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Exercise Physiology-Text Only

Exercise Physiology-Text Only - 3rd edition

ISBN13: 978-0697257987

Cover of Exercise Physiology-Text Only 3RD 97 (ISBN 978-0697257987)
ISBN13: 978-0697257987
ISBN10: 0697257983
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 3RD 97
Publisher: W.C.Brown Pub.Co.
Published: 1997
International: No

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Exercise Physiology-Text Only - 3RD 97 edition

ISBN13: 978-0697257987

Scott K. Powers

ISBN13: 978-0697257987
ISBN10: 0697257983
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 3RD 97
Publisher: W.C.Brown Pub.Co.

Published: 1997
International: No
Summary

Especially for exercise science and physical education students, this text provides a solid foundation in theory illuminated by application and performance models to increase understanding and to help students apply what they've learned in the classroom and beyond.

  • New full-color design includes many new illustrations to promote a clearer understanding of body systems and exercise physiology.
  • New! "Research Focus" boxed features examine current research topics to unveil the latest findings and developments. And "A Closer Look" features have been revised with more examples to help students explore the topics in more depth.
  • Chapter 8 Skeletal Muscle: Structure and Function has been completely rewritten and includes revised treatment of the role of muscles in maintaining homeostasis during exercise, ensuring students have the most current, accurate information available. Dr. Robert Staron, a biologist at Ohio University, provided expert analysis of these revisions.
  • New! A revised Chapter 14 Patterns in Health and Disease: Epidemiology and Physiology closely examines the relationship between physical activity and health as seen from the perspective of the epidemiologist and the physiologist. This lays the groundwork for further study in physiology, health, and fitness.
  • New! Chapter 18 Body Composition and Nutrition for Health now includes body composition measurements using multi-component models. It also examines the importance of fat balance, as well as energy balance, relative to weight control.

Table of Contents

Section I: Physiology of Exercise

1 Physiology of Exercise in the United States Its Past, Its Future

European Heritage
Harvard Fatigue Laboratory
Physical Fitness
Physical Education to Exercise Science
Graduate Study and Research in the Physiology of Exercise
Professional Societies and Research Journals
Translation of Exercise Physiology to the Consumer

2 Control of the Internal Environment

Homeostasis: Dynamic Constancy
Control Systems of the Body
Nature of the Control Systems
Examples of Homeostatic Control
Exercise: A Test of Homeostatic Control

3 Bioenergetics

Cell Structure
Biological Energy Transformation
Cellular Chemical Reactions
Fuels for Exercise
High-Energy Phosphates
Bioenergetics
Aerobic ATP Tally
Efficiency of Oxidative Phosphorylation
Control of Bioenergetics
Interaction between Aerobic/Anaerobic ATP Production

4 Exercise Metabolism

Rest-to-Exercise Transition
Recovery from Exercise: Metabolic Responses
Metabolic Responses to Exercise: Influence of Intensity and Duration
Estimation of Fuel Utilization during Exercise
Factors Governing Fuel Selection

5 Hormonal Responses to Exercise

Neuroendocrinology
Hormones: Regulation and Action
Hormone Control of Substrate Mobilization during Exercise

6 Measurement of Work, Power, and Energy Expenditure

Units of Measure
Work and Power Defined
Measurement of Work and Power
Measurement of Energy Expenditure
Estimation of Energy Expenditure
Calculation of Exercise Efficiency
Running Economy

7 The Nervous System: Structure and Control of Movement

Central Nervous System Functions
Organization of the Nervous System
Sensory Information and Reflexes
Vestibular Apparatus and Equilibrium
Motor Control Functions of the Brain
Motor Functions of the Spinal Chord
Control of Motor Functions
Autonomic Nervous System

8 Skeletal Muscle: Structure and Function

Structure of Skeletal Muscle
Neuromuscular Junction
Muscular Contraction
Fiber Types
Speed of Muscle Contraction and Relaxation
Force Regulation in Muscle

9 Circulatory Adaptations to Exercise

Organization of the Circulatory System
Cardiac Output
Hemodynamics
Changes in Oxygen Delivery to Muscle during Exercise
Circulatory Response to Exercise

10 Respiration during Exercise

Function of the Lung
Structure of the Respiratory System
Mechanics of Breathing
Pulmonary Ventilation
Pulmonary Volumes and Capacities
Diffusion of Gases
Blood Flow to the Lung
Ventilation-Perfusion Relationships
O2 and CO2 Transport in the Blood
Ventilation and Acid-Base Balance
Ventilatory and Blood-Gas Responses to Exercise
Control of Ventilation
Do the Lungs Limit Maximal Exercise Performance?

