The Dialectic of Enlightenment (1947)
Jurgen Habermas, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere (1962)
Peter Gay, The Enlightenment:An Interpretation (1966-69)
Robert Darnton, The Business of Enlightenment (1979)
Jean-Francois Lyotard, The Postmodern Condition (1981)
Michel Foucault, 'What is Enlightenment?' from The Foucault Reader (1984)
Sylvana Tomaselli, 'The Enlightenment Debate on Women' (1985)
Joan Wallach Scott, 'French Feminists and the Rights of "Man"' (1989)

Part III:Chronology and Further Reading

Chronology
Further Reading

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