11 Acid-Base Balance during Exercise

Acids, Bases, and pH
Hydrogen Ion Production during Exercise
Importance of Acid-Base Regulation during Exercise
Acid-Base Buffer Systems
Respiratory Influence on Acid-Base Balance
Regulation of Acid-Base Balance via the Kidneys
Regulation of Acid-Base Balance during Exercise

12 Temperature Regulation

Overview of Heat Balance during Exercise
Temperature Measurement during Exercise
Overview of Heat Production/Heat Loss
Body's Thermostat Hypothalamus
Thermal Events during Exercise
Exercise in the Heat
Exercise in a Cold Environment

13 The Physiology of Training: Effect on V02 Max, Performance, Homeostasis, and Strength

Principles of Training
Research Designs to Study Training
Endurance Training and V02 Max
V02 Max: Cardiac Output and the Arteriovenous O2 Difference
Detraining and V02 Max
Endurance Training: Effects on Performance and Homeostasis
Endurance Training: Links between Muscle and Systemic Physiology
Physiological Effects of Strength Training
Physiological Mechanisms Causing Increased Strength

Section II: Physiology of Health and Fitness

14 Patterns in Heatlh and Disease: Epidemiology and Physiology

Epidemiology
Coronary Heart Disease
Physiology
Synthesis

15 Work Tests to Evaluate Cardiorespiratory Fitness

Testing Procedures
Field Tests for Estimating CRF
Graded Exercise Tests: Measurements
V02 Max
Graded Exercise Test: Protocols

16 Training for Health and Fitness

Prescription of Exercise
General Guidelines for Improving Fitness
Exercise Prescription for CRF
Sequence of Physical Activity
Strength Training
Environmental Concerns

17 Exercise for Special Populations

Diabetes
Asthma
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Hypertension
Cardiac Rehabilitation
Elderly
Pregnancy

18 Body Composition and Nutrition for Health

Nutritional Goals
Standards of Nutrition
Classes of Nutrients
Meeting the Guidelines and Achieving the Goals
Body Composition
Obesity and Weight Control
Obesity
Diet, Exercise, and Weight Control

Section III: Physiology of Performance

19 Factors Affecting Performance

Sites of Fatigue
Factors Limiting All-Out Anaerobic Performances
Factors Limiting All-Out Aerobic Performances
Athlete as Machine

20 Work Tests to Evaluate Performance

Laboratory Assessment of Physical Performance
What the Athlete Gains by Physiological Testing
What Physiological Testing Will Not Do
Components of Effective Physiological Testing
Direct Testing of Maximal Aerobic Power
Laboratory Tests to Predict Endurance Performance
Tests to Determine Exercise Economy
Estimating Success in Distance Running Using the Lactate Threshold and Running Economy
Determination of Anaerobic Power
Evaluation of Muscular Strength

21 Training for Performance

Training Principles
Components of a Training Session: Warm-Up, Workout, and Cool Down
Training to Improve Aerobic Power
Injuries and Endurance Training
Training for Improved Anaerobic Power
Training to Improve Muscular Strength
Training for Improved Flexibility
Common Training Mistakes

22 Training for Special Populations

Factors Important to Women Involved in Vigorous Training
Sports Conditioning for Children
Competitive Training for Diabetics
Training for Asthmatics
Epilepsy and Physical Training

23 Nutrition, Body Composition, and Performance

Nutrition and Performance
Body Composition and Performance

24 Exercise and the Environment

Altitude
Heat
Cold
Air Pollution

25 Ergogenic Aids

Research Design Concerns
Nutritional Supplements
Aerobic Performance
Anaerobic Performance
Drugs
Physical Warm-Up

Appendices
A Calculation of Oxygen Uptake and Carbon Dioxide Production
B Estimated Energy Expenditure During Selected Activities
C Physical Activity Prescription
D 1989 Recommended Dietary Allowances
E 1989 REAs--Estimated Safe and Adequate Daily Dietary Intakes of Selected Vitimnas and Minerals
F 1989 RDSs--Median Heights and Weights and Recommended Energy Intake
G Percent Fat Estimate for Men: Sum of Tricepts, Chest, and Subscapula Skinfolds
H Percent Fat Estimate for Women: Sum of Tricpes, Abdomen, and Suprailium Skinfolds
Glossary

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